赢发彩票代理

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初中信息技术课程教学中翻转课堂的运用
发布时间:2020-02-02

  摘要:赢发彩票代理信息技术课是一门实践性很强的课程。而互联网、移动互联网、物联网和人工智能的出现改变了人类的沟通方式甚至生活方式。当然,对于教育也必然产生了深远的影响。在新技术背景下,传统的教学方式,特别是教师和学生在教与学过程中的关系与角色也将随之调整和改变。对于教育而言,教学模式的创新比技术创新更难,也更为关键。如何改变传统的教学模式,提高信息技术课堂的教学效果,满足学生个性化的发展是摆在初中信息技术教师面前的巨大挑战。而翻转课堂教学模式可以较好地解决以上问题。结合初中信息技术教学的实际情况,阐述了翻转课堂模式的内涵、设计原则和在教学中的实施过程,以期在初中信息技术课中运用翻转课堂模式取得良好的教学效果。

  关键词:初中信息技术; 翻转课堂;

  作者简介:  杨晓鸣(1970-),女,汉族,甘肃甘谷人,硕士,高级教师,研究方向:信息技术教学。;

  一、引言

  《ZHONGXIAOXUEXINXIJISHUKECHENGZHIDAOGANGYAO(SHIXING)》ZHONGZHICHU:ZHONGXIAOXUEXINXIJISHUJIAOYUSHIWEILESHIYINGJISHUXUNMENGFAZHANDEXINXISHIDAIDUIRENCAIPEIYANGTICHUDEXINYAOQIUERSHEZHIDEXUEXILINGYU,SHIZONGHESHIJIANHUODONGKECHENGZHONGYIPEIYANGXUESHENGDEXINXISUYANGHEXINXIJISHUCAOZUONENGLIWEIZHUYAOMUBIAO,YICAOZUOXING、SHIJIANXINGHETANJIUXINGWEITEZHENGDEJIBENXUEXILINGYUZHIYI。YIWUJIAOYUJIEDUANXINXIJISHUKECHENG,YIPEIYANGXUESHENGDUIXINXIJISHUDEXINGQUHEYISHI,PEIYANGXUESHENGDEJIBENXINXISUYANGWEIGENBENMUDE。RANER,XUESHENGZAIXUEXIGUOCHENGZHONGWANGWANGBUNENGGOUJIJIZHUDONGDICANYU,ZHUYAOSHIYOUYUJIAOCAINEIRONGSHIJISUANJIDEJICHUZHISHIHERUANJIANDEJIBENGONGNENGJIESHAO,YINCI,JIAOXUEZHONGWANGWANGGUANZHUZHISHIDIANDECHUANSHOUYUZHONGFUCAOLIAN,BULIYUPEIYANGXUESHENGJIEJUESHIJIWENTIDENENGLIHECHUANGXINNENGLI。DUIYUHULIANWANGDEHUANJINGZHONGCHENGZHANGDENIANQINGYIDAIERYAN,TAMENYUWANGLUODERONGHESHITIANRANERBENZHIDE。YINCI,NIANQINGYIDAIDUIYUWANGLUOHEYIDONGSHEBEIYIJIXINXIHUAHEZHINENGHUADEJIAOYUFANGSHIBUCUNZAIRENHESHIYINGDEZHANGAI。ZAIXINDEJISHUBEIJINGXIA,RUHEJINYIBUCHONGFENFAHUIXINDEJIAOYUJISHUSHOUDUANDEYOUSHI,CHUANGXINJIAOYUXUEDEMOSHI,YIDADAOGENGJIADEJIAOXUEXIAOGUO,RENGRANSHIYIGEZHIDETAOLUNHEYANJIUDEKETI。JIAOYUDEJISHUYUGONGJUYIJINGSHENGJIHUANDAI,DANSHI,RUGUOSHIYONGGONGJUDEZHUTI,JIJIAOSHIHEXUESHENGHAIJINGUYUCHUANTONGDEJIAOXUEMOSHI,NEIMESUOWEIDEXINJISHUBUDANFAHUIBULEZISHENYOUSHI,ERQIEFANERHUIDUIJIAOXUEXINGCHENGYIZHONGGANRAO。CONGMOUZHONGYIYISHANGSHUO,GAIBIANJIQIANNIANCHUANCHENGXIALAIDECHUANTONGJIAOXUEMOSHIBIQICHUANGXINJIAOYUJISHUSHOUDUANYAOKUNNANDEDUO。SUOYI,ZAIXINDEHUANJINGXIA,JIAOYUXUEDEMOSHICHUANGXINSHIJIAOYUXINXIHUADEYIGEZUIZHONGYAODERENWU。WEILEPEIYANGXUESHENGDECHUANGXINNENGLI,WOZAIJIAOXUEZHONGCHANGSHIYUNYONGFANZHUANKETANGDEJIAOXUEMOSHI,SHOUDAOLEJIAOHAODEXIAOGUO。

  二、翻转课堂(Flipped Classroom)

赢发彩票代理   CONGBENZHISHANGLAISHUO,HULIANWANGDETEDIANJIUSHIKEYILIYONGYUANCHENGDE、DALIANGDE、YOUZHIDEJIAOYUZIYUAN。ZAIMUQIANDEKETANGSHANG,LAOSHIMIANSHOUZHISHI,XIANSHANGZIYUANYIBANZHIQIDAOFUZHUZUOYONG,ERFEIYIGEJUEDINGXINGDEYINSU。YIBANLAISHUO,XUESHENGDEXUEXIGUOCHENGDAZHIKEFENWEILIANGGEJIEDUAN:DIYIJIEDUANSHISUOWEI“ZHISHICHUANDI”,TONGGUOJIAOSHIJIANGSHOUHESHISHENGZHIJIANDEHUDONGLAISHIXIAN;DIERGEJIEDUANSHI“ZHISHINEIHUA”,WANGWANGYOUXUESHENGKEHOUZIJILAIWANCHENG。DUIBUSHAOXUESHENGERYAN,ZHEIGENEIHUAHUOZHEXIAOHUADEGUOCHENGYINWEIQUESHAOJIAOSHIDEZHICHIHETONGBANDEBANGZHU,CHANGCHANGHUIYOUCUOBAIGAN,CONGERSANGSHIXUEXIDENENGDONGXING。

赢发彩票代理   CHUANTONGDEJIAOXUEMOSHISHIJIAOSHIZAIKETANGJIANGSHOU,XUESHENGZAIXIAMIANTINGJIANG,KEHOUWANCHENGZUOYE。DANSHI,SUIZHEZHISHIDEHUOQUDEQUDAOZENGDUO,ZHISHIDEHUIJIHECHUANDIBUZAISHINANDIAN,GENGWEIZHONGYAODESHIDUIXUEXINEIRONGDESHENRUTAOLUNHEXIAOHUA。XUDUOSHIHOU,BASHISHENGGONGTONGDE、YOUXIANDE、BAOGUIDESHIJIANYONGZAIZHISHIDEJIANGSHOUFANGMIAN,XIAOLVBUGAO。

赢发彩票代理   FANZHUANKETANGZHENGHAOSHICHUANTONGJIAOXUEMOSHIDEYIZHONGDIANFU。FANZHUANKETANGZHONGXINJIANGOULEXUEXILIUCHENG,SHIYIZHONGYOUJIAOSHICHUANGJIANSHIPIN,XUESHENGZAIJIAZHONGHUOKEWAIGUANKANSHIPINZHONGJIAOSHIDEJIANGJIE,HUIDAOKETANGSHANGSHISHENGMIANDUIMIANJIAOLIU、TAOLUN、TANJIUHEWANCHENGZUOYEDEYIZHONGJIAOXUEMOSHI。“ZHISHICHUANDI”SHIXUESHENGZAIKEQIANJINXINGDE,LAOSHITIGONGLESHIPINHEZAIXIANDEFUDAO;“XISHOUNEIHUA”SHIZAIKETANGSHANGTONGGUOHUDONGLAIWANCHENGDE,JIAOSHINENGGOUTIQIANLEJIEXUESHENGDEXUEXIKUNNAN,ZAIKETANGSHANGJIYUYOUXIAODEFUDAO,TONGXUEZHIJIANDEXIANGHUJIAOLIUGENGYOUZHUYUCUJINXUESHENGZHISHIDEXISHOUNEIHUAGUOCHENG。

赢发彩票代理   ZHEIZHONGFANGSHIYEGENGJIATIXIAN“YIXUEXIZHEWEIZHONGXIN”DEGEXINGHUAJIAOYULINIAN。XUESHENGZIZHUGUIHUAXUEXIDENEIRONG、XIGUAN、JIEZOU、FENGGEHECHENGXIANFANGSHI。JIAOSHIGENGJIAZIYOU,YIXUEDINGJIAO,YENENGYOUGENGDUODESHIJIANYUMEIGEXUESHENGJINXINGCHONGFENHUDONG。ERZAIKETANGSHANG,JIAOSHITONGGUOHENHAODEKETANGZUZHI,CAIYONGTAOLUNHEXIEZUODENGFANGFALAIMANZUXUESHENGGEXINGHUADEXUYAO,CUJINTAMENDUIYUWENTIDESHENKELIJIE,SHIDEXUESHENGTONGGUOCANYU、HUDONGHESHIJIANHUODEGENGHAODEXUEXIXIAOGUO。

翻转课堂

配图 翻转课堂

  1. 翻转什么

赢发彩票代理   SHOUXIANSHIXUEXIKONGJIANDEFANZHUAN。ZHISHICHUANDIDECHANGSUOZAINALI?CONGJIAOSHIFANZHUANDAOJIALI。WANCHENGZUOYEDENGZHISHINEIHUADECHANGSUOZAINALI?CONGJIALIFANZHUANDAOJIAOSHI。

  QICISHISHIJIANDEFANZHUAN。ZHONGXINDIAOZHENGKETANGNEIWAIDESHIJIAN。KETANGWAI,XUESHENGGENJUZIJIDEJIEZOUGEXINGHUADIANPAIXUEXI。KETANGNEI,ZHUAJINKETANGDESHIJIAN,XUESHENGNENGGOUGENGZHUANZHUYUZHUDONGDEJIYUGEXINGHUADEXUEXI,YUJIAOSHIGONGTONGWANCHENGZUOYE、YANJIUWENTI,QIHUDONGXING、CANYUDUGENGQIANG,DUIYUXUEXINEIRONGYEYOUGENGSHENCENGCIDELIJIE。

赢发彩票代理   DISANSHIJIAOSEXINGWEIDEFANZHUAN。KETANGSHANG,LAOSHIZUOSHENME?XUESHENGZUOSHENME?YUANLAIDEJIAOSEDINGWEIDOUBUXIANGTONG。ZAIFANZHUANKETANGSHANG,XUESHENGCHUYUGENGJIAZHUDAODEDIWEI,ZHENDUIQIGEXINGHUADEWENTI,DEDAOLAOSHIDEZHIDAOYUBANGZHU。

赢发彩票代理   DISISHIJIAOYUXUEDEFANZHUAN。FANZHUANKETANGDEMOSHIXIA,JIAOSHIRUHEJIAO?JIAOSHENME?XUESHENGRUHEXUE?XUESHENME?ZHEIXIEYAOSUDOUYUCHUANTONGKETANGMOSHIYOUHENDACHAYI,XUYAOJIAOSHIJINGXINDEJIAOXUESHEJIHEKETANGZUZHI。

  2. 如何做

赢发彩票代理   MUQIAN,CHUZHONGXINXIJISHUKECHENGDEZHUYAONEIRONGSHIJISUANJIHEWANGLUODEJICHUZHISHIHEJIGECHANGYONGRUANJIANDESHIYONG。WOZAIJIAOWord、Excel、PPT、FlashDENGRUANJIANDESHIYONGSHI,YUNYONGLEYIXIADEFANGFA:

  KEQIANZHUNBEI:ZUOHAOKEQIANZHUNBEI,NENGWEIZHENGGEFANZHUANKETANGMOSHIDELIANGHAOYUNXINGDEDAHAOJICHU。KEQIANWOJIANGWord、Excel、PPT、FlashDENGRUANJIANDEJIBENGONGNENGHESHIYONGFANGFAZHIZUOCHENGWENDANG、PPTHUOZHESHIPIN,MEIYIGESHIPINDOUZHIYOUJIFENZHONG,YIBANBUCHAOGUOSHIJIFENZHONGSHIJIAN,ZHENDUIYIGETEDINGDEWENTIERCHENGXIAN。BINGFANGDAOJUYUWANGSHANG,ZHUNBEIHAOXUESHENGXUYAODESUCAI,GONGXUESHENGZIZHUXUEXI,ZHANGWOXUEXIJINCHENG。

  SHANGKEQIJIAN:KECHENGZUZHISHIFANZHUANKETANGDEGUANJIANDIAN。KETANGDEDUIHUAHETAOLUN,XUYAOGENJUKECHENGNEIRONGHETEDIANJINGXINZHUNBEI,BINGQIEZAIGUOCHENGZHONGZIXIDIZHUOMO,ZHENZHENGZUODAOYINCAISHIJIAO。FANZHUANKETANGZHISUOYICHENGGONG,SHIYINWEIKETANGTAOLUNSUODAILAIDEXUESHENGXUEXIXIAOLVDETISHENG。WORANGXUESHENGXIANZIZHUXUEXIBENJIEKENEIRONG,DANGXUESHENGDUIBENJIEKESUOXUEDENEIRONGYOUGEQUANMIANDELEJIEHOU,JIAOSHIDEZHUYAOZUOYONGJIUSHIYINDAOHEJIFAXUESHENGDEXUEXIXINGQU。LIRUZHANSHIMEIGERUANJIANZUOHAODEZUOPINHEZAISHIJISHENGHUOZHONGDEYINGYONG,RANGXUESHENGGANJUEXUELEZHEIGERUANJIANYIHOUYOUYONG。DANGXUESHENGZIJIXIANGQUTANSUODESHIHOU,TAJIUHUIZIJIXIANGFANGSHEFAQUTANSUOHEXUNZHAODAAN。ZHEISHIJIAOSHIJIXUESHENGBUTONGCENGCIDEXUEXIRENWU,XUEXIXIAOZUGENJUZIJIXIAOZUDESHIJIXUANZEBUTONGDEXUEXIRENWU,ZAICIQIJIAN,JIAOSHIJINXINGZHENDUIXINGDIZHIDAO,ZHANSHIXIAOZUZUOPIN,BINGJINXINGKETANGZONGJIE。KECHENGJIESHUHOU,LAOSHISHEZHIBUTONGDEWENTI,DUIXUESHENGJISHIJINXINGJIANCE,LEJIEXUESHENGDEXUEXIZHUANGKUANG,YOULIYUZHENZHENGLEJIEXUESHENG,YEBIANYUGAIJINYIHOUDEJIAOXUE。

  KEHOUYANZHAN:GULIXUESHENGJIANGZIJIZAIXINXIJISHUKESHANGSUOXUEDEZHISHI,YUNYONGDAOZIJIDESHENGHUOSHIJIZHONG,KEYIJINYIBUJIFAXUESHENGDEXUEXIXINGQU。LIRU:GULIXUESHENGZAIBANHUIKESHANGYONGPPTBIAODAZIJIDEGUANDIAN,ZAIMEIYIGEZHONGDADEJIERIHUOJINIANRI,GULIXUESHENGZUOYIFENDIANZIBANBAO、HEKAHUOZUOYIGEXIAODONGHUA,BIAODAZIJIDEXINYIDENGDENG。

  三、展望与反思

  TONGGUOFANFUSHIJIAN,GANJUEFANZHUANKETANGTEBIESHIHEYINGYONGYUXINXIJISHUKECHENG。ZHUYAOYINWEIXINXIJISHUKECHENGSHIYIMENSHIJIANXINGHENQIANGDEKECHENG,JIAOXUENEIRONGRONGYIBAOCUN、CHAYUE、XIUZHENGHEFUYONG。SHIPINNEIRONGBEIYONGJIUBAOCUN,FANGBIANCHAYUEHEXIUZHENG。MEIYOUTINGKEDEXUESHENGYOUJIHUIBUKE。QICI,CHUZHONGXUESHENGXIANGDUIYUXIAOXUESHENG,ZIXUENENGLIYOUSUOTIGAO,DUIXINSHIWUTANSUODEYUWANGYEYAOGENGQIANG,SUOYIGENGLIYUFANZHUANKETANGDEKAIZHAN。DISANSHIGAIBIANLECHUANTONGJIAOXUEZHONGJIAOSHI“TONGYIJIANG”,XUESHENG“JITITING”,HUSHIBUTONGGETINENGLICHAYIDEWENTI,MEIGEXIAOZUGENJUZIJIDESHIJINENGLI,XUANZEBUTONGDEXUEXIRENWU,SHIBUTONGCENGCIDEXUESHENGDOUYOUSHOUHUO,YOULIYULAOSHISHISHIGEXINGHUADEJIAOXUE,NENGGOUGENGHAODICUJINXUESHENGDEGEXINGFAZHAN。

  SUIRANFANZHUANKETANGZAICHUZHONGXINXIJISHUJIAOXUEZHONGQUDELEHENHAODEXIAOGUO,DANBINGBUSHIJINSHANJINMEI,YECUNZAIZHEXUDUODEBUZU:DIYI、XUESHENGFANGMIAN。DADUOSHUDEXUESHENGYIJINGXIGUANCHUANTONGDEJIAOXUEMOSHI,XIGUANYUYIBUYIQUDIGENZHELAOSHI,QUEFAZIZHUXUEXIDEYISHI,XUYAOLAOSHIMENMANMANYINDAO。LINGWAI,XUESHENGDEXUEXIYALIHENDA,KEWAIWANCHENGZHUKEDEZUOYEZHANYONGLEDALIANGDESHIJIAN,KEWAILIUJIXINXIJISHUKEDESHIJIANJIHUMEIYOU,ERQIEYOUXIEXUESHENGMEIYOUXIANGYINGDESHEBEI,WUFAJINXINGKEQIANXUEXI,SUOYIWOJIANGKEQIANXUYAOXUESHENGZIZHUXUEXIDENEIRONG,FANGZAIKETANGDEQIANBANBUFEN,YIBAOZHENGMEIWEIXUESHENGZIZHUXUEXIDEZHILIANG。DIER、JIAOSHIFANGMIAN。FANZHUANKETANGDESHISHI,DUIJIAOSHIDEXINXISUYANGTICHULEGENGGAODEYAOQIU:JIAOSHIYAOSHULIANZHANGWOSHIPINDELUZHIYUBIANJI,WANGLUOKEJIANDEZHIZUO,HAIYAOJINGXINCEHUASHANGKEDENEIRONG。YEZENGJIALEJIAOSHIDEGONGZUOLIANG:JIAOSHIYAOZAIKEQIANZHUNBEIJIAOXUESHIPIN,SHANGKEYONGDESUCAIDENGDENG。ZHEIXIEDOUXUYAOLAOSHIBUDUANJIAQIANGXUEXI,BUDUANTIGAOZIJIDEJIAOXUESHUIPINGHEXINXISUYANG。

  四、结论

  ZAICHUZHONGXINXIJISHUJIAOXUEZHONGFANZHUANKETANGDEYINGYONGSHIJISUANJIJISHUDEYOUXIAOFAZHAN,TUPOLECHUANTONGJIAOXUEMOSHIDESHUFU,DANBINGBUSHIFOUDINGCHUANTONGJIAOXUEMOSHI,JINJINCHUANTONGJIAOXUEMOSHIDEBUCHONG,MUDESHITIGAOXUESHENGDEXUEXIZHUDONGXING,YOUXIAODIGAISHANXUESHENGDEXUEXIFANGSHIHEXUEXIXIAOGUO,YENENGYOUXIAOTIGAOLAOSHIDEJIAOXUEXIAOLV,HAINENGWEIXUESHENGTIGONGGEXINGHUADEFAZHAN。XINDEJIAOYUJISHURENGRANZHISHIGONGJU,JIUXIANGCHUANTONGHEIBANHEFENBI,SHUYUJICHUSHESHIHEZIYUAN。ZAIJIAOYUZHONGQIHEXINZUOYONGDERENGRANSHILIXIANGDEJIAOXUEMOSHI、YILIUDEJIAOSHIHELIANGHAODEHUDONGXUEXIFENWEI。

  CANKAOWENXIAN

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