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黄梅戏正本戏和小戏中传承音调的来源与形态
发布时间:2020-01-22

  摘    要: 赢发彩票代理黄梅戏传统唱腔在新时空能够推陈出新,主要依靠的是传承。在诸多传承因素中,传承音调的基本形态和传承因子在戏曲音乐发展中起到至关重要的作用,它们是连接黄梅戏过去与未来的音乐基因。

  关键词:赢发彩票代理 音乐唱腔; 传承音调; 调式; 传承因子;

赢发彩票代理   XIQUYINLEZHONGDEBUTONGLEIBIEBEICHENGZHIWEIJU“ZHONG”,BUJINYINWEIJUZHONGYIGETIXINGSHICUNZAI,YEYINWEITAMENSHIYIQUNTIDEXINGSHICUNZAI。ZAIHUANGMEIXIZHENGBENXIHEXIAOXIZHONG,YOUYUGECHANGQIANGSUOYAOBIAOXIANDENEIRONGBUTONG,DAOZHIDUIBUTONGQIANGYINLIEPIANZHONGCHENGDUJIUBUTONG,YINCIBENXIYUXIAOXIZHONGDECHUANCHENGYINZIYEYOUSUOBUTONG,DANSHILIANGZHEZHIJIANCUNZAIHUXIANGBAORONGHEZHONGDIEDEJIEGOUGUANXI。XIAMIANJIANGGENJUYINLECHANGQIANGSHIYONGFANWEIDEBUTONG,JUTIFENXIHUANGMEIXIZHENGBENXIHEXIAOXIZHONGCHUANCHENGYINDIAO,ZAIHUANGMEIXIYINLECHANGQIANFAZHANZHONGDEYIYIHEZUOYONG。

  一、传承音调的来源

  RUGUOYIGEQUDIAOMEIYOUXIANGDUIGUDINGDECHUANCHENGYINDIAO,JIUWUFAXINGCHENGJUYOUZISHENTESEDEJUZHONG。XIANGFAN,RUGUOGUSHOUZHECHUANCHENGYINDIAOBUZAIGAIBIAN,JUZHONGFAZHANYERONGYICHANSHENGJIANGHUA。ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,HUANGMEIXIYINLECHANGQIANGZUICHANGYONGDEDIAOSHIWEIWUSHENGZHIDIAOSHI(DIYINsol-la-ZHONGYINdo-re-mi-sol)。DANSHIHUANGMEIXIGEGECHANGQIANGLEIBIEZHONGDECHUANCHENGYINDIAO。BINGBUDOUWANQUANYANGEANZHAOZHEIYANGDESHUNXUJINXINGPAIXU。

  YIDAIBIAOHUANGMEIXIJINRUCHENGSHUJIEDUANDEZHENGBENXICHANGQIANGZHONG,ZUIWEIZHONGYAODE【PINGCI】QIANGTIWEILI。SHOUXIANYI【NVPINGCI】WEILI,ZHENGTIXUANLVXIANTIAOTIXIAN“YOUGAOZHIYINXIANGDIZHIYINJINXINGZHOUERFUSHIYUNYONGDEQINGXIANGXING”。SHOUXIANKEYIQUELIDESHI“ZHUYINsol”,JINGENZAIJUYOUDAOYINQINGXIANGDElaZHIHOU,NEIMEZHEISHIYINDIAODEPAIXUYINGGAISHI“DIYINla-sol”,ZHEIYUWUSHENGZHIDIAOSHIZHONGDE“DIYINsol-la”DEPAIXUSHIXIANGFANDE,RUGUOSHIZHEBAWUSHENGZHIDIAOSHIZHONGDEZHONGYINdo-re-miYEJINXINGXIANGFANPAILIE,JIUKEYIDEDAOZHONGYINmi-re-doSHUNXU,BALIANGCIXIANGFANDEPAIXUXIANJIEZAIYIQIKEYIDEDAO(mi-re-do-DIYINla-sol),DANSHIZHEIHAIBUSHIWANZHENGDECHANGYONGYINDIAO,HAIYAOZAImiDEQIANMIANTIANJIASHANGZHONGYINsol,JIUXINGCHENGLECHUANTONGHEXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOUBIANCHUANGDEHUANGMEIXIZHENGBENXICHANGQIANGZHONGZHIJIAN,GONGTONGANHANDEYINDIAO(ZHONGYINsol-mi-re-do-DIYINla-sol)。SUIZHE【PINGCI】DEGUIFANHUAFAZHAN,DIANXINGXINGYINDIAOZAINANNVPINGCIZHONGDEDAOGENGWEITUCHUDEXIANXIAN。

  ZAI【PINGCI】ZHIQIAN,【HUAQIANGLEI】SHIZUIXIANCHUXIANDEQIANGTI,YILIANGXIAOXI、SANXIAOXIWEIDAIBIAODEXIAOXICHANGQIANG,XUANLVTONGCHANGDUANXIAO、HUOPO。SUIZHEHUANGMEIXICONGLISUXIAOXIXIANGZHEDAXIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,MANMANXIANGBANQIANGTIKAISHIGUODU,CONGBUGUIZEDEZHANGDUANJUKAISHI,CHANSHENGYIXILIEYI【PINGCI】WEIZHONGXINDECHANGQIANG,RU【ERXING】【SANXING】【HUOGONG】DENG。KEJIAN,ZHUDIAOCHANGQIANGZHONGDE【PINGCI】JISHIHUANGMEIXIFAZHANDAOGAOJIJIEDUANDECHANWU,YESHILIANJIEGEQIANGTIDEQIANGLINIUDAI。

  根据黄梅戏各腔体的演变序列、传承地位的重要性和地方性发音的习惯或惯性,得到一组“七音序列音调”,这组“七音序列音调”是黄梅戏音乐传承中的显性特质,其中包含的音调片段可视为黄梅戏音乐的传承音调。
 

黄梅戏正本戏和小戏中传承音调的来源与形态
 

  二、传承音调的形态

  (一)传承音调与因子

  XIQUYISHUDECHUANCHENGYURENLEIFANYANYOUZHEJINGRENDEXIANGSIDU。RENLEISHITONGGUOJIYINDEZIYOUZHONGZUYIJIZAIFUMUYUZINVZHIJIANDECHUANDI,SHIZHIXUEMAIXIANGLIAN。NEIME,JUEDINGHUANGMEIXIYINLEPINGEHEYISHUFENGGEDEJIYINYOUSHISHENMENI?BAQISHENGXULIEYINDIAO(la-sol-mi-re-do-DIYINla-sol)DANGZUOHUANGMEIXIDEDNA,NEIMEDNASUOHANPIANDUANYEJIUSHIHUANGMEIXICHUANCHENGYINZI,CHUANCHENGYINZIYIPIANDUANHUOZHENGTIXINGSHICUNZAIYUHUANGMEIXIYINLECHANGQIANGZHONG,ZAICHUANCHENGGUOCHENGZHONGGENJUXUYAOJINXINGCHUANCHENGYINZIDEZHONGZU,ZHEIZHONGZUHEFANGSHISHIDEXINQIANGXINGCHENGJILAIYUANYUYISHUMUTI,YOUBUWANQUANYUMUTIXIANGTONGDEYISHUTEZHI。

赢发彩票代理   ZAIHUANGMEIXIDEXIAODIAOZHONGYOUXUDUOTONGMINGQU,CHUANQIANGZHEZAIYANCHANGZHEIXIEQUDIAODEGUOCHENGZHONG,HUIGENJUFANGYANDEBUTONGERCHANSHENGBUTONGDEXUANLVXIANTIAO,DANSHICONGXUANLVZHONGKEYIZHAODAOGONGTONGDECHUANCHENGYINDIAOPIANDUAN。LIRUZAIXIAOXIQUDECHUANCHENGZHONG,JIBIANCHUANCHENGYINDIAOBIJIAOJIANDAN,LEJUYESHIBAOHANLEXIANGTONGCHUANCHENGYINZIDEFANFUBUFEN,RUYINDIAOPIANDUANdo-re-mi。SUIRANSANGEQUZICHUYUBUTONGDEDIAOZI,DANYECHUXIANLEGONGTONGDEYINDIAOPIANDUANre-do-la,LEJUYUQIANGYINZUZHONGDEXULIEYINDIAOPAIXUJIBENXIANGTONG。

  (二)传承音调的原形与变形3

赢发彩票代理   HUANGMEIXICHUANCHENGYINDIAODEYUANXING,SUIRANYOUQIGEYINGOUCHENG,DANSHISHENGLVEZHONGFUBUFENZHIHOUSUOBAOHANWEIWUSHENGDIAOSHIDEQUANBUYINJI。CHUANCHENGYINDIAOKEYIZAIHUANGMEIXICHANGQIANGZHONGJIKEYISHOUDIAOYIWEI,YEKEYIJINXINGZHUANDIAOYIWEI。ZAIHUANGMEIXIFAZHANDEERSHISHIJIWUSHINIANDAICHUQI,HUANGMEIXIYINLESHANGCHUYUFUKUANGQI,ZIYUANFENGFU,SHOUDIAOYIWEIDEYUNYONGXIANGDUIYINGGAIBIJIAODUOJIAN,YINWEIZHUANDIAODEDALIANGYUNYONGZESHIZAIERSHISHIJIWUSHINIANDAIHOUQI。

  CONGSHUOCHANGFAZHANQILAIDEHUANGMEIXI,XIAOXIJIEDUANBUSHUYUYANGEYIYISHANGDEQUPAITI,ZAIXIANGZHEXIJUXINGDAXIZHUANBIANGUOCHENGZHONG,YOUMEINENGXINGCHENGYANGEYIYISHANGDEBANQIANGTI。ERSHISHIJIWULIUSHINIANDAIXINWENYIGONGZUOZHEDEJIARU,JIUSHIYAOJIASUXIAOXIHEDAXIDEGUIFANHUAFAZHAN,SHIXIAOXIZUODAO“YIXIYIQUYIXUANLV”,DAXIWANGWANQUANBANQIANGTIFANGXIANGFAZHAN。YINCI,HUANGMEIXIZHEIWUZUXULIEYINDIAOZAIJUTIYUNYONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,TONGCHANG“KUOZHAN”“YASUO”“SHENGLVE”HE“YIDIAO”SIZHONGFANGSHI,BUDUANDIJINXINGBIANHUAHECHUANGXIN,CONGERTUIDONGHUANGMEIXICHANGQIANGDEBUDUANFENGFUHEFAZHAN。

赢发彩票代理   HUANGMEIXIZAIXINGCHENGZAOQISHOUDAOGEZHONGYINGXIANG,YOUQISHIHUBEIHUANGMEIDIAODEYINGXIANG,YINCIQUDIAOJIESHUPIANYUDIAO。DANSHIYINLECHANGQIANGZAICHUANCHENGGUOCHENGZHONG,BUDUANYUDANGDIGEZHONGWENHUAYINSUXIANGJIEHE,YOUQISHIZAIYUANQINGDIQUFANGYANJIEHEDEGUOCHENGZHONG,MANMANCONGYIYUDIAOQIANGWEIZHUZHUANXIANGYIZHIDIAOQIANGWEIZHU。SUISHUOHUANGMEIXIBAOHANDEGEGECHANGQIANGLEIBIEBINGBUDOUSHIYANGE“WUSHENGZHIDIAOSHI”DESHUNXU,DANSHIHUANGMEIXIYINLECHANGQIANGZUIWEICHANGYONGDEDIAOSHIJIUSHIWUSHENGZHIDIAOSHI,ERQIEMUQIANLAIKAN,KEYISHUOSHIHUANGMEIXICHUANCHENGYINDIAODEJICHULAIYUAN。DANGJIUYOUXIQUZHONGDECHUANCHENGYINZIZUOWEILISHIJIDIANBEIBAOLIU,DANGLISHIJIDIANCHENGWEIXIQUZAIXINSHIQIFAZHANDEZHUYAODONGLI,JIBIANHUANGMEIXIYINLECONGFENFANFUZADE“SHIQIANGJIUBUTONG”DAO“DINGQIANG”“DINGXING”DELIUBIAN,YINLEZONGTIFENGGEBIANHUAHENDA,DANSHITAMENDOUSHIHUANGMEIXIXINGCHENGHEFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGDEZHONGYAOZUCHENGBUFEN,ZHEICHONGFENSHUOMINGZHEILIANGGEZHONGYAOSHIQIDELIUBIANCUNZAIZHEGONGXING。CONGYINLECHANGQIANGDESHIJIAOKAN,ZHEIZHONGGONGXINGJIUSHIYIMAIXIANGCHUANZHONGGUDINGBUBIANDE,KEYITIXIANCHUHUANGMEIXIYINLECHANGQIANGDUTEXINGDECHUANCHENGYINDIAO。

  CHUANCHENGYINDIAOTONGGUOYIWEISHOUDUANHUODESIZUCHUANCHENGYINDIAOZU。MEIZUCHUANCHENGYINDIAOZUYOUKEYIFENLICHUDALIANGCHUANCHENGYINZIPIANDUAN。TONGGUOFENXIKEYIFAXIAN,ZHEIXIECHUANCHENGYINZIPIANDUANDUOYIYUANDIAOQIANGHEYUDIAOQIANGWEIZHU,ZAITEDINGQIANGTIZHONGRU【YINSIQIANG】ZHONG,KENENGHUICHUXIANYISHANGDIAOQIANGWEIZHUDEXIANXIANG,CHONGFENSHUOMINGHUANGMEIXIZAIXINGCHENGGUOCHENGZHONG,BINGBUZONGSHICONGJIANDANDAOFUZA、CONGDANCHUNDAODUOZHONGDEGUOCHENG,ERSHIGEZHONGBIAOXIANXINGSHIJIAOZHIZAIYIQI,SHIDEGAIJUZHONGDEYINLECHANGQIANGFENGFUDUOCAI,RENWUXINGXIANGSUZAODUOZHONGDUOYANG。

  三、结语

赢发彩票代理   TONGGUODUIHUANGMEIXIYINLECHANGQIANGCHUANCHENGYINDIAOHECHUANCHENGYINZIDEFENXI,KEJIANXIQUYINLECHUANGZUOSHIJIANLIZAILISHIYIYOUCHANGQIANGDEJICHUSHANG。FENGFUDECHUANTONGCHANGQIANGSHIXIQUYINLECHUANCHENGDEYIJU,YUCHUANTONGGELIEBUKAI,RUGUOZUOPINZAICHUANCHENGDEGUOCHENGZHONGWANQUANPAOQICHUANTONG,NEIMEBUJINHUIBIAN“QIANG”,GENGHUIBIAN“ZHONG”。TONGGUOSHANGSHUFENXI,YINZHENGLEWEISHENMEXINZHONGGUOCHENGLIQIANHUANGMEIXIZAI“SHIQIANGJIUBUTONG”JIEDUAN,BUTONGYANYUANYANCHANGDEXUANLVBUTONG,QUEKEYITONGTAIYANCHUQIEDOUBEICHENGZHIWEI“HUANGMEIXI”。ERJINTIANDANGZHONGDUOYANYUANDENGTAIKAICHANG,QUEBUDUANDIBEIZHIYINEISHIBUSHIHUANGMEIXI?FASHENGZHEIZHONGQINGKUANG,SHIBUSHIYINGGAIDUODUOGUANZHUHUANGMEIXIYINLECHANGQIANGZHONGDECHUANCHENGYINDIAOHECHUANCHENGYINZI,ZAIYINLECHUANGZUOZHONGBACHUANCHENGYINDIAOLUOZAISHICHU,ZAILISHIBIANQIANZHONGJIAYIJIANBIE,CONGERZHUBUTUIDONGGAIJUZHONGXIANGQIANFAZHAN,ERFEIZAIKOUTOUSHANGJIUCHANBUXIU。

  参考文献

  [1]许民.十音序列——黄梅戏声腔的腔核.黄梅戏艺术[J].1992(78).
  [2] 刘月蕾/段聚宝.遗传与基因[M].山西:陕西教育出版社,2008(2).
  [3]王学仲.评剧音乐DNA探密[M].重庆:西南师范大学出版社,2011:12-13.

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