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本科生写科研论文的原则、方法与建议
发布时间:2019-12-04

  摘    要:赢发彩票代理 本科生科研论文的写作有一些基本的要求和规范,本文将其简要归纳为若干“三字诀”。“义理”、“考据”和“辞章”俱佳,注重“三性”和“三过”是优秀科研论文的基本要求。解释框架、观点主张和研究方法形成了创新的三个层次。范畴、关系和结论是逻辑思维的三个必经步骤。“三三”式的结构则会增强论文的厚重感。

  ZAIBENKEJIAOXUEHUODONGDEDIERKETANGZHONG,LAOSHIJINGCHANGXUYAOZHIDAOXUESHENGJINXINGKEYANLUNWENDEXIEZUO。WEICI,BIZHESHITUJIEHEDAXUESHENGXUESHUYANJIUZHONGDEXIANSHIWENTI,ZONGJIEKEYANLUNWENXIEZUODERUOGANYUANZE、FANGFAYUJIANYI,YIQIDUITIGAOBENKESHENGDEKEYANSHUIPINGYOUSUOZHUYI。

  一、质量评判的三个维度

  (一)优秀论文的“三佳”

  WULUNHEZHONGLEIXINGDELUNWEN,QIJIAJINGWUFEIDOUSHIYAOLIQIUDADAO“YILI”、“KAOJU”HE“CIZHANG”SANZHEJUJIAERYOUGAODUTONG———DANGRANZHEISHIYIGESHUOQILAIRONGYIZUOQILAINANDEGAOBIAOZHUN。DUIYUBENKESHENGKEYANLUNWENLAISHUO,SUOWEI“YILI”JIUSHIZHILUNDIAN,YAOQIUGUANDIANXIANMINGERYOUJIAZHI,GAINIANMINGXI;SUOWEI“KAOJU”JIUSHIZHILUNJU,YAOQIULILUNYOUJU,ZHICHENGCAILIAOXIANGSHIKEKAO;SUOWEI“CIZHANG”JIUSHIZHILUNZHENGGUOCHENG,BUJINYAOQIUWENCONGZISHUN,GENGJIANGJIULUOJIYANMI,FANGFADEDANG。

  (二)选题的“三性”

赢发彩票代理   XUANTIYINGDANGFANFUNINGLIAN,SHIQIJUYOUMINGQUEDETIYANERLIBIKUANFANYUKONGDONG。WEICI,KECONG“YEYUANXING”、“DIYUANXING”HE“SHIXIAOXING”SANGEWEIDUXUANQUSUCAI,HUODESILU。ZHEIJISHILUNWENXIEZUODEJIBENYAOQIU,YESHIBENKESHENGSHENBAOCHUANGXINCHUANGYEXUNLIANJIHUAXIANGMUDECHENGGONGJINGYAN。

  (三)写作过程的“三过”

  “SANGUO”SHIJISHANGFANYINGLELUNWENGONGZUOLIANGHEXUEXITAIDUWENTI,YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGYEYOUZHUYUBANGZHUZUOZHELIQINGSILUYULUOJI,XUNZHAOTUPONANDIANDEFANGXIANG。“SANGUO”JIANDANDIJIANG,JIUSHI“TINGGUO”、“DUGUO”、“XIANGGUO”,JI:SHANGKERENZHENTINGGUOLAOSHIDEJIANGJIE;XIEZUOQIANDALIANGDIYUEDUGUOCANKAOWENXIAN;XIEZUOSHIDULIDISIKAOGUOWENTI。

  二、创新的三个层次

  本科生毕业论文要求有一定的创新,可根据自己的研究偏好和学术功底,从三个层次进行力所能及的创新,但不必苛责求全、面面俱到。
 

本科生写科研论文的原则、方法与建议
 

  (一)分析解释框架的创新

  ZHEIYICHUANGXINXUYAOXIANGDANGDEXUESHUJILEIYUGONGDI。ZUOZHEYINGLIQIUZONGHEYUNYONGZAIDIYIKETANGZHONGSUOXUEDAODEZHISHI,ZAI“WENTIYISHI”DETONGSHUAIXIAZHONGXINJINXINGZHENGHE,SHIQIRONGYUYILU。YIGEJIBENDEXUESHUJIANYISHI:“RUGUOBUNENGZOUXIANGSHENRU,NEIMEWOJIUZOUXIANGGUANGKUO。”SUOYI,GOUJIANYIGEKUAXUEKEDEFUHEXINGJIESHIKUANGJIAWANGWANGSHIDAYOUBIYIDE。LIRU,GOUJIANYIGEXIANGDUIHELIDEERWEIFENLEIKUANGJIAJIUYOUZHUYUYANJIUDESHENHUAYUTUOZHAN。

  (二)概念、观点和主张的创新

赢发彩票代理   ZHEISHIBENKESHENGZUIXUYAONULITUPODEZHUGONGFANGXIANG。“BUCONGXUNLIANZIJIDESIXIANGZHESHOULAIJIAQIANGCIZHANGXIUYANG,JIANGHENNANYOUDADEXIAOGUO。”BENKESHENGBUDAKENENGPINGKONGCHUANGJIANYIGEHENGKONGCHUSHIDEHONGDALILUN,DANWANQUANKEYIZAIGAINIANCENGJIJINXINGJIAOWEISHENRUDESIKAO,ZAIWEIGUANCENGCIJINXINGGUANDIANHEZHUZHANGDEJUBUCHUANGXIN。DANGRAN,XUESHULUNWENDEZHUANXIEBUSHIWANWENZIYOUXI,XUYAOYONGZHIZHENXINCHUIQUJIANKUDUANLIANCAIYOUKENENGHUODECHENGGONG。

  (三)研究方法的创新

赢发彩票代理   ZHEIYICHUANGXINBAOKUOZHIXINGYANJIUFANGFAHELIANGHUAYANJIUFANGFADECHUANGXIN,TEBIETICHANGXINGONGJU、XINJISHUHEGEZHONGWEIJIQIAODELINGHUOYUNYONG。YIDINGLIANGFENXIWEILI,BENKESHENGWANQUANKEYIZAIFENXILUXIANGSHANGDADANJIASHE,CONGERJINXINGSHUJUWAJUE,FAXIANBUTONGBIANLIANGZHIJIANDEGEZHONGWEIMIAOGUANXI。ZAITONGJITUDEHUIZHISHANG,YEKEYIYUNYONGDUOZHONGZUHE、BIANTONGHEMEISHIJIQIAO,SHIQIGENGJUBIAOXIANLI。

  三、逻辑思维的“三板斧”

  LUOJISIWEIDELILIANGZHIZAIZENGQIANGSHUOFULI,TONGSHITISHENGCHUANGXINDEGAODU。DUIYUCHUXUEZHELAISHUO,ZHIYAOQIADANGYUNYONGLUOJISIWEI,NULIZUODAO“ZIQIA”,YEKEYISHOUHUOBUSHAODECHENGGUO。

  (一)范畴

  DIYIBANFUYAODADANDIQUKAN“FANCHOU”,JIZHUAZHUHEXINWENTI、ZHENWENTI,LIQIUQINGCHU、ZHUNQUEDIJIEDINGTA。FANCHOUHAOBIYINZANGZAIHESHUIXIAMIANDESHIKUAI,YAONULISHIQIQINGXIHUABINGLUCHUSHUIMIAN,XINGCHENGYIGEGEDEQIAODUN。

  (二)关系

赢发彩票代理   DIERBANFUYAOSHENRUDIQUKAN“GUANXI”,JIDUOJIAODUDI、XIZHIQUANMIANDITANTAOFANCHOUZHIJIANRUOYINRUOXIANDENEIZAILIANXI,YUNYONGDINGXINGHUODINGLIANGDIFANGFAQUMIAOSHUSHENZHIFAJUEGEZHONGXIANGGUANGUANXIHUOYINGUOGUANXIDENG。FENXIQINGCHULEGEZHONGLUOJIGUANXI,JIURUTONGZAIYIGEGEQIAODUNZHIJIANPUSHANGLEXIANGHULIANJIEDEQIAOBAN,XINGCHENGLEJIEJUEWENTIDEJIBENLUJING。

  (三)结论

赢发彩票代理   DISANBANFUYAOJINGZHIDIQUKAN“JIELUN”,JIZAIGUIYINFENXIDEJICHUSHANGSHENSHENDITICHUJIESHIXINGDEJIELUN。DANGQIANSHUBIYUZHONGDEQIAOLIANGCHUBUXINGCHENGHOU,YAOJINGDAXIMO,SHIZHIGENGJIAWENGUKEKAO。QIAOLIANGZUIHOUDAODADEBIANJISHIYANJIUDEJIELUN。WULUNSHIZHENGSHIHUOSHIZHENGWEIYIGEYANJIUJIASHEHUOJIYOUJIELUN,DOUSHIYOUJIAZHIDE。

  四、结构的“三三”式

赢发彩票代理   LUNWENJIEGOUYAOJIANGJIUPINGWEN、YUNCHENG、BAOMAN,GEJIBIAOTISHUMUYAODAZHIDUIDENG,BUYICHUXIAN“PINGFANG”HUO“YANCONG”SHIDEJIAGOU。

  (二)“三段论”的体例

  CONGYIJIBIAOTILAIKAN,“SANDUANLUN”BINGWEIGUOSHI,XIANGFANRENGJUYOUXIANGDANGDADESHIYONGJIAZHI。“TICHUWENTI、FENXIWENTIJIEJUEWENTI”HUOZHE“ZHENG、FAN、HE”DEXIEZUOTAOLUZHIYAOZUOSHI、ZUOHAO,RENGKEXINGCHENG“FENGTOU、ZHUDU、BAOWEI”DEJIAZUOJIAGOU。

  (二)“三三”式的标题矩阵

  YIBANSHAOZHANGYIXIEDELUNWENTONGCHANGXUYAOXINGCHENGSANJIBIAOTI,JIAOWEIJINGHANDELUNWENYEZHISHAOYAOXINGCHENGLIANGJIBIAOTI。ERJIBIAOTIJIHUITAIDUO(RUWUGEJIYISHANG),DANYEBUNENGTAISHAO(LIRUDIYUSANGE)。ERSANJIBIAOTIDESHUMUYAOQIUZEKESHAOWEIJIANGDIYIXIE。RUONENGXINGCHENG“SANSAN”SHIDEBIAOTIJUZHEN,WUYIHUIZENGQIANGLUNWENDEHOUZHONGGAN。

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