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我国校园暴力犯罪的刑罚不足与建议
发布时间:2020-01-22

  摘    要: 我国现今对未成年犯罪所奉行的教育为主,刑法为辅的刑事政策由于实施困难,立法不完善等客观因素的存在,造成了对未成年保护存在缺陷以及忽视了未成年被害人的赔偿问题。以校园暴力为切入点,对未成年犯罪的刑罚手段进行研究,通过对现有刑事政策的分析研究找出存在的漏洞。

  关键词:赢发彩票代理 未成年; 校园暴力; 刑罚手段;

  1、 前言及研究背景

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  综上列数据,我国校园暴力犯罪呈现出:罪名集中;年龄集中;处罚较轻特点。未成年校园暴力犯罪已经成为当今社会的一大焦点,各界广泛关注。李克强总理在第六次全国妇女儿童工作会议上提出:校园应是最阳光、最安全的地方。但当前的校园暴力案件普遍存在处罚与赔偿不平等的情况,过分的追求对未成年犯罪人保护使其免受或少受刑罚,却忽视了未成年被害人的痛苦,罚与责无法达到平衡被害人一方的权利无从救济,施害者得不到有效的教育与惩戒依旧是社会的隐患所在,由此便失去了刑法的作用。因此本文旨在未成年犯罪教育为主,惩罚为辅的刑事政策的基础上找出现存的不足并对未成年犯的刑罚手段提出建议,从而更行之有效的保护受害人的利益。
 

我国校园暴力犯罪的刑罚不足与建议
 

  2、 分析现有的刑事政策

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  WOGUOZAIJIANGUOCHUQIMEIYOUXIANGYINGDEWEICHENGNIANXINGSHIZHENGCE,DUIWEICHENGNIANJINYOU1999NIANDE《YUFANGWEICHENGNIANRENFANZUIFA》TICHUJIAOYUWEIZHU,CHENGFAWEIFUDECHUFAYUANZE。ZUOWEIWEICHENGNIANDEXINGSHIZHENGCEYIFANGMIANYAOCHULIHAOJIAOYUYUCHENGJIEDEGUANXI,YIJIAOYUWEIZHUSHIDANGJIANQINGXINGFA;DANLINGYIFANGMIANBUNENGHULVEWEICHENGNIANFANZUIRENYIJINGSHISHIFANZUIDESHISHI,BUNENGBEILIXINGFAJUYOUCHENGFAXINGDEZUOYONG。DANSHIJISHENPANZHONG,WANGWANGGUOFENBAOHUWEICHENGNIANFANZUIRENDUIQIEXINGXIANGZHENGXINGDECHENGFAGENGYOUSHENZHEQUESHIZHIZHIBULI,CIJUBUDANSHIMEIYOUQIESHIKEXINGDEJIAOYUBEIGAORENYUFANGQIZAICIFANZUI,FANERYUWOGUODEXINGSHIZHENGCEDAXIANGJINGTING。ZHENGRUSHANGWENTIDAODEDANGSHIHAIZHEYUSHOUHAIZHEDOUCHUYUWEICHENGNIANMIANZEDENIANLING,FALVSIHUGENGQINGXIANGYUSHIHAIZHEYIFANG,ZAIBAOZHANGWEICHENGNIANBEIGAORENQUANLIDETONGSHI,ZUOWEISHOUHAIZHEYIFANGDEQUANYIYOUYOUSHEILAIBAOHU?ZHEIBIANSHITUOLILEWOGUODEXINGSHIZHENGCEDECHUZHONG,ZHEIZHONGLANYONGYIDINGCENGMIANSHANGZHUZHANGLESHIHAIZHEYIFANGDEXIAOZHANGQIYAN,DADATIGAOLESHEHUIBUHEXIEYINSUDEWEIXIE,FALVDEBAOHUXINGYUWEIYANXINGYEJIANGDANGRANWUCUN。

  ZONGSHANGFENXIBIZHERENWEI:SHOUXIAN,ZAILIFAHESIFAZHONGYINGDANGZUNXUNCHENGBANYUKUANDAXIANGJIEHEDEXINGSHIZHENGCE。ZAICHULIWEICHENGNIANFANZUISHI,ZUNXUNJIAOYUWEIZHU,CHENGFAWEIFUDEYUANZE,DANZAIQIANGDIAOJIAOYUDETONGSHI,YIFADUIQICHENGBAN。ZAICHENGBANZHONGQINGCHENGFAZHONGJIAOYU。QICI,JIAOYUWEIZHU,CHENGFAWEIFUDEXINGSHIZHENGCESHIYIXIANGZHUANMENZHENDUIWEICHENGNIANFANZUIDEXINGSHIZHENGCE,DANSHIZHEITIAOXINGSHIZHENGCEYINGDANGGUANCHUANYULIFA、SIFA、ZHIFADENGJIEDUAN,BINGBUJINJINTINGLIUZAIYIWEIBUYUCHUFAHUOJIANQINGCHUFA。ZUIHOU,XINGSHIZHENGCEZUOWEIANJIANDEZHUDAOYUANZEYAOJIANJUEZHIXING,BUNENGYINWEIWEICHENGNIANSHIXINGFABAOHUDETESHUZHUTIJIUJIANGWEICHENGNIANDEXINGFAKUODAZHIXINGFAGUIDINGWAI。

  3、 我国校园暴力犯罪的刑罚不足

  3.1、 刑事责任年龄过高

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  3.2、 刑罚规定不完善

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  3.3、 惩治及教育途径有待丰富和落实

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  4、 对我国未成年刑罚手段的建议

  4.1、 丰富我国的刑法手段种类

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  4.2、 加强处罚人员与管教人员的监督

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  4.3、 全面落实我国的刑事政策

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  5、 总结

  BENWENYIXIAOYUANBAOLIWEISHIJIAO,JIANSHULEWOGUOXINGSHIZHENGCEDEXIANZHUANGYUCUNZAIDEQUEXIAN,FENXIBIJIAOLEWAIGUOXIANGGUANXINGSHICHUFADESHOUDUAN,CONGZHONGJIEJIANWEIWOGUODEWEICHENGNIANXINGSHICHUFATIGONGJIANYI。ZHIZAIFENGFUWOGUODEXINGSHICHUFASHOUDUAN,CONGERDADAOXINGFADEYUFANGFANZUIDEZUOYONG,BINGQIETONGGUOFENGFUDEXINGFASHOUDUANDUIGELEIWEICHENGNIANFANZUIJINXINGQUBIE,ZUNXUNZUIXINGXIANGSHIYINGYUANZE,YIDADAOCHUFADEGONGPINGHELI。YIFANGMIANANFUBEIHAIRENDADAOCHENGFAFANZUIDEXIAOGUO。DUIWEICHENGNIANFANZUIRENDADAOJIAOYUJINGSHIZUOYONG,CONGERZENGQIANGXINGFADEWEIYANXING。LINGYIFANGMIANBAOHUWOGUORENMINHEDEQUANYIMIANSHOUBUFAQINHAI。

  参考文献

  [1] 龙敏.未成年人刑事政策中未成年被害人因素的考量[J].青少年犯罪问题,2018,(04):12-18.
  [2] 唐韵,汪明亮.美国学校关于未成年人犯罪的恢复性政策[J].青少年犯罪问题,2018,(04):19-26.
  [3] 王志远,杜延玺.我国违法未成年人刑事政策检讨——“教育”与“惩罚”之间的良性协调[J].中国青年研究,2016,(02):37-41.
  [4] 王志远,崔胜实.违法未成年人制裁矫治机制的失效及其应对[J].国家检察官学院学报,2013,21(04):98-110.
赢发彩票代理   [5] 司西霞.浅析校园暴力案件中对未成年犯罪人的惩处[J].中国检察官,2015,(18):75-78.

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