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草本花卉在城市绿化中的运用与趋势
发布时间:2020-01-16

  摘    要: 现代化建筑工程施工中城市绿化是非常重要的环节。随着近年来我国建筑行业的飞速发展,人们对城市绿化越来越重视。进行城市绿化可以有效地改善人们的生活环境和周围的空气质量、使得现代化建筑物更美观,满足人们对现代建筑物的要求。但在城市绿化实际应用中还存在很多问题亟待解决。将简要分析草花在城市绿化中的应用及城市绿化的未来发展,希望可以为相关人士在日后的工作、学习中提供参考。

  关键词: 城市绿化; 草花植物; 未来发展; 城市绿化应用;

  SUIZHEWOGUOXIANDAIJINGJIDEFEISUFAZHAN,RENMENDUIJUZHUHUANJINGDEYAOQIUYUELAIYUEGAO,WOGUOXIANZAIZHENGZAIDAFANWEIJINXINGCHENGSHILVHUAJIANSHE,BANSUIZHEWOGUOCHENGSHILVHUAJIANSHEDEFEISUFAZHANYECHUXIANLEXUDUOWENTI,RUGUOBUJISHIJIEJUEZHEIXIEWENTI,BIJIANGYINGXIANGCHENGSHILVHUADEFAZHAN,GUOQUDECHENGSHILVHUAGONGZUOZHISHIDANCHUNDEZAIJIANZHUWUZHOUWEIZAIZHONGYIXIESHUMU、HUACAO,ZHEIZHONGCUOSHIBINGBUNENGGAISHANKONGQIZHILIANGHERENMENDEJUZHUHUANJING。CAOBENZHIWUHEHUAHUIZAICHENGSHILVHUAZHONGQIDAOLEFEICHANGDADEZUOYONG,YESHICHENGSHILVHUAZHONGYINGYONGZUIGUANGFANDEZHIWU,MUQIANCAOHUAZAICHENGSHILVHUAZHONGZHISHIQIDAOLEJIANDANDEZHUANGSHIZUOYONG。JIANGJIANYAOFENXICHENGSHILVHUAZHONGCAOBENZHIWUHEHUAHUIDEYINGYONGHEWEILAIFAZHANFANGXIANG。

  1 、城市绿化定义以及城市绿化的作用

  1.1 、城市绿化的定义

  CHENGSHILVHUASHIZAIYIDINGDEDIYUYUNYONGGONGCHENGJISHUHEYISHUSHOUDUAN,LIYONGGEZHONGSHOUDUANGAIZAODIXING,JIANSHEJIASHAN、RENGONGHUBO、ZHONGZHIHUACAOSHUMU。JIANSHEYICHUJIJIANZHUWU、ZIRANJINGGUANYUYITIDEZIRANHUANJINGHEYOUQIJINGYU,CHENGWEICHENGSHILVHUA。CHENGSHILVHUAGENJUJIANZHUDEYONGTUBUTONGHAIKEYIFENWEIJIANDANDECHENGSHILVHUA、TINGYUAN、ZHAIYUAN、XIAOYOUYUAN、HUAYUAN、GONGYUAN、ZHIWUYUAN、DONGWUYUANDENG。

  1.2、 城市绿化的作用

  城市绿化可以有效地改善城市风貌,城市绿化工作对城市风貌的建设至关重要,城市绿化可以改善城市环境、净化空气,减小城市噪音污染;城市绿化可以有效地控制扬尘,尘土污染是目前大气污染的主要因素之一,实施城市绿化可以减少城市中尘土的产生;城市绿化可以有效地改善大众的心理、生理、情绪,某项研究报告显示各种绿色植物可以有效地改善人们的心情。城市绿化不仅可以装饰建筑物使得建筑物更加美观,还可以在一定程度上调解人们的心情,满足人们回归自然的需求。城市绿化可以满足所有居民的需求,例如:给儿童提供游玩场地;给老年人提供锻炼场所;还可以缓解上班族焦虑烦躁的情绪。
 

草本花卉在城市绿化中的运用与趋势
 

  2、 草本花卉在城市绿化中的应用

  2.1、 城市绿化中常用草本花卉的种类

赢发彩票代理   CHANGYONGCAOHUADAZHIKEFENWEICHUANTONGPINZHONGHEYINJINZAIPEIYOULIANGPINZHONG2DALEI。CHUANTONGPINZHONGYOUYICHUANHONG、WANSHOUJU、SANSEMAN、JINZHANJU、JINYUCAO、SHIZHU、MEINVYING、TAIYANGHUA、MEIRENJIAODENG,YOUYUYINGYONGSHIJIANZHANG,WEIRENMENSUOSHUXI。YINJINZAIPEIYOULIANGPINZHONGYOUAIQIANNIU、FEIZHOUFENGXIAN、AISHENGXIANGRIKUI、ZAJIAOTIANZHUKUI、HUOXIANGJIDENG。HAIYOUYILEICAOPINGZUHUA,CAIYONG15ZHONGYISHANGDEYINIANSHENGHEDUONIANSHENGYEHUAHUNHEERCHENG,QIZHONGDADUOSHUYINIANSHENGYEHUAJUYOUZIBOFANYANNENGLI,DUONIANSHENGDEYEHUAKE3~5NIANBUXUYAOZHONGXINBOZHONG,SHIYINGNENGLIQIANG,QIJIANZHI、ZAIPEI、YANGHUCHENGBENJIAODI,SECAI、HUAXINGDUOYANG,CHUN、XIA、QIUJIKELIANXUKAIHUA,SHENGMINGLIQIANG,SHENGZHANGQIZHANG,GUANGFANYINGYONGYUGONGYUAN、GUANGCHANG、DAOLU、GAOERFUQIUCHANG、ZHUZHAIXIAOQUHETINGYUANLVHUA[1]。

  2.2 、草花的选择标准

  DAOLULVHUAZHONGDECAOHUA,YOUJIAOQIANGDEZHUANGSHIHEMEIHUAXIAOGUO,NENGFENGFUZHIWUJIANDECENGCIHESECAI,JUYOUFANGHUHEGUANSHANGDESHUANGZHONGZUOYONG。JIANCHISHIDISHIHUA、YINDIZHIYIDEYUANZE,XUANZEHESHIDEPINZHONG,FANGNENGSHIBANGONGBEI。YOULIANGDECAOHUA,YINGJUBEIYIXIATIAOJIAN,HUASEFENGFU,SECAIXIANYAN,GUANSHANGXINGHAO,WUDUWUYIWEI,BINGCHONGHAISHAO;ZHIZHUDIAI,CONGSHENGXINGQIANG,SHENGZHANGJIANZHUANG,HUAGUANZHENGQI,HUAQITONGYI,CHIXUKAIHUASHIJIANJIAOZHANG;SHENGZHANGXUNSU,GUANLICUFANG,SHIYINGXINGQIANG,NAIYIZHI,SHIHELUDIZAIPEIHEGUIMOHUASHENGCHAN;FANYURONGYI,CHENGBENDI,XINGZHUANGWENDING,YIYUTUIGUANGYINGYONG[2]。

  2.3、 草花的应用形式

  CAOHUAYINGYONGYUDAOLULVHUAZHONG,ZHUYAOZHIZAIDAOLUHONGXIANFANWEINEIDEDAOLULVDAI、JIAOTONGDAOLVDI、GUANGCHANGLVDIHETINGCHECHANGLVDIDENGCHUYONGCAOBENHUAHUIZHUANGDIANHEMEIHUAJIEJING,YILITIHUATAN、PINGMIANHUATANDEXINGSHICHUXIAN。LITIHUATAN,ZHUYAOYUNYONGHUAZHU、HUAQIU、HUABO、HUACHE、HUAQIANGDENGMOXINGSHIHUATANJINXINGCHUIZHIMEIHUAZHUANGSHI,CHANGSHEZAICHURUKOUHUOXIANZHEWEIZHI,ZHUIQIULIMIANGUANSHANGXIAOGUO,YISHUXINGQIANG,BIJIAOFEIGONGFEILIAO;PINGMIANHUATAN,YOUFENLINSHIXINGHUATANHEYONGJIUXINGHUATAN。LINSHIXINGHUATAN,ZHUYAOZAIZHONGDAJIERIHUOQINGDIANHUODONGZHONGCHUXIAN,DUOSHUYIPENHUABAIFANGDEFANGSHIJINXINGBUZHI,WAIXINGWEIZHENGQIDEJIHETUXING;YONGJIUXINGHUATANYINGYONGZUIGUANG,TONGCHANGZHOUNIANJINXINGCAOHUADEZHONGZHIHEGENGHUAN,JIANGHUAHUITUOPENHOU,YICHENGPIANHUOCHENGLIEZHONGZHIDEFANGSHI,ZAICAOPINGZHONGDIANZHUIHUAJINGHUOLVDINEIZHONGZHIHUACONG、HUADAI、HUATAN,ZHANXIANHUAHUIDESECAIMEIHEYUNLVMEI。

  3 、城市绿化中存在的问题

  3.1 、对于城市绿化管理工作不够规范

  WOGUOMUQIANDUICHENGSHILVHUAJIANSHEGUANLIBUGOUGUIFAN。BUFENQIYEWEILEHUOQUGENGDADELIYI,FUYANCHENGSHILVHUAGONGZUO,XIANGGUANGUANLIBUMENGUANLIGONGZUOBUDAOWEI,CUNZAISHUHU,MEIYOUZHIDINGMINGQUEDEGUIZHANGZHIDU。DUIHUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIAGONGZUOBUGOURENZHEN。MUQIANHUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIAGONGZUOSHICHANGJINGZHENGJIAODABUFENPINGJIADANWEIBUDEBUJIANGDIJIAGEJINXINGJINGZHENG,DAOZHISHICHANGHUANJINGELIE[3]。

  3.2 、城市绿化管理体系不够完善

  SUIRANWOGUOCHENGSHILVHUAJISHUZAIBUDUANJINBU,DANWOGUOCHENGSHILVHUATIXIHAIBUGOUWANSHAN,ZAIGONGCHENGYANSHOUHUANJIEBUFENZHIBIAOBUGOUMINGQUE,DAOZHIPINGDINGJIEGUOBUTONGYI。SUIZHEWOGUOJINGJIDEFEISUFAZHAN,RENMENSHENGHUOSHUIPINGRIYITIGAO,MUQIANDUICHENGSHILVHUAGONGZUOTICHULEXINDEYAOQIU,WOGUOBIXUJIAKUAIHUANBAOSHIYEDEJIANSHESUDU,MANZUXIANDAIHUADEFAZHAN。

  3.3、 城市绿化检查工作的重点不够突出

  XIANGGUANGUANLIBUMENJINXINGJIANCHASHIGONGZUOZHONGDIANBUGOUMINGQUE,ZHIZHUZHONGBIAOMIANGONGCHENGBUGOUXIZHI,DUIGUANLINEIRONGDEHUAFENBUGOUMINGQUE。JIANGDABUFENSHENCHAHUANJIEFANGZAILEGONGZUOBAOGAOSHANGHEMEIGUANFANGMIAN,BINGMEIYOUZHUZHONGSHIZHI,LIRU:CHENGSHILVHUADEMIDU、CHENGSHILVHUADEFANWEI,YOUWUWANSHANDEWEIHUFANGAN[4]。XIANZAIJIANCHAGONGZUOZHIZHUZHONGBIAOMIANGONGCHENGBINGMEIYOUSHENRUJIANCHA,MUQIANCHENGSHILVHUABUNENGMANZURENMENDESHENGHUOXUQIU,ERQIEYEBUNENGMANZUXIANDAIHUANJINGBAOHUDEYAOQIU。

  4 、草花植物在城市绿化中的未来发展

  CAOBENZHIWU、HUAHUIZAIWEILAIDECHENGSHILVHUAFAZHANZHONGBIJIANGZHANYOUYIDINGDEDIWEI,MUQIANYAOKUAICHENGSHILVHUAJIANSHESUDU,CAOHUAZHIWUSHICHENGSHILVHUAZHONGBUKEHUOQUEDEYIBUFEN,TIGAOHUACAOZHIWUDESHOUMING、JIANGDIWEIHUCHENGBENSHIMUQIANZUIZHONGYAODEGONGZUOZHIYI。WEILEJIAKUAICHENGSHILVHUAJIANSHEZHILIANG,BIXUCHONGZUCHUBEIJISHUJICHU、JISHURENYUAN。WEILETISHENGCHENGSHILVHUAZHILIANG、BIXUZUOHAOCHENGSHILVHUAJIANSHEXIJIE,TIGAOHUACAOZHIWUZHILIANG。YAOZUOHAOCHENGSHILVHUAGONGZUOJIUBIXUTIGAOCAOHUAZHIWUDEZONGHEZHILIANG,YIKAOXIANJINDEKEXUEJISHUKEJIKEYIJIEJUECHUANTONGJISHUCUNZAIDEJISHUWENTI。

  HAIXUYAOBUDUANDIPEIYUXINDECAOBENZHIWUHEHUAHUI,BUNENGTINGZHIBUQIAN,DANYIZHIWURONGYIRANGRENMENCHANSHENGSHENMEIPILAO。PEIYUGENGSHIHECHENGSHIZHONGZHONGZHIDEXINPINZHONGHUOGAILIANGXIANYOUCAOHUAZHIWU。WEILAICAOHUACHANYEYAOXIANGKEJIHUA、GUIMOHUA、GONGSIHUADEFANGXIANGFAZHAN。YINJINXIANJINDEKEJI,KUODASHENGCHANLIANG,JIANGDICHENGBEN,TIGAOJINGZHENGLI。GONGSIHUA、PINPAIHUAYEKEYISHIDECAOHUAQIYEZAIJIAGEJINGZHENG、PINPAIJINGZHENGZHONGZHANJUYOUSHI。BUJINRUCI,SUIZHESHENGHUOSHUIPINGDETIGAO,HUAHUIYISHUJIANGHUIZOUJINQIANJIAWANHU,SHIMINDEYONGHUALIANGYEZAIYINIANYINIANZENGJIA。YINCI,YINJINHESHENGCHANYIXIEGAODANGHUAHUIYESHIMUQIANQIYEDEYEWUTUOZHANZHONGDIANHESHICHANGFAZHANFANGXIANG。

  5 、结论

  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,CAOBENZHIWUHEHUAHUIZAICHENGSHILVHUAGONGZUOZHONGSHIBUKEHUOQUEDEYIBUFEN,TIGAOCAOHUAZHIWUDEZHILIANGYEJIUXIANGYINGDITIGAOLECHENGSHILVHUAGONGCHENGDESHIGONGZHILIANG,BINGQIECHENGSHILVHUAJISHUXIANGYAOGENGHAODEFAZHAN,JIUBIXUPEIYUXINDEPINZHONG、TIGAOXIANYOUCAOHUAZHIWUDEZONGHEXINGNENG,LIRU:KANGBINGXING、KANGHANXING、SHIYINGNENGLIQIANGDEZHIWU。BINGQIEJIANLIYIZHIHAODE、YOUXIUDECHENGSHILVHUASHIGONGGUANLITUANDUI,KEYIYOUXIAODIGUIHUAGONGCHENGSHIGONGGUOCHENG、SHISHIJIANDU、FAXIANWENTIBINGJIEJUEWENTI。SUOYI,XIANGYAOFAZHANCHENGSHILVHUAXINGYE,JIUBIXUTIGAOXIANGYINGDEYUANLINLVHUASHIGONGGUANLIJISHU。

  参考文献

  [1]林红光.草花在舟山市园林绿化中的应用现状及发展趋势[J].现代农业科技,2010(10)
  [2]覃云梅.草花在园林绿化中的应用研究[J].绿色科技,2015(3)
  [3]毛金晶,雒锋.草花的特点及其应用与发展[J].现代园艺,2014(2)
  [4]孙建国,宋伟.草花、草坪在城市绿化与美化中应用[J].内蒙古林业调查设计,2005(s1)

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