赢发彩票代理

上海代写论文网专业提供代写毕业论文、代写本科论文服务
您现在的位置:赢发彩票代理 > 农业论文 > 园林论文 >
道路绿地设计原则与树种选择
发布时间:2020-01-16

  摘    要: 城市道路作为城市最主要的组成部分发挥着疏导城市交通的重要功能,同时道路绿地作为城市绿地的一部分亦起着增加城市的绿化率、美化道路景观和改善城市生态环境的重要作用,因此,道路绿化设计绝非种几棵行道树那般简单,阐述了城市道路绿化设计中的要点。

  关键词: 道路绿化; 设计原则; 主要形式; 树种选择;

  1、 道路绿地功能分析

  1.1、 引导城市交通

  SUIZHERENMENSHENGHUOSHUIPINGDETIGAO,JIACHECHUXINGYISHIDANGDAIRENDEZHULIUCHUXINGFANGSHI。DAOLULVDIDESHEZHI,RUZAIWANDAODELVDILIANXUZHENGQIDISHEZHI,NENGGOUXIANGJIASHIYUANYUGAODAOLUZOUSHI,YINDAOJIASHIYUANDESHIXIAN[1],SHIJIASHIYUANNENGGOUZAIFEIZHIXINGDAOSHANGTIQIANZUOCHUXINGCHEPANDUAN,CHUCIZHIWAI,LVSEZHIWUYOUZHUYUHUANJIESHIJUEPILAO,YINERSHEZHIDAOLULVDI,KEZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIANGDIYINLUKUANGFUZADAOZHIDEJIASHIYUANXINGCHEYUPANCUOWUDEGAILV,JIANXIAOSHIGUFASHENGLV,CONGERQIDAOYINDAOCHENGSHIJIAOTONGDEZUOYONG。

  1.2、 美化城市道路

赢发彩票代理   GANGJINSHUINIDECONGLIN,CHONGCHIZHEGONGYEHUADEMEIXUEZHUIQIU,LIQINGPUCHUDEHUISEZHANGLONGZAIDADISHANGPUFUWANYAN,KEBANDERANGRENPIBEI。DAOLULVDIDESHEZHI,WUYICHENGWEIXINGLURENYANJINGLIDEYIMOXIANHUO,YESHIZHEIHUISEZHANGLONGZHIJIANYUEDONGDESHENGLING,TAMENBUTONGYUYANLIAOYOUQITUMOCHUDEGUZHIMEI,TAMENSHICHENGSHIDEWEIJIN,SUIZHESIJIBIANGENGZHECHUNJINGDE,MEIYOUJIAQUANQIWEIDEYANSE。YOULEDAOLULVDI,CHENGSHIDAOLUJIUBUZAIZHISHIHUISESHIJIE,DAOLULVDIDEPEIZHIZHIWUJIANGQUERDAIZHI,YIGENGJIAMEILIDEZITAICHENGWEICHENGSHIDAOLUDESEDIAOZHUXUANLV。

  1.3、 改善生态环境

  车水马龙的路段,喧嚣嘶鸣的不仅是这些四轮铁骑,还有漫天尘土和汽车尾气。道路绿地的设置,不仅能提高城市绿化率,还可以有效打击这些放肆的灰尘,同时吸收一氧化氮等汽车废气,起到净化城市生态空气的作用。此外,道路绿地又能作为隔离带,一定程度上吸收和隔离噪声,降低车辆带来的城市噪声污染,从而起到改善生态环境的功效。
 

道路绿地设计原则与树种选择
 

  2 、道路绿地设计原则

  2.1、 美学原则

  ZAIZHIWUPEIZHISHANG,YINGHELIDAPEIQIAOGUANCAO,XINGCHENGXIEDIAOYOUZHIDEZHIWUQUNLUO,LIQIUJIXINGRENYIJIANYUEGUIZHENGERYOUBUSHIYAZHIDEGANSHOU,SUOXUANQIAOMUYINGGUIGETONGYI,GUANDAYINNONG,XIARIKEYIGONGXINGRENNALIANGZHEYIN。DAOLULVDIDEMEIGUANZHENGJIE,JISHIXIANLELVDIDEGUANSHANGJIAZHI,YOUNENGGOUGENGHAODIYINDAOJIASHIYUANDESHIXIAN,CUJINQIGONGNENGJIAZHIDEJINYIBUSHIXIAN。

  2.2 、生态原则

  DAOLULVDIDESHEJIXUYAOZUNCONGSHENGTAIYUANZE,HELIPEIZHIZHIWU。SUOXUANZHIWUYINGSHIYINGBENTUQIHOU,JIANGUHUASESHILING,JIJIEXINGYAOMINGXIAN,YUZHOUWEIJIANZHUXIEDIAO。ZAIHELIPEIZHIZHIWUDEJICHUSHANG,XUANQUKANGWURAN,KEJINGHUAKONGQIDEZHIWU。CIWAIXUKAOLVZHIWUDEQIWEISHIFOUCIBI,LUOHUALUOGUOSHIFOUHUIYINGXIANGDAOLUZHUANGKUANGDENGWENTI,JIYAOZONGHEKAOLVLVDISHOUMINGHELVDIDUIZHOUZAOHUANJINGDEYINGXIANGSUODAOZHIDEDUIXINGRENXINLIHEXINGCHEDEYINGXIANG,YIDADAOLVDIYUDAOLUHERENDEHEXIEGONGCUN。

  2.3、 和谐统一原则

  DAOLULVDISHEJIYAOCONGZHANGYUANDE,KECHIXUDE,HEXIETONGYIDEFANGXIANGKAOLV,SUSHENGSHUZHONGHEMANSHENGSHUZHONGBILIYINGXIEDIAO,TONGSHISHILVDIZUIDACHENGDURONGHEHUANJINGTIAOJIAN,YUCHENGSHIQITALVDILEIXINGDEZHONGZHIFENGGEXIEDIAOTONGYI,SHIXIANHEXIEMEI。LINGWAI,XUXIEDIAOHAODAOLULVDIDEDUOZHONGGONGNENG,BINGXUYIJUMEIXUEYUANZEDUILVDIJINXINGJINGGUANJIANSHE,BAOZHENGCHENGSHILVHUATIXIJIANKANG,LIANGXING,ZHANGYUANDIFAZHAN。

  3、 道路绿地横断面主要形式

  3.1 、一板两带式

  CIZHONGZHIFANGSHISHIYONGYUCHENGSHICIGANDAOHEZHILU,YECHANGYUNYONGYUXIANGCUNDAOLUDELVHUA。QIXIANZHETEDIANSHIJIDONGCHEHEFEIJIDONGCHEGONGYONGYITIAOXINGCHEDAO,RENXINGDAOFENBUYUZHONGZHIDAILIANGCE,SHUZHONGYIBANXUANZE1ZHONGHUO2ZHONGTONGGUIGEDEQIAOMUCHENGPAIZHONGZHI,ZHONGZHIXINGSHIJIAOWEIJIANDAN。CIXINGSHIDEYOUDIANSHIZAOJIADI、BIANYUSHIGONG、SHIYONGJINGJI,SHIZUICHANGJIANDEYIZHONGDAOLULVHUAXINGSHI,DANZAIJIAOKUANDELUDUANZHEYINXIAOGUOBUHAO,CIWAIQIMEIXUEJIAZHIBUGOUTUCHU。

  3.2、 两板三带式

  CIZHONGZHIFANGSHICHANGYONGYUGAOSUGONGLUDEDAOLULVHUA,ZAIYIBANLIANGDAIDEJICHUSHANGJIALEDAOLUZHONGJIANDELVHUADAI,ZAIYONGDIJINZHANGDEDIDUAN,YONGLANGANDAITILVZHI。CIXINGSHIJIANGDAOLUFENCHENGSHUANGXIANGXINGSHIDE2TIAOCHEDAO[2],ZHONGJIANDELVHUADAIKEZHONGZHIQIAOMU,YEKEXUANQUGUANMUHUOCAOBENHUAHUI。QIYOUDIANSHISHANGXIAXINGCHEDAOXIANGDUIDULI,ZHONGJIANDELVZHIHAIKEJIANSHAOSHUANGXIANGXINGSHICHELIANGZHIJIANDEHUXIANGGANRAO,BAOZHENGXINGCHEANQUAN[3],MEIXUEJIAZHIHEGAISHANHUANJINGDEZUOYONGXIANGBIYIBANLIANGDAISHIGENGWEITUCHU。

  3.3、 三板四带式

  CIZHONGZHIFANGSHISHIYONGYUCHENGSHIZHUGANDAO,ZAIYIBANLIANGDAISHIDEJICHUSHANGZAIQIWAIWEIJIALE2TIAODAOLUJIQILIANGPANGDELVHUADAI,ZAIPINGMIANSHANGJIANGDAOLUHUAFENCHENG3GEKONGJIAN,1TIAOJIDONGCHEDAOHE2TIAOSHANGXIAXINGFEIJIDONGCHEDAO,JIEJUELEYIBANLIANGDAISHICHUXIANDEJIDONGCHEHEFEIJIDONGCHEGONGYONG1TIAODAOLUDEWENTI。QIZHONGZHIXINGSHILINGHUO,CHANGJIANDEXINGSHIYOUQIAOMULIEZHI、QIAOMULVLIDAPEIZHONGZHIYIJIQIAOMUGUANMUQIUDAPEIZHONGZHIDENG。CIZHONGZHIXINGSHIDEYOUDIANSHIDAOLUDEANQUANXINGNENGGENGGAO,ZHEYINXIAOGUOJIAOZHIYIBANLIANGDAIYOUMINGXIANTISHENG,GAISHANSHENGTAIHUANJINGDEGONGNENGGENGJIATUCHU,MEIHUACHENGSHIDAOLUDEGONGNENGYEGENGWEIXIANZHE。

  3.4 、四板五带式

  CIZHONGZHIFANGSHISHIYONGYUCHESUJIAOGAODECHENGSHIZHUGANDAO,SHILIANGBANSANDAIHESANBANSIDAIDEJIEHE,GONGYOU4TIAOXINGCHEDAO,2TIAOJIDONGCHEDAOHE2TIAOFEIJIDONGCHEDAO,MEIYILEICHEDAOYOUFENSHANGXIAXINGDAO,SHIDAOLUZHONGCHELIUDEXINGSHIZHIXUXINGGENGQIANG。CIZHONGZHIXINGSHIDEYOUDIANWEIXUANYONGZHIWUZHONGLEIFENGFU,SUOYINGZAODEJINGGUANXIAOGUOXIANZHE,NENGYOUXIAOGAISHANDAOLULIANGPANGHUANJING。QUEDIANSHIYONGDIMIANJIJIAODA,ZAISHIGONGSHIZHONGJIANDELVHUADAICHANGYONGLANGANDAITILAIJIANXIAOZHANDIMIANJI。

  4 、道路绿地树种选择

  4.1 、适地适树

  YIFANGSHUITUBUJINYANGYUYIFANGREN,GENGYANGYUZHEYIFANGZHIWU。SUOYAOXUANZEDEDAOLULVHUAZHIWU,YINGSHIYIDANGDIDEQIHOUTIAOJIAN,XUANYONGSHUZHONGSHI,XUYIXIANGTUSHUZHONGWEIZHU,XIANGTUSHUZHONGJUYOUCHENGHUOLVGAO、BIANYUGUANLI、ZAOJIADIDENGYOUDIAN,CHUCIZHIWAI,KESHIDANGXUANQUSHIYIZAIDANGDISHENGZHANGDEWAILAISHUZHONG,YIBAOZHENGZHONGZHISHUZHONGDECHENGHUOLV,BAOZHENGQIKEDADAOYUQIJINGGUANXIAOGUO。

  4.2 、抗污染

  CHENGSHIDAOLUDECHELIULIANGFEICHANGDA,SUIZHIERLAIDESHIDALIANGDEQICHEWEIQI,QICHEWEIQIZHONGHANYOUDALIANGDEYIYANGHUATAN、TANQINGHUAHEWU、DANYANGHUAHEWU、ERYANGHUALIU、YANCHENWEILIDENGWURANWU,ZHEIXIEWURANWUHUIDUIBUFENZHIWUDESHENGZHANGZAOCHENGYIDINGDEYINGXIANG,SHENZHIHUIDAOZHIYIXIESHUZHONGSIWANG。YINCI,DAOLULVHUAXUANQUDEZHIWUYAOYOUJIAOQIANGDEKANGWURANDENENGLI,KEXISHOUYIYANGHUATAN、ERYANGHUALIU、DANYANGHUAHEWUDENGWURANWU,ZAIELIEDEHUANJINGTIAOJIANXIAYENENGJIANKANGSHENGZHANG。

  4.3 、耐贫瘠

  YIBANQINGKUANGXIA,DAOLULIANGPANGDELVHUASHIZAIDAOLUSHIGONGWANCHENGHOUCAIJINXING,ERDAOLUZAISHIGONGGUOHOUGEZHONGDAOLUSHIGONGCAILIAOSHIZHOUWEIDETUDIBIANDEJIWEIPINJI,PINJIDETUDIDUIZHIWUDESHENGZHANGJIWEIBULI,ZAIZHEIYANGDEQINGKUANGXIAJINXINGDAOLULVHUADUISHUZHONGDEXUANZEYOUZHEFEICHANGGAODEYAOQIU,YINCI,WEILEBAOZHENGSHUZHONGCHENGHUOYIJIJINGGUANXIAOGUO,XUXUANQUNAIPINJIDESHUZHONG,YISHIYINGXIANZHUANGHUANJING。

  4.4 、管理粗放

赢发彩票代理   DAOLULVHUASUOYONGDESHUZHONGXUGUANLICUFANG,YOUQISHIGAOSUGONGLULIANGPANGDELVHUASHUZHONG,YOUYUQISHENGZHANGDETESHUHUANJING,SHIZHIWUDEYANGHUGUANLIJIAOWEIKUNNAN,JISHISHICHENGSHIGANDAO,LAILAIWANGWANGDECHELIUYEWEIZHIWUDEYANGHUGUANLIZENGJIALENANDU,YINCI,WEIBAOZHENGDAOLULIANGPANGDELVHUADADAOYIDINGDEXIAOGUO,XUANYONGDESHUZHONGXUGUANLICUFANGCAIKE,BUXUJINGCHANGXINGYANGHUGUANLIBIANKEDADAOYUQIDEXIAOGUO。

  4.5 、抗病虫害

  DAOLULVHUAXUXUANYONGKANGBINGCHONGHAINENGLIJIAOQIANGDESHUZHONG,DAOLULVHUASHUZHONGJIAOWEIDANYI,RONGYIYINFABINGCHONGHAI,CIWAIZHANGCHONGDESHUMUHUIDUIDAOLUSHANGDECHELIANGYIJILUBIANDEXINGRENCHUXINGDAILAIYIDINGDEBUBIAN,BUJINPOHUAILEDAOLUDEMEIGUANXING,ERQIEJIANGDILEDAOLULIANGPANGSHENGTAIHUANJINGDEGONGNENG。YINCI,XUXUANYONGNENGKANGBINGCHONGHAIDESHUZHONG。

  4.6 、耐修剪

赢发彩票代理   WEIBAOZHENGXINGCHEANQUANHEDAOLUDEMEIGUANXING,DAOLULIANGPANGDEZHIWULVHUAXUZHENGQIGUIZHENG,QIAOMUXUXIUJIANCHENGFENZHIDIANGAODUTONGYI,SHUXINGJIJINYIZHI,GUANMUDEXIUJIANYAOQIUJIAOQIAOMUGENGGAO,WULUNSHIGUANMUQIUYIHUOLVLIDOUXUYAODAFUDUXIUJIAN,YINCI,DAOLULVHUAXUANYONGZHIWUXUNAIXIUJIAN。

  参考文献

  [1]陈观贵.城市道路园林景观设计和植物配置的原则与实施要点.城市建筑,2013
  [2]李婷.杭州上城区道路绿化景观设计研究.浙江农林大学硕士学位论文,2011
赢发彩票代理   [3]王桂萍.城市道路绿化设计探究.北京林业大学硕士学位论文,2008

对应分类:
下一篇:没有了
版权所有:上海论文网专业权威的论文代写、论文发表的网站,秉承信誉至上、用户为首的服务理念,服务好每一位客户
本站部分论文收集于网络,如有不慎侵犯您的权益,请您及时致电或写信告知,我们将第一时间处理,邮箱:shlunwen@163.com