赢发彩票代理

上海代写论文网专业提供代写毕业论文、代写本科论文服务
素质教育时代适性教育内涵与开展策略
发布时间:2020-01-21

  摘    要: 文章首先阐述了“适性教育”的基本内涵,然后提出了素质教育背景下“适性教育”开展的策略,包括加强创新,应用分层教学的方法;注重内涵,发挥家庭教育的作用;重视评价,构建多元化评价体系三个方面。

  关键词: 素质教育; 适性教育; 家庭教育;

赢发彩票代理   XIANJIEDUAN,YUELAIYUEDUORENGUOFENKUADAXUEXIAOJIAOYUDEJIAZHI,ERHUSHILEJIATINGJIAOYUZAIXUESHENGCHENGZHANGJIFAZHANZHONGDEZHONGYAOXING。JIAZHANGSHIXUESHENGRENSHENGDAOLUDEZHONGYAOYINDAOZHE,JIAOSHIZHIYOULIANHEJIAZHANG,BUDUANJIAQIANGDUIMEIYIWEIXUESHENGDEYINDAOYUJIAOYU,BINGCHONGFENLEJIEXUESHENGDEXINLITEZHENG、XINGGEAIHAODENG,CAINENGGENGHAODIKAIZHAN“SHIXINGJIAOYU”GONGZUO[1]。

  一、“适性教育”的基本内涵

  “SHIXINGJIAOYU”NEIHANLAIYUANYUWOGUOJIAOYUJIAKONGZI“YINCAISHIJIAO”DENEIRONG。CONGGUZHIJIN,YOUXUDUOJIAOYUJIADUIGAIJIAOYULINIANJINXINGLEYIDINGDEPOUXIHEYANJIU,DANZHEIXIELILUNYIZHICHUYULILUNYANJIUJIEDUAN,SHANGWEIYINGYONGYUJIAOYUSHIJIAN。SUIZHESHEHUIJIAOYUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,XUDUOJIAOYUJIAKAISHICHANGDAOXUEXIAOJIAOYUJIJIBIANGEBINGKAIZHAN“SHIXINGJIAOYU”,“SHIXINGJIAOYU”CHENGWEIXUDUOXUEXIAODEZHONGYAOKETI。“SHIXINGJIAOYU”BINGFEIJIANDANDEJIAOYUFANGSHI,QIZUOWEIYIZHONGCHUANGXINHEGETIHUADEJIAOYULINIAN,HEXINNEIRONGZAIYUCHONGFENZUNZHONGMEIYIWEIXUESHENGDECHAYIXING,ZHEIYUWOGUOSUZHIJIAOYUCHANGDAODEXUESHENGWEIZHUTISIXIANGGANGHAOWENHE。JIEHEMEIYIWEIXUESHENGDEGETIQINGKUANGKAIZHANXIANGYINGDEJIAOYUHUODONG,RANGXUESHENGGENGHAODIJIESHOUJIAOYUNEIRONG,BINGJIJICANYUJIAOYUGONGZUO,SHIKAIZHAN“SHIXINGJIAOYU”DEGUANJIAN。ZONGERYANZHI,GUANYU“SHIXINGJIAOYU”DEJUTINEIRONGGAISHURUXIA:DIYI,JIAOYUGONGZUOZHEYAOCHONGFENZUNZHONGBUTONGXUESHENGDEGETICHAYIXING,MINGQUEXUESHENGDEYOUDIAN;DIER,CHONGFENGUIHAIXUESHENGDEXUEXIZHUTIXING,JIAOSHIZHISHIXUESHENGXUEXIDEZHIDAOZHEYUYINDAOZHE,YIQIEJIAOYUHUODONGDOUYAOWEIRAOXUESHENGDEAIHAOJIXINGQU;DISAN,JIAOSHIZAIKAIZHANGEXINGHUAJIAOYUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,YEYAOZHUZHONGXUESHENGGONGXINGDEFAZHAN,CUJINJITIJINBU[2]。

  二、素质教育背景下“适性教育”开展的策略

  (一)加强创新,应用分层教学的方法

  ZAISUZHIJIAOYUBEIJINGXIA,“SHIXINGJIAOYU”BUJINZHONGSHIXUEKETESE,ERQIEYEGAODUZHONGSHIMEIYIWEIXUESHENGDEGETIHUACHAYI。WEICI,JIAOSHIYAOJIAQIANGCHUANGXIN,YINGYONGFENCENGJIAOXUEDEFANGFA。FENCENGJIAOXUEQIANGDIAOLE“JIAOSHIDEJIAOYAOSHIYINGXUESHENGDEXUE”,SHIYIZHONGCHUANGXINXINGDEJIAOXUEFANGSHI。

  在教学中,首先,教师要通过多种途径,如谈话、测试、侧面了解等方式,充分、真实地调查并了解学生在学科学习水平各个方面的差异。其次,教师将学生由高到低分成A、B、C三个层次,并根据课程标准对知识、能力、情感的不同要求,为不同学习层次的学生制定基础性目标、提高性目标与发展性目标。最后,教师围绕教学目标,充分考虑学生个体水平差异,设置不同层次的教学活动,如不同层次的学习任务、课后作业等,让每个学生在原有的基础上都能获得进步和发展。借此,实现“因材施教”,达到“适性教育”的目的。
 

素质教育时代适性教育内涵与开展策略
 

  (二)注重内涵,发挥家庭教育的作用

  XIAOYUANBINGFEIKAIZHANJIAOYUDEWEIYICHANGSUO,CHULEXIAOYUANSHENGHUOWAI,XUESHENGDADUOSHUSHIJIANDOUZAIZIJIDEJIATINGZHONGDUGUO,YOUCIKEJIAN,JIATINGJIAOYUDUIXUESHENG“SHIXINGJIAOYU”DEKAIZHANYEKECHANSHENGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。SUOYI,JIAOSHIZAI“SHIXINGJIAOYU”ZHONGYAOJIJIYINJINJIATINGJIAOYU,CUJINXUESHENGJIAZHANGYUXUESHENGDEGOUTONG,BINGCHONGFENFAHUIJIAZHANGDEBANGYANGZUOYONG。RUZAIPINGSHIDESHENGHUOZHONG,JIAZHANGKEYIDUODAILINGXUESHENGCANGUANKEJIGUAN、WENHUAGUAN、YISHUGUANDENG,RANGXUESHENGZAIKEWAIYENENGXUEXIDAOGENGDUODEKEXUEWENHUAZHISHI,FUYUXUESHENGGENGJIAYOULIANGDEWENHUADIYUN[3]。

  (三)重视评价,构建多元化评价体系

  “SHIXINGJIAOYU”LINIANYAOQIUXUEXIAOYAOKAIZHANDUOYUANHUAPINGJIAGONGZUO,BINGZUNZHONGXUESHENGZHIJIANDEGETICHAYIXING,SUOYI,JIAOSHIZAIPINGJIANEIRONG、PINGJIAFANGFAJIPINGJIABIAOZHUNFANGMIANDOUYAOJUBEICHUANGXINXINGHETESEXING,JIJIGULIMEIYIWEIXUESHENGDOUNENGGOUCHENGWEIGAODUZIXINDEREN。LIRU,ZAIMEIGEYUEDEPINGJIAGONGZUOZHONGKEYIJINXING“MEIYUEZHIXING”PINGBI,YIFANGMIAN,JIAOSHIYAOZHONGSHIXUESHENGDEXUEXINENGLI;LINGYIFANGMIAN,JIAOSHIHAIYAOGUANZHUXUESHENGDEZONGHEPINZHI,DUIXUESHENGDEZILVXINGYUZIJUEXINGJINXINGZONGHEDEPINGJIA[4]。JIAOSHIZAIDUOYUANHUAPINGJIAKECHENGDEKAISHEZHONGYAODUIXUESHENGDEGEGEFANGMIANJINXINGQIANGHUA,LIRU,XUESHENGDEXUEXINENGLI、SIXIANGPINDE、LAODONGNENGLI、YUTONGXUEXIANGCHUNENGLIDENG,CONGDUOGEFANGMIANDUIQIJINXINGDENGJIPINGFEN,ZHEIFUHESUZHIJIAOYUDEFAZHANYAOQIU。

  三、结语

赢发彩票代理   ZHISUOYIYAOCUJINSUZHIJIAOYUDEFAZHAN,QIZHONGJIMUBIAOZAIYUCUJINRENLEISIXIANGDEJINBUYUWENHUASUYANGDETISHENG。ZHEMINGJIAOYUXUEJIASUHUOMULINSIJISHUO:“MEIYOUYEBUKENENGYOUCHOUXIANGDEXUESHENG。”ZUOWEIWANZHENGXINGDESHENGMINGGETI,XUESHENGZAIFAZHANZHONGCUNZAIZHETESHUXINGYUGETIXING,SUOYI,ZAISUZHIJIAOYUXIADE“SHIXINGJIAOYU”KAIZHANZHONG,JIAOSHIYUJIAZHANGDOUYAOJIJIFAHUIZISHENDEGUANLIZUOYONG,QUPINGJIAHELEJIEMEIYIWEIXUESHENGDEZHILIYUXINGQUCHAYI,JINKENENGZAIJIAOYUZHONGMANZUBUTONGXUESHENGDEXUQIU,CONGERTIGAOXUESHENGDEZONGHENENGLI,RANGXUESHENGDEYIJIANKANGCHENGZHANG。KAIZHAN“SHIXINGJIAOYU”SHISUZHIJIAOYUDEZHONGYAONEIHAN,YESHITUIJINSUZHIJIAOYUBIANGEDEZHONGYAOLILIANG。

  参考文献

  [1]谷鹏磊.基于素质教育的“适性教育”实践与思考[J].成才之路,2019(18):22.
  [2]陈庆洪.适性教育让每个孩子成为最好的自己[J].福建基础教育研究,2019(2):11-12.
  [3]乐碧云.让每一个生命都绽放美丽:“适性教育”办学理念的实践与探索[J].现代中小学教育,2019,35(1):83-86.
  [4]潘玉生.指向素质教育的“适性教育”实践与思考[J].江苏教育研究,2018(29):32-34.

对应分类:
下一篇:没有了
版权所有:上海论文网专业权威的论文代写、论文发表的网站,秉承信誉至上、用户为首的服务理念,服务好每一位客户
本站部分论文收集于网络,如有不慎侵犯您的权益,请您及时致电或写信告知,我们将第一时间处理,邮箱:shlunwen@163.com