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农村初中班主任管理工作困境与解决方法
发布时间:2020-01-20

  摘    要: 农村学校基本上面向的是来自农村的学生。在教育教学中,必须正视学生在学习和生活中存在的问题。初中阶段,学生的人格发展还不健全,人生观、世界观和价值观还没有完全成型,这个阶段的学生可塑性比较强。但是,在班主任管理工作中,必须深入了解学生在成长的过程中遇到的各类问题。结合农村教育的现实状况,对症下药,制定具有针对性的解决策略。

  关键词: 农村学校; 初中教育; 班主任管理; 难点;

  一、前言

赢发彩票代理   NONGCUNCHUZHONGXUEXIAOBANXUEJICHUBIJIAOBORUO,YINGJIANSHESHIHERUANJIANSHESHIDOUBUWANSHAN,JIAOYUJIAOXUETIAOJIANBUGOUYOUYUE。ZHEISHIQUYUFAZHANCHAYIHECHENGXIANGJINGJICENGCIDECHABIESUODAOZHIDEXIANSHIXINGWENTI。RANER,ZAIBANZHURENGUANLIGONGZUOZHONG,WOMENGENGXUYAOGUANZHUDESHIBANJIXUESHENGDEXUEXIZHUANGKUANGHESHENGHUOQINGKUANG,YINDAOXUESHENGTOURUDAOXUEXIHUODONGZHONG,JIUZHENGXUESHENGDESIXIANGRENZHIWUQU,SUZAOKEXUEDERENSHENGGUANHEJIAZHIGUAN,TISHENGXUESHENGDESIXIANGDAODESUYANG,GOUJIANTUANJIE、HEXIE、JILVYANMINGDEBANJITI。ZHEISHIBANZHURENGONGZUODEZHONGDIAN,YESHICHUZHONGBANZHURENBIXUSIKAODEWENTI。

  二、农村初中班主任管理工作的基本难题

  (一)初中生的个体差异性大

  MEIGERENDOUSHIDULIDEGEREN,BUTONGDERENYOUBUTONGDESHENGHUOJINGLI,ZAICHENGZHANGDEDAOLUSHANG,BUTONGDEXUESHENGHUIXINGCHENGBUTONGDESIXIANGGUANNIANHESIWEIMOSHI。ZAITONGYIGEBANJIZHONG,MEIGEXUESHENGDEXINGGEYEBUYIYANG。ZHEIYEYIWEIZHECHUZHONGSHENGDEGETICHAYIXINGFEICHANGDA。ZAICHUZHONGJIEDUAN,XUESHENGYOUTONGNIANJINRUDAOSHAONIANSHIDAI,SHENTIGENGJIAJIANZHUANG,SIXIANGYEQUYUCHENGSHU,XUESHENGDEGEXINGYEGENGJIAZHANGYANG。CHUYUZHEIYANGYIGESHIQIDEXUESHENG,CAISHIZUILINGBANZHURENTOUTONGDE。BANZHURENYIGERENYAOMIANDUIJISHIGEXINGGEGEYI、SHENGHUOXIGUANQIANCHAWANBIEDEXUESHENG。ZAIBANJIGUANLISHANG,YEHUIYUDAOHENDUOKUNNAN。WOMENZHIDAO,CHUZHONGSHENGDERENSHENGYUELIBIJIAOSHAO,SHEHUISHIJIANNENGLIYEBUZU,XIANGYINGDE,XUESHENGDERENZHISHUIPINGHELIJIENENGLIYEBIJIAOBORUO。NAPASHIYIGEBANJIDEXUESHENG,TAMENDESIWEIMOSHIDOUHUIYOUHENDADECHABIE,RENZHINENGLIYECENGCIBUQI。ZAIJINXINGBANJIGUANLIZHONG,BANZHURENYAOMIANDUIBUTONGDEXUESHENG,YAORANGMEIYIGEXUESHENGDOUFUCONGGUANLI,TUANJIETONGXUE,JINGAILAOSHI,RENZHENXUEXI。ZAIZHEIMEFUZADEGONGZUOZHONG,JIAOSHIDEJINGLIYESHIYOUXIANDE,ERXUESHENGDEGETICHAYIGENGZENGJIALEBANZHURENGUANLIGONGZUODENANDU。

赢发彩票代理   LIRU,ZAIJINXINGBANJIGUANLIGONGZUOSHI,YIXIEXUESHENGBUNENGLIJIE“BANJITI”DEYIYI,SHENZHIRENWEIJIAOSHISHIZAIXINAO。JIUERJIUZHI,XUESHENGHUICHANSHENGQIANGLIEDEKANGJUXINLI。JUYOUZHEIZHONGXINLIDEXUESHENGZUIKAISHIKENENGBIJIAOSHAO。DANSHI,SUIZHEZHEIZHONGXIAOJISIXIANGYIJIBUHEXIEDEXINGWEIDECHANSHENG,BANJIHENDUOXUESHENGDOUHUISHOUDAOYINGXIANG,HENDUOXUESHENGDOUKAISHIBUPEIHEBANZHURENDEGUANLIGONGZUO。BANJIZHONGDEFUMIANYINSUYEYUELAIYUEDUO。RUGUOBUJISHIKONGZHIBINGJIEJUEZHEILEIWENTI,BANJIGUANLIGONGZUOJIANGHUIJUBUWEIJIAN。

  (二)农村初中生的学习自主性不高

  笔者面对的学生大都来自农村,学生的生活和学习也基本是在学校度过。很多学生都是留守儿童,父母不在身边。这些孩子从小由爷爷奶奶带大,没有父母的陪伴,内心缺乏安全感,依赖性很强。很多学生人格还不完善,平时也没有养成良好的学习习惯。而学生的爷爷奶奶也比较溺爱孩子,没有科学的教育方式。长此以往,学生养成了懈怠的习惯,学习也不认真。再加上生活孤单,产生了一定程度的自闭,不喜欢和外界交流。一个班级中,总有这样或者那样的问题,学生的生活环境的差异性导致了不同学生的学习习惯也有较大的差异。
 

农村初中班主任管理工作困境与解决方法
 

赢发彩票代理   ZAIBANZHURENGUANLIGONGZUOZHONG,ZUILINGRENNANJIEDEWENTIJIUSHIXUESHENGDEXUEXIZIZHUXINGBUGAO,YILAIXINLIFEICHANGYANZHONG。XUESHENGDEXUEXIZIZHUXINGBUGAOZHUYAOTIXIANZAILIANGGEFANGMIAN:YISHIXUESHENGDEXUEXITAIDUBUDUANZHENG;ERSHIXUESHENGDEXINGDONGLICHIHUAN,BUNENGZIZHUFAXIANXUEXIZHONGDEWENTI,YEBUSHANYUSIKAOXUEXIZHONGYUDAODEWENTI。RANGWENTIRIJIYUELEI,YUEJIYUEDUO,ZUIHOUXINGCHENGYIZUODASHAN,WUFAJIEJUE。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,XUESHENGHUIRONGYICHANSHENGXIDEXINGWUZHU。HENDUOXUESHENGMEIYOURENSHIDAOXUEXIDEZHONGYAOXING,MEITIANDEGUOQIEGUO,SHENZHIDUIXUEXICHANSHENGKANGJUXINLI。BANZHURENZHENDUIZHEIXIEXUESHENG,JINXINGYIDUIYIJIAOTAN,FAXIANZHEILEIXUESHENGPINGSHIZAIJIALIYESHIYIZHIQISHI,JIAZHANGDUIHAIZIYESHIBAIYIBAISHUN,HAIZIYOUSHENMEYAOQIU,JIAZHANGJIUXIANGJINYIQIEBANFAMANZUHAIZI。DANGHAIZIZAISHENGHUOZHONGYANGCHENGLEYILAIXINLI,ZAIXUEXISHANGZIRANYEBIJIAOBEIDONG。XUESHENGDEXUEXIZIZHUXINGBUGAOBUJINYINGXIANGXUESHENGZIJIDEXUEXICHENGJI,ERQIEHUIYINGXIANGBANJIQITAXUESHENG。DANGYIXIEXIAOJIDEXUESHENGJIANGZHEIZHONGBUDUANZHENGDETAIDUBIAOXIANCHULAI,TAZHOUWEIDEXUESHENGYEHUIZHUJIANDUIXUEXICHANSHENGYANJUANXINLI。ZHEIZHONGQINGXUZHUJIANMANYAN,JIANGHUICHANSHENGFEICHANGYANZHONGDEWENTI。

  三、优化农村初中班主任管理工作的策略

  (一)围绕“团结”和“纪律”两大主题,狠抓班风建设

赢发彩票代理   WANSHIKAITOUNAN,HAODEKAISHIYIWEIZHECHENGGONGLEYIBAN。ZAIJINXINGBANZHURENGUANLIGONGZUOSHI,WOMENBIXUDUIZHENGXIAYAO,GENJUNONGCUNCHUZHONGSHENGDEJUTIQINGKUANGHEWENTI,ZHUAZHUGUANJIANDIAN,ZHIDINGJUYOUZHENDUIXINGDEBANJIGUANLICELVE。CHUZHONGSHENGSHENGXINGHAODONG,PANNIXINLIQIANGLIE,GEXINGTEDIANTUCHU。HENDUOXUESHENGQUEFAJITIYISHI,BUNENGRONGRUDAOJITIZHONG。ZAIBANJIZHONGYOUDEXUESHENGMEIYOUJITIRONGYUGAN,CONGLAIBUCANJIAJITIHUODONG,SHENZHIZUOCHUYIXIEPOHUAIJITIHEXIEDEXINGWEI。ZHEIXIEWENTIBIXUJIZAOFAXIANBINGZHIZHI,YINDAOXUESHENGSHENRUDAOJITIZHONG,SHULIJITIYISHI,GONGJIANHEXIEJIJIDEBANJITI。

  ZAIJINXINGBANZHURENGUANLIGONGZUOSHI,JIAOSHIKEYIWEIRAO“TUANJIE”HE“JILV”LIANGDAZHUTI,HENZHUABANFENGXUEFENGJIANSHE。BANJIGUIZHANGSHIGUIFANXUESHENGXINGWEIDEZHONGYAOGONGJU。ZAIJIANSHEBANJITIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,JIAOSHIYIDINGYAOZHIDINGKEXUEDEBANJIGUIZHANGZHIDUHEJIANGCHENGZHIDU。JIAOSHIDUODUOKAIZHANBANJIHUODONG,WEIMEIGEXUESHENGTIGONGJITIHUODONGDEJIHUI,XUESHENGTONGGUOCANYUJITIHUODONG,JIASHENYUTONGXUEZHIJIANDEGANQING,ZENGQIANGJITIRENTONGGAN,XUESHENGYENENGGOUGENGJIATUANJIETONGXUE。

  (二)组建一支执行力强的班干部队伍

  HENDUOBANZHURENBAOYUANZIJIGONGZUOFANZHONG,ZIJIYIGERENYAOHEYIGEBANDEXUESHENGDOUZHIDOUYONG。ZHEIQUESHISHIYIJIANBURONGYIDESHIQING。NEIME,ZHENDUINONGCUNCHUZHONGDEXIANSHIQINGKUANG,BANZHURENTIGAOBANJIGUANLIGONGZUODEXIAOLV,YINGGAIZENMEZUONI。BIZHERENWEI,BANZHURENYINGGAIZHUANBIANSIWEI,DUOPEIYANGGUANLINENGLIQIANGDEXUESHENG,ZUJIANYIZHIZHIXINGLIQIANGDEBANGANBUDUIWU。YIGERENDELILIANGZONGSHIYOUXIANDE,BANZHURENYIGERENBUKENENGFAXIANSUOYOUXUESHENGDEWENTI。ZAIGUANLIGONGZUOZHONG,YAOLINGHUOBIANTONG,FAHUIBANGANBUDEZUOYONG。ZAIBANJIGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONG,BANZHURENKEYIDUOGUANCHABANJISHANGDEXUESHENG,TIAOXUANYIXIEZHIXINGLIQIANG,SHUOHUAYOUFENLIANGDEXUESHENG,XUANBAZHEILEIXUESHENGDANRENBANGANBU,XIEZHUBANZHURENGUANLIBANJI,ZHEIYENENGGOUDADAJIANGDIBANZHURENDEGONGZUONANDU。

  (三)建立多元化的班级评价机制

  ZAIGUANLIXUESHENGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,XUEXIPINGJIAGONGZUOHENZHONGYAO。BANZHURENYAOZUOHAOXUESHENGDESIXIANGGONGZUO。ZHENDUIXUESHENGXUEXIZIZHUXINGCHADEXIANSHIWENTI,BANZHURENYAOGENJUXUESHENGDEXUEXIWENTI,CHAQUEBULOU,YINDAOXUESHENGZHONGSHIXUEXI,RENZHENXUEXI,ZHUANBIANTAIDU,TOURUDAOXUEXIHUODONGZHONG。YAORANGXUESHENGZHUANBIANXUEXISIXIANGHETAIDU,KEYICONGXIJIERUSHOU,BIRUJIANLIBANJIPINGJIAJIZHI。LIRU,JIAOSHIHEXUESHENGHEZUO,ZHIDINGYIGEWANSHANDEBANJIPINGJIABIAO,PINGJIADEXIANGMUBAOKUOSIXIANGDAODE、JITIHUODONG、XUEXICHENGJIDENGGEGEFANGMIAN。WOMENYAOGAIBIANCHUANTONGDANYIDEPINGJIABIAOZHUN,ZHIDINGDUOYUANHUADEPINGJIAJIZHI。TONGGUOJIANLIDUOYUANHUADEPINGJIAJIZHI,YINDAOXUESHENGRENSHIDAOZISHENDEYOUDIANHEQUEDIAN。MEIGEXINGQIZUOYICIPINGJIAFANKUI,ZHENDUIXUESHENGDEXINGWEIBIAOXIAN,TICHUZHENDUIXINGDEJIANYI,BINGJISHIDUCUXUESHENGGAIJIN。

  四、小结

  ZONGERYANZHI,NONGCUNXUEXIAODEJIAOYUHUANJINGDUIXUESHENGDECHENGZHANGYOUZHEFEICHANGSHENYUANDEYINGXIANG。BANZHURENZUOWEIXUESHENGZAIRENSHENGDAOLUSHANGDEYINDAOZHE,YINGGAIRENZHENFUZE,GUANZHUXUESHENGDESHENXINZHUANGKUANGHEXUEXIZHUANGKUANG,PEIYANGXUESHENGJIANQUANDERENGE,WEIXUESHENGDEXUEXIYINGZAOLIANGHAODEXUEXIFENWEI。YINCI,BANZHURENGUANLIGONGZUOZHIGUANZHONGYAO。ZAIJIANSHEBANJITIDEGUOCHENGZHONG,WOMENJINGCHANGYUDAOHENDUOBUHEXIEDEQINGJING,XUESHENGZHIJIANDEGUANXIYEHENNANCHULI。CIWAI,CHUZHONGSHENGDEXUEXIZIJUEXINGBIJIAOCHA。ZHENDUICILEIWENTI,BANZHURENYINGGAICONGXIAOCHURUSHOU,JINJINWEIRAO“TUANJIE”HE“JILV”LIANGDAZHUTIJINXINGBANJIGUANLIHEJIANSHE。ZAIJIAOYUSHIJIANZHONG,XUYAOLUOSHIBANJIGUIZHANGZHIDU,ZHIDINGWANSHANDEBANJIGUANLITIXI,GOUJIANHEXIEJIJIDEBANJITI。

  参考文献

  [1] 蒋永贵.班级管理工作的实施:影响因素及实施建议——对浙江省某市初中科学课程实施的实证研究[J].教育研究与实验,2014,(04).
赢发彩票代理   [2] 王海燕.新课改背景下初中班主任工作中的问题与对策[J].西部素质教育,2017,(03).

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