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合同违约方是否有解除权论述
发布时间:2020-01-16

  摘    要: 合同僵局是司法实践中出现的新情况和新问题,合同法不能通过确认违约方享有解除权的方式打破僵局,但有必要通过确认司法解除制度,允许违约方申请司法解除,由人民法院决定是否解除合同。法律必须对合同僵局情形下的司法解除条件作出明确规定,以维护诚信和公平原则,并保障交易的效率。打破合同僵局的要件包括:非违约方拒绝解除合同违反了诚信原则,非违约方拒绝解除合同对违约方显失公平,且应由当事人提出申请。民法典合同编(二审稿)第353条第2款虽然对打破合同僵局作出了大胆的尝试,该规定是我国民法典的大胆创新,但其关于合同司法解除的条件规定得过于严苛,且与打破合同僵局的现实需求并不完全吻合,因此有必要作进一步的完善。

  关键词: 违约方解除; 合同僵局; 民法典合同编;

  Abstract: The contract deadlock is a new situation and a new problem in judicial practice. This paper argues that the contract law cannot break the deadlock by confirming that the defaulting party has the right to release. However, it is necessary to break the contract deadlock by confirming the judicial discharge system and allowing the defaulting party to apply for judicial removal. The law must clearly define the conditions for judicial dissolution in the event of a contractual stalemate in order to uphold the principles of integrity and fairness and to ensure the efficiency of transactions. The author believes that the requirements for breaking the contract deadlock should include: the non-defaulting party refuses to terminate the contract in violation of the principle of good faith, and the non-defaulting party refuses to terminate the contract, which is unfair to the defaulting party, and the party proposes application. Article 353, paragraph 2, of the Civil Code Contracts(second draft) has made a bold attempt to break the contract deadlock. This provision is a bold innovation of our national code, but its conditions for the judicial discharge of contracts are too strict. And it does not exactly match the actual demand for breaking the contract deadlock, so it is necessary to further improve.

  Keyword: Breach of Contractor; Contract Deadlock; Civil Code Contract;

  ZI“XINYUGONGSISUFENGYUMEISHANGPUMAIMAIHETONGJIUFENAN”(YIXIAJIANCHENG“XINYUGONGSIAN”)YILAI,HETONGJIANGJUZHONGWEIYUEFANGSHIFOUXIANGYOUJIECHUQUAN,WEIMINFAXUEJIEGUANGFANGUANZHU。1

  原告新宇公司将其开发的商业用房时代广场分割销售给150余家业主,其他建筑面积自有。1998年,新宇公司将广场内自有建筑面积出租给嘉和公司经营。1999年6月,嘉和公司因经营不善停业。同年12月,购物中心又在时代广场原址开业,2002年1月,购物中心也停业。这两次停业使购买商铺的小业主无法在时代广场内正常经营,部分小业主及嘉和公司的债权人集体上访,要求退房及偿还债务。其间,新宇公司经两次股东变更,新股东为盘活资产,拟对时代广场的全部经营面积进行调整,重新规划布局,为此陆续与大部分小业主解除了商铺买卖合同,并开始在时代广场内施工。2003年3月17日,新宇公司致函冯玉梅解除合同。3月27日,新宇公司拆除了冯玉梅所购商铺的玻璃幕墙及部分管线设施。6月30日,新宇公司再次向冯玉梅致函,冯玉梅不同意解除合同。由于冯玉梅与另一购买商铺的邵姓业主坚持不退商铺,施工不能继续,6万平方米建筑闲置。原告新宇公司为此提起诉讼,认为上述情形构成情势变更,请求判令解除其与被告签订的商铺买卖合同。原告除向被告退还购房款外,并愿给予合理的经济补偿。
 

合同违约方是否有解除权论述
 

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  一、违约方是否应享有法定解除权

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赢发彩票代理   DIYI,YOULIYUGUANCHEHETONGYANSHOU(pacta sunt servanda)YUANZE。YIFACHENGLIDEHETONG,DUIDANGSHIRENJUYOUYANGEDEFALVJUSHULI,RENHEYIFANGZAIMEIYOUFADINGHUOYUEDINGJIECHUQUANQIEWEIDACHENGXIEYIJIECHUDEQINGXINGXIA,BUDESHANZIBIANGENGHUOZHEJIECHU,ZHEIJIUSHIHETONGYANSHOUDEGUYOUHANYI。HETONGJIECHUZUOWEIYIZHONGWEIYUEJIUJIZHIDU,ZHIYOUSHIFEIWEIYUEFANGXIANGYOUJIECHUQUAN,CAIYOULIYUWEICHIHETONGYANSHOUYUANZE。22YEJIUSHISHUO,ZAIYIFANGWEIYUEDEQINGXINGXIA,TONGGUOFUYUFEIWEIYUEFANGJIECHUHETONGBINGZHUZHANGPEICHANGDEQUANLI,KEYIDUCUWEIYUEFANGKAOLIANGWEIYUEDEHOUGUO,CONGERYANGELVXINGHETONG。RUGUOFALVYUNXUWEIYUEFANGYEXIANGYOUJIECHUQUAN,JIUYIWEIZHEYIDANWEIYUEFANGXINGSHIJIECHUQUAN,JIUDAOZHIHETONGJIECHU,QIJIEGUOJIUBIRANHUICHANSHENGGULIDANGSHIRENWEIYUEDEXIAOGUO,HETONGJIECHUZHIDUSUOYINGYOUDEBAOZHANGHETONGYANSHOUDEGONGNENGJIANGNANYISHIXIAN。ZHENGRUYOUXUEZHESUOZHICHUDE,“ZAISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIAOJIANXIA,HETONGYINGDEDAOYANGELVXINGDEGUANNIANSHANGWEIJINYIBUSHENRURENXIN。XIANSHIJINGJISHENGHUOZHIZHONG,SIYIHUIYUE、LAIZHANGXIANXIANGRENGWEIJUEJI,ZAICIBEIJINGXIA,LIFAHESIFAYINGZHENGQUEFAHUIFALVDEYINDAOGONGNENG,YANGEWEIHUHETONGDEJUSHULI。”23

  DIER,YOULIYUJIANSHAODAODEFENGXIAN。HETONGGUANXICHENGLIHOU,DANGSHIRENYINGDANGYANGEANZHAOHETONGYUEDINGLVXINGHETONG,ZAIYIFANGWEIYUEDEQINGXINGXIA,FEIWEIYUEFANGYOUQUANQINGQIUWEIYUEFANGJIXULVXING,YISHIXIANQIDINGYUEMUDE。DANRUGUOCHENGRENWEIYUEFANGDEFADINGJIECHUQUAN,ZEZAILVXINGKUNNANHUOZHELVXINGZAIJINGJISHANGBUHELISHI,QIHUIXUANZEGUYIWEIYUE,ZHEIJIANGYINFAXIANGGUANDEDAODEFENGXIAN,YEWEIFANLERENHERENBUNENGCONGQIBUFAXINGWEIZHONGHUOLIDEYUANZE。LIRU,ZAIFANGWUJIAGESHANGZHANGDEQINGXINGXIA,WEIYUEFANGKENENGJINXINGYIFANGSHUMAI,EYIJIEYUE,CILEIWEIYUEXINGWEIZAISHIJIANZHONGSHICHANGFASHENG,RUGUOYUYIRENKE,JIANGJIDADIWEIHAIJIAOYIANQUANHEJIAOYIZHIXU。24BIZHERENWEI,RUGUOCHENGRENWEIYUEFANGJIECHUQUAN,JIANGYINFADAODEWEIJI,YOUQISHIRUGUOBUYANGEXIANDINGWEIYUEFANGJIECHUQUANDEXINGSHITIAOJIAN,ERGUIDINGJIAOWEIKUANFAN、MOHUDESHIYONGTIAOJIAN,KENENGJIDANGSHIRENWEIFANHETONGTIGONGYIJU。JIECHUDEMUDESHIWEILESHIFEIWEIYUEFANGCONGHETONGZHONGTUOSHEN,RUGUOFUYUWEIYUEFANGXIANGYOUHETONGJIECHUQUAN,ZAIWEIYUEFANGWEIYUEKENENGHUODEJUDALIYISHI,ZEWEIYUEFANGKENENGHUIZHUZHANGJIECHUHETONG,ZHEIJIANGDUIHETONGYANSHOUYUHETONGYANGELVXINGZAOCHENGZHONGDAWEIXIE,ZHENGCHANGDEJIAOYIANQUANYUJIAOYIZHIXUYEHUISHOUDAOWEIXIE。

赢发彩票代理   DISAN,FUHEHETONGJIECHUDEXINGZHI。ZAIYIFANGWEIYUEHOU,RUGUOFEIWEIYUEFANGRENWEIJIXULVXINGHUISHIQIZAOSHOUGENGDADESUNHAI,YUANYICONGYUANHETONGGUANXIZHONGJIETUOCHULAI,XUNZHAOXINDEHETONGHUOBAN,ZEQIKEYIXUANZEJIECHUHETONG,CONGZHEIYIYIYISHANGSHUO,JIECHUHETONGZAIXINGZHISHANGYESHIYIZHONGWEIYUEBUJIUFANGSHI,SHIFEIWEIYUEFANGSUOXIANGYOUDEQUANLI,QIYIBANYUSUNHAIPEICHANG、SHIJILVXINGDENGFANGSHIXIANGDUIYING。25ERRUGUORENKEFEIWEIYUEFANGYIFAXIANGYOUJIECHUHETONGDEQUANLI,ZEYUHETONGJIECHUZUOWEIFEIWEIYUEFANGBUJIUFANGSHIDEXINGZHIXIANGWEIBEI。

  DISI,FANGZHIWEIYUEFANGCONGJIEYUEZHONGHUOLI,BINGYOUXIAOBAOHUFEIWEIYUEFANG。ZAIHETONGLVXINGGUOCHENGZHONG,RUGUOWEIYUEFANGRENWEIWEIYUEZAIJINGJISHANGDUIQIGENGWEIYOULI,ZEQIKENENGXUANZEJIECHUHETONG,CISHI,RUGUOKENDINGWEIYUEFANGDEJIEYUEQUAN,JIANGBUFUHEGONGPINGZHENGYIDEJIAZHILINIAN。SHISHISHANG,ZAOZAIGULUOMASHIQI,DANGSHIDEFALVZHONGJIUQUELILE“JINZHIFEIFAHUOLI”DEYUANZE,LUOMAFAYANYUN:“RENHERENBUDEYINTARENBUFAXINGWEIHUOLI”(neminem cum alterius detrimento et iniuria fieri locopletiorem)。JINZHIFEIFAHUOLIYESHIJIAOZHENGZHENGYIDEJUTITIXIAN。YINCI,ZAIHETONGSHENGXIAOHOU,FALVYINGDANGJINLIANGWEICHIHETONGDEXIAOLI,ERBUYINGDANGYUNXUWEIYUEFANGTONGGUOJIECHUHETONGDEFANGSHIHUODELIYI。CAINAWEIYUEFANGJIECHUQUAN,JIANGKENENGYANZHONGSUNHAIFEIWEIYUEFANGDELIYI,YOUQIZAIJIXUXINGHETONGZHONG,DANGSHIRENKENENGWEIHETONGDELVXINGZUOCHULEDALIANGDEZHUNBEI,HAOFEILEDALIANGCAILI,26CISHIYUNXUWEIYUEFANGJIECHU,FEIWEIYUEFANGZHINENGJIUZHEIXIESUNSHIJINXINGJUZHENG,QINGQIUSUNHAIPEICHANG,ZHEIXIANRANBULIYUDUIFEIWEIYUEFANGDEBAOHU。

  CONGWOGUOSIFASHIJIANLAIKAN,FAYUANDEPANJUEYEDADUOZAIPANJUEZHONGMINGQUELEWEIYUEFANGBUXIANGYOUJIECHUQUAN。WENTIZAIYU,FUYUWEIYUEFANGJIECHUQUAN,SHIFOUKEYITONGGUOSUNHAIPEICHANGDEFANGSHIDUIWEIYUEFANGJINXINGJIUJI,JIUKEYISHIXIANSHUANGFANGLIYIDEPINGHENG?YOUGUANDIANRENWEI,“HETONGMUDEBUNENGSHIXIANKENENGYUANYUCHAOCHUDANGSHIRENYIZHIHUOYISIDEFANWEI,HETONGJIECHUQUANFENPEIJIWEIYUEFANGYEBUHUICHANSHENGZONGRONGWEIYUEXINGWEIDEYINHUAN,YOUTONGGUOSUNHAIPEICHANGTIANPINGSHOUYUEFANGDESUNSHIDEQINGKUANGXIA,LIFAZHEZAIDI353TIAOZHONGFUYUWEIYUEFANGHETONGJIECHUQUAN,SHIFUHEQUANSHEHUIDEJIAZHIGONGSHIDE,SIFASHIJIANZHONGZUIGAOFAYUANZAIGONGBAOANLIZHONGYECHICIGUANDIAN。”27ZAIXINYUGONGSIANZHONG,FAYUANDEGUANDIANRENWEI,ZHIYAOJIFEIWEIYUEFANGFENGYUMEIZUGOUDEPEICHANG,JIUKEYIDUIQIJINXINGCHONGFENJIUJI,JIUKEYISHIXIANSHUANGYINGDEJUMIAN,FUHEXIAOLV。YINCI,YOUXUEZHERENWEI,ZAIZHEIFANGMIAN,KEYIJIEJIANXIFANGGUOJIADE“XIAOLVWEIYUE”GUIZE,SHIXIANXIAOYIZUIDAHUA,ZENGJIASHEHUICAIFU。28BIZHERENWEI,CIZHONGGUANDIANZHIDESHANGQUE,YIFANGMIAN,XIAOLVWEIYUELILUNJINCONGJINGJIXIAOLVJIAODUKAOLVHETONGNENGFOULVXING,ERMEIYOUCHONGFENJIANGUJIAOYIZHIXUHEJIAOYIANQUAN,YOUQISHIDANGSHIRENDUIHETONGYOUXIAOLVXINGDEHELIQIDAI。ZAISHICHANGJINGJISHEHUI,HETONGJUYOUZUZHIJINGJIDEGONGNENG,XUDUOHETONGGUANXIBINGFEIGULIDEHETONG,ERSHIYIXILIEHETONGDEZUCHENGBUFEN,DANGEHETONGWUFALVXINGDEYINGXIANGBINGBUJUXIANYUGAIHETONGBENSHEN,YEKENENGDUIXILIEJIAOYISHENZHIZHENGGEJINGJIZHIXUCHANSHENGBULIYINGXIANG。29LINGYIFANGMIAN,SUNHAIPEICHANGWEIBINENGGOUDUIFEIWEIYUEFANGTIGONGZUGOUDEJIUJI。SUOWEIDEXIAOLVWEIYUE,SUIRANJUYOUYIDINGDESHUOFULI,DANSHIXIAOLVBENSHENDEPANDINGJIWEIKUNNAN,RUGUOKAOLVDAOHETONGYANSHOUSUOKENENGDAILAIDESHEHUICHENGBEN,NEIMEDUIYUTEDINGHETONGGUANXIZHONGDANGSHIRENYOUXIAOLV,FANERKENENGHUIPOHUAIHETONGYANSHOUDAOZHIDESHEHUICHENGBEN,CONGERDAOZHIZHENGTISHEHUIXIAOLVDEJIANGDI,YINCI,BUNENGJIANGXIAOLVWEIYUEGUOFENLANYONG,HETONGYANSHOUYOUKENENGSHIZUIJUYOUXIAOLVDE。ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,ZAIXUDUOQINGKUANGXIA,HETONGJIXULVXINGZHIJIEGUANXIDAOFEIWEIYUEFANGDINGYUEMUDEDESHIXIAN,ERFEIWEIYUEFANGDINGYUEDEMUDEYOUSHIWUFATONGGUOSUNHAIPEICHANGYUYITIDAI。WOGUO《HETONGFA》DI109TIAODUIJINQIANZHAIWUMINGQUEYAOQIU,WULUNHEZHONGQINGXINGXIA,DOUYINGDANGJIXULVXING,ERDUIFEIJINQIANZHAIWU,ZECHUFALVMINGQUEGUIDINGDEQINGXINGZHIWAI,FEIWEIYUEFANGDOUYINGDANGKEYIZHUZHANGJIXULVXING,YINER,FALVBINGMEIYOUYUNXUWEIYUEFANGKEYIYIJINQIANPEICHANGDEFANGSHITIDAIJIXULVXING。

  二、违约方提出解除合同的前提:出现合同僵局

  HETONGJIANGJUZHUYAOSHIZHIZAIZHANGQIHETONGZHONG,YIFANGYINWEIJINGJIXINGSHIDEBIANHUA、LVYUENENGLIDENGYUANYIN,DAOZHIBUKENENGLVXINGZHANGQIHETONG,XUYAOTIQIANJIEYUE,ERLINGYIFANGJUJUEJIECHUHETONG。CONGSHENPANSHIJIANLAIKAN,CHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDADUOSHIYINWEIHETONGNANYIJIXULVXING,HUOZHESHISHISHANGBUKENENGSHIJILVXING。CONGSHENPANSHIJIANLAIKAN,YIXIEFAYUANCHENGREN,WEIYUEFANGZAILIWAIQINGXINGXIAYEXIANGYOUJIECHUQUAN,30CICHUDELIWAIQINGXINGZHUYAOSHIZHICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXING。LIRU,ZAI“LIUWEIYUZHONGQINGHUANAILEJUJIANCAIYOUXIANGONGSIQINYIHETONGJIUFENAN”ZHONG,FAYUANRENWEI,“SHOUYUEFANGDANGCHUXIANQIANSHUGUIDINGDEQINGXINGSHI,QIXUANZEWEIYUEZERENDEFANGSHISHOUDAOLEXIANZHI,JIBUNENGXUANZEJIXULVXING,ZHINENGXUANZESUNHAIPEICHANG。JIRANSHOUYUEFANGBUNENGXUANZEJIXULVXING,ZEBIAOMINGWEIYUEFANGZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIAKEYIQINGQIUJIECHUHETONG,DANBIXUCHENGDANWEIYUEZEREN。”31BIZHERENWEI,CONG《HETONGFA》DI94TIAODEGUIDINGLAIKAN,ZAIGENBENWEIYUEDEQINGXINGXIA,JINFEIWEIYUEFANGXIANGYOUFADINGJIECHUQUAN,SHENPANSHIJIANZHONGCHUXIANDEYUNXUWEIYUEFANGJIECHUHETONGDELIWAIQINGXING,DADUOSHIYINWEICHUXIANLEHETONGJIANGJU,JIZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUHOU,FAYUANTONGGUOCAIPANDEFANGSHIZHONGJIEHETONGDEXIAOLI,DANBINGMEIYOUZHENZHENGFUYUWEIYUEFANGXIANGYOUFADINGJIECHUQUAN。YINCI,ZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,YUQISHUOFUYUWEIYUEFANGFADINGJIECHUQUAN,BURUSHUOSHIZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,YUNXUWEIYUEFANGXIANGFAYUANTIQISUSONG,QINGQIUFAYUANTONGGUOCAIPANZHONGJIEHETONGGUANXI,CONGERSHIDANGSHIRENCONGNANYIJIXULVXINGDEHETONGZHONGTUOSHEN。

赢发彩票代理   ZAIXINYUGONGSIANZHONG,ZI2002NIANYILAI,YINWEIGOUWUZHONGXINLIANGCITINGYE,ZAOCHENGGOUMAISHANGPUDEXIAOYEZHUWUFAZHENGCHANGYINGYE,POSHIXINYUGONGSIPANHUOZICHAN,YINCIXINYUGONGSIJINGLIANGCIGUDONGBIANGENG,XINGUDONGWEIPANHUOZICHAN,NIDUISHIDAIGUANGCHANGDEQUANBUJINGYINGMIANJIJINXINGDIAOZHENG,ZHONGXINGUIHUABUJU,WEICILUXUYUDABUFENXIAOYEZHUJIECHULESHANGPUMAIMAIHETONG,BINGKAISHIZAISHIDAIGUANGCHANGNEISHIGONG,DANFENGYUMEIJUJUEJIECHUHETONG,ZHEIJIUDAOZHILEHETONGJIANGJU。ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,YIFANGMIAN,XINYUGONGSIYAOQIUJIECHUYUXIAOYEZHUDESHANGPUMAIMAIHETONG,CONGERDUIGUANGCHANGQUANBUSHANGPUZHONGXINJINXINGGUIHUA,XIANRAN,XINYUGONGSIYIJINGGOUCHENGWEIYUE。LINGYIFANGMIAN,YOUYUFENGYUMEIYULINGYIGOUMAISHANGPUDESHAOXINGYEZHUJIANCHIBUTUISHANGPU,YINCIDAOZHIXINYUGONGSIBUNENGJIXUSHIGONG,DAOZHISHANGCHANGXIANZHI,ERFENG、SHAOLIANGJIAYEZHUYEWUFAZAIQISHANGPUNEIJIXUJINGYING,ZHEIXIANRANGOUCHENGLEHETONGJIANGJU,ZAICIQINGXINGXIA,QUESHIYOUBIYAOCAIQUYIDINGDECUOSHIDAPOHETONGJIANGJU。CONGFALVSHANGKAN,HETONGJIANGJUZHUYAOJUYOURUXIATEDIAN:

  DIYI,HETONGNANYIJIXULVXING,DANBUSHUYUQINGSHIBIANGENGDEQINGXING。ZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,HETONGBINGFEIBUNENGLVXING,XIANGFAN,CHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUSHI,ZAIDADUOSHUQINGXINGXIA,HETONGSHIKEYILVXINGDE,ZHIBUGUOYINWEIYIFANGDANGSHIRENDEYUANYIN,NANYILVXING。CIHETONGJIANGJUCHANSHENGDEYUANYINBUTONGYUQINGSHIBIANGENGZHONGDEKEGUANYUANYIN。LIRU,YINWEISHICHANGXINGQINGDEJIJUBIANHUA,DAOZHIDANGSHIRENYIFANGJIXULVXINGHETONGJIANGYANZHONGKUISUN,HUOZHEYINWEIYIFANGDANGSHIRENJINGYINGJIHUADEZHONGDADIAOZHENG,SHIDEHETONGDEJIXULVXINGCHUXIANKUNNAN。ZAIXINYUGONGSIANZHONG,YINWEIYUEFANGJIXULVXINGDEFEIYONGGUOGAO,FAYUANPANDINGYINGDANGYUNXUWEIYUEFANGJIECHUHETONG。32HEWEI“LVXINGFEIYONGGUOGAO”?FAYUANRENWEI,“KEYIGENJULVXINGCHENGBENSHIFOUCHAOGUOGEFANGJIYUHETONGLVXINGSUONENGHUODEDELIYILAIJINXINGPANDUAN。”ZHEIJIUSHISHUO,HETONGSUIRANKEYILVXING,DANYINWEILVXINGCHENGBENGUOGAO,NANYIJIXULVXING,CIZHONGQINGXINGXIANRANBUSHUYUQINGSHIBIANGENGDEQINGXING,YINWEIDANGSHIRENYIFANGSHIYINWEIJINGYINGJIHUADEDIAOZHENGHUOZHEJINGYINGMOSHIDEGAIBIAN,DAOZHIQIJIXULVXINGHETONGCHUXIANKUNNAN,ERFEIBUKEGUIZEYUSHUANGFANGDANGSHIRENDESHIYOU。

  DIER,FEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEWEIYUEFANGJIECHUHETONGDEQINGQIU。ZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,JIXULVXINGHETONGJIANGDAOZHIDANGSHIRENDELIYIGUANXIMINGXIANSHIHENG,WEIYUEFANGZAIHETONGLVXINGCHUXIANKUNNANSHI,WANGWANGHUIZHUZHANGJIECHUHETONG,CISHI,RUGUOFEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEWEIYUEFANGDEQINGQIU,ERYAOQIUQIJIXULVXINGHETONG,ZEKENENGCHUXIANHETONGJIANGJU。DANGRAN,ZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,FEIWEIYUEFANGBINGBUDANGRANXIANGYOUJIECHUQUAN,YINWEIFADINGJIECHUQUANDECHENGLIYAOQIUWEIYUEFANGDEXINGWEIGOUCHENGGENBENWEIYUE,ERZAIHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,WEIYUEFANGSUIYOUWEIYUEXINGWEI,DANBINGBUYIDINGGOUCHENGGENBENWEIYUE,FEIWEIYUEFANGYEBUDANGRANXIANGYOUFADINGJIECHUQUAN。CONGMINFADIANHETONGBIAN(ERSHENGAO)DI353TIAODI2KUANDEGUIDINGLAIKAN,QIZAIGUIDINGHETONGJIANGJUSHI,SHIYONGLE“YOUJIECHUQUANDEDANGSHIRENBUXINGSHIJIECHUQUAN,GOUCHENGLANYONGQUANLIDUIDUIFANGXIANSHIGONGPINGDE……”ZHEIYIBIAOSHU,YIGAIRENDINGZAIHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,FEIWEIYUEFANGXIANGYOUFADINGJIECHUQUAN,BINGBUTUODANG。

  DISAN,SHUANGFANGDANGSHIRENJIUSHIFOUYINGDANGJIXUWEICHIHETONGXIAOLIFASHENGZHENGYI,BUNENGXINGCHENGYIZHIYIJIAN。ZAIZHENGYICHUXIANHOU,RUGUODANGSHIRENTONGGUOSHIHOUXIESHANGDACHENGHEJIEXIEYI,HUOZHEJIECHUHETONGDEXIEYI,YEKEYIDAOZHIHETONGDEJIECHUHUOZHONGZHI,DANCHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,YINWEISHUANGFANGLIYIDEZHONGDACHONGTU,SHUANGFANGWUFATONGGUOTANPANDACHENGXIEYI。ZAIHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,FEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEWEIYUEFANGJIECHUHETONGDEQINGQIUCHANGCHANGGOUCHENGDUICHENGXINYUANZEDEWEIFAN,RU“QIAOZHUGANG”,JIEJIFANAN,SUOYAOGUOGAODEPEICHANG,DAOZHISHUANGFANGNANYIDACHENGXIEYI。ZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,HETONGDEJIXULVXINGSUIYOUKENENG,DANLVXINGCHENGBENGUOGAO,CISHI,JIXUBAOCHIHETONGDEXIAOLIYEJIUMEIYOUSHIJIYIYILE,33JIXUWEICHIHETONGDEXIAOLI,BUDANDUIDANGSHIRENYOUHAIWUYI,ERQIEYEKENENGZUAISHICHANGDEYOUXUFAZHAN。34BIZHERENWEI,ZAICIQINGXINGXIA,QUESHIYOUBIYAODAPOHETONGJIANGJU,SHIDANGSHIRENCONGHETONGJIANGJUZHONGDETUOSHEN。LIRU,ZAIXINYUGONGSIYIANZHONG,ZAI150HUYEZHUZHONG,148HUYIJINGYUXINYUGONGSIJIECHUHETONG,ZHIYOUFENGYUMEIYULINGYIHUBUTONGYIJIECHUHETONG,ERYAOQIUJIXULVXINGCHENGBENMINGXIANGUOGAODEHETONG,ZHEIJIUYOUBIYAODAPOHETONGJIANGJU。

  FALVSHANGZHISUOYIYAODAPOHETONGJIANGJU,ZHUYAOYUANYINZAIYU:YIFANGMIAN,WEIHUGONGPINGHECHENGXINYUANZE。ZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUSHI,XIANGYOUJIECHUQUANDEYIFANGDANGSHIRENJUJUEXINGSHIJIECHUQUAN,CHANGCHANGSHIWEILEXIANGDUIFANGSUOYAOGAOJIA,ZHEIJIUWEIFANLECHENGXINHEGONGPINGYUANZE。RUGUORENYOUFEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEJIECHU,ZEKENENGZAOCHENGSHUANGFANGLIYIYANZHONGSHIHENG。YINER,ZAIFALVSHANGYOUBIYAOYUYIJIUZHENG。LIRU,ZAI“GUODONGFANG、SHANDONGCHAOYANGFANGDICHANKAIFAYOUXIANGONGSISHANGPINFANGXIAOSHOUHETONGJIUFENAN”ZHONG,FAYUANRENWEI,“GONGPINGYUANZEHECHENGSHIXINYONGSHIHETONGFADEJIBENYUANZE,JISHILVYUEDEBAOZHANG,YESHIZAIDUIFANGDANGSHIRENWEIYUESHIHUODEPEICHANGDEBAOZHANG,SUOYOUMINSHIZHUTIJUNYINGYANGEZUNSHOU。GENJUGONGPINGYUANZEHECHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZE,JIEHE《HETONGFA》DI110TIAODEGUIDING,WEIHENGPINGSHUANGFANGDANGSHIRENLIYI,KEYIYUNXUWEIYUEFANGJIECHUHETONG,DANQIANTISHIBIXUYOUWEIYUEFANGYIJINGXIANGDUIFANGCHENGDANPEICHANGZERENHUOZHETONGSHICHENGDANPEICHANGZEREN,YIBAOZHENGSHOUYUEFANGDANGSHIRENDELIYIBUYINHETONGJIECHUERJIANSHAO。”35LINGYIFANGMIAN,JIANGDIJIAOYICHENGBENFEIYONG。ZAIDAPOHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,KEYISHIDANGSHIRENJISHICONGHETONGJIANGJUZHONGTUOSHEN,BINGJISHIKAIZHANQITAJIAOYI,ZHEIZAIZHENGTISHANGKEYIJIANGDIJIAOYIDECHENGBENHEFEIYONG。LIRU,ZAIWUHANMAIDANGLAOCANYINSHIPINYOUXIANGONGSIYUHUBEIANLIANGBAIHUOJITUANGONGSIZULINHETONGJIUFENANZHONG,FAYUANRENWEI:“BENANZHONG,RUGUOJIXULVXINGHETONG,XUYAOXIANJIECHUYIJINGSHEDINGZAIZULINWUSHANGDEQITAZULINHETONG,ZAIBENANZHENGYIDEZULINHETONGYIJINGHAOFEILEDANGSHIRENZHUDUOSHIJIAN、JINGLIJISHEHUIZIYUANDEQINGXINGXIA,QIANGZHILVXINGNANYIDADAOLIXIANGXIAOGUO。JISHIBUKAOLVQIANGZHILVXINGDEXIAOGUO,WEIWEICHIBENANCUNZAIZHUDUONANYIDIAOHEDEMAODUNDEFALVGUANXI,ERQUPOHUAIXIANYOUDEXIANGDUIHEMUDEFALVGUANXI,YOUBEISUSONGDEJINGJIYUANZE。YINCI,ZAIFALVMEIYOUMINGQUEJINZHIWEIYUEFANGXINGSHIHETONGJIECHUQUANDEQINGXINGXIA,WEIYUEFANGZHUZHANGJIECHUHETONGDEQUANLIBUYINGWANQUANYUYIPAICHI。BENANSHUANGFANGYINHEZUOJICHUDESANGSHIERYINQISUSONG,QIEZHANGQIXIANGCHIBUXIA,XIANANSHEFANGWUYOUCHUZUJIANWAIRENSHIYONG,ZAIYUYIQIANGZHILVXINGDECHENGBENGUOGAO,SHUYUZHAIWUDEBIAODEBUSHIYUQIANGZHILVXING、LVXINGFEIYONGGUOGAODEQINGXING,PANJUEJIECHUHETONGHELIYOUJU。”36

  RANER,JISHICHUXIANLEHETONGJIANGJU,XUYAODAPOGAIJIANGJU,YEBUBIRANDAOZHIWEIYUEFANGXIANGYOUJIECHUQUAN。ZHENGRUQIANSHU,RUGUOTONGGUOFUYUWEIYUEFANGXIANGYOUJIECHUQUANDEFANGSHIDAPOHETONGJIANGJU,JIUYIWEIZHEZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,WEIYUEFANGYUANYIJIECHUJIUKEYIJIECHU,BUYUANYIJIECHUJIUKEYIJIXULVXING,ZHEISHIJISHANGSHIJIANGHETONGSHIFOUJIXULVXINGWANQUANJIAOYOUWEIYUEFANGJUEDING,ZHEIBIJIANGCHUXIANDUIHETONGYANSHOUDEPOHUAIBINGCHANSHENGYANZHONGDEDAODEFENGXIAN。YINCI,WOGUO《MINFADIAN·HETONGBIAN》KEYIKAOLVJIEJIANBIJIAOFASHANGDESIFAJIECHUZHIDU,JIZAICHUXIANLVXINGKUNNANDENGQINGXINGSHI,HETONGDANGSHIRENKEYIXIANGFAYUANTICHUJIECHUHETONGDEQINGQIU。YOUXIEGUOJIADEFALVDUIHETONGDESIFAJIECHUZUOCHULEGUIDING。DUICI,BIZHEJIANGZAIXIAWENCHANSHU。

赢发彩票代理   HETONGJIANGJUYUQINGSHIBIANGENGYECUNZAIYIDINGDEXIANGSIZHICHU,ZAIXINYUGONGSIANZHONG,YUANGAOXINYUGONGSIZAIFAYUANQISU,JIUZHUZHANGGAIANGOUCHENGQINGSHIBIANGENG,QINGQIUJIECHUHETONG,YINCI,ZAIRENDINGHETONGJIANGJUSHI,SHOUXIANXUYAOJIANGQIYUQINGSHIBIANGENGXIANGQUFEN,HETONGJIANGJUBENSHENBUSHIQINGSHIBIANGENG,YEJIUSHISHUO,RUGUOGOUCHENGQINGSHIBIANGENG,ZEDANGSHIRENKEYIQINGQIURENMINFAYUANBIANGENGHUOZHEJIECHUHETONG,ZEBUHUICHANSHENGHETONGJIANGJU。SUOWEIQINGSHIBIANGENG,SHIZHIZAIHETONGCHENGLIBINGSHENGXIAOYIHOU、LVXINGZHONGZHIYIQIAN,FASHENGLEDANGSHIRENZAIHETONGDINGLISHIWUFAYUJIANDEKEGUANQINGKUANGBIANHUA,ZHISHIHETONGDEJICHUSANGSHI,YIZHIRUGUOJIXULVXINGHETONGJIANGDUIYIFANGDANGSHIRENMINGXIANBUGONGPING,YINCI,YIJUCHENGXINYUANZE,YINGDANGYUNXUYIFANGDANGSHIRENBIANGENGHUOZHEJIECHUHETONG。37WOGUO《HETONGFA》BINGWEIGUIDINGQINGSHIBIANGENG,DAN《HETONGFASIFAJIESHI(ER)》DI26TIAOGUIDING:“HETONGCHENGLIYIHOUKEGUANQINGKUANGFASHENGLEDANGSHIRENZAIDINGLIHETONGSHIWUFAYUJIANDE、FEIBUKEKANGLIZAOCHENGDEBUSHUYUSHANGYEFENGXIANDEZHONGDABIANHUA,JIXULVXINGHETONGDUIYUYIFANGDANGSHIRENMINGXIANBUGONGPINGHUOZHEBUNENGSHIXIANHETONGMUDE,DANGSHIRENQINGQIURENMINFAYUANBIANGENGHUOZHEJIECHUHETONGDE,RENMINFAYUANYINGDANGGENJUGONGPINGYUANZE,BINGJIEHEANJIANDESHIJIQINGKUANGQUEDINGSHIFOUBIANGENGHUOZHEJIECHU。”GAITIAODUIQINGSHIBIANGENGGUIZEZUOCHULEGUIDING。BULUNSHIHETONGJIANGJUHAISHIQINGSHIBIANGENG,JIXULVXINGHETONGJIANGSHIYIFANGDANGSHIRENLIYIZAOSHOUZHONGDABULIYINGXIANG,DANHETONGJIANGJUBUTONGYUQINGSHIBIANGENG,ERZHEDEZHUYAOQUBIEZAIYU:DIYI,ERZHECHANSHENGDEYUANYINBUTONG。CONG《HETONGFASIFAJIESHI(ER)》DI26TIAOGUIDINGLAIKAN,QINGSHIBIANGENGDEFASHENGYUANYINSHIKEGUANYUANYIN,ERQIEDANGSHIRENZAIHETONGDINGLISHIWUFAYUJIANGAIKEGUANYUANYIN。ERCHANSHENGHETONGJIANGJUDEYUANYINDADOUBUSHIDANGSHIRENZAIHETONGDINGLISHIWUFAYUJIANDEKEGUANYUANYIN,ERKENENGSHIDANGSHIRENYIFANGZHUGUANYUANYINZAOCHENGDE。ZAIXINYUGONGSIANZHONG,CHANSHENGHETONGJIANGJUDEYUANYINSHIDANGSHIRENYIFANGJIHUADEDIAOZHENG,ERBUSHIYINDANGSHIRENZHIWAIDEKEGUANYUANYINYINFA,DANGSHIRENDUIGAIYUANYINYEBINGFEIWUFAYUJIAN。DIER,DUIDANGSHIRENLIYIDEYINGXIANGBUTONG。ZAIQINGSHIBIANGENGDEQINGXINGXIA,YINYIDINGDEKEGUANYUANYINDEFASHENGJIANGDAOZHIJIXULVXINGHETONGJIANGDUIYIFANGDANGSHIRENMINGXIANBUGONGPING,HUOZHEBUNENGSHIXIANHETONGMUDE;ERZAIHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,HETONGJIANGJUDECHUXIANTONGCHANGZHISHIDAOZHIYIFANGDANGSHIRENDEHETONGLVXINGCHENGBENGUOGAO,BINGBUDANGRANDAOZHIDANGSHIRENDEHETONGMUDEWUFASHIXIAN。LIRU,ZAIXINYUGONGSIANZHONG,ZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,XINYUGONGSIRENGRANKEYIJIXULVXINGHETONG,ZHIBUGUOJIXULVXINGHETONGDUIQICHENGBENGUOGAO。DISAN,FALVXIAOGUOBUTONG。ZAIQINGSHIBIANGENGDEQINGXINGXIA,DANGSHIRENKEYIQINGQIURENMINFAYUANBIANGENGHUOZHEJIECHUHETONG,YIPINGHENGDANGSHIRENZHIJIANDELIYIGUANXI。ERZAIHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,WOGUOXIANXINGLIFABINGMEIYOUGUIDING,DANGSHIRENWUQUANQINGQIURENMINFAYUANBIANGENGHUOZHEJIECHUHETONG。YINCI,BUNENGYIQINGSHIBIANGENGZHIDULAIJIEJUEHETONGJIANGJUWENTI。

赢发彩票代理   HETONGJIANGJUYUGONGSIJIANGJUYEYOUXIANGSIZHICHU,GONGSIJIANGJUYIBANSHIZHIYINGUDONGZHIJIANHUOZHEGONGSIGUANLIRENYUANZHIJIANDELIYICHONGTUHEMAODUN,DAOZHIGONGSIYOUXIAODEYUNXINGJIZHISHILING,GUDONGHUIHUOZHEDONGSHIHUIYINERWUFAYOUXIAOZHAOJI,ERRENHEYIFANGDETIANYEDOUWUFADEDAODUIFANGDEJIESHOUHERENKE,CONGERDAOZHIGONGSIDESHIWUCHUYUTANHUANZHUANGTAI。38HETONGJIANGJUYUGONGSIJIANGJUDEGONGXINGTIXIANZAI,YIFANGMIAN,ERZHEDOUYANZHONGYINGXIANGDANGSHIRENMUDEDESHIXIAN。ZAIHETONGJIANGJUZHONG,SHUANGFANGDANGSHIRENWUFAJIUHETONGDEZHONGDASHIXIANGDACHENGHEYI,CONGERDAOZHIHETONGJIXULVXINGCUNZAIKUNNAN,YINGXIANGHETONGMUDESHIXIAN;ERZAIGONGSIJIANGJUZHONG,YINGUDONGHUOZHEGUANLIRENYUANDECHONGTUHEMAODUN,DAOZHIGONGSIYUNXINGCHUXIANKUNNAN,YINGXIANGGONGSIMUDEDESHIXIAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,ERZHEDOUWUFATONGGUONEIBUJIZHIYUYIJIEJUE。GONGSIJIANGJUDECHUXIANTONGCHANGSHIYINWEIGONGSIGUDONGDEHEZUOGUANXIBENGKUI,DAOZHIGONGSIDEYUNYINGCHUXIANZHONGDAZHANGAI,CISHI,TONGGUOGONGSIDENEIBUJIZHIYIJINGNANYIJIEJUEXIANGGUANZHENGYI;39ERZAIHETONGJIANGJUZHONG,TONGCHANGYESHIZAIHETONGLVXINGCHUXIANZHONGDAKUNNANDEQINGXINGXIA,DANGSHIRENYEWUFATONGGUOXIESHANGJIEJUEXIANGGUANDELVXINGKUNNAN。YINCI,BULUNSHIHETONGJIANGJUHAISHIGONGSIJIANGJU,ZUIZHONGDOUXUYAOSUSONGJIZHIYUYIJIEJUE。DANGRAN,ERZHEYECUNZAIYIDINGDEQUBIE,ZHUYAOTIXIANWEI:YIFANGMIAN,ERZHEDEYINGXIANGFANWEIBUTONG。HETONGJIANGJUDAOZHIHETONGLVXINGKUNNAN,QITONGCHANGZHISHIYINGXIANGHETONGDANGSHIRENDELIYI,ERDUIGONGSIJIANGJUERYAN,QIYINGXIANGFANWEIBINGBUXIANYUZAOCHENGGONGSIJIANGJUDEGUDONGHUOZHEGUANLIRENYUAN,YOUYUGONGSIJIANGJUKENENGDAOZHIGONGSIWUFAZHENGCHANGYUNYING,QIKENENGYINGXIANGGONGSISUOYOUGUDONGDELIYI。LINGYIFANGMIAN,DAPOGONGSIJIANGJUDEFANGSHIBUTONG,DUIGONGSIJIANGJUERYAN,SUIRANYEKEYITONGGUOJIESANGONGSIDEFANGSHIDAPOGONGSIJIANGJU,DANGONGSIJIANGJUDEDAPOYUANZESHANGYINGDANGJIANCHIGONGSIWEICHIYUANZE,JIESANGONGSITONGCHANGZHISHIDAPOGONGSIJIANGJUDEZUIHOUJIUJISHOUDUAN。40ERDUIHETONGJIANGJUERYAN,HETONGJIANGJUDETONGCHANGHUIDAOZHIDANGSHIRENZHIJIANJIXULVXINGHETONGDEJICHUBUFUCUNZAI,YINCI,DAPOHETONGJIANGJUTONGCHANGCAIYONGJIECHUHETONGDEFANGSHI。

  三、打破合同僵局的方式:违约方申请司法解除

赢发彩票代理   MIANDUIHETONGJIANGJU,XIANRANRANGJIANGJUJIXUWEICHI,JIWUFASHIXIANHETONGMUDE,YEWUFASHIDANGSHIRENCONGHETONGJIANGJUZHONGTUOSHEN。RUQIANSUOSHU,DAPOHETONGJIANGJUBUJINJINYOULIYUTIGAOXIAOLV,TONGSHIYEWEIHULECHENGXINYUANZE,YINER,DUIDAPOHETONGJIANGJU,WULUNSHIZAILILUNJIEHAISHISHIWUJIE,DOUHUODELEPUBIANDEGONGSHI,DANWENTIZAIYU,YINGDANGTONGGUOHEZHONGFANGSHIDAPOJIANGJU:

赢发彩票代理   DIYIZHONGMOSHISHIFUYUWEIYUEFANGJIECHUHETONGDEQUANLI。ZHEISHIWOGUOSIFASHIJIANZHONGYIXIEFAYUANSUOCAIQUDEZUOFA。SUIRANJIANGQISHIYONGFANWEIXIANDINGWEITESHUQINGXING,DANQIYIJINGTUPOLE《HETONGFA》ZHONGHETONGJIECHUQUANZHINENGYOUFEIWEIYUEFANGXIANGYOUDEYUANZE。QIDAILAIDEBULIHOUGUOSHIXIANERYIJIANDE,DUIHETONGYANSHOUSUODAILAIDECHONGJIHEPOHUAIYESHINANYIYULIAODE。

  DIERZHONGMOSHISHIJIEJIANBIJIAOFASHANGDE“SHISHIJIECHU(Ipso Facto avoidance)”DEGAINIAN,ZAIYIFANGXUANGAOHETONGJIECHUZHIHOU,SHISHISHANGSHIHETONGJIECHU。SUOWEISHISHIJIECHU,SHIZHIWUXUDANGSHIRENXINGSHIJIECHUQUANHUOFAYUANXUANGAOJIECHUDEHETONGJIECHUFANGSHI,ZAIFASHENGTEDINGDESHIYOUSHI,HETONGJIKEXUANGAOJIECHU。JIYUZHEIYIGUIZE,JISHIDANGSHIRENHEFAYUANBUCAIQURENHEXINGWEI,HETONGYENENGBEIJIECHU。ZUIWEICHANGJIANDESHISHIJIECHUDESHIYOUSHIHETONGWUFAJIXULVXING。LIRU,ZAIMAIMAIHETONGZHONG,CHUMAIRENBUJIAOFUHUOWU,MAISHOURENBUZHIFUJIAJIN,JUNKENENGDAOZHISHISHIJIECHUDEFASHENG。ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGWANGWANGSHEJIDUIHETONGZHONGZHONGYAOTIAOKUANDEWEIFAN,JIQIANQUEZHEIXIETIAOKUAN,ZEDANGSHIRENJIUBUHUIDINGLIGAIHETONG。SHENZHIZAIMOUXIEGUOJIA,CHIYANLVXINGYEKENENGGOUCHENGSHISHIJIECHUDEYUANYIN。41HETONGJIANGJUYUSHISHIJIECHUJUYOUYIDINGDELIANXI,ERZHEDOUSHICHUXIANLEHETONGWUFAJIXULVXING、JIXULVXINGWUYIYIDANYOUWUFAGOUCHENGQINGSHIBIANGENGDEQINGXING。DANSHI,SHISHIJIECHUZHONGDANGSHIRENSHUANGFANGKENENGDOUMEIYOUJIXULVXINGDEYIYUAN,ERFASHENGLEZIDONGJIECHU。ERZAIHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,YOUJIECHUQUANDEYIFANGKENENGRENGXIWANGHETONGBEIJIXULVXING,DANLINGYIFANGBUYUANJIECHUHETONG,YINERCHANSHENGLEHETONGJIANGJU。BIZHERENWEI,BUNENGCAIQUSHISHIJIECHUDEFANGSHIDAPOHETONGJIANGJU,YINWEICIZHONGFANGSHISHISHUANGFANGDOUBULVXINGHETONG,SHIHETONGZIDONGJIECHU,QIYUHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGBUTONG,YICIZHONGFANGSHIDAPOHETONGJIANGJU,KENENGSHIHETONGDEJIECHUMEIYOUCHENGXUXINGYAOJIANHEJIECHUQUANXINGSHIYAOJIANDEYAOQIU,QIYUEJINGSHENYUHETONGYANSHOUYEWUCONGTANQI。ERQIESHISHISHANG,ZAISHISHIJIECHUDEQINGXINGXIA,SHUANGFANGDANGSHIRENSHIFOUJUNYOUSHIHETONGJIECHUDEYIYUAN,WANGWANGNANYIQUEDING,YUNXUSHISHIJIECHU,RUGUODANGSHIRENSHIHOUZHUZHANGSHISHIJIECHUHETONGBUCHENGLI,ERZHUZHANGJIXULVXINGHETONG,ZEKENENGYINFAZHUDUOJIUFEN。

赢发彩票代理   DISANZHONGMOSHISHIJIEJIANBIJIAOFASHANGDESIFAJIECHUJINGYAN,YOUWEIYUEFANGZAIFAYUANQINGQIUJIECHUHETONG,FAYUANJINGGUOSHENCHARENDINGFUHESIFAJIECHUTIAOJIANDE,PANDINGHETONGJIECHU。BIZHEZANCHENGZHEIYIZUOFA。

  CONGBIJIAOFASHANGLAIKAN,YIXIEGUOJIACHENGRENLESIFAJIECHU,1804NIAN《FAGUOMINFADIAN》DI1227TIAOGUIDING:“RENHEQINGKUANGXIA,DANGSHIRENJUNKEHETONGQINGQIUFAYUANJIECHUHETONG”,ZHEIJIWEI“SIFAJIECHU(résolution judiciaire)”ZHIDU。2016NIANXIUDINGHOUDE《FAGUOMINFADIAN》XINZENGDE1228TIAOGUIDING:“RENHEQINGKUANGXIA,DOUKEYITONGGUOSIFATUJINGZHUZHANGJIECHU”,ZHEIYITIAOWENYUANZI2016NIANZHAIFAGAIGEQIANDI1184TIAO,DANGAITIAOWENCIQIANJINSHIYONGYUSHUANGWUHETONG;ER2016NIANZHAIFAGAIGEFALINGKUOZHANGLEZHEIYITIAOKUANDESHIYONGFANWEI;FAGUOXUELIRENWEI,YIXIEQITALEIXINGDEHETONG(YOUCHANGDEDANWUHETONG)YEKEYICAIQUSIFAJIECHU,ERYIXIESHUANGWUHETONGYOUKENENGBUNENGBEIJIECHU。ZAIDANGSHIRENSHENQINGSIFAJIECHUHOU,FAYUANBUJINKEYIQUERENJIECHUQUANRENQUANLIXINGSHIDEXIAOLI,HAIKEYIZHIJIERENDINGHETONGDEJIECHU。FAGUOFAGUANYUSIFAJIECHUDEJINGYANYEBEIXUDUOGUOJIASUOCAINA。LIRU,BILISHIFAHELUSENBAOFA,YIJIDONGOUHEZHONGYADUOGUODEFALVZHONG,JUNJIESHOULEZHEIYIGUANDIAN。42

  WOGUOXIANXINGFALVBUCHENGRENWEIYUEFANGNENGGOUJIECHUHETONG,YEJIUYIWEIZHE,JIBIANCHUXIANLEHETONGJIANGJU,WEIYUEFANGYEBUNENGANZHAOFADINGJIECHUQUANDEXINGSHIFANGSHIJIECHUHETONG,YEBUSHIYONG《HETONGFA》DI94TIAODEGUIDING,XIANRANZHEISHIXIANXINGFAGUIDINGDEBUZU。ZAIHETONGFASHANGZHISUOYIYOUBIYAOCHENGRENTONGGUOSIFAJIECHUDEFANGSHIJIECHUHETONG,ZHUYAOLIYOUZAIYU:

赢发彩票代理   YISHIHETONGJIANGJUYUWEIYUEMEIYOUBIRANLIANXI。WEIYUEFANGSHENQINGJIECHUBUSHIZAIFEIWEIYUEFANGGOUCHENGWEIYUEDEQINGXINGXIACHANSHENGDE,ERSHIYINWEIHETONGNANYILVXING、FEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEXINGSHIJIECHUQUANSUOXINGCHENGDE。YIFANGMIAN,RUQIANSUOSHU,WOGUOXIANXING《HETONGFA》CHENGRENZAIYIFANGGOUCHENGGENBENWEIYUEDEQINGXINGXIA,LINGYIFANGXIANGYOUJIECHUQUAN。DANYINWEIBINGWEICHENGRENWEIYUEFANGZHIJIEXIANGYOUJIECHUQUAN,YINERDAPOHETONGJIANGJUBUNENGSHIYONGFADINGJIECHUQUANDEGUIDING。FALVSHANGWEISHENMEYAODAPOHETONGJIANGJU?QIMUDESHIWEIHUCHENGXINYUANZE,JIANGDIJIAOYICHENGBENFEIYONG。ZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,JIUHETONGSHIFOUJIECHUDEWENTIYIJINGFASHENGLEZHENGYI,YINERYINGDANGYOUFAYUANPANDUANHETONGSHIFOUYINGDANGBEIJIECHU。SUOYI,ZHINENGTONGGUOFAYUANSIFAJIECHUDEFANGSHIDAPOHETONGJIANGJU。LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,BINGBUDANGRANKAOLVDANGSHIRENWEIYUEDEWENTI。ZHENGSHIYINWEIHETONGJIANGJUYUWEIYUEMEIYOUBIRANLIANXI,YINERBINGBUNENGTONGGUOXIANXINGFADEGUIDINGJIEJUEZHEIYIWENTI,ERZHINENGZAIFALVGUIZEZHIWAI,TONGGUOSUSONGDEFANGSHIJIAYIJIEJUE。

  ERSHIHETONGJIANGJUSHIFOUXINGCHENGXUYAOYOUFAYUANJINXINGPANDUAN。WEIYUEFANGJIECHUYIXINGCHENGHETONGJIANGJUWEIBIYAOTIAOJIAN,DANSHIBUSHIXINGCHENGLEHETONGJIANGJU,YIFANGMIAN,FAYUANXUYAOPANDUANHETONGNANYIJIXULVXING,SHIFOUSHUYUQINGSHIBIANGENGDEQINGXING,RUGUOGOUCHENGQINGSHIBIANGENG,ZEKEYITONGGUOQINGSHIBIANGENGDEGUIZEYUYIJIEJUE,ERWUXUTONGGUOSUSONGDAPOHETONGJIANGJU。LINGYIFANGMIAN,FEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEWEIYUEFANGJIECHUHETONGDEQINGQIUSHIFOUJUYOUZHENGDANGDELIYOU。SUIRANHETONGJIXULVXINGDUIYUWEIYUEFANGHUIZAOCHENGYIDINGDELIYISUNHAI,DANSHIBINGWEIZAOCHENGSHUANGFANGDELIYISHIHENGSHI,WEIYUEFANGRUGUOWANQUANJIYUZISHENKAOLV,ERZHIHETONGYUBUGU,JUJUEJIXULVXING,CIZHONGQINGXINGXIA,RUGUOYUNXUSUIYIDAPOHETONGJIANGJU,JIANGDAOZHIHETONGJIANGLUNWEIYIZHIKONGWEN,HETONGYANSHOUYUANZEMINGCUNSHIWANG。SUOYIRENDINGSHIFOUCUNZAIHETONGJIANGJUZHINENGYOUFAYUANJINXINGSHENCHAPANDUAN。

赢发彩票代理   SANSHIHETONGJIANGJUSHIFOUYAODAPOXUYAOYOUFAYUANRENDING。FALVSHANGWEISHENMEYAODAPOHETONGJIANGJU?ZAIYIJINGXINGCHENGHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,SHIFOUYOUBIYAODAPOJIANGJU,BUNENGYOUDANGSHIRENYIFANGJINXINGPANDUAN,ERZHINENGYOUFAYUANZONGHEANQINGJINXINGRENDING。FAYUANSUOYAOKAOLVDESHIHETONGWUFAJIXULVXING,ERSHOUYUEFANGYEBUTONGYIJIEYUE,DUIDUIFANGDANGSHIRENZAOCHENGJUDAFUDAN,CONGWEIHUCHENGXINHEGONGPINGYUANZE、JIANGDIJIAOYICHENGBENFEIYONGDEMUDEKAOLIANG,YOUBIYAODAPOHETONGJIANGJU。DANSHI,SHIFOUFUHEDAPOHETONGJIANGJUDEBIYAOTIAOJIAN,XUYAOFAGUANTONGGUOYANGESHENCHAYUYIBAWO。YINWEIYIDANDUICIBIAOZHUNZHANGWOBUYANGE,JIANGHUIDUIHETONGDEXIAOLICHANSHENGJUDADEFANGHAI。LIRUZAIXINYUGONGSIANZHONG,FAYUANTICHUJIEYUEDEGENBENYUANYINZAIYULVXINGDEFEIYONGGUOGAO,DANSHIJISHANG,JINJINYILVXINGFEIYONGGUOGAOZUOWEIDAPOJIANGJUDEBIAOZHUN,XIANRANSHIBUHELIDE。DUIXUDUOJIAOYIERYAN,YOUYUSHICHANGXINGQINGDEBIANHUA,QIEJIAOYIDANGSHIRENYOUYUZISHENNENGLIERPANDUANSHIWU,DOUKENENGYINFALVXINGFEIYONGGUOGAO,ZHEIXIANRANSHUYUZHENGCHANGDEJIAOYIFENGXIAN,YINGDANGYOUGAIFANGDANGSHIRENZIXINGFUDANXIANGGUANDEFENGXIAN。YINCI,JINYIFANGDANGSHIRENLVXINGFEIYONGGUOGAO,BINGBUDANGRANGOUCHENGHETONGJIANGJU,HAIYAOQIUFEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEJIECHUHETONGWEIFANCHENGXINYUANZEZHEIYIZHUGUANYAOJIAN。ZAISIFAJIECHUZHONG,TONGGUODANGSHIRENDEJUZHENG、ZHIZHENGKEYIRENDINGDANGSHIRENSHIFOUWEIFANCHENGXINYUANZE。XIANRAN,ZHIYOUTONGGUOSIFAJIECHUCAINENGGOUZUZHIDANGSHIRENZHIJIANDETOUJIZHUYIXINGWEI,BIMIANJIAOYIJIANGJU,JIANSHAOMEIYOUBIYAODEZIYUANLANGFEI。43

  SISHIHETONGJIANGJUBEIDAPOHOUDEHOUGUOXUYOUFAYUANQUEDING。WEIYUEFANGSHENQINGSIFAJIECHUSUODAOZHIDEFALVHOUGUOJIAOWEITESHU,YINGDANGYOUFAYUANYIFAYUYIMINGQUE。ZAIYIFANGDANGSHIRENXINGSHIFADINGJIECHUQUANDEQINGXINGXIA,JIECHUDEHOUGUOKEYIYIJU《HETONGFA》DI97TIAODEGUIDING,TONGSHIKEYISHIYONGWEIYUEZERENDEYIBANGUIZE,RUGUOYIFANGWEIYUEHOU,LINGYIFANGJIKEYIXINGSHIJIECHUQUAN,YEKEYIZHUZHANGSUNHAIPEICHANG,JIUSUNHAIPEICHANGERYAN,FEIWEIYUEFANGSHENZHIKEYIZHUZHANGKEDELIYIDEPEICHANG。DANZAISIFAJIECHUDEQINGXINGXIA,SUIRANZHUZHANGJIECHUDEYIFANGYEGOUCHENGWEIYUE,DANBUNENGSHIYONGXIANXING《HETONGFA》GUANYUFADINGJIECHUQUANXINGSHIHOUGUODEGUIDING,LINGYIFANGMIAN,ZAISIFAJIECHUDEQINGXINGXIA,FEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEJIECHUHETONGYEWEIFANLECHENGXINYUANZE,RUGUOJIANDANSHIYONGFADINGJIECHUDEFALVGUIZE,YUNXUQIZHUZHANGPEICHANGQUANBUSUNSHI,DUIWEIYUEFANGERYANYEBINGBUDANGRANHELI。YOUCIKEJIAN,ZAIWEIYUEFANGSHENQINGSIFAJIECHUDEQINGXINGXIA,HETONGSHIFOUKEYIJIECHU,YIJIHETONGJIECHUHOUDEFALVXIAOGUOHESUNHAIPEICHANGDENGWENTI,JUNYUYIBANQINGKUANGXIAJIECHUQUANDEXINGSHIYOUSUOBUTONG。YINER,ZHIYOUZAIFAYUANJINXINGSIFAJIECHUSHI,CAIKENENGDUIJIECHUHOUDEFALVXIAOGUOYIBINGQUEDING。

赢发彩票代理   SIFAJIECHUBINGBUYIWEIZHEHETONGDANGRANJIECHU,QIYUFADINGJIECHUDEHOUGUOBUTONG,FADINGJIECHUQUANDEXINGSHIDANGRANDAOZHIHETONGJIECHU,SIFAJIECHUBUTONGYUDANFANGJIECHU,DUIDANFANGJIECHUERYAN,DANGSHIRENKEYITONGGUOTONGZHIDUIFANGDEFANGSHIJIECHUHETONG,ERZAISIFAJIECHUDEQINGXINGXIA,DANGSHIRENYINGDANGXIANGFAYUANTICHUJIECHUHETONGDEQINGQIU,YOUFAYUANZUIZHONGPANDUANHETONGNENGFOUJIECHU。BIZHERENWEI,WEILEGUANCHEHETONGYANSHOUYUANZE,CHUYINBUKEKANGLIJIECHUHETONGWAI,《HETONGFA》DI94TIAOSUOGUIDINGDEWEIYUEFADINGJIECHUQUANYINGDANGYOUFEIWEIYUEFANGXIANGYOU,ZAITESHUQINGXINGXIA,WEIYUEFANGYEYINGDANGYOUQUANTONGGUOSHENQINGSIFAJIECHUDEFANGSHI,QINGQIURENMINFAYUANJIECHUHETONG。SHENQINGSIFAJIECHUYUQUERENWEIYUEFANGDEFADINGJIECHUQUANRENGRANCUNZAIQUBIE。YINWEIYIFANGMIAN,CONGXINGZHISHANGKAN,SHENQINGSIFAJIECHUDEQUANLIGUISHUYUSHUANGFANGDANGSHIREN,WULUNDANGSHIRENDEXINGWEISHIFOUGOUCHENGGENBENWEIYUE;ERZAIFADINGJIECHUDEQINGXINGXIA,ZHIYOUFEIWEIYUEFANGCAIXIANGYOUFADINGJIECHUQUAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,CONGXIAOLISHANGKAN,ZAIFADINGJIECHUDEQINGXINGXIA,XIANGYOUJIECHUQUANDEYIFANGDANGSHIRENKEYIYIYISITONGZHIDEFANGSHIJIECHUHETONG,ERZAISHENQINGSIFAJIECHUDEQINGXINGXIA,XUYAOYOUFAYUANZUIZHONGRENDINGHETONGNENGFOUJIECHU。ERSIFAJIECHUSHIYOUWEIYUEFANGXIANGFAYUANSHENQINGJIECHUHETONG,DANNENGFOUDAOZHIHETONGJIECHU,HAIXUYAOFAYUANYUYIRENDING。

  HAOWUYIWEN,SIFAJIECHUSHIWOGUOMUQIAN《HETONGFA》DEKONGBAI,JIANYUDAPOHETONGJIANGJUDEBIYAOXING,WOGUOZHENGZAIQICAODEMINFADIANHETONGBIANQUEYOUBIYAOGUIDINGSIFAJIECHUZHIDU,ZUOCHUCIZHONGGUIDINGDEZHUYAOYUANYINZAIYU,YIFANGMIAN,XUYAOJIFAGUANSHOULIHETONGJIANGJUJIUFENTIGONGFALVYIJU。YEJIUSHISHUO,ZAICHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUSHI,RUGUOMEIYOUFALVGUIDING,WEIYUEFANGSHIWUQUANZHUZHANGJIECHUHETONGDE,ZAIZHEIYIDIANSHANG,QIYUDAPOHETONGJIANGJULEISI,RUGUOFALVMEIYOUZUOCHUGUIDING,ZEFAYUANCAIPANCILEIJIUFENJIUYUFAWUJU。LINGYIFANGMIAN,WEIFAGUANZAIHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIAJIECHUHETONGTIGONGMINGQUEDECAIPANZHIYIN。YEJIUSHISHUO,JIBIANSHISIFAJIECHU,YEYINGDANGZAIFALVSHANGMINGQUENAXIEQINGXINGXIAKEYIJIECHUHETONG,NAXIEQINGXINGXIABUNENGJIECHUHETONG,FALVMINGQUEGUIDINGSIFAJIECHUDETIAOJIAN,YEYOULIYUGUIFANFAGUANSIFAJIECHUHETONGDEXINGWEI。HAIYINGDANGKANDAO,ZAISHOUDAODANGSHIRENDEJIECHUSHENQINGHOU,FAGUANXUYAOYIJUFALVDEGUIDINGLAISHENCHAPANDUANSHIFOUXINGCHENGHETONGJIANGJU、SHIFOUYOUBIYAODAPOJIANGJU,YIJIDAPOJIANGJUDEHOUGUODENG。ZHEIXIEDOUXUYAOYOUFALVJIAYIQUEDING,FOUZEJIANGKENENGJIFAGUANYIGUODADEZIYOUCAILIANGQUANLI。RUGUOQUEFAFALVDEMINGQUEGUIZE,ERRENYOUFAGUANSUIYIRENDINGHEDAPOHETONGJIANGJU,KENENGHUIBUDANGXIAOMIEDALIANGDEJIAOYIGUANXI。BIJINGHETONGJIECHUSHEJIDANGSHIRENDESIYI,GUANXIDAODANGSHIRENDEYIZHIHELIYI,YIDANFASHENGJIECHU,JIUYIWEIZHEXIAOMIEHETONGGUANXI,DUIDANGSHIRENLIYIZHIGUANZHONGDA,YINGDANGZAIFALVSHANGZUOCHUMINGQUEDEGUIDING。BIJIAOFASHANGYEYOUYIXIEGUOJIADUISIFAJIECHUDERENDINGHEXIAOGUOZUOCHULEMINGQUEGUIDING,LIRU,ZAIFAGUOFAZHONG,FAGUANKEYIGENJUWEIYUEFANGDEGUOCUOCHENGDU、WEIYUEQINGJIE、JINGJIXINGSHIDENGYINSU,JUEDINGSHIFOUTONGYIJIECHUHETONG。CHULEJIECHUHETONGZHIWAI,FAGUANHAIKEGENJUQINGKUANG,TONGGUOJIYUZHAIWURENYIKUANXIANQI、JIYUZHAIQUANRENYISUNHAIPEICHANG、BUFENJIECHU、JIANSHAOJIAJINDENGJIUJISHOUDUAN,YIWEIHUHETONGZHENGYI。44ZHEIXIEGUIZEYEZHIDEWEIWOMENSUOJIEJIAN。

  《MINFADIAN·HETONGBIAN(ERSHENGAO)》DI353TIAODI3KUANGUIDING:“HETONGBUNENGLVXINGZHISHIBUNENGSHIXIANHETONGMUDE,YOUJIECHUQUANDEDANGSHIRENBUXINGSHIJIECHUQUAN,GOUCHENGLANYONGQUANLIDUIDUIFANGXIANSHIGONGPINGDE,RENMINFAYUANHUOZHEZHONGCAIJIGOUKEYIGENJUDUIFANGDEQINGQIUJIECHUHETONG,DANSHIBUYINGXIANGWEIYUEZERENDECHENGDAN。”GAITIAOSHIDUISIFAJIECHUGUIZEDEDADANCHANGSHI,GAIGUIZEMIBULEHETONGFADEQUEXIAN,WEIGUANCHECHENGXINYUANZE、SHIXIANHETONGZHENGYITIGONGLEBIYAODEBAOZHANG。YOUPIPINGZHERENWEIZHEISHIFUYUWEIYUEFANGYIHETONGJIECHUQUAN,XIANGDANGYUBAOHUSHENZHIGULIWEIYUEFANG,WEIBEILE“RENHERENBUDEYINQIEXINGERDELI”ZHEIYIFALVDEJIBENYUANLI。DANYEYOUXUEZHEZHICHU,“ZHEIZHONGPIPINGXIANRANSHIWUDU,YINWEIGAITIAOZHISHIFUYUWEIYUEFANGSHENQINGFAYUANHUOZHONGCAIJIGOUJIECHUHETONGDEQUANLI,ZHIZAIDAPOHETONGJIANGJU,ZHIYUHETONGSHIFOUNENGJIECHU,YAOQUJUEYUFAYUANHUOZHEZHONGCAIJIGOUDESHENCHA。”45BIZHERENWEI,GAIKUANGUIDINGDEBINGFEIWEIYUEJIECHUQUAN,ERSHISIFAJIECHU,SUIRANQIGOUCHENGYAOJIANYOUDAIYUJINYIBUWANSHAN,DANZUOCHUCIZHONGGUIDINGSHISHIFENBIYAODE。WEIYUEFANGJIECHUQUANYIWEIZHEWEIYUEFANGYIDANXINGSHIFADINGJIECHUQUAN,ZHIYAOFUHEFADINGJIECHUDETIAOJIAN,FAYUANHUOZHONGCAIJIGOUBIXUJIECHU,DANSIFAJIECHUYIWEIZHEWEIYUEFANGCONGSHENQINGWEIANJIAN,FAYUANHUOZHONGCAIJIGOUYOUCAILIANGDEYUDI,WEIYUEFANGJINJINSHIFADONGCICHENGXU,BUNENGJUEDINGCIZHONGCHENGXUDEJIEGUO,JUEDINGQUANZAIFAYUANHUOZHONGCAIJIGOUNEILI。FALVGUIDINGDAPOHETONGJIANGJUDEGUIZE,BINGBUSHIWEILEBAOHUWEIYUEFANG,ERZHIZAIWEIHUCHENGXINYUANZE,TONGGUOSIFAJIECHUHETONGDEFANGSHISHIXIANHETONGSHUANGFANGDANGSHIRENLIYIDEPINGHENG,CONGERWEIHUHETONGDESHIZHIZHENGYI。

赢发彩票代理   JIEHEXINYUGONGSIAN,BIZHERENWEI,YOUYUGAIANQUEYIGOUCHENGHETONGJIANGJU,YINGDANGYUNXUWEIYUEFANGSHENQINGFAYUANJINXINGSIFAJIECHU。RUGUOFUHESIFAJIECHUDETIAOJIAN,FAYUANKEYIZAIPANJUEZHONGYUNXUHETONGJIECHU,DANBUNENGJUCIRENWEI,WEIYUEFANGXIANGYOUDANFANGDEFADINGJIECHUQUAN,FOUZEBUJINYU《HETONGFA》DEGUIDINGMINGXIANBUFU,ERQIEYEHUISUNHAIJIAOYIANQUANHEZHIXU。

  四、通过司法解除方式打破合同僵局的条件

  TONGGUOSIFAJIECHUDEFANGSHIZUIZHONGSHIXIANHETONGDEXIAOMIE,XUYAOMANZULIANGGECENGMIANDETIAOJIAN。DIYICENGMIANDETIAOJIANSHIKEYIXIANGFAYUANTIQISIFAJIECHUDETIAOJIAN,DIERCENGMIANDETIAOJIANSHIRENDINGSHIFOUGOUCHENGHETONGJIANGJUDESHITIPANDUANTIAOJIAN。DUIYUZHEILIANGGETIAOJIANJUNXUYANGEXIANDING,FOUZEJIANGJIYUFAGUANGUODADEZIYOUCAILIANGQUAN,BULIYUWEICHIHETONGDEXIAOLI,YINGXIANGJIAOYIZHIXU。

  《MINFADIAN·HETONGBIAN(ERSHENGAO)》DI353TIAODI2KUANGUIDING:“HETONGBUNENGLVXINGZHISHIBUNENGSHIXIANHETONGMUDE,YOUJIECHUQUANDEDANGSHIRENBUXINGSHIJIECHUQUAN,GOUCHENGLANYONGQUANLIDUIDUIFANGXIANSHIGONGPINGDE,RENMINFAYUANHUOZHEZHONGCAIJIGOUKEYIGENJUDUIFANGDEQINGQIUJIECHUHETONG,DANSHIBUYINGXIANGWEIYUEZERENDECHENGDAN。”GAITIAOYAOQIUZUIZHONGDEJIECHUYINGDANGMANZUDETIAOJIANYINGDANGBAOKUO:YISHIHETONGBUNENGLVXING,ERSHIYOUJIECHUQUANDEDANGSHIRENBUJIECHUHETONG,GOUCHENGQUANLILANYONG,SANSHIDUIDUIFANGXIANSHIGONGPING。GAITIAOSHIJISHANGSHIDUITONGGUOSIFAJIECHUFANGSHIDAPOHETONGJIANGJUDETIAOJIANSUOZUOCHUDEGUIDING。

  JIUDIYIGECENGMIANDETIAOJIANERYAN,CONG《MINFADIAN·HETONGBIAN(ERSHENGAO)》DI353TIAODI3KUANGUIDINGLAIKAN,“YOUJIECHUQUANDEDANGSHIRENBUXINGSHIJIECHUQUAN,GOUCHENGLANYONGQUANLIDUIDUIFANGXIANSHIGONGPINGDE”,CAINENGZUOCHUSIFAJIECHU。CONGGAIGUIDINGLAIKAN,FEIWEIYUEFANGLANYONGQUANLISHIHETONGSIFAJIECHUDEBIYAOTIAOJIAN。HEWEIQUANLILANYONG?SUOWEIQUANLILANYONG,SHIZHIQUANLIRENYIGUYIJIASUNHAIYUTARENDEMUDEXINGSHIQUANLI,BINGDAOZHITARENSUNHAI。ZAIGOUCHENGQUANLILANYONGDEQINGXINGXIA,XINGWEIRENXINGSHIQUANLIWEIBEIQUANLISHEDINGDEMUDE,SUNHAILETARENLIYI,YINCIYINGDANGCHENGDANXIANGYINGDEZEREN。BIJIAOFASHANG,PUBIANJINZHILANYONGQUANLI。ZAILUOMAFAZHONG,CENGJINGYOU“FANXINGSHIQUANLIZHE,WULUNYUHERENJIEFEIBUFA”DEGUIDING。DANJINDAIYILAI,GEGUOJIBENDOURENKELEJINZHIQUANLILANYONGDEGUIZE。46LIRU,《DEGUOMINFADIAN》DI226TIAOGUIDING:“QUANLIDEXINGSHIBUDEZHIYIJIASUNHAIYUTARENWEIMUDE。”《RIBENMINFADIAN》GUIDING“SIQUANYAOZUNSHOUGONGGONGFULI,XINGSHIQUANLIHELVXINGYIWUYAOZUNSHOUXINYI,ZHONGSHIZHIXING,BUYUNXULANYONGQUANLI。”ZHEISHIYINWEI“QUANLICUNZAIYUJIANGYAOSHIXIANQIZUOYONGDEFANWEINEI。CHAOCHUZHEIYIFANWEI,QUANLIXIANGYOURENBIANCHAOCHUHUOLANYONGLEZHEIXIEQUANLI。LANYONGQUANLIDEXINGWEISHIYIZHONGYUGUOJIAZHIDUHEJINGSHENBUXIANGFUHEDEXINGWEI。”47WOGUO《MINFAZONGZE》YIJU《XIANFA》DI51TIAODEGUIDING,YUDI132TIAOGUIDING:“MINSHIZHUTIBUDELANYONGMINSHIQUANLISUNHAIGUOJIALIYI、SHEHUIGONGGONGLIYIHUOZHETARENHEFAQUANYI。”ZHEIJIUQUELILEJINZHIQUANLILANYONGDEGUIZE。YOUCIKEJIAN,WOGUOMINFAWEILEBAOZHANGQUANLIDEZHENGDANGXINGSHI,SHIXIANQUANLIDESHEDINGMUDE,MINGQUEGUIDINGLEJINZHILANYONGQUANLI。RANER,ZAIXINGCHENGHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,SHIFOUBIXUYAOQIUFEIWEIYUEFANGDEXINGWEIGOUCHENGLANYONGQUANLI,CAINENGJINXINGSIFAJIECHU?DUICICUNZAIZHENGYI,BIZHERENWEI,YIFEIWEIYUEFANGLANYONGQUANLIZUOWEISIFAJIECHUDETIAOJIANSHIBUTUODANGDE,ZHUYAOLIYOUZAIYU:

赢发彩票代理   DIYI,FEIWEIYUEFANGBUXINGSHIJIECHUQUANBINGBUDANGRANGOUCHENGLANYONGQUANLI。DUI《MINFADIAN·HETONGBIAN(ERSHENGAO)》DI353TIAODI3KUANSUOGUIDINGDELANYONGQUANLI,CUNZAIBUTONGLIJIE。HEWEI“YOUJIECHUQUANDEDANGSHIRENBUXINGSHIJIECHUQUAN,GOUCHENGLANYONGQUANLIDUIDUIFANGXIANSHIGONGPINGDE”?CONGWENYIJIESHILAIKAN,SHIFOUFEIWEIYUEFANGZHIYAOBUXINGSHIJIECHUQUAN,JIUGOUCHENGQUANLILANYONG?CIZHONGGUANDIANXIANRANSHIBUTUODANGDE。YINWEIYIFANGMIAN,FEIWEIYUEFANGBUXINGSHIJIECHUQUANBINGBUDANGRANGOUCHENGLANYONGQUANLI,JIECHUQUANSHIFALVFUYUFEIWEIYUEFANGZAIDUIFANGWEIYUESHISUOXIANGYOUDEQUANLI,QIZAIXINGZHISHANGSHUYUYIZHONGXINGCHENGQUAN。JIRANWEIQUANLI,ZEQUANLIRENKEYIXUANZEXINGSHIHUOBUXINGSHI,ZAIBUXINGSHIDEQINGXINGXIABINGFEIDANGRANGOUCHENGLANYONG。LINGYIFANGMIAN,CONGQUANLILANYONGDENEIHANLAIKAN,ZHIYOUQUANLIRENXINGSHIQUANLISHI,CAICUNZAILANYONGQUANLIDEWENTI,RUGUOQUANLIRENMEIYOUXINGSHIQUANLI,ZETANBUSHANGLANYONGDEWENTI。HAIYINGDANGKANDAO,MINSHIQUANLIBENZHISHANGSHIQUANLIRENKEYIWEIHUOZHEBUWEIYIDINGXINGWEIDEZIYOU,QUANLIRENYINGDANGYOUQUANJUEDINGSHIFOUXINGSHIQUANLI,ZAIHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,RUGUOJIANGFEIWEIYUEFANGBUXINGSHIJIECHUQUANJINGZIRENDINGWEIQUANLILANYONG,ZEYIWEIZHEQIBIXUJIECHUHETONG,ZHEIYEJIUYIWEIZHE,GAIXIANGQUANLISHIZHISHANGYIJINGYIHUAWEIYIXIANGYIWU,ZHEIYUJIECHUQUANDEBENZHISHUXINGSHIBUXIANGFUHEDE。

赢发彩票代理   DIER,GOUCHENGQUANLILANYONGBIXUYAOQIUXINGSHIQUANLIZHEYOUJIASUNHAIYUTARENDEGUYI。QUANLIRENXINGSHIQUANLIZHONGSUNHAITARENHUOSHEHUILIYIDEGUOCUOSHIGOUCHENGLANYONGQUANLIDEZHUGUANBIAOZHUN。ZHUGUANYOUGUOCUO,BINGBUYIWEIZHEYIDINGYAOYOUSUNHAITARENDEEYI,DANGRAN,LANYONGQUANLIDEGUOCUOZAIDUOSHUQINGKUANGXIABIAOXIANWEIGUYI,DANYOUSHIHOUYEBIAOXIANWEIGUOSHI。RUSHISHIZHENGDANGFANGWEIXINGWEISHIDEFANGWEIGUODANG,JIUBUYIDINGDOUSHIGUYIDE。RUGUOYIFEIWEIYUEFANGBUXINGSHIJIECHUQUANGOUCHENGQUANLILANYONGWEISIFAJIECHUDETIAOJIAN,ZEWEIYUEFANGZHENGMINGFEIWEIYUEFANGJUYOUJIASUNHAIYUZISHENDEGUYISHISHIFENKUNNANDE,YINWEIFEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEXINGSHIJIECHUQUANKENENGZHISHIWEILEZHUIQIUZISHENDEJINGJILIYI,ERMEIYOUJIASUNHAIYUWEIYUEFANGDEMUDE,ZAICIQINGXINGXIA,RUGUOFEIWEIYUEFANGDEXINGWEIWEIFANCHENGXINYUANZE,YEYOUBIYAOTONGGUOSIFAJIECHUDEFANGSHIDAPOHETONGJIANGJU。TONGSHI,FEIWEIYUEFANGSHIFOUJUYOULANYONGQUANLIDEGUYI,WANGWANGSHIHENNANZHENGMINGDE,JIANGQIZUOWEISIFAJIECHUDESHIYONGTIAOJIAN,BUJINHUIJIAZHONGWEIYUEFANGDEJUZHENGFUDAN,ERQIEHUIYANZHONGXIANZHISIFAJIECHUZHIDUDEGONGNENG。

赢发彩票代理   DISAN,LANYONGQUANLIBENZHISHANGSHIYIZHONGQINQUANXINGWEI。ZAILANYONGQUANLIDEQINGXINGXIA,QUANLIRENXINGSHIQUANLIBUNENGFASHENGXINGWEIRENYUQIDEFALVXIAOGUO。48LIRU,DANGSHIRENLIYONGDINGYUEZIYOU,EYIYOUSHITARENWEIYUE,ZEBUNENGFASHENGHETONGSHENGXIAODEXIAOLI。RUGUOLANYONGQUANLIZAOCHENGTARENSUNHAI,JIANGCHENGDANFALVZEREN。49LANYONGQUANLIDEXINGWEICHANGCHANGZAOCHENGTARENDESUNHAIHOUGUO,YINER,LANYONGQUANLIWANGWANGTONGSHIYEGOUCHENGQINQUAN,XINGWEIRENZHUGUANSHANGJUYOUGUOCUO,YINCI,YINGDANGYIJU《QINQUANZERENFA》DI6TIAODI1KUANDEGUIDINGCHENGDANQINQUANZEREN。SUOYI,LANYONGQUANLIDEXINGWEISHIYIZHONGZHUGUANEXINGJIAODADEXINGWEI,TONGCHANGHUIGOUCHENGQINQUAN。DANZAIHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,FEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEJIECHUHETONGSHI,QIKENENGZHISHIWEILESHIXIANZIJIDELVXINGLIYI,DANBINGBUDANGRANGOUCHENGQINQUAN,GENGBUNENGDANGRANRENDINGQIYOUJIASUNHAIYUWEIYUEFANGDEEYI,BUNENGRENDINGQICHENGDANQINQUANZEREN。GENGHEKUANG,ZAISIFAJIECHUJIUFENZHONG,WEIYUEFANGZHISHIYAOQIUJIECHUHETONG,ERMEIYOUQINGQIUFEIWEIYUEFANGCHENGDANQINQUANZEREN,YINCI,BUYIJIANGFEIWEIYUEFANGLANYONGQUANLIZUOWEISIFAJIECHUDEBIYAOTIAOJIAN。

  JIUDIERGECENGMIANDETIAOJIANERYAN,CONG《MINFADIAN·HETONGBIAN(ERSHENGAO)》DI353TIAODI2KUANGUIDINGLAIKAN,TONGGUOSIFAJIECHUFANGSHIDAPOHETONGJIANGJUDEQIANTITIAOJIANSHI“HETONGBUNENGLVXINGZHISHIBUNENGSHIXIANHETONGMUDE”,BIZHERENWEI,GAIGUIDINGXIANRANSHIBUTUODANGDE,YIFANGMIAN,ZAIXINGCHENGHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,BINGFEISUOYOUQINGXINGXIAHETONGDOUBUNENGLVXING,QIAQIAXIANGFAN,ZAIHENDUOQINGXINGXIA,DOUSHIKEYILVXINGDE。LIRU,JIUXINYUGONGSIERYAN,RUGUOXINYUGONGSIBUDIAOZHENGJINGYINGFANGAN,HETONGRENGKEJIXULVXING,ERQIEJIBIANXINYUGONGSIDIAOZHENGJINGYINGFANGAN,HETONGYEYOUJIXULVXINGDEKENENG,ZHIBUGUOJIXULVXINGHETONGDUIXINYUGONGSIERYANCHENGBENGUOGAO。LINGYIFANGMIAN,YILVXINGBUNENGZUOWEIXIANDINGTIAOJIAN,KENENGHUNXIAOHETONGJIANGJUYUQINGSHIBIANGENG,JIRENWEIZHIYOUZAIFUHEQINGSHIBIANGENGDEQINGXINGXIA,CAINENGDAPOHETONGJIANGJU。SHISHISHANG,HETONGJIANGJUYUQINGSHIBIANGENGCUNZAIQUBIE,BUNENGJIANGGOUCHENGQINGSHIBIANGENGZUOWEIRENDINGHETONGJIANGJUDETIAOJIAN。HAIYAOKANDAO,HETONGMUDELUOKONGBINGFEIHETONGJIANGJUDERENDINGTIAOJIAN,YINWEIHETONGJIANGJUZHISHIDANGSHIRENJIXULVXINGHETONGCHUXIANYIDINGDEKUNNAN,DANZAIXUDUOQINGXINGXIA,BINGBUYIWEIZHEDANGSHIRENDEHETONGMUDELUOKONG。LIRU,JIUXINYUGONGSIANLAIKAN,JIUXINYUGONGSIYUFENGYUMEIZHIJIANDEHETONGGUANXIERYAN,YINXINYUGONGSIJINGYINGDIAOZHENGERCHANSHENGDEHETONGJIANGJUBINGBUDANGRANDAOZHISHUANGFANGDANGSHIRENDEHETONGMUDELUOKONG,YINCI,JIANGHETONGMUDELUOKONGZUOWEIHETONGJIANGJUDERENDINGTIAOJIAN,SHIJISHANGSHIBUDANGXIANSUOLEHETONGJIANGJUDEFANWEI。

赢发彩票代理   BIZHERENWEI,ZAIHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,SIFAJIECHUYINGDANGFUHERUXIATIAOJIAN:

  SHOUXIAN,FEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEJIECHUHETONGWEIFANLECHENGXINYUANZE。ZAISHICHANGJINGJISHEHUI,JIAOYIZHONGDEXIEZUOGUANXIBIANDEGENGWEIZHONGYAO。HETONGDESHUANGFANGDANGSHIRENDOUBUYINGGUFUDUIFANGDEHELIQIDAI,RENHEYIFANGDOUBIXUZUNZHONGLINGYIFANGDELIYI。ZHENGSHIYINWEIHETONGSUOBIAOXIANDEJIAOYIBUSHIYIZHONGLINGHEYOUXI,ERSHIYIZHONGHUYINGDEGUANXI,YINCI,YIJUCHENGXINYUANZE,HETONGDANGSHIRENFUYOUXIEZUO、XIELIDEYIWU。50CHENGSHIXINYONGYUANZEZHUYAOSHIWEILEBAOHUDUIFANGDANGSHIRENDELIYI。YINCI,GAIYUANZEWANGWANGFUYUYIFANGDANGSHIRENYAOQIULINGYIFANGDANGSHIRENWEITEDINGXINGWEIDEQUANLI,RUHETONGDANGSHIRENKEYIJIYUCIYUANZEYAOQIUQILVXINGFUSUIYIWU。LANYONGQUANLIBENSHENYESHIQUANLIRENZAIXINGSHIQUANLIZHONGSHISHIDEWEIFANQIYINGFUDEFALVYIWUDEXINGWEI。YINCI,LANYONGQUANLIYINGDANGYIFACHENGDANXIANGYINGDEFALVZEREN。LANYONGQUANLIBENSHENBUNENGFASHENGXINGWEIRENYUQIDEFALVXIAOGUO。51TONGCHANGZAIXINGCHENGHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,RUGUOWEIYUEFANGNENGGOUZHAODAOTIDAIDELVXINGFANGSHI,NENGGOUBAOZHANGFEIWEIYUEFANGLVXINGLIYIDESHIXIAN,ERQIEDUIFEIWEIYUEFANGYINHETONGJIECHUERZAOSHOUSUNSHIJINXINGPEICHANG,ZENENGGOUBAOZHANGFEIWEIYUEFANGDELIYI;DANZAICIQINGXINGXIA,FEIWEIYUEFANGJIANCHIJIXULVXINGHETONG,KEYIRENDINGFEIWEIYUEFANGYIJINGWEIFANLECHENGXINYUANZE。YOUXIEDIFANGFAGUIDUIZULINHETONGZHONGDETIQIANJIEYUEDEBUCHANGGUIZEZUOCHULEGUIDING。LIRU,YIJU《BEIJINGSHIGAOJIRENMINFAYUANGUANYUSHENLIFANGWUZULINHETONGJIUFENANJIANRUOGANYINANWENTIDEJIEDA》DI24TIAODEGUIDING,“CHENGZURENJUJUELVXINGZULINHETONGJICHUZURENZAOCHENGSUNSHIDE,YINGDANGCHENGDANPEICHANGSUNSHIDEWEIYUEZEREN,CHUZURENZUOWEISHOUYUEFANGYEFUYOUJIANSHAOSUNSHIKUODADEYIWU,JUTISUNSHISHUEYOUFAYUANGENJUHETONGDESHENGYUZUQI、ZULINFANGWUSHIFOUYIYUZAIXINGZULIN、CHUZURENLINGXINGCHUZUDECHAJIA,CHENGZURENDEGUOCUOCHENGDUDENGYINSUYUYIZHUODING,YIBANYIHETONGYUEDINGDESANZHILIUGEYUEDEZUJINWEIYI。”GAIGUIZEFUHEYIBANDEJIAOYIXIGUAN,KEYIZUOWEIRENDINGWEIYUEFANGSHIFOUYIJINGDUIFEIWEIYUEFANGSUNSHIZUOCHUCHONGFENBUCHANGDECANKAOBIAOZHUN。RUGUOWEIYUEFANGYIJINGBUCHANGLEFEIWEIYUEFANG3-6GEYUEDEZUJIN,ERFEIWEIYUEFANGRENGRANJUJUEJIECHUHETONGDE,ZETONGCHANGYINGDANGRENDINGQIXINGWEIWEIFANLECHENGXINYUANZE。DANGRAN,JIBIANWEIYUEFANGNENGGOUDUIFEIWEIYUEFANGJINXINGBIYAODEPEICHANG,DANRUGUOFEIWEIYUEFANGQUEYOUTESHUDEDINGYUEMUDESHI,YEBUYIRENDINGQIJUJUEJIECHUHETONGGOUCHENGWEIFANCHENGXINYUANZE。

  QICI,FEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEJIECHUHETONGDUIWEIYUEFANGXIANSHIGONGPING。ZAIXINGCHENGHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,FALVSHANGZHISUOYIYUNXUSIFAJIECHU,MUDEZAIYUJIUZHENGLIYISHIHENGXIANXIANG,CONGERPINGHENGDANGSHIRENZHIJIANDELIYIGUANXI,ZUIZHONGSHIXIANSHIZHIZHENGYI。YINCI,ZAIHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,SIFAJIECHUDETIAOJIANZHIYI,YINGDANGSHIFEIWEIYUEFANGJUJUEJIECHUHETONGMINGXIANDAOZHISHUANGFANGDANGSHIRENLIYIGUANXIXIANSHIGONGPING。XIANSHIGONGPINGZAIXINGZHISHANGSHUYUBUQUEDINGGAINIAN,DANKEGUANSHANGYINGDANGYOUYIDINGDEPANDUANBIAOZHUN,YEJIUSHISHUO,RUGUOJIXULVXINGHETONGKEYIJIFEIWEIYUEFANGDAILAIYIDINGDELIYI,DANCIZHONGLIYIDEHUODEYUYINCIJIWEIYUEFANGZAOCHENGDESUNSHIXIANGBI,MINGXIANBUDUIDENG,YOUQISHIZAIWEIYUEFANGNENGGOUPEICHANGFEIWEIYUEFANGYINHETONGJIECHUERZAOSHOUDESUNSHISHI,DANGSHIRENZHIJIANDELIYISHIHENGGENGJIAMINGXIAN。LIRU,ZAIXINYUGONGSIANZHONG,XINYUGONGSIJINGLIANGCIGUDONGBIANGENG,XINGUDONGWEIPANHUOZICHAN,NIDUISHIDAIGUANGCHANGDEQUANBUJINGYINGMIANJIJINXINGDIAOZHENG,ZHONGXINGUIHUABUJU,WEICILUXUYUDABUFENXIAOYEZHUJIECHULESHANGPUMAIMAIHETONG,ZHIYOUFENGYUMEIHELINGWAIYIWEISHANGHUJUJUEJIEYUE,ZAIXINYUGONGSIYIJINGKAISHIZAISHIDAIGUANGCHANGNEISHIGONGDEQINGXINGXIA,FENGYUMEIJUJUEJIEYUEKENENGZAOCHENGXINYUGONGSISHIGONGTINGGONG,XIANGGUANDEJINGYINGJIHUAYENANYIRUQISHIXIAN。YOUQISHIXINYUGONGSINENGGOUZHONGXINGUIHUABUJU,DUISUOYOUDESHANGHUDOUSHIYOULIDE,MINGXIANFUHEJUEDADUOSHUSHANGHUDELIYI,ERXINYUGONGSIYEDUIJIEYUEZUOCHULEBIYAODEBUCHANG,ZAICIQINGXINGXIA,FENGYUMEIJUJUEJIEYUE,QICONGZHONGHUODEDELIYIYUYOUCIJIXINYUGONGSIZAOCHENGDESUNHAIJIBUXIANGCHENG,YINERGOUCHENGXIANSHIGONGPING。

  DISAN,YINGDANGYOUDANGSHIRENTICHUSHENQING。JIBIANSHISIFAJIECHU,YEYINGDANGSHIYONGBUGAOBULIDEYUANZE。ZAIDANGSHIRENWEIXIANGFAYUANSHENQINGSIFAJIECHUDEQINGXINGXIA,FAYUANBUNENGYIJUZHIQUANRENDINGHETONGXINGCHENGJIANGJU,BINGTONGGUOSIFAJIECHUDEFANGSHIJIECHUHETONG。HUANYANZHI,FALVSHANGMINGQUEGUIDINGSIFAJIECHUZHIDU,BINGBUSHIFUYUFAYUANSHANZIJIECHUHETONGDEQUANLI,ERSHIYAODUIFAYUANTONGGUOSIFAJIECHUDEFANGSHIJIECHUHETONGJINXINGSHITIHECHENGXUSHANGDEXIANZHI。CONGCHENGXUXIANZHIJIAODULAIKAN,SHOUXIANBIAOXIANWEI,SIFAJIECHUHETONGYINGDANGYOUDANGSHIRENTICHUSHENQING。YOUYIZHONGGUANDIANRENWEI,JIRANCHUXIANHETONGJIANGJUDEQINGXINGXIA,ZHINENGYOUFAYUANCAIPANDAPOJIANGJU。YINER,JISHIDANGSHIRENBUTICHUJIECHU,FAYUANYEKEYIJUZHIQUANJIECHUHETONG。DANBIZHERENWEI,HETONGDEXIAOLIGUANXIZHEDANGSHIRENDEQIESHENLIYI,ZAIDANGSHIRENBINGWEIYAOQIUJIECHUSHI,YINGDANGCHONGFENZUNZHONGDANGSHIRENDEYIYUAN。ZHEISHIJISHANGSHIYAOQIUFAYUANANZHAODANGSHIRENDEQINGQIUJINXINGCAIPAN,ERBUNENGCHAOCHUCAIPANDEFANWEI。

  DANGRAN,ZAIWEIYUEFANGSHENQINGSIFAJIECHUDEQINGXINGXIA,QIRENGRANYINGDANGPEICHANGYINWEIYUEERJIFEIWEIYUEFANGSUOZAOCHENGDESUNSHI。XUYAOZHICHUDESHI,WEIYUEFANGXIANGYOUXIANGFAYUANSHENQINGJIECHUDEQUANLI,NEIMEFEIWEIYUEFANGSHIFOUYEYINGDANGXIANGYOUCIZHONGQUANLI?BIZHERENWEI,ZAIWEIYUEFANGDEWEIYUEFUHEGENBENWEIYUEDEQINGXINGXIA,FEIWEIYUEFANGKEYIYIFAXIANGYOUFADINGJIECHUQUAN,ERBUXUYAOLINGXINGTICHUSIFAJIECHU。ZAIWEIYUEFANGMEIYOUGENBENWEIYUESHI,FEIWEIYUEFANGSUIRANMEIYOUFADINGJIECHUQUAN,DANRUGUOYUNXUWEIYUEFANGSHENQINGSIFAJIECHU,ZEANZHAO“JUZHONGYIMINGQING”DEYUANZE,FEIWEIYUEFANGYEDANGRANYINGDANGYOUQUANSHENQINGSIFAJIECHU。DANGRANQIANTITIAOJIANSHIYIJINGGOUCHENGHETONGJIANGJU,QIEFUHEDAPOJIANGJUDEYAOJIAN。

  五、结语

  RUTONGJISUANJIZAIYUNXINGZHONGYEHUI“SIJI”YIYANG,ZAIFENFANFUZADEJIAOYIZHONG,HETONGYEHUIXINGCHENGJIANGJU,RUHEDAPOJIANGJUCHENGWEISHIJIANZHONGCHUXIANDEXINWENTI,ZAIBIJIAOFASHANG,YEQUESHINANYIXUNZHAODAOLINGRENMANYIDEDAAN。BIZHERENWEI,ZAIZONGJIEWOGUOLIFAHESIFASHIJIANJINGYANDEJICHUSHANG,YOUBIYAOQUERENSIFAJIECHUZHIDU,YUNXUWEIYUEFANGSHENQINGSIFAJIECHU,YIDAPOHETONGJIANGJU。DANFALVBIXUDUIHETONGJIANGJUQINGXINGXIADESIFAJIECHUTIAOJIANZUOCHUMINGQUEGUIDING,YIWEIHUCHENGXINHEGONGPINGYUANZE,BINGBAOZHANGJIAOYIDEXIAOLV。《MINFADIANHETONGBIAN(ERSHENGAO)》DI353TIAODI3KUANSUIRANDUIDAPOHETONGJIANGJUZUOCHULEDADANDECHANGSHI,QILIFAZONGZHIZAIYUZHONGXINPINGHENGDANGSHIRENDELIYI,MIBUHETONGFADINGJIECHUDELOUDONG,GAIZHIDUDESHEDINGYESHIWOGUOMINFADIANDEDADANCHUANGXIN,DANQIGUANYUHETONGSIFAJIECHUDETIAOJIANGUIDINGDEGUOYUYANKE,QIEYUDAPOHETONGJIANGJUDEXIANSHIXUQIUBINGBUWANQUANWENHE,YINCIYOUBIYAOZUOJINYIBUDEWANSHAN。

  注释

  1参见《新宇公司诉冯玉梅商铺买卖合同纠纷案》,载《最高人民法院公报》2006年第6期。
  2同上注。
  3参见李世刚:《法国合同法改革》,法律出版社2014年版,第232页。
  4依据2016年10月1日修正施行的《法国民法》第1224条,不履行重大时,得以意思表示解除契约或诉请法院解除,裁判外解除与裁判上解除并存,前者须定相当期限催告履行,并通知解除及原因,第1126条第4项更规定债权人得随时提起诉讼抗辩解除之合法性,并要求债权人应证明不履行之严重性。
  52016年2月11日法国司法部关于关于“合同法、债法一般规则与证明的改革法令“的立法说明(以下称为“债法改革法令之立法说明”):Rapport au Président de la République relatif à l’ordonnance no 2016-131 du 10 février 2016 portant réforme du droit des contrats,du régime général et de la preuve des obligations,Journal officiel de la république fran?ais (11 février 2016).
  6J.Flour,J.-L.Aubert,Y.Flour,?ric Savaux,Droit civil,Les obligations (3) :Le rapport d’obligation,5e éd.,Dalloz,2007,p.184-189;P.Malaurie,L.Aynès,P.Stoffel-Munck,Les obligations,3e éd.,Defrénois,p.457-465.
  7同前注,李世刚书,第233页。
  8A.Bénabent,Droit civil,Les obligations,11e éd.,Montchrestien,n。 80,p.279.
  9MüKoBGB/Emmerich,Vorbem §281,Rn.1
  10MüKoBGB/Ernst,§281,Rn.55.
  11Riehm,Der Grundsatz der Naturalerfüllung,2014,380 ff.
  12MüKoBGB/Ernst§ 281 Rn.66.
  13Chitty on Contracts,volume 1,Sweet & Maxwell,2008,24-001.
  14Treitel,the Law of Contract,14th edition,Sweet & Maxwell,2015,p.953.
  15Posner,Economic Analysis of Law(2nd edition),Little,Brown and Company,1977,pp.89-90.
  16Arthur Von Mehren,International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law.Volume VII/2:Contracts in General.Tübingen,Germany,1982,p.104.
  17Weathersby v.Gore,556 F.2d 1247,1249,(5th Cir.1977).另参见沈达明《英美合同法引论》,对外贸易教育出版社1993年版,第283页。
  18参见余延满:《合同法原论》,武汉大学出版社1999年版,第490页。
  19参见雷裕春:《合同解除权行使的若干问题研究》,载《学术论坛》2007年第5期。
  20参见胡康生主编:《中华人民共和国合同法释义》,法律出版社1999年版,第157-159页。
  21同前注。
  22See Ingeborg Schwenzer,Pascal Hachem,Christ Opher Kee,Global Sales and Contract Law,Oxford University Press,2012,p.709.
  23蔡睿:《吸收还是摒弃:违约方合同解除权之反思——基于相关裁判案例的实证研究》,载《现代法学》2019年第3期。
  24同上注,蔡睿文。
  25See Guenter H.Treitel,International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law,Vol.Ⅶ,Contract in General,Chapter 16,Remedies for Breach of Contract,Tübingen,1976,p.1.
  26参见王文军:《论继续履行合同的解除》,载《法商研究》2019年第2期。
  27陈克:《裁判者视角下民法典(合同编)编纂的三个面向》,发表在微信公众号《天同诉讼圈》2019年2月26日文章,网址年10月22日访问。
  28同前注(19),雷裕春文。
  29参见王利明:《论合同法组织经济的功能》,载《中外法学》2017年第1期。
  30参见张彩兰与厦门龙潭房地产开发有限公司商品房预约合同纠纷案,厦门市思明区人民法院(2014)思民初字第16844号民事判决书;潘华才与杨兴梅房屋租赁合同纠纷案,广州市中级人民法院(2016)粤01民终2604号民事判决书;中国建设银行股份有限公司内蒙古自治区分行营业部、张丽贤房屋租赁合同纠纷案,呼和浩特市中级人民法院(2017)内01民终2000号民事判决书;张彬、朱保利租赁合同纠纷案,湖州市中级人民法院(2016)浙05民终1656号民事判决书。
  31参见重庆市第四中级人民法院(2017)渝04民终115号民事判决书。
  32参见荆州市中级人民法院(2015)鄂荆州中民三终字第00168号判决书。
  33参见韩世远:《合同法总论》,法律出版社2004年版,第595页。
  34参见崔建远主编:《合同法》,法律出版社2010年版,第238页。
  35参见滨州市中级人民法院(2019)鲁16民终828号民事判决书。
  36参见荆州市中级人民法院(2015)鄂荆州中民三终字第00168号判决书。
  37参见彭诚信:《“情事变更”原则的探讨》,载《法学》1993年第3期。
  38参见叶林、郭丹:《试论“打破公司僵局”》,载《广东社会科学》2008年第4期。
  39同上注,叶林、郭丹文。
  40参见梁上上:《公司僵局案的法律困境与路径选择——以新旧公司法对公司僵局的规范为中心展开》,载《浙江社会科学》2006年第2期。
  41See Ingeborg Schwenzer,Pascal Hachem,Christ Opher Kee,Global Sales and Contract Law,Oxford University Press,2012,pp.754-755.
  42参见[德]克里斯蒂安·冯·巴尔、[英]克莱夫主编:《欧洲司法原则、定义与示范规则:欧洲示范民法典草案》(第一、二、三卷),高圣平等译,法律出版社2014年版,第762页。
  43参见孙良国:《违约方合同解除的理论争议、司法实践与路径设计》,载《法学》2019年第7期。
  44Fran?ois Terré,Philippe Simler,Yves Lequette et Fran?ois Chénedé,Droit civil,Les Obligations,12e éd.,Dalloz,2019,pp.869-878.
  45石佳友:《我们需要一部什么样的合同法?——评“民法典合同编二审稿(草案)”》,发表于微信公众号《中国民商法律网》2019年1月2日文章,http://mp.weixin.qq.com/s/efRWzCEVrODc5FyEAEvYmg,访问时间2019年10月22日。
  46参见[日]我妻荣:《新订民法总则》,于敏译,中国法制出版社2008年版,第33页。
  47André Tunc,International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law,Vol.4,Torts,Chapter 2,Liability for One’s Own Act,J.C.B.Mohr (Paul Siebeck,Tübingen),1975,p.11.
  48同前注(46),[日]我妻荣书,第33页。
  49郑玉波:《民法总则》,中国政法大学出版社2003年版,第550页。
  50郑强:《合同法诚实信用原则价值研究——经济与道德的视角》,载《中国法学》1999年第4期。
  51同前注(46),[日]我妻荣书,第33页。

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