赢发彩票代理

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高校实施音乐素质教育的意义与建议
发布时间:2020-01-21

  摘    要:赢发彩票代理 在素质教育发展背景下,各大高校对音乐素质教育的重视度不断提升,逐渐加强了对音乐素质教育的研究,期望以音乐素质教育对学生的审美能力、创造能力及感悟能力等各项素质进行培养,进而促进学生的全面发展。然而就当前情况来看,普通高校在开展音乐素质教育过程中存在一定困难,所采用的教学方法及教学内容不够合理,难以保证音乐素质教育的整体效果。为促进普通高校音乐素质教育的有效进行,本文就针对普通高校开展音乐素质教育的重要性及其意义进行分析,并提出一些具体建议,希望能为普通高校音乐素质教育的开展提供依据。

  关键词: 普通高校; 音乐素质教育; 重要性; 意义;

赢发彩票代理   JINNIANLAI,SUIZHEWOGUOJIAOYUSHIYEDEKUAISUFAZHAN,PUTONGGAOXIAOJIAOYUSHIYEDEFAZHANMIANLINZHEZHUDUOTIAOZHAN,RUHEKAIZHANYINLESUZHIJIAOYU,CHONGFENFAHUIYINLESUZHIJIAOYUZAIRENCAIPEIYANGFANGMIANDEZUOYONG,YIJINGCHENGWEIGAOXIAOYINLEJIAOSHISUOMIANLINDEZHONGYAOKETI。JIUJUTIQINGKUANGLAIKAN,TONGGUOYINLESUZHIJIAOYUBUJINNENGGOUSHIXIANDUIXUESHENGSHENMEINENGLI、CHUANGZAONENGLIJIGANWUNENGLIDEPEIYANG,YENENGGOUSHIXIANDUIWENHUADECHUANCHENGHEFAZHAN。SUIRANWOGUOPUTONGGAOXIAOZAIYINLEJIAOYUFANGMIANYIJINGJILEILEYIDINGDEJINGYAN,DANSHIDUIYINLESUZHIJIAOYUDERENSHIBUGOUQUANMIAN,NANYICAIQUHELIYOUXIAODEFANGFAKAIZHANYINLESUZHIJIAOYU,YIZHIYINLESUZHIJIAOYUDEXIAOGUOBUGOULIXIANG,JIPUTONGGAOXIAOJIAOYUSHIYEDEFAZHANDAILAIYIDINGTIAOZHAN。YINCI,YOUBIYAOSHENRUFENXIPUTONGGAOXIAOKAIZHANYINLESUZHIJIAOYUDEZHONGYAOXINGJIQIYIYI,YIBIANTICHUGENGJIAKEKAODECANKAOYIJU,CUJINPUTONGGAOXIAOYINLESUZHIJIAOYUDESHUNLIKAIZHAN。

  一、普通高校开展音乐素质教育的重要性

  (一)音乐素质教育属于素质教育

  CONGXINLIXUECENGCILAIJIANG,TONGGUOYINLESUZHIJIAOYUNENGGOUBANGZHUXUESHENGGOUJIANGANXINGYULIXINGXIEDIAOFAZHANDEWENHUAXINLIJIEGOU;CONGZHEXUECENGCILAIJIANG,TONGGUOYINLESUZHIJIAOYUNENGGOUCUSHIXUESHENGDADAOWANZHENGDERENHUA,QIZHUYAOSHIZHIRENZHIBENXINGDERENHUA;CONGSIWEIXUECENGCILAIJIANG,TONGGUOYINLESUZHIJIAOYUNENGGOUKAIFAXUESHENGDEZHIJUESIWEI,JINERQIANGHUAYUCHOUXIANGSIWEIXIANGPEIHEDECHUANGZAOSIWEINENGLI;CONGNAOKEXUECENGCILAIJIANG,TONGGUOYINLESUZHIJIAOYUNENGGOUKAIFAXUESHENGYOUNAODEQIANLI。ZONGZHI,YINLESUZHIJIAOYUZAIPUTONGGAOXIAOXUESHENGZONGHESUZHIJIAOYUZHONGTIXIANCHUJIAOWEIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,NENGGOUSHIXIANQITAYISHUXINGSHIHUOXUEKEWUFADADAODEJINGHUA、GANHUAHEWUHUADEZUOYONG[1]。

  (二)通过音乐素质教育实现对文化的传承及发展

  作为国家未来发展的重要力量,大学生承担着传承和传播文化的重要责任,而音乐素质教育本身就是对文化的传承及发展。将音乐作为文化定位进行交流和教学,突破了传统学习模式和交流方式的局限性,形成了多元音乐文化价值观的音乐认识论基础。由于西方文化具有较强的自我中心主义,对文化逾越产生一定阻碍,对部分中国学者造成了较大影响,且容易对中国传统文化产生自卑心理,或是形成本土自我中心主义,这些都不利于我国教育事业健康发展[2]。学生在塑造文化的时候强调学生主动的思维,即探索的、想象的、实验的思维,通过这种情境促使学生以各个角度对某些事物进行审视和思考,以创造性的思维对其进行综合理解。
 

高校实施音乐素质教育的意义与建议
 

  (三)通过音乐素质教育转变学生的思维方式

赢发彩票代理   XIANDAIYINLEJIAOYUZHUJIANCONGOUZHOUZHONGXINLUNFAZHANXIANGDUOYUANHUADEYINLEWENHUAJIAOYU,ZAIZHUANBIANXUESHENGDESIWEIFANGSHISHANGQIDAOLEJIAOJIJIDEYINGXIANGZUOYONG,NENGGOUCUSHIXUESHENGCONG“DUIHUOBUDUI”DEZHEXUESIXIANGZHUANBIANXIANG“DUOYUAN”DESIXIANG,JINERYIGENGJIAKEGUANDEJIAODUKANDAIGEGUOWENHUA。TONGGUOYINLESUZHIJIAOYUDUIXUESHENGDESIWEIFANGSHIJINXINGZHUANBIAN,YOULIYUCUJINGEMINZUDETUANJIE,HUODEZIZUNJIDUITARENDEKUANRONG、ZUNZHONGDELIANGHAOLIJIE,HUODEYIZHONGFAZHANGUOJIGUANXIDELIANGHAOLIJIE,JINERCUSHIXUESHENGGENGJIAREAIZIJIDEMINZU、GUOJIAHESHIJIE。ZHEIZHONGSIWEIFANGSHIDEZHUANBIANNENGGOUCUJINSHIJIEHEPINGFAZHAN,SHIWOGUOSHEHUIFAZHANCHUYUGENGJIAHEXIEWENDINGDEHUANJING。TONGSHI,YOULIYUCUJINXUESHENGRENSHENGGUAN、JIAZHIGUANHESHIJIEGUANCHAOZHEYOULIYURENLEIJINBUDEFANGXIANGBUDUANFAZHAN。

  二、普通高校开展音乐素质教育的意义

  (一)有利于促进学生全面素质的发展

赢发彩票代理   GENJUZHUDUOJIAOYUXUESHENGDUIYINLESUZHIKEDEYANJIU,YINLEZAIRENDEPEIYANGFANGMIANJUYOUJIAOQIANGDEZUOYONG,JINENGGOUDUIXUESHENGSHENMEINENGLIJINXINGTISHENG,YENENGGOUKAIFAXUESHENGDEZHILI、CHUANGZAOLIHEXIANGXIANGLI,CUJINXUESHENGQUANMIANSUZHIDEFAZHAN。TONGSHI,TONGGUOKAIZHANYINLESUZHIJIAOYUHAINENGGOUDUIXUESHENGPINDEXIUYANGJINXINGTISHENG,SHIQINENGGOUSHIYINGWOGUOSHEHUIFAZHANDEXUQIU。LIRUYI《MANJIANGHONG》《YIYONGJUNJINXINGQU》DENGGEQUKAIZHANYINLESUZHIKE,NENGGOUDUIXUESHENGAIGUOQINGCAOJINXINGPEIYANG;LIRUYI《XINTIANYOU》《XIWANGDETIANYESHANG》DENGGEQUJINXINGYINLESUZHIKE,NENGGOUJIFAXUESHENGDESIXIANGZHIQING,JINERJIANGQIZHUANHUAWEIBAOHUJIAXIANG、JIANSHEJIAXIANGDEDONGLI。ZONGZHI,YINLEZAIRENDEPEIYANGFANGMIANJUYOUJIAOWEIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,DANSHIZHEIZHONGZUOYONGKENENGSHIZHENGMIANDEYEKENENGSHIFUMIANDE,ZHEIJIUBIXUYAODUIQIJINXINGHELIYOUXIAODEYUNYONG,FOUZEBUJINWUFAFAHUIQIJIJIZUOYONG,HAIKENENGCHANSHENGYIXIEFUMIANXIAOGUO[3]。

  (二)有利于提高学生的音乐感悟能力

赢发彩票代理   YINLESHIYIZHONGQINGGANCHUANDIDEZHONGYAOTUJING,YESHIYIZHONGCUJINRENLEIHUDONGJIAOLIUDECHANGYONGSHOUDUAN,SUOYI,PUTONGGAOXIAOZAIKAIZHANYINLESUZHIJIAOYUSHI,BUNENGJIANDANDIRENWEIYINLEZHISHIRENLEISHENGHUOZHONGDEFUSHUWU,ERSHIYAOJIANGQIKANZUOWEIYINGXIANGRENDESIWEIHEJIAZHIGUANDEZHONGYAOYINSU。PUTONGGAOXIAOKAIZHANYINLESUZHIJIAOYU,NENGGOULAJINXUESHENGYUYINLEZHIJIANDEJULI,TIGAOXUESHENGDUIYINLEDERENZHICHENGDU,SHIQIBUZAIZHISHIXUEXIYINLEDEBIAOMIANXINGSHI,YEBAOKUOLEYINLEDEFAZHANLICHENG、BEIJINGJIQIBEIHOUDEGUSHINEIRONG。ZAIXUESHENGJINXINGYINLEZHISHIDEXUEXIHEYINLEJIANSHANGDESHIHOU,NENGGOUTIGAOXUESHENGDEYINLEGANWUNENGLI,ERQIEDUIXUESHENGQITAFANGMIANYEYOUZHEYIDINGDEYINGXIANG,BIRUBANGZHUXUESHENGYIPINGHEDEXINTAIJINXINGQITAXUEKEDEXUEXI,BIMIANZAIXUEXIGUOCHENGZHONGXINGCHENG“JIGONGJINLI”DENGBULIANGSIXIANG[4]。

  (三)有利于促进社会主义精神文明建设

  SUIZHEWOGUOSHEHUIJINGJIDEKUAISUFAZHAN,WOGUOGENGJIAZHONGSHIJINGSHENWENMINGJIANSHE,ERYINLESUZHIJIAOYUZAISHEHUIZHUYIJINGSHENWENMINGJIANSHEFANGMIANQIDAOLEJIAOWEIZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,NENGGOUWEIQITIGONGGENGDUODELILIANG。SHOUXIAN,NENGGOUYIYINLESUZHIJIAOYUDUIXUESHENGDEAIGUOJINGSHENJINXINGQIANGHUA,ZHEIZAIKANGZHANNIANDAIGENGSHINENGGOUFAHUIZUIDADEZUOYONG;QICI,NENGGOUYIYINLESUZHIJIAOYUTIGAOXUESHENGDESHENGHUOTIYAN,SHIXUESHENGCHONGFENGANSHOUDAOSHENGHUODEMEI,JIFAXUESHENGDUISHENGHUODEREAIZHIQING,JINERWEIWOGUOSHEHUIDEHEXIEFAZHANDIANDINGLIANGHAODEJICHU;ZUIHOU,NENGGOUYIYINLESUZHIJIAOYULAJINXUESHENGYUYINLEDEJULI,CUSHIXUESHENGBAOCHIPINGHEDEXINTAI,SHIXUESHENGNENGGOUJIANLILIANGHAODERENJIGUANXI,SHIXIANDUISHEHUIGUANXIDEGAISHAN。

  三、普通高校开展音乐素质教育的具体建议

  (一)以音乐提高学生的审美素质

  DUIYUDAXUESHENGLAISHUO,YINLEBENSHENSHIHENMEIDE,WULUNSHIYINLEDEXUANLV、GECI,HUOSHIYINLEDELEQI、BIAOYANZHE、DENGGUANGHEWUTAI,DOUHUIJIGUANZHONGDAILAIBUYIYANGDEMEIDEGANSHOU。TONGSHI,DAXUESHENGDESHENMEISUZHITIXIANZAIQISHENMEINENGLIFANGMIAN,JIAOSHIXUYAOJIANGYINLEMEIDESIXIANGGUANSHUJIXUESHENG,BUDUANQIANGHUAXUESHENGDESHENMEINENGLI。ZAIKAIZHANYINLESUZHIJIAOYUDESHIHOU,JIAOSHIXUYAOYIBUTONGJIAODU、BUTONGFANGSHIDUIXUESHENGJINXINGMEIYU。LIRU,LIYONGDUOMEITIJISHUBOFANGYIXIEMINGJIADEJINGDIANZUOPIN,ZAIXUESHENGLINGTINGZHEIXIEYINLEZHIHOU,YAOQIUXUESHENGDUIZHEIXIEZUOPINDE“MEI”JINXINGSIKAOHETAOLUN,BINGJIANGCHUZHEIXIEZUOPINDE“MEI”ZAINALI[5]。TONGSHI,KEYIDAILINGXUESHENGGUANKANYIXIEMINGJIADEYANZOUHUI,YICIQIANGHUAXUESHENGDUIYINLEMEIDEGANSHOU,CUJINXUESHENGYINLEGANWUNENGLIDEFAZHAN。WEIBAOZHENGXUESHENGNENGGOUZHUDONGDIZHISIXIANGXIAOJI、NEIRONGZALUANDEYINLEZUOPIN,JIAOSHIXUYAOJIANGBIANXIYINLEMEIDEFANGFACHUANSHOUJIXUESHENG,JINERZAIPEIYANGXUESHENGSHENMEISUZHIDETONGSHICUJINXUESHENGDESHENXINJIANKANGFAZHAN。

  (二)以音乐提高学生的道德素质

赢发彩票代理   WOGUOXUDUOMINJIANYINLEDOUJUYOUJIAOQIANGDEDAODEJIAOYUGONGNENG,NENGGOUZAICHUANCHENGCHUANTONGYINLEWENHUADETONGSHI,CUJINXUESHENGDAODESUZHIDEFAZHAN。LIRU,《LEJI》ZHONGDE“LEYEZHE,SHIYE”JIUSHISHIYONGYINLENENGGOUCUSHIRENDEXINGWEIFUHEDEXINGYAOQIU。TONGGUOYISHUXINGYUSIXIANGXINGYUYITIDEJIAOYUFANGSHIDUIXUESHENGJINXINGDAODESUZHIJIAOYU,SHIXUESHENGNENGGOUZAIXUEXIMINJIANYINLEDESHIHOUCHONGFENTIHUIDAOYINLEZHONGDEDAODESIXIANG,BINGJIANGQINEIHUAWEIZISHENDESIXIANG。TONGSHI,YIXIEXIFANGYINLEYEYOUDAODESUZHIJIAOYUDEZUOYONG,LIRUBEIDUOFENDEYINLEYUNHANZHEXINGFU、HEPING、AIQING、KUNAN、GUANGMINGDENGQINGGAN,KEYIZHIDAOXUESHENGDUIYINLEZHONGDE“DAODEYINZI”JINXINGWAJUE,BINGJIANGQIZHUANYIDAOZISHENCHANSHENGJIJIDEYINGXIANG。SUIRANWOGUOYINLESHIYEFAZHANSUDUZHUJIANJIAKUAI,DANSHIBUFENYINLERENZAIDAODESUZHIJIAOYUFANGMIANCUNZAIMINGXIANQUESHI,CHANGCHANGZAICHENGMINGHOUBAOLUCHUYIXIESUZHIWENTI,BIRUCHAOXITARENZUOPIN、RUMAFENSI,WEIXIYINYANMUCHUANGZUOCHUYIXIEBUFUHESHEHUIZHUYIJIAZHIGUANDEYINLEZUOPIN,ZHEIJIUGENGJIAYAOZHONGSHIYINLEDEDAODESUZHIJIAOYUGONGNENG,WEIXUESHENGDEXUEXIJICHENGZHANGTIGONGGENGJIAJIANKANGDEHUANJING。

  (三)以音乐提高学生的文化素质

赢发彩票代理   WULUNSHIZHONGGUOYINLEHAISHIWAIGUOYINLE,ZAITIGAOXUESHENGWENHUASUZHIFANGMIANDOUJUYOUJIAOGAODEJIAZHIJIZUOYONG。TONGGUODUIJINGDIANZUOPIN、YINLEMINGRENDESHENGPINGJINXINGLEJIE,NENGGOUTIGAOXUESHENGDUIGEGUOFENGTURENQINGJIDILIWEIZHIDERENZHI,CHONGFENLEJIEGEGEGUOJIA、GEGEDIQUDESHENGHUO、SHENGCHANJIYULEHUODONG[6]。YINCI,KAIZHANYINLESUZHIJIAOYU,NENGGOUKUOZHANXUESHENGDEYANJIE、JIFAXUESHENGDEXIANGXIANGLI,SHIXUESHENGNENGGOUZAIXUEXIYINLEZHISHIDETONGSHIDUIWENHUA、SHENGHUOHESHEHUIDENGGEGEFANGMIANDENEIRONGJINXINGSHENRULEJIE,JINERYONGYOUZHUANYEZHIWAIDEZHISHIJIXIUYANG。ZUOWEIYIZHONGWUGUOJIBIANJIEDEYISHU,YINLEZAIYIGEGUOJIAWENHUADEFAZHANZHONGYOUZHEJIAODADEYINGXIANG,DUIGUOJIADEYINLEWENHUALIUXIANGJINXINGLEJIE,JIUNENGGOULIQINGGUOJIAJIQIDIQUDEWENHUAMAILUO,SHIXUESHENGDUIZHEIYIGUOJIADEWENHUAXINGCHENGGENGJIASHENKEDEGANZHI。ERZHEIZHONGGANZHINENGGOUCUJINXUESHENGWENHUASUZHIDEFAZHAN,QIEZHEIZHONGZHENGMIANDEYINGXIANGSHIZHANGQIXINGDE。

  四、结语

赢发彩票代理   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,YINLESHIGANXINGYULIXING、ZHUGUANYUKEGUAN、HUODONGYUSIWEI、TIYANYUXIANGXIANGDETONGYITI,ZHEIJIUSHIDEYINLENENGGOUYIBUTONGDECENGMIANLAIFAZHANRENHEYINGXIANGREN,CUJINRENDEQUANMIANFAZHAN。PUTONGGAOXIAOKAIZHANYINLESUZHIJIAOYU,JINENGGOUCUJINXUESHENGSUZHIDEFAZHAN、SHIXIANTISHENGXUEXIAOJIAOYUSHUIPINGDEMUDE,YENENGGOUCUJINGUOJIASHEHUIWENDINGFAZHAN,SHIXIANDUISHEHUIGUANXIDEGAISHAN。WEICHONGFENFAHUIYINLESUZHIJIAOYUDEYURENZUOYONG,JIAOSHIYAOJIJIJIAQIANGDUIYINLESUZHIJIAOYUDEYANJIU,YIYINLETIGAOXUESHENGDESHENMEISUZHI,YIYINLETIGAOXUESHENGDEDAODESUZHI,YIYINLETIGAOXUESHENGDEWENHUASUZHI,TONGGUOGEZHONGHELIYOUXIAODEFANGFATIGAOJIAOYUZHILIANG,CUJINXUESHENGCHAOZHEGENGHAODEFANGXIANGBUDUANFAZHAN。

  参考文献

  [1] 刘刈,张晓敏.高校大学生音乐素养现状与素质教育开展途径分析[J].艺术科技,2019,32(10):57-58.
  [2] 付倩蕾.大学素质教育中的音乐教育研究[J].智库时代,2018(34):278-290.
  [3] 刘蕾.浅谈在高校开展音乐教育的重要性[J].黄河之声,2017(23):83.
  [4] 靳宇.对当前高校音乐素质教育实效性的几点思考[J].黄河之声,2017(18):18-20.
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