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审美视角探讨“丑书作品”层出不穷的原因
发布时间:2020-01-17

  摘    要:赢发彩票代理 “丑书现象”作为当代书坛一个热点话题,备受争议。赞扬者肯定其多样性的表现手段,贬抑者则对于其挑战了传统书法的优雅底线大加斥责。是艺术理念与先锋还是艺术家的守滞?是大众审美的滞后还是粗浅的误读?这些问题的答案莫衷一是,充分反映出“丑书现象”的审美之难。本文试图通过“必然与偶发”、“趋同与多元”、“边界与突围”三个相反相成的维度分析丑书现象的历史沿革、形成原因与意义建构,力求准确的探讨这一现象。

  关键词: 审美之难; 书法; 丑书; 审美;

赢发彩票代理   XINSHIJIYILAI,BUFENSHUJIAZAICHUANGZUOFANGSHI、FENGGEBIAOXIANSHANGYUFABEILICHUANTONG,TIAOZHANCHUANTONGSHUFADESHENMEIFANSHI,YINERXINGCHENGLESUOWEIDE “CHOUSHU” XIANXIANG。TAMENBUZAIMANZUYUYICHUANTONGSHUXIEWEIJICHUDESHUFA,SHENZHIFANGQILEYI“BIFA、ZIFA、ZHANGFA、MOFA”WEIHEXINDESHENMEIZHUNZE,XUANZEGENGJIAXINYINGHEDUOYUANDEMEICAI,YIJIONGRANBUTONGDEMIANMAOCHUXIANZAIGELEIZHANLANZHONG。ZAIGELEI”CHOUSHUZUOPIN“CENGCHUBUQIONGDETONGSHIYEBANSUIZHEFENZHITALAIDEPIPING。ZHONGSHENGXUANHUA,PILIYANGQIUERMOZHONGYISHI。

  一、必然与偶发

  CHOUSHUXIANXIANGDECHUXIANJUYOUBIRANXING。ZAIDANGDAIYUJINGXIA,YOUQIZAIXIFANGMEIXUESIXIANGHEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGMEIXUEERZHEJIAOZHIYINGXIANGXIADESHUFAWUYONGZHIYIDECHENGWEILEGENGWEICHUNCUIDEYISHU。ZHEIJIZHONGTIXIANZAISHUFASHENMEIDEZHUANXIANGSHANG。YIFANGMIAN,SHENMEIFANGXIANGDEGAIBIANSUODUANLESHUFAFENGGEYANBIANDEZHOUQI。CONGZHUANDAOKAI,CONGFANDAOJIAN,HANZIDEYANTIBAOCHIZHEZHANGQIDEWENDINGXINGZOUGUOLE2000DUONIAN,DANGUOXIEZAIZHEIJISHINIANSHEHUIFAZHANDEJUDALANGCHAOZHIZHONG,ZEMIANDUIZHEQIANSUOWEIYOUDEGEJU。DUOYUANWENHUADEPENGZHUANG、RONGHEYUJIAOHUI,ZHEIJIDAILAILEGENGWEIGUANGKUODETURANG,YECUSHISHUFATANSUOZOUXIANGDUOZHONGDUOYANGDEBIRAN。

赢发彩票代理   QIER,CHOUSHUDEFENGGEMIANMAOJUYOUOUFAXING。ZHEIZHONGOUFALAIZIYUYISHUCHUANGZUOZISHENDEGUILV,ZHIDESHISHUXIECAILIAODEFENGFUXING、SHUXIEJIFADEDUOYANGXING,YIJICHUANGZUOGUOCHENGZHONGDEYIXIETUFAZHUANGKUANG,DOUKENENGDAOZHIOUFAXINGXIANXIANGDECHANSHENG;HUOSHIZAIDALIANGLIANXIDEJICHUZHISHANG,ZAIYOUJIRUDAODEGUOCHENGZHIZHONG,SUOCHANSHENGDEBIFA、ZHANGFAHUOZHEMOFADEMOUZHONGKAITUO。ERZHEIZHONGTESHUDE、FEIKEYIZHIZUOERCHANSHENGDEXIAOGUO,QUENENGJIRENDAILAISHIJUESHANGDECHONGJIHEXINLISHANGDEQUWEI。ZHEISHUOMINGDANGYULAIYUDUODESHUJIAZAITANSUOJIEGOUCHUANTONGDETUJINGZHISHI,CHOUSHUBIANCHENGWEILEQIZHONGDEYIZHONGXUANZE。

赢发彩票代理   BIRANXINGWEISHUFACHUANGZUOZHONGXIALEYIKEBUJUNIYUGUDEZHONGZI,OUFAXINGZEWEIZHEIKEZHONGZIDAILAILEKAIZHISANYE、JIECHUSHUOGUODEKENENG。

  二、趋同与多元

  在传统文化视域下回望中国书法发展历程,记录和传播是一直以来的首要意义,用于满足信息传递的实用需求。正基于此,书法在漫漫历史长河中,更多的是承担表意功能的文字的附庸,其实用性的特点被统治阶级带上了一条追求妍媚之路,使得书法的发展出现了严重的趋同性。
 

审美视角探讨“丑书作品”层出不穷的原因
 

赢发彩票代理   BULUNSHICAIYONGKANKE《XIPINGSHIJING》,ZUOWEIBIAOZHUNLISHU;HAISHILISHIMINJIE《WANGXIZHICHUANZAN》TUICHONGWANGSHU、FENGHUATIANXIA;YIHUOSHISONGDAIKANXINGCHUNHUAGETIEZUOWEIBIAOZHUNTIEXUEJIAYITUIGUANG;JIZHIMINGQINGZHIJIDETAIGETI、GUANGETI,“ZHUANGRUSUANZI,YIZIWANTONG”。ZHANGQIYILAI,SHUFAXUNZHETONGZHIJIEJIDEYIZHIYIBUYIQUDEFAZHAN,BIRANJILEIXUDUOXIANGTONGDETEDIAN,XINGCHENGXIANGJINDEMIANMAO,JUYOUXIANGDUIZHANGQIDEWENDINGXING。

  TONGSHI,ZHONGGUOSHUFAYESHENSHOURUJIAWENHUAYINGXIANG。KONGZICENGSHUO:ZHISHENGWENZEYE,WENSHENGZHIZESHI,WENZHIBINBIN,RANHOUJUNZI。“ZHEIZHONGXIANGFANXIANGCHENG,ZHONGHETONGYIDESHENMEIGUANCHENGWEIJIQIANNIANLAIZHONGGUOYISHUDEZHUIQIUMUBIAOHESHENMEIZHUNSHENG。”

  “KANGXIHAODONGERQIANLONGAIZHAO。”DIZHISHIDAIQUANLIDINGFENGDEGERENHAOEWANGWANGKEYIJUEDINGZHEYICHAOZHISHENMEI,YINDAOZHESHUYIWANJIDEWENRENSHIDAFUMENJINGXIANGMOFANGZHUIZHU,YOUCIYEJUEDINGLEZHEIXIEZHANGWOYISHUHUAYUQUANDEZHISHIJINGYINGSUODAIBIAODESHUFAFENGGE,ZAIHENDACHENGDUSHANGJUYOUTONGYIXING。

  TANGSHICHUANTONGSIXIANGDEJINGUHESHENMEIBIAOZHUNDEJIAOTIAOZHUBUKAIFANG,YI“BAIHUAQIFANG,BAIJIAZHENGMING”DEFANGZHENQUERDAIZHI,NEIMEJINRIZHISHUFA,SHIBIHUIDAPOCHENGUIJIUJU,ZOUSHANGYITIAOYUFADUOYUANDE“CHUANGXIN”ZHILU。

赢发彩票代理   ZHEIZHONGDUOYUANDEQUXIANG,YOUQIYISHUFAMEIJIEDEYANBIANWEIZHUDAO。SHUFAMEIJIEZHONGDEXINGSHIJIEZHI、ZHILIAOJIEZHI、GONGJUJIEZHIDENGMEIJIEDUISHUFAXINGSHIDEYANBIANDOUDAILAILESHENYUANDEYINGXIANG,BAOKUOXINGSHIJIEZHIZHUANBIANGUOCHENGZHONGDESHUXIEFANSHI、YANGBENHENEIRONGDEYANBIAN;ZHILIAOJIEZHIZHUANXINGZHONGDESHUXIEZAITI、YANLIAOYUPINGXINDEYANBIANDENGDENG。GEZHONGMEICAIDEZAROU,SHIJUEZAOXINGYUANSUDEJIERU,ZONGHECAILIAO、MEISHU、SHEYING、SHENZHIBOPUDENGQITAYISHUYUYANDESHENTOU,SHIDEDANGDAISHUFAYANSHENGCHUGENGWEIFENGFUDEBIAOXIANXINGSHI,YIYUANFEICHUANTONGSHULUNDE“QIZHENG”“XIANJUE”KEYICHANSHI。ZAIZHEIXIEXINGSHIZHONG,YOUXIESHUZHEFANGQILECHUANTONGWENZIYUYIBIAODADEYAOQIU,ERJINBAOLIUMAOBIDESHUXIEXING。YIGUWENDA、WANGDONGLINGDENGWEIDAIBIAO,JINYIBUTUOKUANSHUXIEDEWEIDU。GUWENDAKEYICHUANGZAOLEGEZHONGGEYANGDEWENZIYOUXIHESHUXIECUOWU。TAJIANGHANZISHUXIEKANZUOSHIYIZHONGWENHUAGUANLI,ERTAFAMINGCHULAIDESHUXIECUOWUJIUSHIDUIGEZHONGWENHUAGUANLIJINXINGPIPANHEZHIYI。TADEZAOQIZUOPIN《FENGSHUI》DAPOLEJIYOUDEZIFAGUIJU,JIANGBUTONGPIANPANGBUSHOUZUHEZAIYIQI,XINGCHENGXINDEJIEGOU,YONGYITIAOZHANCHUANTONGSHUFADEBIAOYIXING。

赢发彩票代理   WANGDONGLINGZESHIYUNYONGDUOMEIJIE、DUOSHIJIAO、JIAOHUHUANJINGDEDUOYUANHUACHUANGZUOSILUJINXINGXIANDAISHUFADECHUANGZUO。WANGDONGLINGDE《BIANLUANSHU》、《SHUFEISHU》DENGZUOPINTONGGUOYASUOXIANTIAOZHIJIANDEBUBAIKONGJIAN,ZAIXINGSHISHANGBAITUOLECAOSHUDESHIDUXINGYAOQIU。YOUXIESHUZHEZERENGRANZUNXUNCHUANTONGDEHANZISHUXIEXINGSHI,CONGXINGQIHEBUJULAIZHUIQIUGURENNEIZHONGBUYOUCHENGFAERJIFUTIANQUDESHUXIEYIYUN,YIFANPUGUIZHENDESHUXIEZITAILAILIZHENGDADAOCHAOFANTUOSUDEJINGJIE。PIRUCENGXIANGDE“HOUSHU”,ZAICHUANGZUOGUOCHENGZHONGQILIBINGJIN,XIANTIAOCUFANG、ZAOXINGKUAZHANG,YIQIHUIDAOSHUFAZUIYUANSHIDESHENGCUNZHUANGTAI。TACENGDUOCITIJI:“DANGDAISHUFAJIADECHULUSHIHUIDAOSHUFADEYUANTOU,WOMENYINGGAIQUZHUIWENWANGXIZHISHICONGNALILAIDE,WANGXIZHIBUSHIYUANTOU,SHUFADEYUANTOUZAIQINHANZHUANLI。”

  ZHANGQIYILAI,WENDINGDEZHENGZHISHEHUIHUANJINGHEZHONGYONGDERUJIAMEIXUESIXIANGGONGTONGDAILAILESHUFAYISHUDESHENMEIQUTONG,DANGHUANJINGBIANHUA、SIXIANGGEXINZEWUYONGZHIYIDEDAPOLEJIUYOUDESHUFACHUANGZUOFANGSHI,ZOUXIANGDUOYUANSHIYIZHONGBIRAN。

  三、边界与突围

赢发彩票代理   ZAIYISHANGLIANGGEBUFENWOMENFENXILECHOUSHUXIANXIANGCHUXIANDEBIRANXINGYUOUFAXING,BINGTONGGUOLIEJUBUFENSHUJIAJIQIZUOPINJIANYAOCHANSHULEDANGXIACHOUSHUDEFENGGEYUCHENGXIAN。JIRANCHOUSHUXIANXIANGBIRANFASHENG,YEZHENGYIYIZHONGJINGPENDEZHUANGTAIBUDUANYONGXIAN,YOUFALEGUANYU“SHENMEIZHINAN”DEZHONGZHONGYIHUO,NEIMETAOLUNDEHEXINZIRANERRANDEZHIXIANG:WOMENRUHEQUEDINGCHOUSHUDEBIANJIE?

  ZAIJIYOUWENXIANZHONG,CHENFANGJIXIANSHENGDUIYUCHOUSHUYOUGUOZHEIYANGDEDINGYI:“YOUBIEYUCHUANTONGDEPINGZHENGZHISHI,YUTONGJIANDETIESHUBEISHUMIANMUBUTONG,LINGJUYIZHONGFENGMAO、LINGYOUYIZHONGYIQUDESHUFAXINGTAI。”SUOWEI“FENGMAO”YU“YIQU”DENGCHOUXIANGDECIHUI,QIASIJICHOUSHUZHAOSHANGYICENGMENGLONGDEMIANSHA,SHIZHIGENGJIAPUSHUOMILI。RUGUOYUANYINZHEIYIDINGYI,ZESHOUXIANXUYAOJIAYIMINGQUEDESHIHEWEI“FENGMAO”,HEWEI“YIQU”。RUGUOYOUCIZHANKAI,NEIMESHIBIHUIXIANRULINGYIZHONGMOLENGLIANGKEDEJINGDI。

  YOUJIANYUCI,WOMENYAOSHOUDANGQICHONGDEZHICHU,“SHUXIEXING”DEZHONGYAOCHENGDU。BAIDIJIAOSHOUCENGSHUO:SHUXIEXINGSHISHUFAYISHUQUBIEYUQITAYISHUDE“GUIDINGXING”,LIKAISHUXIEZEBUNENGCHENGWEISHUFA。YINCI,CHOUSHUZUOWEISHUFAYISHUDEYIGEZIJI,CHOUSHUZUOPINYESHIBIJUBEISHUXIEXING。DANGWOMENLIQINGZHEIYIGAINIAN,NEIMEXUDUOBAOHANSHUFAZAOXINGYUANSUDEYISHUFANGSHIHUOXINGWEIZEBEIPAICHUZAIWAI。PIRUSHAOYANXIANSHENGCENGYINFAREYIDESHIYONGZHUSHEQICHUANGZUODE“SHEMOSHUFA”;BINGQISHUXIEXINGDE“SHIYANSHUIMO”“XINSHUIMO”DENGDENG。

  WOMENBUBIJIYUJIANGNEIXIEYICHOUDUOMUDEJIEGOUHUOZAIXIANDEZUOPINGUANZHIYI“CHOUSHU”DEMINGHAO。WOMENXUYAOTAOLUNDESHI,CHOUSHUZUOPINSHIFOUJUYOUCHUANTONGSHUFATIEXUEHUOBEIXUEDEGENJI,YOUSHIFOUZAICHUANTONGGENJIZHISHANGYOUZHEXIANERYIJIANDETUPOYUCHUANGXIN。RUOFEIRUCI,ZHINENGYITOUZHAJINMANWUBIANJIDELUNZHENGZHONGQU;HUOQIANCHANGZHEZHI,BULUNXINGSHIHUOZHENEIHANDOUWUFASHENRU。

赢发彩票代理   CHUANTONGSHUXUEKESHOU“YUGUWEITU”DELINIAN,BULUNYANLUGONGZUO《SHUZHANGZHANGSHIBIFASHIERYI》BIAOMINGJIFADECHUANCHENGYOUXU,HAISHIMIFEIBIANLINZHUJIA,ZONGERCHENGZHIDE“BAMIANCHUFENG”。ZAIGUOQUQINGSHILIUMINGDESHUZHEZONGSHIZAIJUBEISHENHOUCHUANTONGGENJIDEQIANTIXIABUDUANJINXINGTUWEIDENULI。

赢发彩票代理   ERGUANYUZHEIZHONGTUWEIDENULIHECHENGGUOCAISHIWOMENJINTIANTANTAODEHEXIN。

赢发彩票代理   CHOUSHUDECHUXIAN,ZHENGSHIZHEIZHONGTUWEIDENULIDEJIEGUOZHIYI。BIAOXIANWEIYIBUFENSHUFAJIATUPOWENHUAFANLI,JIEJIANXIFANGMEIXUESIXIANGHEYIJINGSHANGYOUYIWEIDAIBIAODERIBENXIANDAISHUDAO,KAIQI“XIANDAISHUFA”DEXUMU,ZHEIYI1985NIANZAIZHONGGUOMEISHUGUANKAIZHANDE《XIANDAISHUFASHOUZHAN》WEIDAIBIAO。YIBUFENSHUJIAZEBUYIYULIDIDUIJINGDIANTIEXUEYIYIJINXINGGEXINGHUAXIAOJIE,SHENSHENZHAGENYUBENTUDEWENHUATURANGZHONG,XIANGYUANSHENGZHUANGTAIXIADESHUFA、XIANGQINHANZHUANLIXUNQIUBIANGEKONGJIANYUJINGSHENLILIANG。

  CHOUSHUXIANXIANGSHIDANGDAISHUJIABUDUANJINXINGXIANSHITUWEIDEBIAOXIANZHIYI。TABULUNSHIZUOWEIYIZHONGTAOLIJIDINGCHUANTONGDEFANKANG,SHITUKUAYUEBEITIEFANLIHEWENRENSHUFADEZHONGZHONGJINJI;HAISHIZAISHUFALIUBIANZHONG,ZHUISUQIYUAN,XUNZHAOXINDESHIJUEJINGYAN,XIAOCHUZISHENDE“SHENFENJIAOLV”,TADOUJUYOUZHIDEKENDINGDEJIJIYIYI。

  ZHONGGUOSHUFAJUYOUTESHUDEBIAOXIANXINGSHIHEGUANGFANDEQUNZHONGXING,WOMENWUFACONGQITASHIJUEYISHUPUXIZHONGZHAODAOXIANGYINGDECANZHAO,GUDAIWENRENSUOCHUANGZAODESHENMEIFANSHI,BIANCHENGWEIWEIYIDESHENMEIBIAOZHUN。BUDUANTIAOZHANZHEIZHONGSHENMEIBIAOZHUNDECHOUSHUZUOPIN,BIRANHUITIAOZHANSHOUZHONGGENSHENDIGUDESHENMEIXINLIJIXIAN。ZHEIFANYINGCHUDUIYUDANGDAISHUJIAERYAN,RUHEZAIDAZHONGSHENMEIHEYISHUCHUANGXINZHONGZHAODAOPINGHENG,JINENGHUODECHENGSHIGONGGONGKONGJIANCENGMIANSHANGDAZHONGDELIJIE、MEITIDEZHENGSHI,YOUNENGHUODEYISHUDEJINYI,CHENGWEILEYIGEXINDETIAOZHAN;ERDUIYULILUNXUEZHEERYAN,JIANLIYIGEGENGWEIMINGQUEDEXIANDAISHUFALILUNYUPINGJIATIXIZECHENGWEILEPOQIEDEXUQIU。

赢发彩票代理   WEIQIRUSHI,“CHOUSHU”ZHIZUOCAINENGZAIXUNQIUCONGGONGJUCAIZHIZHIBIANDAOJINGSHENYIYUNSHENGHUADEGUOCHENGZHONGWEISHUFAYISHUDEFAZHANZHURUYUANYUANBUDUANDEHUOLI。ERBUJINJINZHISHI“ZHONGGUOSHUFADEHELIXINGBUCHONG。”

  参考文献

  [1][4]白砥.中和:书法的审美标准[J].美术观察,2008(06):18-19.
  [2]王民德.曾翔的先锋性书法[J].法人,2011(10):84-85.
赢发彩票代理   [3]陈方既.从“丑书”的观赏说起[J].中国书法,2014,(11):180- 182.

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