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生态畜牧业的创新发展路径探讨
发布时间:2020-01-20

  摘    要: 在现代农业建设与可持续发展理念的指导下,生态畜牧业的发展成为我国传统畜牧养殖模式转型的重要战略举措。本文简析了生态畜牧业的概念与特点,围绕统筹畜牧业发展布局、推广现代化养殖技术、加强畜产品质量安全管理、完善畜禽无害化处理工作4个层面,探讨了生态畜牧业的创新发展战略,以供参考。

  关键词: 生态畜牧业; 畜产品; 无害化处理;

  引言

  JUZHONGGUOBAOGAOWANGTONGJI,2018NIANWOGUOCHUMUYEZONGCHANZHIWEI28697.4YIYUAN,ZHU、NIU、YANGDENGZHUYAOCHUCHANPINCHANLIANGFENBIEDADAO5404WANt、644WANtHE475WANt。ZAINONGYEXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEBEIJINGXIA,WOGUOCHUMUYECHUANTONGCUGUANGSHIFAZHANMOSHIYICHENGXIANCHUBUSHIYONGXING,JIYUYINDIZHIYI、KECHIXUFAZHANLINIANTUIJINSHENGTAICHUMUYEZHUANXING,KEYOUXIAOSHIXIANJINGJI、SHENGTAIYUSHEHUIXIAOYIDEJIANGU。

  1 、生态畜牧业的概念与特点分析

赢发彩票代理   SHENGTAICHUMUYEYISHENGTAIWEI、SHIWULIAN、WUZHIXUNHUAN、WUZHIGONGSHENGYUANLIZUOWEILILUNJICHU,JIANGCHUMUYEFAZHANZUOWEIZHUXIAN,PEIHEYUNYONGZHONGZHIYE、LINYE、YUYEDENGXITONGGONGCHENGFANGFA,JIANCHIYINDIZHIYI、YINSHIZHIYI,ZHILIYUSHIXIANJIJINGJI、SHENGTAIYUSHEHUIXIAOYIYUYITIDEXIANDAIHUACHUMUYEFAZHANTIXI。SHENGTAICHUMUYEJUYOUYIXIA4XIANGJIBENTEDIAN:ZHENGHEXING,GOUJIANJICHUMUYE、ZHONGZHIYE、LINYE、YUYEDENGCHANYEJIEGOUYUYITIDEXITONGXINGGONGCHENGTIXI,GUANCHELUOSHIHUANBAOXING、GAOXIAOXINGYUANZE,SHIXIANZIYUANKAIFALIYONGYUSHENGTAIHUANJINGBAOHUDEJIANGU;GUANLIANXING,ZAIGAIXITONGGONGCHENGTIXINEIBUDEGESHENGCHANHUANJIE、CHANYEYAOSUJIANCUNZAIXIANGHUYINGXIANG、XIANGHUZHIYUE、XIANGHUZUOYONGDEGUANXI;PINGHENGXING,XITONGGONGCHENGTIXINEIBUYIJUSHIWULIANXINGSHIJIANSHE,XINGCHENGWUZHIXUNHUANYUNENGLIANGZHUANHUAWANGLUO,QIZHONGFASHENGDETONGHUA、YIHUAZUOYONGQUYUPINGHENG;XIAOYIXING,ZAIXITONGNEIBUDEWANGLUOJIEGOUTIXIZHONG,JINENGGOUSHIXIANCHANPINZHILIANGYUJINGJIJIAZHIDETONGBUTISHENG,YENENGGOUSHIXIANWURAN、FEIQICHANWUDEYOUXIAOJIANSHAO,SHIXIANJINGJIXIAOYIYUHUANBAOXIAOYIDEJIANGU[1]。

  2、 生态畜牧业的创新发展战略探讨

  2.1 、统筹协调畜牧业发展布局,推行标准生产模式

  2.1.1、 合理规划布局

  相关管理部门应合理编制生态畜牧业发展规划,遵循生态文明发展理念创新畜牧业发展内涵,综合考量区域范围内的环境承载力指标,以此设计动物品种、养殖规模、引进数量等细则,贯彻种植与养殖结合、资源循环利用的发展思路。在此过程中,管理部门应统筹协调区域布局,明确掌握所在区域的资源禀赋优势与生产规律,遵循因地制宜原则进行养殖规模、动物品种的规划,推动农户由散养模式逐渐过渡到中小型养殖场,进一步借助资源整合实现规模化养殖产业建设,淘汰落后生产方式,实现畜牧业布局的优化调整。
 

生态畜牧业的创新发展路径探讨
 

  2.1.2 、建设示范基地

  ZAITONGCHOUXIEDIAOQUYUBUJUDEJICHUSHANG,HAIXUJIAQIANGSHIFANXINGYANGZHICHANYEDEJIANSHEHUODONG,JIYUANQUANSHENGCHANYULVSEFAZHANLINIANJIANSHESHIFANCHANYEJIDI,WANSHANCHUMULIANGZHONGXUANQU、YANGZHISHESHIGUANLI、SHENGCHANGUIFAN、FANGYIYUWURANWUHAIHUADENGZHIDUDEJIANSHE,LIYONGZHIDUDEYUESHULIQIDAODUISHENGTAICHUMUYEFAZHANDEYINDAOYUGUANLIZUOYONG。ZAICIJICHUSHANG,HELIDIAOPEIZIJIN、ZIYUAN,KAIZHANSHIFANCHANYEJIDIDETUIGUANGHUODONG,DALIYINJINYOULIANGPINZHONG、XINXINGYANGZHIJISHUYUXIANJINYANGZHISHEBEI,SHIXIANCHUMUYANGZHIDEGAOXIAOHUA、LVSEHUASHENGCHAN,BINGJIANGSHENGTAIHUANBAOZHIBIAONARUDAOSHIFANJIDIKAOHEPINGJIAJIZHIZHONG,GENGHAODITUIJINLVSEFAZHANLINIANDESHENTOU,SHIXIANLVSE、YOUJI、WUGONGHAINONGCHANPINDELIANGCHANHUAJIANSHE[2]。

  2.2、 大力推广现代化养殖技术,增加产业附加价值

  2.2.1 、引入新型技术

赢发彩票代理   GUANLIBUMENYINGJIAKUAIXIANDAIYANGZHIJISHUSHOUDUANDEYINJINSUDU,TUIGUANGQINGJIEDECHUMUYESHENGCHANGONGYICHENGGUO,JIANLI“CHU-ZHAO-GUO”SHENGTAIYANGZHIXINMOSHI。CHUMUYEQINGJIESHENGCHANXINGONGYIYINGYONGDECHENGGONGGUANJIAN,ZAIYUZHUAHAO4GEFANGMIANDEJISHUHUANJIE:JIANSHEWUGONGHAISICAOSILIAOJIDI;SILIAOJISILIAOQINGJIESHENGCHANJISHU;GUYEFENLIHEGANQINGFENJISHU;ZHAOQIFAJIAOJISHU。LIYONGCHUQINFENWUJINXINGZHAOQIHEZHAOQIFEISHENGCHAN,HELIDIXUNHUANLIYONGWUZHIHENENGLIANG,JIEJUERANLIAO、FEILIAO、SILIAOMAODUN,GAISHANHEBAOHUSHENGTAIHUANJING,CUJINNONGMUYEQUANMIAN、CHIXU、LIANGXINGFAZHAN,CUJINNONGMINZENGCHANZENGSHOU。

  2.2.2、 增加附加价值

  ZAITUIGUANGXINXINGYANGZHIJISHUDEJICHUSHANG,SHENGTAICHUMUYEDEFAZHANLIBUKAIJINGYINGLINIANDEZHUANXING,GUANLIBUMENYINGDANGTUOKUANYUANYOUCHUMUCHANPINDEXIAOSHOUSHICHANG,YOUSHENGNEITUOZHANZHIQUANGUOYUHAIWAILINGYU,LIYONGQILVSESHENGCHAN、YOUJICHANPINJINGYINGTEDIANDAXIANGPINPAIKOUBEI,JIYUSHENGTAIHUANBAOYUANZEDAPOMAOYILVSEBILEI,ZENGQIANGCHUCHANPINDESHICHANGZHANYOULVYUCHANPINFUJIAJIAZHI。ZAITUIGUANGGUIMOHUAYANGZHIMOSHIDETONGSHI,HAIYINGDANGYINDIZHIYIDITUIJINYANGZHIXIAOQUDEJIANSHE,KAIPI“WEITUOYANGZHI-YANGZHIXIAOQUYANGZHI”DEXINMOSHI,JIYOUZHUYUJIAKUAIYANGZHICHANYEFAZHAN,HAINENGGOUDAIDONGBUTONGQUYUFANWEINEIDEQUNZHONGSHIXIANZENGSHOUZHIFU,GENGHAODIXIANGYINGGUOJIATUOPINGONGJIAN、JINGZHUNFUPINDEZHENGCEYAOQIU。

  2.3、 加强畜产品质量安全管理,落实质量检查工作

  2.3.1、 质量安全检查工作

  XIANGGUANGUANLIBUMENYINGDALIKAIZHANSILIAO、SHOUYAODENGCHUMUYANGZHIYETOURUPINZHILIANGDEJIANDUGUANLIGONGZUO,YUSHOUYAOSHENGCHAN、XIAOSHOUQIYEJIANLIMIQIEGOUTONGGUANXI,ZHIDAOYANGZHICHANGZUOHAOSHOUYAOYONGYAODANGAN、YANGZHIGUANLIDANGANDEJILUGONGZUO,YANJINSHIYONGYUANLIAOYAO、WEIJINYAODENGQINGKUANGDEFASHENG,BINGZHENDUISHIYONGLIEZHISILIAO、JIAMAOWEILIESHOUYAODENGXINGWEIYUYITONGBAO、CHACHU。TONGSHI,YINGJIANQUANCHUQINCHANPINZHILIANGANQUANJIANCEZHIDUDEJIANSHE,YIJUDANGDICHUMUYEFAZHANSHUIPINGJIANLIJIANCEZHIBIAO、MINGQUEHUAFENJIANCEFANWEI,BINGANPAIGONGZUORENYUANDINGQIJIANCHAJIANCEYIQIDEYUNXINGZHUANGKUANG、ZUODAOJISHIWEIHUGENGXIN,LIYONGCHUQINCHANPINZHILIANGZHUISUXITONGJINXINGDONGWUJIANYIDEGUANLI,XUANQUERBIAOFANGZHIZAIDONGWUZHIDINGWEIZHI,QUEBAOZHIJIANYUJIANYIGONGZUODEGUANCHELUOSHI。

  2.3.2、 落实主体责任

  GUANLIBUMENHAIYINGDANGWANSHANCHANDIJIANYIZHIDU、ZHUTIANQUANZERENZHIDEJIANSHEGONGZUO,BAOZHANGXIANGZHENCUNDECHANDIJIANYIFUGAILVDADAO100%、DINGDIANTUZAICHANGJIANYILVDADAO100%,ZUOHAOCHANPINZHILIANGCHOUJIANGUANLI,FANGFANANQUANSHIGUDEFASHENG。TONGSHI,WEIRAODONGWUCHANPINDESHENGCHAN、JIAGONGZHIZUO、XIAOSHOUDENGHUANJIEJINXINGYANGEJIANDUGUANLI,MINGQUELUOSHIGEHUANJIEZHUTIDEANQUANZEREN,CONGYUANTOUSHIXIANANQUANSHENGCHAN,LIYONGXINXIJISHUSHOUDUANJIANLICHUQINCHANPINANQUANGUANLIDIANZIDANGAN,YITUOZHILIANGANQUANZHUISUTIXIXUNSUDINGWEIDAOXIANGGUANZERENRENBINGJINXINGZHUIZE,YICIBAOZHANGCHUQINCHANPINZAISHENGCHAN、LIUTONGDENGHUANJIEDEZHILIANGANQUAN,BAOZHANGSHENGTAICHUMUYEDEJIANKANGFAZHAN。

  2.4、 完善畜禽无害化处理工作,建立科学评价指标

  2.4.1、 无害化处理

  WANSHANCHUQINFENWUCHULILIUCHENGDEJIANSHE,RUYINRUGANSHIFENLICHULIMOSHI,JIEZHUZIDONGSHOUJIZHUANGZHIJINXINGCHUQINFENBIANDEJIZHONGSHOUJI,LIYONGSHUIWUFENLIGOUSHIXINGYUSHUIYUWUSHUIDEFENLIU,JIANGYUSHUIJINXINGXUNHUANLIYONG,JIANGWUSHUI、FENBIANPAIRUZHAOQICHIZHONGJINXINGERCILIYONG;ZAIYANGZHICHANGNEIJIANLIYANYANGFAJIAOCHI,LIYONGFENYETUOGANHOUCHANSHENGDEWUSHUIJINXINGZHAOQIFADIAN,MANZUYANGZHICHANGDENENGYUANXUQIU;WEIRAOYANGZHICHANGZHOUWEIGUIHUANONGTIANGUOYUAN、RENGONGSHIDIDEJIANSHE,KAIWAGUANGAIQUDAO、PAIWUQUDAO,WEINONGZUOWUZHONGZHI、LINYESHENGCHANTIGONGYONGSHUIYUFEILIAO,ZHENZHENGSHIXIANWURANLINGPAIFANGYUZIYUANXUNHUANLIYONGDEMUBIAO[3]。

  ZUOHAOBINGSICHUQINDEWUHAIHUACHULI,WEIRAOCHUQINSIYANG、TUZAI、JIAGONG、YUNSHU、XIAOSHOUDENGHUANJIEJIANLIZERENZHUIJIUZHIDU,MINGQUEDINGWEIDIYIZERENREN,YOUQIFUZEJINXINGBINGSICHUQINDEWUHAIHUACHULI,BINGXIANGDANGDIWEISHENG、JIANYIBUMENTIJIAOCHULIJIEGUOBAOGAO;HUOYUWUHAIHUACHULIGONGSIJIANLIZHANGQIHEZUOGUANXI,YOUQITIGONGZHUANYECHULIFUWU,XIAOCHUYINBINGSICHUQINCHULIBUDANGYINFADEWENTIYINHUAN,FANGFANYIBINGDEERCICHUANBO,MANZUSHENGTAIHUANBAOXUQIU。

  2.4.2 、完善综合评价

  XIANGGUANGUANLIBUMENYINGJIEHEDANGDICHUMUYEFAZHANSHUIPING,JIYUJINGJI、SHEHUI、SHENGTAIXIAOYISHIJIAOJINXINGPINGJIAZHIBIAODESHEJI,ZONGHEKAOCHAQUYUFANWEINEIDEHUANJINGCHENGZAILI,CONGZHONGSHAIXUANCHUFUHESHENGTAICHUMUYEFAZHANYAOQIUDEYANGZHICHANGHUOSIYANGHUSHULISHIFANDIANXING,JIYUJIANGLIBIAOZHANG,YICISHIXIANDUISHENGTAICHUMUYEFAZHANLINIANDELIANGHAOXUANCHUAN,JINYIBUSHIXIANCHUMUYEDEBIAOZHUNHUASHENGCHAN。

  3 、结论

  FAZHANSHENGTAICHUMUYESHINONGYESHENGCHANXIANDAIHUAJIANSHEDEZHONGYAOZHANLVEJUCUO,XIANGGUANGUANLIBUMENYINGJIYUYINDIZHIYIYUANZEYUKECHIXUFAZHANLINIANCHUANGXINGUANLIFANGFA,LIZUHONGGUANCENGMIANTONGCHOUXIEDIAOCHANYEBUJU,YINRUXINXINGYANGZHIJISHUYUXIANJINSHEBEITIGAOYANGZHISHUIPING,PEIHEWURANWUHAIHUACHULISHOUDUANQIANGHUAZHIFAJIANGUAN,JINYIBUJIAKUAICHUMUYEFAZHANFANGSHIZHUANXING,ZHUTUINONGMINSHIXIANZENGSHOU、ZENGXIAOMUBIAO。

  参考文献

  [1]侯钟山.我国生态畜牧业的发展研究[J].乡村科技,2017(18):58-59.
  [2]张明均.浅析我国生态畜牧业未来可持续发展策略[J].中国畜牧兽医文摘,2016(11):6-7.
  [3]昌吉州畜牧兽医局.扎实开展畜禽粪污综合治理,积极推进绿色畜牧业可持续发展[J].新疆畜牧业,2017(10):26-27.

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