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生态农业中植保的核心技术与建议
发布时间:2020-01-20

  摘    要:赢发彩票代理 生态农业是对生态友好型的农业发展模式,可以更好地提升农产品的品质,也可以缓解资源和环境的恶化。文章对生态农业中植物保护的重要性进行了分析,并对生态农业中植物保护的核心技术与方法进行了探讨。

  关键词: 生态农业; 植物保护; 核心技术与方法;

  Abstract: Ecological agriculture is an eco-friendly agricultural development model, which can improve the quality of agricultural products, and also alleviate the deterioration of resources and environment. This paper analyzes the importance of plant protection in ecological agriculture, and discusses the core technologies and methods of plant protection in ecological agriculture.

  Keyword: ecological agriculture; plant protection; core technologies and methods;

赢发彩票代理   SUIZHESHEHUIDEBUDUANJINBUHEJINGJIDEBUDUANFAZHAN,RENMENDUIYUHUANJINGPOHUAIWENTIDEGUANZHUDUYEZAIBUDUANTISHENG。WEILEBAOCHIKECHIXUFAZHANDEDAOLU,WOGUOJINNIANBANBULEHENDUOHUANBAOXINGHESHENGTAIXINGDEZHENGCE,SHENGTAINONGYEDELINIANYEWEIYUELAIYUEDUODERENMENSUOJIESHOU。ZAISHENGTAINONGYEZHONG,ZHIWUBAOHUJISHUZUOWEIQIHEXINZHIYI,DUIYUSHENGTAINONGYEDEWENDINGFAZHANYOUZHEFEICHANGDADEZUOYONG。

  1 、生态农业中植物保护的重要性

  在生态农业发展过程中,绿色农业和循环经济理念是其核心理念。为了更好地促进生态农业的发展,植物保护技术是不可或缺的核心技术之一。只有对植物保护技术进行科学的应用,从而有效地避免农作物生产过程中可能遇到的各种病虫害,才可以更好地在保证农作物健康成长的基础上,更好地减少农业发展对环境造成的破坏。例如在传统农业发展过程中,对病虫害进行防治的方法主要是通过农药的喷洒来完成的[1]。而在生态农业的植物保护技术中,农户可以通过其他的防治方式来尽量的降低农药的使用量,通过这样的方式来在保证农作物健康生长的基础上,更好地提升农产品的安全性和健康性,真正发展绿色环保的生态农业。
 

生态农业中植保的核心技术与建议
 

  2 、生态农业中植物保护的核心技术

  2.1、 三诱技术

  ZAISHENGTAINONGYEZHIWUBAOHUJISHUZHONG,SANYOUJISHUSHI“SEYOU”、“XINGYOU”JI“GUANGYOU”SANZHONGJISHUDETONGCHENG。QIZHONG,PINZHENSHISHACHONGDENGJIUSHITONGGUOGUANG、SE、BOZHEISANLEIHAICHONGJIAOWEIXIHUANDEFANGSHILAIDUIHAICHONGJINXINGYOUSHA,TONGGUOZHEIGUANG、SE、BOKEYIJIANGHAICHONGJUJIDAOGUDINGDEWEIZHIZHIZHONG,ZAIJIZHONGDUIQIJINXINGXIAOMIE。ZUOWEIYIZHONGWULIFANGZHIDEFANGFA,PINZHENSHISHACHONGDENGKEYIZAIBUSHIYONGNONGYAODEQINGKUANGXIADUIHAICHONGJINXINGXIAOMIE,BUHUIDUIHUANJINGHEQITASHENGWUCHANSHENGWEIHAI,YINCIDEDAOLEGUANGFANDEYINGYONG。HUANGBANTONGYANGSHUYUSANYOUJISHUDEYIZHONG,ZHUYAOSHILIYONGLEBUFENNONGZUOWUDEHAICHONGJUYOUQUXIANGHUANGYANSEDETEXING,LIRUCHAYACHONGDENG,KEYIJIANGHUANGBANSHEZHIZAITIANJIANLAIDUIHAICHONGJINXINGYOUSHA,ZHEIZHONGFANGSHITONGYANGSHUYUWULIFANGZHI,DUIHUANJINGDEWEIHAIJIHUWEILING。CHULESHANGSHULIANGZHONGWULIFANGZHIFANGSHIWAI,XINGYOUJIYESHISANYOUJISHUZHONGJIAOWEICHANGYONGDEYIZHONGZHIWUBAOHUJISHU。ZAIYINGYONGGAIJISHUDEGUOCHENGZHONG,ZHUYAOSHITONGGUOSHIFANGHAICHONGDEXINGJISULAIDUIQIJINXINGYINYOU,YIFANGMIANYOUSHAHAICHONG,LINGYIFANGMIANYEKEYISHIHAICHONGJIESHOUXINGJISUDENENGLICHANSHENGYINGXIANG,JIANGDIHAICHONGDEFANZHINENGLI。GAIFANGFASHUYUSHENGWUFANGZHIDEYIZHONG,TONGYANGBUHUIDUIZHOUWEIDEHUANJINGCHANSHENGMINGXIANDEYINGXIANG。

  图1 诱虫板(参考)
图1 诱虫板(参考)

  Fig.1 Tra pboard

  2.2 、防虫网阻隔技术

赢发彩票代理   FANGCHONGWANGZUGEJISHUSHITONGGUOZAINONGZUOWUSHENGZHANGQUYUWAISHELIFANGCHONGWANGDEFANGSHI,LAIYOUXIAODIYUFANGHAICHONGJINRUZHONGZHIQUYU,CONGERDADAOBAOHUNONGZUOWUDEFANGFA。ZAISHIJIYINGYONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,FANGCHONGWANGZUGEJISHUJUYOUFEICHANGHAODEWULIFANGCHONGXIAOGUO,QIKEYIYOUXIAODIJIANGDIHAICHONGDESHULIANG,YICILAIBAOZHENGNONGZUOWUDESHENGZHANGHUANJING。CHUCIZHIWAI,YIXIEXIANJINDEFANGCHONGWANGHAIKEYIDUIZHONGZHIQUYUDEHUANJINGWENDUJINXINGKEXUEDEKONGZHI,YICILAIGENGHAODIJIANGDIMOUXIEBINGHAIDEFASHENGLV,YICILAIGENGHAODIBAOZHENGSHENGTAINONGYEDEFAZHAN。TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,FANGCHONGWANGDECHICUNJUNWEI22MU,YINCIDUIMOUXIEJIAOTESHUHAICHONGXUYAOXUANZEQITAMUSHUDEFANGCHONGWANG,LIRUDUIYANFENSHIJINXINGFANGZHIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIUXUYAOXUANYONG30MUCHICUNDEFANGCHONGWANG。YICILAIGENGHAODEZAIJIANSHAONONGYAOSHIYONGLIANGDEJICHUSHANG,BAOZHENGNONGZUOWUDECHANLIANG。

  3 、生态农业中植物保护的建议

  3.1、 坚持农业综合防治

赢发彩票代理   CHUANTONGDENONGYESHENGCHANZHONGXIGUANSHIYONGNONGYAOHEHUAFEI,ZHEIYANGDEZHONGZHIMOSHIBAOZHENGLENONGCHANPINDECHANLIANG,DANSHIHUIYINFABINGCHONGHAIDENGWENTIDEEHUA。TONGSHI,WEIXIENONGCHANPINDEZHILIANGHEANQUAN。WEILEGENGHAODIBIMIANZHEIYIWENTI,ZAIJINXINGNONGYESHENGCHANZHONG,YINGGAIJIANCHIZONGHEFANGZHIDELINIAN,JINLIANGJIANGDINONGYAOHEHUAXUEYAOPINDESHIYONGLIANGHEPINLV,TONGGUOWULIFANGZHIHESHENGWUFANGZHILAIKAIZHANZHIWUBAOHU。

  3.2 、强化植物保护宣传

  YOUYUWOGUONONGMINSHOUJIAOYUCHENGDUPUBIANPIANDI,HENDUONONGHUDANCHUNRENWEIDUOSHIYONGNONGYAOHEHUAFEIJIUKEYITISHENGNONGZUOWUDECHANLIANG。ZHEIDUIYUWOGUONONGYEDEFAZHANSHIFEICHANGBULIDE。WEILEGENGHAODIGAIBIANNONGHUDEZHONGZHILINIANHEZHONGZHIXIGUAN,XUYAOBUDUANDIDUISHENGTAINONGYELINIANYIJIZHIWUBAOHUJISHUJINXINGXUANCHUANHETUIGUANG。TONGGUOXUANCHUANYINDAOLAIPEIYANGNONGHUDEZHIWUBAOHUYISHI,TISHENGNONGHUDENONGYESHENGCHANHENONGYEFANGZHIJISHU。

  3.3、 构建病虫预测体系

  NONGZUOWUDEBINGCHONGHAIDOUSHIKEYITIQIANJINXINGYUFANGHEYUCEDE。TONGGUOGOUJIANKEXUEDEYUCETIXI,KEYIKONGZHIHEJIANGDIBINGCHONGHAIDEWEIHAI,YEKEYIYOUXIAODIDUINONGZUOWUBINGCHONGHAIJINXINGFANGZHI。WEILEGENGHAODIDADAOZHEIYIMUBIAO,ZAINONGYEJISHUBUDUANFAZHANDETONGSHI,DANGDIZHIBAOBUMENYINGGAIZHONGSHIDUINONGZUOWUBINGCHONGHAIYUCE,TONGGUODUOZHONGSHOUDUANLAIDUINONGZUOWUBINGCHONGHAIJINXINGYUCEYUBAO,GENGHAODEWEISHENGTAINONGYEDEFAZHANDAXIAJIANSHIDEJICHU。

  4 、结语

赢发彩票代理   SUIZHESHEHUIJINBU,SHENGTAIFAZHANYIJINGCHENGWEINONGYEFAZHANDEQUSHI。WEILEGENGHAODEFAZHANSHENGTAINONGYE,XUYAOBUDUANTISHENGDUIZHIWUBAOHUJISHUDESHUIPING,TONGGUOKEXUEYUNYONGGAOXIAOWUWURANDEZHIWUBAOHUJILAITISHENGNONGYESHENGCHANDEANQUANXING,YOUXIAODIJIANGDINONGYEFAZHANDUIHUANJINGDEYINGXIANG。

  参考文献

  [1]刘慧敏.生态农业中植物保护的核心技术及措施研究[J].中国农业信息,2017(20):78-79.
赢发彩票代理   [2]穆洪海,李玉丽.试论植物保护技术在生态农业中的运用[J].农业开发与装备,2019(01):80,90.

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