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公共图书馆延伸基层文化的价值与服务策略
发布时间:2020-01-21

  摘    要: 公共图书馆则是由政府管理的为民众提供公众服务的重要机构,当前我国精神文明建设在逐渐发展与完善,因而对公共图书馆基层文化延伸服务的需求不断增加。在当前发展背景下,公共图书馆应当摒弃传统服务理念,依据需求创新服务理念,同时从多个方面做好基层文化延伸工作。本文主要对公共图书馆基层文化延伸工作进行研究与分析,首先分析公共图书馆基层文化延伸的重要意义,继而阐述公共图书馆基层文化延伸的有效措施,最后将阐述公共图书馆基层文化延伸服务开展的重要保障,在最大程度上推动公共图书馆的转型与发展。

  关键词: 公共图书馆; 基层文化; 延伸;

  一、引言

赢发彩票代理   GONGGONGTUSHUGUANSHIGONGYIXINGWENHUAFUWUJIGOUDEYIZHONG,QIZHUYAOZONGZHIWEIRENMINTIGONGYUEDU,WEITUIDONGGONGGONGTUSHUGUANGENGHAOFAZHAN,ZEXUYAOZAIXIANYOUJICHUSHANG,BUDUANCHUANGXINFUWULINIAN,TISHENGFUWUZHILIANG,CONGERWANCHENGWENHUACHUANBOFANGMIANDEGONGZUO。FUWUZHILIANGSHIGONGGONGTUSHUGUANGEXIANGFUWUKAIZHANDEZHONGYAOJIANCEBIAOZHUN,GONGGONGTUSHUGUANDEFUWUKEFENWEILIANGZHONG,FENBIEWEIJICHUFUWUYUYANSHENFUWU,JICHUFUWUZESHIZUIWEIJIBENDEGEXIANGFUWU,YANSHENFUWUZESHITUSHUGUANZAIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONGSUOYANSHENGCHUDEQUANXINFUWUFANGXIANG。ZAIDANGQIANBEIJINGXIA,GONGGONGTUSHUGUANWEIHUODELIANGHAOFAZHAN,JIUYINGDANGJIJITUIDONGJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUDEKAIZHAN,TISHENGFUWUZHILIANG,JIASUWENHUACHUANBO。

  二、公共图书馆开展基层文化延伸的意义

  (一)充分培养群众读书意识

  GONGGONGTUSHUGUANDECUNZAI,ZHUYAOSHIWEIGUANGDAQUNZHONGTIGONGSHUJIYIJIZHISHIZIXUNDEZHONGYAOGONGYIXINGZHIDEJIGOU,DANGQIANWOGUOJIJITUIJINZHISHIXINGSHEHUIDECHUANGJIAN,ZAIZHEIYIFAZHANBEIJINGXIA,GONGGONGTUSHUGUANXUYAOFAHUICHUZISHENDEZHINENG,ZHONGSHIJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUDEKAIZHAN。DANGQIANCUNZAIBUFENGONGGONGTUSHUGUAN,FAZHANGUANNIANSHIFENCHENJIU,RENWEITUSHUGUANYINGDANGDENGDAIDUZHESHANGMEN,DANZHEIYIGUANNIANMINGXIANBUSHIYONGDANGQIANDEFAZHAN。ZAIDANGQIANGONGGONGTUSHUGUANFAZHANZHONG,YINGDANGSHENRUJICENG,DALITUIDONGJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUDEKAIZHAN,ZHEIYIGONGZUODEKAIZHAN,NENGGOUZAIZUIDACHENGDUSHANGTISHENGTUSHUGUANDEFUWUYISHI。KAIZHANJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWU,NENGGOUSHIGENGDUOQUNZHONGCANYUDAODUSHUHUODONGZHONG,NENGGOUCHONGFENPEIYANGQUNZHONGDEDUSHUYISHI[1]。

  (二)图书馆自身发展的需要

  公共图书馆是公共文化服务体系中的重要部分,其自身需要承担一定社会职责。在公共图书馆的传统服务中,主要是以馆内藏书作为工作重点,在一定程度上忽视了读者开发服务。随着当前社会的不断发展,读者获取知识的途径不仅仅局限于图书馆,知识获取途径逐渐多样化,导致公共图书馆的服务与读者需求之间存在一定差异性,同时也无法满足读者需求。针对这一问题,公共图书馆应当重视读者需求,积极转变服务理念,开展基层文化延伸服务,不仅能够挖掘到大量的潜在读者,培养出读者群体,同时还能够有效提升图书馆的服务质量以及竞争力。
 

公共图书馆延伸基层文化的价值与服务策略
 

  (三)保证群众的文化需求

  XUYAOMINGQUEDESHI,GONGGONGTUSHUGUANDEFUWUDUIXIANGSHISHEHUIZHONGSUOYOUQUNZHONG,DANGQIANSHEHUIZAIGAOSUFAZHAN,RENMENDEYISHIYEZAIZHUJIANTISHENG,DUIZHISHIDEXUQIUCHENGDUYEZAIRIYIZENGZHANG。GONGGONGTUSHUGUANMIANDUIRENMENRIYIZENGZHANGDEDUIZHISHIDEXUQIU,YINGDANGZAIZUIDACHENGDUSHANGMANZURENMENDEZHISHIXUQIU,BINGYONGYUCHENGDANSHEHUIZEREN,TUICHUJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWU,SHITUSHUGUANNENGGOUCHENGWEIRENMENHUOQUZHISHIDEZHONGYAOCHANGSUO。GONGGONGTUSHUGUANTONGGUOKAIZHANJICENGWENHUAFUWU,WEIDUZHETIGONGSHUJI,NENGGOUZAIZUIDACHENGDUSHANGSUOXIAODESUOXIAODIQUJIANZIYUANPEIZHIYIJIWENHUACHAYI,MANZUQUNZHONGWENHUAXUQIU。

  三、公共图书馆基层文化延伸服务的有效措施

  (一)公共图书馆基层文化延伸服务中的时间延伸

  GONGGONGTUSHUGUANZAIKAIZHANJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUSHI,BIXUYAOZHONGSHISHIJIANZHEIYIYINSU。ZAICHUANTONGGONGGONGTUSHUGUANZHONG,ZHIHUIZAITEDINGDESHIJIANDIANXIANGGONGZHONGKAIFANG,BINGQIEZAIRENYUANYIJIZIJINTOURUFANGMIANSHIFENYOUXIAN,ZAIYUNXINGGUOCHENGZHONGHUISHOUDAOZHUDUOYINSUYINGXIANG,CUNZAIYIDINGJUXIANXING,YINGXIANGDUZHEYUEDU[2]。ERZAIBUFENFADAGUOJIA,GONGZHONGTUSHUGUANJIBENDOUSHIQUANNIANKAIFANG,DUZHERENHESHIJIANJUNNENGGOUZAITUSHUGUANZHONGXUEXIHUOZHEJIEYUETUSHU,BINGBUHUISHOUDAOSHIJIANDENGYINSUDEXIANZHI。

赢发彩票代理   GONGZHONGTUSHUGUANZAIKAIZHANJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUSHI,XUYAOMINGQUEDESHI,JICENGTONGCHANGWEIFAZHANXIANGDUILUOHOUDEDIQU,ZAIFAZHANXIANGDUILUOHOUDEDIQUZHONG,TUSHUGUANNEITUSHUZIYUANXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO,ERZAINONGCUNDIQUZHONG,NONGMINDEDUSHUSHIJIANTONGCHANGWEINONGXIANSHIQI,ZHENDUIZHEIYITEZHENG,TUSHUGUANDEFUWUSHIJIANYINGDANGXUANZENONGXIANSHIJIAN,BINGGENJUDANGDIJUMINDEZUOXIYIJIGONGZUODENGSHIJIAN,XUANZEQIADANGDETUSHUGUANKAIFANGSHIJIAN。CIWAIWEIQUEBAOJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUDEYOUXIAOKAIZHAN,GONGGONGTUSHUGUANZAINONGMANGSHIJIEXUANZEWANSHANGKAIFANG,ERZAINONGXIANSHIJIANZEKEQUANTIANKAIFANG,TONGSHIHAIKETONGGUOZUZHIDUOZHONGWENHUAHUODONGYIJIDUSHUHUODONG,ZUIDACHENGDUSHANGJIFAQUNZHONGDEXUEXIJIJIXING,TISHENGZISHENFUWUZHILIANG。

  (二)公共图书馆基层文化延伸服务中的空间延伸

赢发彩票代理   GONGGONGTUSHUGUANBUJINXUYAOZAISHIJIANFANGMIANJINXINGYANSHEN,HAIXUYAOJINXINGKONGJIANYANSHEN。KONGJIANYANSHENZHUYAOZHIDESHIGONGGONGTUSHUGUANYINGDANGWEIDUZHETIGONGSHIFENBIANJIEDEZHISHIFUWU,TONGSHIHAIXUYAOBAOZHENGFUWUQUNTIJUBEIGUANGFANXING。LIRUGONGGONGTUSHUGUANKESHEZHILIUDONGTUSHUCHE,NENGGOUJIANGSHUJISONGQUJIAOWEIPIANYUANDEDIFANG,LIRUSHANQUYIJIGONGCHANGDENGDENG,SHIDEZAIPIANYUANDIQUGONGZUODEQUNZHONGYENENGGOUHUOQUZHISHI,CHONGFENMANZUQUNZHONGDEJINGSHENWENHUAXUQIU。QICIWOGUODANGQIANYIJINGBURULEXINXIHUASHIDAI,ZAIZHEIYISHIDAIXIA,GONGGONGTUSHUGUANYINGDANGYUSHIJUJIN,CHONGFENLIYONGXINXIJISHUDEYOUSHIYIJIBIANJIEXING,CONGERWEIDUZHETIGONGXIANGYINGDEFUWU。GONGGONGTUSHUGUANJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUDEKONGJIANJUXIANXINGJIAODA,TONGGUOYANSHENKONGJIANFUWU,NENGGOUYOUXIAOTISHENGGONGGONGTUSHUGUANDEFUWUZHILIANGYIJIJIAZHI。

  (三)公共图书馆基层文化延伸服务中的内容延伸

  XUYAOMINGQUEDESHI,FUWUNEIRONGSHIYINGXIANGFUWUZHILIANGDEZUIZHONGYAOYINSU,ERJINXINGNEIRONGYANSHENZEZHUYAOZHIDESHIGONGGONGTUSHUGUANYINGDANGZAIFUWUNEIRONGFANGMIANJINXINGCHUANGXIN,ZAIYUANYOUXIANGMUJICHUSHANGZENGJIADUOZHONGJUYOUTESEDEXIANGMU,TONGSHIHAIKEZAISHUJIJIEYUEDENGFUWUSHANGJINXINGYANSHEN,BAOZHENGFUWUDEZHILIANGYIJIQUANMIANXING。BINGQIEGONGGONGTUSHUGUANZAITIGONGJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUSHI,YINGDANGBAOZHENGFUWUDETESEXINGYIJISHIYONGXING,BIMIANMANGMUYANSHENFUWU,ZAIFUWUYANSHENZHONG,YINGDANGSHIZHONGJIEHETUSHUGUANDETEDIAN,YIJUBUTONGDUZHEDEXUQIUCONGERTUIDONGDUOYANGHUADEFUWU[3]。

  YOUYUDUZHEZHIJIANCUNZAICHAYIXING,YINERQIXUQIUYECUNZAICHAYIXING,GONGGONGTUSHUGUANYINGDANGMINGQUEBUTONGDUZHEZHIJIANXUQIUBUTONG,ZAITIGONGJICENGWENHUAFUWUYANSHENSHI,YINGDANGYIJUDUZHEXUQIUTIGONGXIANGDUIYINGDEFUWU,WEIDUZHEXUANZEXIANGPIPEIDEYUEDUXINXI,BINGJINXINGNEIRONGTUIDONG。LIRUZHENDUINONGMINQUNZHONGZHEIYIDUZHEQUNTI,TUSHUGUANKEWEIQITIGONGZHUANYEDENONGYEJISHUJIANGJIE,TONGSHIHAIKEKAIZHANPEIXUNGONGZUO,ZHIYOUBAOZHENGFUWUYUXUQIUZHIJIANXIANGPIPEI,CAINENGGOUTUIDONGGONGGONGTUSHUGUANJICENGWENHUAFUWUDEYOUXIAOYANSHEN,BINGBAOZHENGYANSHENZHILIANG。

  四、公共图书馆基层文化延伸的重要保障

  (一)加大资源优化配置

赢发彩票代理   GONGGONGTUSHUGUANSHIQUNZHONGHUOQUZHISHIDEZHONGYAOCHANGSUO,GONGGONGTUSHUGUANKAIZHANJICENGWENHUAFUWUYANSHENDEZHONGYAOQIANTIYUJICHUZESHIJINXINGZIYUANYOUHUAYUPEIZHI。ZAIWOGUOGONGGONGTUSHUGUANZHONG,QICHUANTONGGONGJITIZHIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGHUISHOUDAOJIHUAJINGJIDEYINGXIANG,ERGONGGONGTUSHUGUANZESHIYIZHONGJUYOUGONGYIXINGZHIDEFUWUJIGOU,BINGBUSHIYINGLIXINGZHIDEJIGOU,YINCIQIYUNXINGFEIYONGLAIYUANZHUYAOWEIDANGDIZHENGFUDEBOKUAN。DANGQIANSHEHUISHICHANGJINGJITIZHIYIJINGJIBENJIANLI,DAOZHIWENHUASHICHANGZHIJIANDEJINGZHENGSHIFENJILIE,WEIZAIJILIEDESHICHANGJINGZHENGZHONGHUOQUFAZHAN,GONGGONGTUSHUGUANZEXUYAOJIJIXUNZHAOQITAJINGJILAIYUAN,CONGERWEIZHIZISHENDEFAZHAN。TONGSHIHAIXUYAOJIANLIWANSHANDEZIYUANYOUHUAJIZHI,QUEBAOZIJINYIJIZIYUANDECHONGZU,CONGERTUIDONGJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUDEKAIZHAN[4]。

  (二)提升图书馆工作人员的素养

  GONGGONGTUSHUGUANZAIKAIZHANJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUSHI,YINGDANGZHUZHONGGUANNEIGONGZUORENYUANSUZHIYIJINENGLIDETISHENG。YOUYUGONGZUORENYUANDEXINGWEIJIANGDUITUSHUGUANDEFUWUYIJIZHILIANGCHANSHENGZHIJIEYINGXIANG,YINCIGONGZUORENYUANXUYAOBUDUANTISHENGZISHENDENENGLIYIJIFUWUZHILIANG,SHULIZHENGQUEZHIYEYISHI,BINGJIJIJINXINGXUEXI,TISHENGWENHUASUYANGDETONGSHI,BAOZHENGFUWUZHILIANG。CIWAIGONGZUORENYUANHAIXUYAOXUEXIDANGQIANZUIXIANJINDETUSHUGUANGUANLILINIANYIJIFUWUMOSHI,CONGERWEIDUZHETIGONGJIAOWEIYOUZHIDEFUWU。ERGONGGONGTUSHUGUANYEYINGDANGWEIYUANGONGDINGQITIGONGPEIXUN,TISHENGYUANGONGJISUANJICAOZUOSHUIPINGYIJIGOUTONGNENGLI,TUSHUGUANZHUZHONGYUANGONGSUZHITISHENG,ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGNENGGOUTUIDONGJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUDEKAIZHAN[5]。

  五、结束语

  JICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUSHIGONGGONGTUSHUGUANFAZHANDEZHONGYAOQIANTI,ZAIDANGQIANBEIJINGXIA,QUNZHONGWENHUAXUQIUZAIZHUJIANTISHENG,YINCIGONGGONGTUSHUGUANYINGDANGJIJITUIDONGJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUDEKAIZHAN。TUSHUGUANYINGDANGCONGSHIJIAN、KONGJIANYIJIFUWUNEIRONGSANGEFANGMIANTUIDONGJICENGWENHUAYANSHENFUWUDEKAIZHAN,TIGAOFUWUZHILIANG。

  参考文献

  [1]张瑶.公共图书馆基层文化延伸服务的研究[J].河南图书馆学刊,2019,39(06):25-26.
  [2]吴晓慧.公共图书馆服务功能体系的延伸建设——以椒江区图书馆为例[J].山东图书馆学刊,2017(02):118-120.
  [3]张丽丽.浅谈县级图书馆的延伸服务[J].才智,2016(36):235.
  [4]井继龙,王蕴慧.信息时代县区公共图书馆动静相宜做好延伸服务——以微山县图书馆延伸服务实践为例[J].图书情报论坛,2016(02):67-69+66.
  [5]柯平.公共图书馆服务体系的探索与实践——山西、天津调查纪实与思考(下)[J].图书馆理论与实践,2017(12):1-6.

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