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少数民族文学本科论文写作方法
发布时间:2019-12-04

  摘    要: 民族高校少数民族大学生写作少数民族文学本科学位论文体现了民族高校的办学特色是为民族地区培养人才的需要,同时需要掌握多方面写作技巧。这些写作技巧包括题目选定与资料收集、思路搭建与标题拟定、理论运用与背景关联、观点提出与材料论证、理论思辩与规范遵守等多方面,掌握这些是圆满完成写作任务的先决条件。

  关键词: 民族高校; 少数民族大学生; 少数民族文学; 本科学位论文; 写作技巧;

  Abstract:赢发彩票代理 Undergraduate dissertations' Writing of ethnic minority literature by ethnic minority college students reflects the characteristics of Ethnic universities and the needing of training talents for ethnic minority areas. At the same time,there are many writing skills that need to be mastered by ethnic minority college students at ethnic universities.These writing skills exist in many aspects, such as topic selection and data collection, train of thought construction and title formulation, theoretical application and background correlation, viewpoint presentation and material demonstration, theoretical speculation and normative compliance, etc.Mastering them is a prerequisite for the successful completion of writing tasks.

  Keyword: Ethnic Universities; Ethnic Minority College Students; Minority Literature; Undergraduate Dissertations; Writing Skills;

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  一、题目选定与资料收集

  民族高校少数民族大学生写作少数民族文学本科学位论文首先需要掌握题目选定与资料收集方面的技巧。只有选定了论文题目,才能确定论文的研究对象、范围、重心与论析方向,也才能划定资料收集的范围;只有围绕选题充分收集并占有了资料,分析问题与提出观点才有可靠依据。这两方面的工作都是最基础性的。拿对苗族作家沈从文的研究来讲,笔者曾以《解读沈从文作品的人性内涵》1与《道家文化的现代意义———论沈从文对道家文化的传承》2等为题目撰写论文并公开发表。这些题目的设定,非常有效地规划了本人研究沈从文、收集相关资料的主要路径与维度等,避免了在沈从文研究的汪洋大海中漫无目的或迷失方向。由于缺乏专业训练,民族高校少数民族大学生对这两方面的技巧都较生疏,既不知道应该如何选题,也不懂得怎么收集论文写作资料,非常需要在学位论文指导老师的指导下学习这两方面的技巧。
 

少数民族文学本科论文写作方法
 

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  二、思路搭建与标题拟定

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  SANSHIZONGHESHIZHANKAISILU,JIBAPINGXINGHUOHENGXIANGZHANKAISILUYUDIJINHUOZONGXIANGZHANKAISILUJIEHEQILAI,ZONGHEYUNYONG。JUTISHUOLAI,ZAIZONGTISHANGPINGXINGHUOHENGXIANGZHANKAISILUSHI,ZAILUNWENDEJUTIBUFENKEYICAIQUDIJINHUOZONGXIANGZHANKAISILUDEFANGSHI。LIRU,BIZHEZAI《SHENCONGWENXIAOSHUODEJIEWEIYISHU》YIWENZHONGJUTIFENXISHENCONGWENXIAOSHUODEKAIFANGSHIJIEWEIYISHUDENGSHI,JIUSHIYONGLEDIJINHUOZONGXIANGZHANKAISILUDEFANGSHI,CENGCENGSHENRUDIFENXILEZHEIJIZHONGJIEWEIYISHUDEBIAOZHENG、DONGYINYUXIAOGUO。TONGYANG,ZAIZONGTISHANGDIJINHUOZONGXIANGZHANKAISILUSHI,ZAILUNWENDEJUTIBUFENKEYICAIQUPINGXINGHUOHENGXIANGZHANKAISILUDEFANGSHI。BIZHEZAI《SHAOSHUMINZUSHIYUXIADEDANGDAILISHIFANSIYUXIANDAIXINGZHUIWEN———LUNALAIFANSIXIAOSHUODEDUTEFANSIWEIDU》YIWENZHONGJUTILUNXIALAIMIAOHUIDEZANGZUXIANGCUNLISHIQUZHEDENGSHI,JIUSHIYONGLEPINGXINGHUOHENGXIANGZHANKAISILUDEFANGSHI。YOUCIKEJIAN,ZAIDAJIANLUNWENXIEZUOSILUSHI,DANYIDEJIQIAOWANGWANGBUDADINGYONG,ERZONGHESHIJIQIAODESHIYONGCAINENGGOUHUOQUYUANMANSHOUXIAO。

  “DAJIAZI”TONGSHIXUYAOCONGYIXIALIANGGEFANGMIANDESHIJICHUFA。YISHICONGXIEZUOZHEDE“QIANLIJIE”HUOYIYOUZHISHIJIEGOUSHIJICHUFA,KAIJUEXIEZUOZHEZISHENZHISHICHUBEIDEZUIYOUXIAOZIYUAN;ERSHICONGYANJIUDUIXIANGDESHIJICHUFA,XUNZHAOYANJIUDUIXIANGDETEDIAN、SHUXINGJIQISUODUIYINGDEXIANGGUANLILUNYUANLI。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,XUNZHAODAOXIEZUOZHE“QIANLIJIE”YUYANJIUDUIXIANGZHIJIANDEQIHEHUOLIANJIEDIAN。

  SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEBENKEXUEWEILUNWENDEBIAOTINIDINGSHIYUQISILUDAJIANGUANLIANJIAOWEIJINMIDEYIGEWENTI。QIBIAOTIYIBANBAOKUOLUNWENBIAOTIJIFUBIAOTI、LUNWENGEBUFENDEBIAOTIYUGEBUFENZHONGDEXIAOBIAOTI。LUNWENBIAOTISHEJILUNWENDEYANJIUDUIXIANG、ZHONGXINHUOZHUYAOWENTI,FUBIAOTISHIDUIZHUBIAOTIDESHUOMINGYUBUCHONG。LUNWENGEBUFENDEBIAOTISHEJILUNWENGEBUFENDEYANJIUDUIXIANG、ZHONGXINHUOZHUYAOWENTI,GEBUFENDEXIAOBIAOTISHEJIGEBUFENZHONGJUTICENGCIDEYANJIUDUIXIANG、ZHONGXINHUOZHUYAOWENTI。BIAOTIYOUZHUYUSHILUNWENDENEIRONG、GUANDIANGENGJIAXINGMU、CENGCIGENGJIAMINGXI,QINIDINGXIAOGUOHUOZHUNQUEXINGRUHE,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAOLUNWENXIEZUODEFANGXIANGYULUJING,YEYINGXIANGDAOLUNWENDEYUEDUXIAOGUO。GEJIBIAOTIZAINEIRONGSHANGYAOQIUYUYANJIUDUIXIANGZHUNQUEDUIWEIYUWENHE,ZAIXINGSHISHANGYAOQIUNINGLIAN、SHENGDONGYUCHUANSHEN,TONGYICENGCIBIAOTIHAIYAOQIUZISHUDAZHIYUNCHENG,BIAODAFANGSHIXIANGJIN。BIZHEZAI《LUNALAIDUIWAIGUOWENXUEDEJIEJIANYUZHUANHUA》5YIWENZHONG,SHEZHILESANGEYIJIBIAOTI:ALAIXUEXIWAIGUOWENXUEDECEZHONGDIAN、ALAIDUIWAIGUOWENXUEJINGYANDEJIEJIANYUALAIDUIWAIGUOWENXUEJINGYANDEZHUANHUA。GENJUXUYAO,ZAI“ALAIDUIWAIGUOWENXUEJINGYANDEJIEJIAN”ZHONG,SHEZHILEWUGEXIAOBIAOTI:SHIJIEWENXUEGUANNIANDESHULI、“XINGZOU”DADICHUANGZUOFANGSHIDEJIESHOU、DUIMINJIANWENHUADEZHONGSHI、XINQIWENXUEJIQIAODESHICHENGYUXINXINGWENXUETICAIDEJIEJIAN。ZHEIXIEBUTONGCENGCIBIAOTIDENIDINGYINGGAISHUOSHIJIAOWEIQIARUQIFENDE,YEJIAOHAODIFUWULELUNWENDEXIEZUO。WEILEBAWOSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEBENKEXUEWEILUNWENBIAOTIDENIDINGJIQIAO,MINZUGAOXIAOSHAOSHUMINZUDAXUESHENGKEYICANYUEWENXUEYANJIUHUOWENXUEPINGLUNLEIXIANGGUANBAOKAN,GUANGFANXIQUXIANGGUANLUNWENZAIBIAOTINIDINGFANGMIANDEJINGYAN,HUOYULUNWENZHIDAOLAOSHITAOLUNRUHENIDINGGEJIBIAOTI。

  三、理论运用与背景关联

赢发彩票代理   MINZUGAOXIAOSHAOSHUMINZUDAXUESHENGXIEZUOSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEBENKEXUEWEILUNWEN,JIEXIALAIXUYAOZHANGWODEBIANSHILILUNYUNYONGYUBEIJINGGUANLIANFANGMIANDEJIQIAO。CONGHENDACHENGDUSHANGSHUO,DAXUESHENGDESUOYOULUNWENXIEZUODOUSHILILUNLIANXISHIJI,JIBALILUNZHISHIYUNYONGDAODUIJUTIWENTIDEFENXIDANGZHONG,BINGBALILUNZHISHIZHUANHUAWEIYIZHONGSHIJIANNENGLI———BAOKUOLILUNSIBIANNENGLI、LILUNBIAOSHUNENGLIHUOWENZIGAIKUONENGLI。FANGUOLAISHUO,DANGSHEJIDAOFENXIJUTIWENTIDESHIHOU,LILUNYUANLIBIANXIANDESHIFENZHONGYAO。

  LILUNYUNYONGDEJIQIAOSHIYUNYONGRENWEN、SHEHUIKEXUEHUOWENXUELILUNFENXIWENXUEZUOPINHUOXIANXIANGDEJUTIFANGFA。WEILEKEZHICHU:“MEIYOUYITAOWENTI、YIXILIEGAINIAN、YIXIEKEZICANKAODELUNDIANHEYIXIECHOUXIANGDEGAIKUO,WENXUEPIPINGHEWENXUESHIDEBIANXIEYESHIWUFAJINXINGDE。”6DUIYUSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZHANKAIYANJIUHUOPINGLUN,BUJINXUYAOYUNYONGWENXUELILUNHUOJIEZHUYUPIPINGYUANLI,ERQIEXUYAOYUNYONGRENWEN、SHEHUIKEXUEDELILUNHUOYUANLI。GURAN,MINZUGAOXIAOSHAOSHUMINZUDAXUESHENGBUNENGGOUYUNYONGSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZUOPINZUOWEIDAOJU,LAIZHENGMINGYIXIELILUNYUANLIDEZHENGQUEXING。DANSHI,RUGUOBUJIEZHUYUXIANGGUANLILUNYUANLI,TAMENBENKEXUEWEILUNWENDUISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDEYANJIUHUILUNWEIQIANCENGCIDEWENBENJIEDU,QUEFAJIAOGAOCENGCIDEXUELIXING。JIUSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEYANJIUSUOSHEJIDELILUNYUANLIERYAN,NEIRONGSHIFENFENGFU,FANWEIJIQIGUANGFAN,JIBAOKUORENLEIXUE、MINZUXUE、WENHUAXUEHUOWENHUARENLEIXUE、ZONGJIAOXUE、XINLIXUE、SHEHUIXUE、YUYANXUE、CHANSHIXUE、CUNZAIZHUYI、XIANDAIZHUYI、HOUXIANDAIZHUYIDENGFANGMIANDEYUANLI,YEBAOKUOMAKESIZHUYIWENXUEPIPING、JINGSHENFENXIXUEPIPING、YUANXINGPIPING、XINPIPING、NVXINGZHUYIPIPING、HOUZHIMINZHUYIWENXUEPIPING、XINLISHIZHUYIWENXUEPIPING、SHENGTAIWENXUEPIPINGDENGWENXUEPIPINGYUANLI。JIANYUSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDETESHUXING,MINZUZHI、DIFANGXINGZHISHI、DONGFANGXUEHUOHOUZHIMINZHUYIWENHUAPIPING、MINZUXUEHUOWENHUARENLEIXUE、MINSUXUE、MINJIANGUSHIXINGTAIXUEDENGFANGMIANDELILUNYUANLI,DUILUNWENXIEZUODEZHIDAOYIYIHUIGENGJIATUXIAN。SUIRANMINZUGAOXIAOSHAOSHUMINZUDAXUESHENGKENENGZHISHIJIECHUDAOZHEIXIELILUNYUANLIDEJIAOKESHUZHISHI,DANZAIJUTIFENXIMOUYITEDINGDESHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDUIXIANGSHI,XUYAOTONGGUOYUEDULILUNYUANZHEHUOLINSHIBUKEDEXINGSHIDUISUOSHEJIDEXIANGGUANLILUNJINXINGJIAOWEIXITONG、SHENRUDILEJIEYUZHONGDIANBAWO,CONGERZUODAONENGGOUJIAOWEISHULIANDIYUNYONGZHEIXIELILUNYUANLI。ZHEITONGSHISHUOMING,WENXUEYANJIUYEHAO,QITAYANJIUYEHAO,QIYANJIUSHUIPINGDEGAODI,QIAQIAQUJUEYUPINGSHIHUOCIQIANDELILUNXIUYANGHUOLILUNSHUJIYUEDU。RUGUOMINZUGAOXIAOSHAOSHUMINZUDAXUESHENGRUXUEYIHOUDUOZHUYIYUEDUYIXIELILUNYUANZHE,NEITAMENZAIXIANGGUANLUNWENXIEZUOSHIZEKENENGYUNYONGDAOXIANGGUANLILUNZHISHIERBIAOXIANCHUJIAOGAOSHUIPING。

  BEIJINGGUANLIANDEJIQIAOZHUYAOSHIBAWENXUEZUOPINFANGZAIWENXUESHIBEIJINGHUOLISHIYUJINGXIAJINXINGFENXI。WEILEKEZHICHU:“WENXUESHIDUIYUWENXUEPIPINGYESHIJIQIZHONGYAODE,YINWEIWENXUEPIPINGBIXUCHAOYUEDANPINGGERENHAOEDEZUIZHUGUANDEPANDUAN。YIGEPIPINGJIATANGRUOMANZUYUWUSHISUOYOUWENXUESHISHANGDEGUANXI,BIANHUICHANGCHANGFASHENGPANDUANDECUOWU。TAJIANGHUIGAOBUQINGCHUNAXIEZUOPINSHICHUANGXINDE,NAXIESHISHICHENGQIANRENDE;ERQIE,YOUYUBULEJIELISHISHANGDEQINGKUANG,TAJIANGCHANGCHANGWUJIEXUDUOJUTIDEWENXUEYISHUZUOPIN。”6GENJUWEILEKEDECHANSHU,RENHEWENXUEZUOPINDOUBUSHIGULIDEWENXUEXIANXIANG,ERSHIWENXUESHISHANGDEYIGEHUANJIE,YUTAQIANHOUDEWENXUEZUOPINDOUYOUZHEJICHENGYUYINGXIANGGUANXI。YINCIWENXUEYANJIUHUOPIPINGBIXULIZUYUCONGWENXUESHIXIANTIAOSHANGLAIBAWOMOUYIJUTIDEWENXUEZUOPIN,BUNENGJIANSHUBUJIANLIN,SUOWEIYOUBIJIAOCAIYOUJIANBIE。DUISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDEYANJIUHUOPINGLUNYEYIYANG。BIRU,ZAIFENXIALAI《CHENAILUODING》DENGZUOPINSHI,BUDANYOUBIYAOJIANGQIFANGZAIXIANDANGDAISHAOSHUMINZUWENXUESHIZHONGKAOCHA,HAIYOUBIYAOYI“SHIQINIAN”SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEDEXIEZUOMOSHIWEICANZHAOXI(YIJIANBIE《CHENAILUODING》DUI“SHIQINIAN”SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEXIEZUOMOSHIDECHAOYUE),GENGYOUBIYAOJIANGQIFANGZAIZANGZUWENXUESHIZHONG,BAZANGZUGUDAILIUCHUANDEJIZHIRENWUAGUDUNBADECHUANSHUO、XINSHIQICHUQICHUBANDELIANGBUZHANGPIAN《XINGCUNDEREN》《GESANGMEIDUO》DENGZUOWEICANZHAOXI,YISHENSHI《CHENAILUODING》DUIZHEIXIEZUOPINDECHUANCHENGHUOCHAOYUE。LINGWAI,SHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEZUOPINHAIYUSHIDAIBEIJING、WENHUAYUJINGCUNZAIYINGUOGUANLIAN,ZAIYANJIUZHONGYEBUNENGHULVE。

  四、观点提出与材料论证

赢发彩票代理   GUANDIANTICHUYUCAILIAOLUNZHENGSHIMINZUGAOXIAOSHAOSHUMINZUDAXUESHENGXIEZUOSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEBENKEXUEWEILUNWENDELIANGGEJUTIHUANJIE,YEYOUYIXIEXUYAOZHANGWODEZHONGYAOJIQIAO。

  YISHIYAOZHUYIBINGXUEHUITICHULUNDIAN。SUOWEILUNWEN,JIUSHIYAOTICHULUNDIAN。MEIYOULUNDIANJIUBUNENGCHENGWEILUNWEN。KEYISHUO,LUNDIANSHILUNWENDEHEXINHUOLINGHUN,SHILUNWENCAILIAODETONGSHUAI。LISHISHANG,TONGCHENGPAITICHUZUOXUEWEN、ZHESHULISHUOYAOZHUZHONG“YILI、KAOJU、CIZHANG”。SUOWEI“YILI”,ZHIDEJIUSHILUNDIANHUOGUANDIAN,HUOZHESHUOSHENTOUZHELUNDIANHUOGUANDIANZHONGDEDAOLI。ZAIYIPIANLUNWENZHONG,LUNDIANYOUZONGDELUNDIAN,YEYOULISHUYUFUCONGZONGLUNDIANDEBUTONGCENGCIDEFENLUNDIANJICENGCIYIXIADEXIAOLUNDIAN。DANWULUNZAIZONGTISHANGHAISHIZAIJUTICENGCISHANG,XIEZUOZHEDOUXUYAOTICHUHUOLIANGCHUZIJIDELUNDIAN,ERBUNENGSHUERBULUN。ZHEIXIELUNDIANWANGWANGXUYAOYUNYONGPANDUANJUHUOCHENSHUJUDEXINGSHIBIAODACHULAI,YIBANQINGKUANGXIAHAIXUYAOFANGZAILUNWENKAITOUHUODUANLUODEQISHOUWEIZHI。LUNDIANDETICHUYIFANGMIANXIANSHIZHELUNWENZUOZHEDEJIANSHI,TIXIANZHELUNWENSHUIPINGDEGAODI;YIFANGMIANXUYAOJIANLIZAIZUOZHEDUICAILIAODEXIAOHUA、JIANBIEYUPANDUANJICHUZHISHANG。RUGUOSHUO,CAILIAOSHISHITIDEDONGXI,NEIME,LUNDIANJIUSHI“XUHUA”DEDONGXI。CAILIAOZHONGBENMEIYOULUNDIANHUOGUANDIAN,XUYAOZUOZHECONGCAILIAOZHONGDECHULUNDIANHUOGUANDIAN,ZHEIKEWEI“WU”ZHONGSHENG“YOU”,HUA“SHI”WEI“XU”。YOUYUXIEZUOJINGYANDEQIANQUE,BAOKUOSHAOSHUMINZUXUESHENGZAINEIDEDANGDAIDAXUESHENGWANGWANGBUDONGDEZAILUNWENZHONGTICHULUNDIANDEBIYAOXINGYUZHONGYAOXING,YEBUZHIRUHETICHUGUANDIAN。YINCI,RENSHIDAOZHEIYIWENTIBINGZHAODAOJIEJUEWENTIDEBANFA,DUITAMENLAISHUOSHIFEICHANGYOUBIYAODE。JIEHEMINZUGAOXIAOSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEBENKEXUEWEILUNWENLAISHUO,LUNWENZHONGDELUNDIANJIUSHIGUANYUSHAOSHUMINZUZUOJIA、ZUOPINDEGUANDIAN。BIZHEYUMALIEDE《ALAIWENXUECHUANGZUOYUZANGZUKOUCHUANWENHUA》YIWENSHIZHEIYANGTICHUGUANDIANDE:KAIPIANTICHUQUANWENZONGGUANDIAN———“ALAIWENXUECHUANGZUODEYIGECHENGGONGJINGYANHEYIDAZHONGYAOTEDIAN,SHIGAODUZIJUEDIYUZANGZUKOUCHUANWENHUAHUOMINJIANWENXUEBAOCHIBUKEFENGEDEXUEMAILIANXI。ALAIDEXIEZUOBUJINCONGZANGZUKOUCHUANWENHUAZHONGXIQULEXIEZUOSUCAI、RENWUSUZAO、WENHUALICHANG、BIAOSHUFANGSHIYUSHENMEIFENGXIFANGMIANDEDUOZHONGBAOGUIZIYUAN,ZHUISULEZANGZULISHI、WENHUADEYUANLIU,TUXIANLEZANGZULISHI、WENHUADEDUTEXING,ERQIEHAIZHANKAILEZANGZUCHUANTONGWENHUAYUXIANDAIWENHUAZHIJIANDEJIAOLIUYUDUIHUA,ZHANSHILEGULAODEMINZUWENHUAJINGSHENZAIXIANDAIWENMINGBEIJINGXIASUOBAOCHIDEQIANGDAHUOLIYUXIANDAIYIYI。”ZHEIYIZONGGUANDIAN,ZHIJIEDUIYINGYULUNWENBIAOTI。DIYIBUFENQISHOUTICHUBENBUFENDEZONGLUNDIAN———“ALAIWENXUECHUANGZUOLIANJIEZANGZUKOUCHUANWENHUADEDIYIGEZHONGYAOFANGMIAN,SHICONGZANGZUKOUCHUANWENHUAZHONGXIQUBAOGUIDEXIEZUOSUCAI,YICIZHUIZONGZANGZULISHI、WENHUADEYUANTOU,BINGJIJIKAIJUEZANGZUWENHUADECHUANTONGZIYUAN,RANGZANGZUGULAODEWENHUAJINGSHENZAIXIANDAIWENMINGBEIJINGXIAZHONGXINHUANFAHUOLI。”ZAIDIYIBUFENDIYIGECENGCIQISHOU,TICHUBENCENGCIDEXIAOLUNDIAN———“ALAIZIJUEDICONGZANGZUKOUCHUANWENHUAZHONGXIQUXIEZUOSUCAI,BAWENXUECHUANGZUOZHIGENYUZANGZUMINJIANWENXUEDEFENGHOUTURANGZHIZHONG。”ZAIDIYIBUFENDEDIER、SANCENGCI,YEXIANGYINGTICHUER、SANCENGCIDEXIAOGUANDIAN。DIER、SANBUFENDEGUANDIANTICHU,JIBENSHANGLEISIYUDIYIBUFEN。LUNWENZHONGDESUOYOULUNDIANHUOGUANDIAN,DOUSHICAILIAOZHONGMEIYOUDE,DOUSHITONGGUOXIAOHUA、ZONGJIEHOUCONGGEZHONGCAILIAOZHONGTILIANCHULAIDE。ZHEIPIANLUNWENQIAQIASHIYOUZHEIXIELUNDIANZHICHENGQILAIDE,RUGUOMEIYOUZHEIXIELUNDIAN,TAJIANGSHIQULUNWENDEJIAZHI7。

  ERSHIXUEHUIYUNYONGCAILIAOLUNZHENGGUANDIAN。DUITICHUDEGUANDIANYAOJINXINGZHASHI、CHONGFENDELUNZHENG,HUOQUCAILIAODEZHICHENG,CONGERSHIGUANDIANJUYOUKEXINXINGYUSHUOFULI。SUOWEILUNZHENGJIZAIYUTIGONGKEKAOYUCHONGZUDEZHENGJU。TONGCHENGPAITICHUDE“KAOJU”DEHANYI,HENDACHENGDUSHANGYEZAIZHEILI。JIUSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEBENKEXUEWEILUNWENLAIJIANG,QIZHENGJUBAOKUOSHAOSHUMINZUZUOPINWENBENFENXI、SHAOSHUMINZUZUOJIAXIANGGUANCHUANGZUOTANDENGZHIJIECAILIAO,YEBAOKUOYIBANXINGLILUNPANDUAN、QITAXUEZHEDEXIANGGUANYANLUNDENGJIANJIECAILIAO。ZHIJIECAILIAOYUJIANJIECAILIAOYAOJIEHEQILAI,ZONGHEYUNYONG,QUFENZHUCI,JUNHENGYUNYONG,QUSHEHUOXIANGLVEDEDANG,BINGZHUYIZHASHI、CHONGFEN,BIMIANSHIYONGGUZHENG。JIUDUIZUOPINWENBENFENXIERYAN,TABIXUSHIDUIZUOPINDEZHONGXINGUIJIEHUOZHUANSHU,SHIXIAOHUA、ZONGJIEHOUDEJIEGUO,YUANZESHANGBIXUDUJUEZHAOBANZUOPINZHONGDEYUANSHIDUANLUO,ZHAOBANZUOPINZHONGDEYUANSHIDUANLUOYIWEIZHEXIEZUOZHEMEIYOUJINXINGBENWENFENXIHUOMEIYOUXIAOHUA、LIJIEZUOPIN———CHUXUEZHEWANGWANGRONGYICHUXIANZHEIFANGMIANCUOWU。NAFENXISHENCONGWENDAIBIAOZUO《BIANCHENG》ZHONGDERENXINGMEILAISHUO,KEYIYONGLAILUNZHENGDECAILIAOJIUYOU:ZUOPINZHONGDUICUICUI、LAOCHUANFU、SHUNSHUN、DALAO、ERLAODENGRENXINGMEIDEMIAOHUI,SHENCONGWEN《XIZUOXUANJIDAIXU》DENGWENZHANGZHONGGUANYUYUNYONGWENXUEJIANZAO“XILAXIAOMIAO”(RENXINGMEI)DECHUANGZUOTAN,LAOZI、ZHUANGZIJIFAGUOLUSUOGUANYUZIRANRENXINGDELUNSHU,LINGYU、XIAZHIQING、JINJIEFUDENGGUONEIWAISHENCONGWENYANJIUZHUANJIADUISHENCONGWENZUOPINDEXIANGGUANLUNSHUDENG。FENXIDEJIAODIANSHI《BIANCHENG》ZHONGDERENXINGMEI,DANSHEJIDECAILIAOQUESHIDUOWEIDU、DUOJIAODUYUDUOXUEKEDE,TAMENGOUCHENGLEZHENGJUDE“LIANTIAO”HUOGUANZHAOSHENCONGWENDEDUOZHONGSHIJIAO。

  五、理论思辨与规范遵守

赢发彩票代理   DUIMINZUGAOXIAOSHAOSHUMINZUDAXUESHENGLAISHUO,XIEZUOSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEXUEWEILUNWENHAIXUYAOXUEHUILILUNSIBIANBINGZUNSHOUXUESHUGUIZE。

赢发彩票代理   YISHIYAOXUEHUILILUNSIBIAN。LUNWENBUTONGYUJIXUWENHUOSHUOMINGWEN,BUNENGMANZUYUGUOCHENGDEXUSHUHUOSHIXIANGDESHUOMING,GENGBUNENGTIANMAXINGKONGHUBIANXIASHUO,ERXUYAODUISHIWUJINXINGLILUNSHANGDEBIANXI、ZHUIWENYUSHENSHI,XUYAONONGQINGSHIWUNEIBUHUOSHIWUZHIJIANDEGEZHONGGUANXI,XUYAOJIEZHUYUFENXI、GUINA、TUILUN、YANYIDENGFANGFAYUBIANZHENGLUOJI、XINGSHILUOJIDENGDUISHIWUJINXINGSHUXING、TEZHENGDERENZHIHUOJIELUNDEPANDUAN。YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,YUNYONGBIANZHENGLUOJISHIWEILEBAWOSHIWUDELIANGMIANXING、MAODUNXING、LIANXI、QUBIE、NEIWAIYIN、FAZHANGUOCHENGDENG。YUNYONGXINGSHILUOJI(RUSANDUANLUN、PAIZHONGLV、MAODUNLV)SHIWEILEMINGQUEGAINIANDENEIHAN、WAIYANYUSHIWUDESHUZHONGGUANXIDENG。

  ZHEILIXUYAOQIANGDIAODESHI,YINGYUBIAODAFANGSHIZHONGBAOHANZHEXUDUOSIWEIFANGSHIDESHIYONG,ZHIDEMINZUGAOXIAOSHAOSHUMINZUDAXUESHENGZAIXIEZUOSHAOSHUMINZUWENXUEXUEWEILUNWENSHIJIAYIMOFANGYUJIEJIAN。ZAIYINGYUBIAODAFANGSHIYOUQISHIYINGYUCONGJUJIXIANGGUANGUANLIANCIZHONG,WANGWANGBAOHANZHEXIFANGDESIWEIMOSHI,TEBIESHIBAOHANZHEXIFANGRENDUIYUSHIWUNEIBUYUSHIWUZHIJIANXIANGHUGUANXIDERENSHI,YETIXIANZHEXIFANGRENDUIYUSHIWUDEZHUNQUERENZHIYUBIAOSHU。YINGYUZHONGBIAODADEGUANXIZHUYAOBAOKUOBINGLIEGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEIYIFANGMIAN……LINGYIFANGMIAN)、PAILIEGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEIDIYI、DIER、DISAN……ZUIHOUHUOSHOUXIAN、QICI、ZAICIDENG)、XUANZEGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEIHUOZHE……HUOZHE……DENG)、ZHUCONGGUANXI、DIJINGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEIBUDAN……ERQIE,HUOBUJIN……HAIDENG)、ZHUANZHEGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEISUIRAN……DANSHIDENG)、TIAOJIANGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEIZHIYAO……JIUHUOZHIYOU……CAIDENG)、YINGUOGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEIYINWEI……SUOYIDENG)、BANSUIGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEISUIZHE……DENG)、JIASHEGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEIJIARU……JIUHUIDENG)、XUNIGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEIRUGUO……NEIMEDENG)、QIANGDIAOGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEIZHENGSHI……HUOYUQI……BURU……DENG)、PAICHUGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEIWULUN……YEHUOBUGUAN……DOU、JISHI……YEDENG)、CHENGDUGUANXI(GUANLIANCIWEIZONGTISHANGKAN、YIBANLAIKAN、HENDACHENGDUSHANG、MOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGDENG)DENG,ZHEIXIEGUANXIZHONGSHENTOUZHEXIFANGRENDUIYUSHIWUDEFUZADUOZHONGGUANXIDEZIXIFENBIANYUZHUNQUEBAWO。

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  注释

  1吴道毅:《解读沈从文作品的人性内涵》,《武汉大学学报(人文科学版)》2005年第6期。
  2吴道毅:《道家文化的现代意义---论沈从文对道家文化的传承》,《江汉论坛》2019年第8期。
  3刘象愚:《韦勒克与他的文学理论(代译序)》,见[美]雷·韦勒克、奥·沃伦:《文学理论》,刘象愚等译,杭州:浙江人民出版社2017年版,第7页。
  4吴道毅:《少数民族视域下的当代历史反思与现代性追问---论阿来反思小说的独特反思维度》,《江汉论坛》2018年第1期。
  5吴道毅:《论阿来对外国文学的借鉴与转化》,《华中师范大学学报(人文社会科学版)》2019年第2期。
  6(2)[美]雷·韦勒克、奥·沃伦:《文学理论》,刘象愚等译,杭州:浙江人民出版社2017年版,第27、32页。
  7吴道毅、马烈:《阿来文学创作与藏族口传文化》,《西藏大学学报(社会科学版)》2016年第3期。

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