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现代化管理的审美意识及其实施
发布时间:2020-01-15

  摘    要:赢发彩票代理 现代化管理需要适应历史潮流,将审美融入管理,以实现科学管理的审美化、人性化。欲使审美融入管理,需要在管理中确立现代的审美理念,培养现代的审美人格,通过管理实践中的审美教育,使生命美、生存美、身心美、崇高美、形态美、容貌美、气质美等成为管理者和被管理者之人生价值观的内在构成。将审美融入管理,不仅能够使被管理者的精神得以净化,心灵得以满足,体能得以积蓄,智力得以提升,而且能够提升管理者的审美智慧和管理方法,提高管理效益。因此,管理活动的审美融入,是现代化管理水平提升的一条重要途径。

  关键词: 现代化管理; 审美诉求; 审美理念; 审美主体; 审美实践;

  Abstract: Modern management needs to adapt to the historical trend and integrate aesthetics into management so as to achieve the scientific, aesthetic and humanized management. To Integrate aesthetics into management, we need to establish the modern aesthetic concept, cultivate modern aesthetic personality, and through aesthetic education in practice of management, make the beauty of life, survival, body and spirit, sublime, form and shape, appearance and temperament the integrate part of life value for the manager and the managed. The integration of aesthetics into management can not only purify and satisfy the soul, and improve the physical strength and intelligence of the managed, but also develop the aesthetic wisdom of the managers and improve the managers' method and efficiency of management. In this sense, the integration of aesthetics into management is an important way to improve the level of modern management.

  Keyword: modern management; aesthetic appeal; aesthetic concept; aesthetic subject; aesthetic practice;

赢发彩票代理   GUANLIZUOWEIYIZHONGSHEHUIXINGDEZUZHI、 ZHILIHUODONG, JINGLILEZHUDUOLISHIJIEDUANDEYANBIAN, MEIYISHIDAIDADOUXINGCHENGLEJUYOUXIANGDUIDUTEXINGZHIDEGUANLIMOSHIHEGUANLILINIAN。 JINGUANDANGDAIDEGUANLISHIJIANJIQULELISHISHANGBUTONGGUANLILINIANYUGUANLIMOSHIZHONGDEYOUYINEIRONG, DANZAIXIANSHIZHONG, GUANLIZHUTIQIANQUESHENMEIYISHIDEXIANXIANGHAISHIFEICHANGPUBIAN。 BIRU, YIXIEQIYEYEGUANZHUYINGFACAIPIAODAILI, SHITUFENGFUYUANGONGDEWENHUASHENGHUO, SHIGUANLIDUOYIXIERENWENGUANAI, DANZHEIXIENULIWANGWANGZHIYU“XINGSHI”, HUSHILEBEIGUANLIZHENEIZAIDESHENMEISUQIU。 QISHIZAIDANGDAI, XUDUORENYIBADUIMEILIJIANKANG、 XINGFUKUAILEDEZHUIQIUFANGZAISHENGHUOSHOUWEI, YEJITIWUDAO“JINGJIDEJIEFANGBINGBUDENGYUWENHUAYISHUDEJIEFANG, LIXINGDEZIYOUBINGBUDENGYUGANXINGDEXINGFU”, RENDEXINGFUBINGFEIJINJINJUXIANYUWUZHICENGMIAN, TONGSHIYEZHIXIANGFEIWUZHICENGMIANDESHENMEI。 ZHEIJIUYIWEIZHE, QUEFASHENMEIYISHIDEGUANLIXUYAOFANSI, HUOZHESHUO, GUANLIXUYAOSHIYINGLISHICHAOLIU, JIANGYISHUSHENMEI、 JINGSHENYUYUEHEQINGGANMANZURONGRUGUANLI, CONGERSHIKEXUEGUANLIZOUXIANGSHENMEIHUAHERENXINGHUA。

  一、 传统管理的审美缺失

  只要认真分析以往的一些管理制度和管理内容, 就不难发现, 不少管理实践都是旨在实现某种功利, 即便那些直接与审美相关的文学艺术或体育竞技领域, 其管理也往往主要是旨在提升艺术创作与比赛竞技的水平, 旨在充分挖掘被管理者的潜力。 在某种意义上可以说, 这种管理在提高效率的同时, 也往往会使被管理者变成被支配的工具, 甚至“最终成为物的奴隶”[1]。 用马克思的话说, 这种管理虽然促动“劳动创造了美, 却使工人变成了畸形”[2]。 如果说这种缺失审美的管理, 在某种程度上会推动社会物质财富的增加, 然而却可能会使生活在这种管理背景下的人们热衷于追求物欲, 并在一定程度上失去对现实的反思意识。 或者说, 在这种管理背景下, 由于管理者和被管理者往往普遍缺乏对审美的认知和追求, 以至于工作、 劳动、 竞赛在他们那里往往成为一种谋生的“苦役”。
 

现代化管理的审美意识及其实施
 

  GUANLIZHONGDUISHENMEIRENZHIYUZHUIQIUDEQUESHI, YUXUDUOYINSUXIANGGUAN。 JIYUBENWENDESHIYE, DATIKECONGYIXIASANGEFANGMIANLIJIE。

赢发彩票代理   SHOUXIAN, JIUGUANLIMOSHIHEGUANLIFENGGEERYAN, GUANLIZHONGDUISHENMEIRENZHIYUZHUIQIUDEQUESHI, WANGWANGZAIYUJINJINJIANGGUANLISHIWEIYIZHONGQUANLIXITONG。 ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGXINGXIA, XUDUOBEIGUANLIZHEJINJINBEIZHIYUGUANLIQUANLIZHIXIA, SHENZHIBUCUNZAIYUGUANLIZHEZHIRENGEPINGDENG, ZIRANYETANBUSHANGWENNUAN、 YUYUEHESHENMEI; YIXIEGUANLIZHEWANGWANGJUGAOLINXIA, SHENZHIDUIBEIGUANLIZHELENGRUOBINGSHUANG。 CANYUGUANLISHIJIANDERENMENTEBIESHIGUANLIZHE, YOUYURENWEIGUANLIJIUSHIQUANLI, GUANLIZHEGUANXINDEWANGWANGSHIQUANLIDEXINGSHIYIJIJILV、 CHUQINDENGDENG, RENSHIBUDAOQISUOGUANLIDECHANGYUYINGGAISHIYIGEFENGYUTONGZHOU、 XIXIXIANGGUANDEZHENGTI, GUANLISHIJIANZHONGDESUOYOURENDOUYINGGAIRENGEPINGDENG, RENSHIBUDAOGUANLIYINGDANGSHENTOUXINDEDAODEGUIFANHESHENMEIYISHI。

  QICI, JIUGUANLIMUBIAOERYAN, XUDUOGUANLIZHEWANGWANGWEILEWANCHENGYEWUMUBIAORENWU, BUXIXIASIMINGLING, DINGYINGZHIBIAO, YIWEIDIQIANGHUABEIGUANLIZHEDEZHIZEYIWU, ZHISHIGUANLICHENGWEIYIZHONGWAIZAIDEQIANGZHISHOUDUAN。 DUICI, YIXIEBEIGUANLIZHEWEILEMOUSHENGWANGWANGXUANZEFUCONG, CHANGCHANGBAGONGZUODANGZUOYIZHONG“SHINVEXING”FUDAN, SHENZHIYOUCICHANSHENGLANDAI、 SHULIHETAODUNDENGDIZHIXINGXINGWEI。 ZHEIZHONGGUANLIMUBIAODESHIXIAN, RONGYIDAOZHIGUANLIZHONGDERENJIGUANXIFASHENGYIHUA, SHIDESHEHUISHENGHUOHESHENMEIDUIXIANGDEFENGFUXINGJIHUXIAOSHI。 ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGXINGXIA, “MEIYIZHONGSHIWUHAOXIANGDOUBAOHANYOUZIJIDEFANMIAN……XINFAXIANDECAIFUDEYUANQUAN, YOUYUMOUZHONGQIGUAIDE、 BUKESIYIDEMOLIERBIANCHENGTANTUDEGENYUAN。 JISHUDESHENGLI, SIHUSHIYIDAODEDEBAIHUAIWEIDAIJIAHUANLAIDE。 SUIZHERENLEIYUYIKONGZHIZIRAN, GERENQUESIHUYUYICHENGWEIBIERENDENULIHUOZISHENDEBEILIEXINGWEIDENULI”[3]。 TEBIESHIDANGGUANLIZHEJIYONGYOUQUANLIYOUYONGYOUSHENGCHANZILIAOHEJISHUZIBENSHI, DUIYUBEIGUANLIZHELAISHUO, SHENMEIRENZHIYUZHUIQIUJIHUCHENGWEIGENBENBUKENENGDESHIQING。

  ZAICI, JIUGUANLISHOUDUANERYAN, YIXIEGUANLIZHEWANGWANGZHUYAOCAIYONGDESHIGUIXUNHECHENGFA。 ZHEIZHONGGUANLISHOUDUAN, ZAIGUDAIZHUYAOSHITONGGUOKUXINGDUIRENDEROUTIDEFENGKUANGSINVELAIDADAOGUANLIMUDE。 JINRUZIBENZHUDAODESHIDAIHOU, ZHEIZHONGGUANLISHOUDUANZHUBUYANHUAWEITONGGUODUIRENDEJINGSHENHEROUTISHIJIA“WENROUBAOLI”, YIDADAOBEIGUANLIZHE“MAILIHECHENFU”DEXIAOGUO, ZHEIZAIFUKEDEZHEZUOZHONGYOUXIANGJINSHENRUDELUNSHU。 ZHEIZHONGGUANLISHOUDUAN, WANGWANGHUISHIYIXIEBEIGUANLIZHE“GENGJIANANYIRENSHOU”[4], SHENMEIRENZHIYUZHUIQIUZIRANYEWUCONGTANQI。

  ZAIXIANSHIXINGSHANG, RUGUOGUANLIZHEHAIMEIYOUNENGTIWUDAOSHENMEIRENZHIYUZHUIQIUDUIYUGUANLIDEZHONGYAOXING, GUANLISHIJIANHAIMEIYOUNENGMANZUBEIGUANLIZHEDEXINLINGXUQIU, SHIBEIGUANLIZHENENGGOUZAIGONGZUOZHONGGANDAOSHUXIN, TIYANDAOSHENMEIDEYUYUE; NEIME, GUANLIJIUNANYIZHENZHENGCHENGWEIXIANDAIHUADEKEXUEGUANLI, NANYICHENGWEISHENMEIHUAHERENXINGHUADEYOUXIAOGUANLI。

  二、 现代化管理的审美意识

  RUGUOSHUO, YUSHENMEISUQIUXIANG“JUEYUAN”DEGUANLIHUODONGJINGUANKENENGYOUXIAO, DAN“BINGBUNENGXIAOCHURENLEIDEBUXING”[5], BUKENENGSHIRENDEZIYOUGAN、 WANZHENGXING、 KENDINGXINGHEXINGFUGANDEDAOSHIXIAN, BUKENENGSHIRENHUODEZHENZHENGJIEFANGYUXINGFU; NEIME, YAO“JIUZHENG ”GUANLISHIJIANDUISHENMEISUQIUDEHUSHI, JIUYINGZAIGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONG, QUELIXIANDAIDESHENMEILINIAN, PEIYANGXIANDAIDESHENMEIRENGE, JIELIBASHENGMINGMEI、 SHENGCUNMEI、 SHENXINMEI、 CHONGGAOMEIZUOWEIRENSHENGDEJIAZHI, TONGGUOGUANLISHIJIAN、 MEIDEJIAOYU、 WENTIHUODONGHEKEXUEJISHU, SHIGUANLICHONGMANSHENMEISUQIU。 JUTIERYAN, ZAIGUANLISHIJIANZHONGYINGTEBIEZHUYIYIXIALIANGGEFANGMIAN。

赢发彩票代理   YISHIYAOMEIHUARENDEXINLING。 JIZAIGUANLISHIJIANZHONG, GUANLIZHEZHISHAOXUYAOQUELIRUXIASHENMEILINIAN: RENZHIYOUDONGDEMEICHOU, CAINENGDONGDESHANE。 YOUYURENXINGZHONGCUNZAIYIXIE“CHOULOU”DEDONGXI, RUGUOBUJINXINGMEIDEJIAOYU, JIUBUNENGJINGHUAXINLING, MEIHUAJINGSHEN, SHIRENBIANDEWENWENERYA、 GAOGUIWENMING。 YIGEGUOJIAHUOJITIRUGUOQUESHAOGONGLI、 ZHENGYIHEMEIDE, JIUBUNENGGOUHEQINGHAIYAN、 QINGMINGTAIPING、 FANRONGXINGSHENG。 MEIDEHEGONGZHENGWUSI, BUJINNENGGOUSHIRENBIANDEPINGHEKUANRONG、 RENCISHANLIANG、 QINLAOJIEJIAN, JIQIRENDELIXIANG、 XIWANG、 REQINGHEZIWOXISHENGJINGSHEN, YENENGGOUKONGZHIRENDEQINGYUTANYU, SHULIBUXIUDEXINYANG, ZENGQIANGRENDEYONGQI, GUWUGAOSHANGDELINGHUN, SHIRENBIANDEGANGJIANXIAOSA、 MEIYANJINGLI, SHIRENLEISHEHUIRIYIZOUXIANGWENMINGHEXIE。 SUOYI, CONGGUZHIJIN, MEIHUARENDEXINLING, TILIANSHENMEIJINGSHEN, OUGEGAOSHANGPINDE, HONGYANGWANMEIRENGE, YIZHISHIYISHUSHENMEI、 LUNLIDAODEDENGRENZHIHESHIJIANLINGYUNULICHENGDANDERENWU。 ZHIYURUHEMEIHUARENDEXINLING, ZHEIXUYAOZAIXIANDAIHUAGUANLIZHONG, QIANGHUAYINGFACAIPIAODAILIHESHENMEIJIAOYU, “TONGGUOXIANGXIANGLIBABIAOXIANGYUZHUTIJIQIYUKUAIHUOZHEBUKUAIDEQINGGANXIANGLIANXI”[6], ZHUZHONGYINLE、 SHIGE、 XIJU、 HUIHUA、 WUDAO、 DIAOSU、 JIANZHUDENGYISHUXINGSHIDEJIAOYU, YIMEIHUARENDESHENXIN。

  ERSHIYAOMEIHUARENDESIWEIHEZHIHUI。 ZHENGGERENLEIWENMINGSHIDOUZHENGMING: ZHENGSHIZHIHUIFUYULERENLEICONGSHIFAMINGCHUANGZAOHELILUNCHUANGXINDENENGLI, TUIDONGZHERENLEICHANGSHIXINTUJING, KAIPIXINTIANDI, CHENGJIUXINSHIYE。 YEZHENGSHIZHIHUI, KEYISHIRENCONGPINDAOFU, CONGKUDAOLE; SHIRENDONGDESHENMEJIAOGAOGUIHEZIWOJIAZHI。 SUOYI, XIANDAIHUAGUANLIZHEBIXUZHANZAIMEIXUEGAODU, QUERENZHIHUICONGMINGJIUSHIYIZHONGMEI。 SHISHISHANG, RENYEZHIYOUBIANDEZHIHUI, CAIHUIYONGYOUZHENZHENGDEMEIDEHEXINGFU。 YINWEI, JINJINROUTIXIANGSHOUCHANGCHANGHUIBARENMENDAIDAOYUQIUDESHENYUAN, ERZHIHUIDESHENGHUOZEWANGWANGNENGGOUJIRENDAILAITIANJINGHEDANBO。 SUOYI, RENSHENGZHIDAOSHOUXIANZAIYUZHIHUI, ERBUSHISHOUXIANZAIYUCAIFU。 YINCI, XIANDAIDEGUANLIZHEJUEBUKEJIGONGJINLI, MUGUANGDUANQIAN。 YAOQINGXINGRENSHIRENLEISHENGCUNDEZHENZHENGMUDEBINGBUSHIQUXUNQIUNEIYUESHUZISHENDEQUANLI、 CAIFU, ERSHIYAOCHENGWEIZISHENMINGYUNDEZHUREN, CHENGWEIGANYUMANZUZISHENDESHENMEIYUQIUDEDULIGETI。 ZAIZHEIGEYIYISHANG, GUANLIZHEZAIGUANLISHIJIANZHONG, YAOCHONGFENRENSHIDAOMEIHUARENDESIWEIHEZHIHUIDEZHONGYAOXING, SHIGUANLIGUOCHENGCHENGWEIMEIHUARENDESIWEIHEZHIHUIDEGUOCHENG, ZHIYOURUCI, CAIKENENGSHIBEIGUANLIZHECHONGFENFAHUIZIJIDEZHIHUI, SHIGUANLIMUBIAODEYIYUANMANDACHENG, SHIGUANLIHUODONGCHENGWEITEYOUDESHENMEISHIJIAN。

  三、 现代化管理审美理念的实施

  ZAIGUANLIZHONGRONGRUSHENMEILINIAN, XUYAOGUANLIZHERENZHENDIJINXINGSHENMEISHIJIAN。

  (1)在管理中施行“寓管于乐”的审美理念。

  JIGUANLIZHEZAIMIANDUIBEIGUANLIZHESHI, YAOCONGDAAI、 DASHANHEDAMEICHUFA, BATAMENDANGZUOGUANAIDEDUIXIANG, QUESHIGUANLIHUODONGSHIYIGEYISHUSHENMEIDEWUTAI, ERBUSHIYIGECANKUJINGZHENGDEWUTAI。 HUOZHESHUO, GUANLIZHEZHIYOUBAZIJIBAIZAIYIGEZHENGQUEDEWEIZHI, YONGYOUSHENMEILINIAN, CAIKENENGYOUXIAODIDIAODONGQIBEIGUANLIZHEDEGONGZUOREQINGHEBIANGECHUANGXINDEJIQING。 ZAIZHEILI, BEIGUANLIZHEBUJINNENGGOUJIANGTONGCHANGDEYISHIZHUXINGDOUFUYUSHENMEIDEYIYI, ERQIENENGGOUZAIGUANLIGUOCHENGZHONGCUSHIGUANLIZHEHEBEIGUANLIZHEZHIJIANDESIXIANGHEXINGWEIDEHEXIE, DADAOLINGRENMANYIDECHENGDU。 YEZHENGJIYUCI, ZHEXUEJIADUWEICAIDUOCIZHICHU: “RENLEIDEXINGWEIHESIXIANGDEPENGBOFAZHAN, XUYAOZIFADEGANSHOUHEBUJIAFANSIDEXIGUANDENGDUOZHONGZIYUAN, ERBUJINJINSHIFANSIDE、 YOUYISHIDEKONGZHI。”[7]293ZHEIZHONGGANSHOUHEXIGUAN, JIXUYAOGUANLIZHEZAISHENMEIJIAOYUHESHENMEISHIJIANSHANGDEZHANGQIJIANCHI, YOUXUYAOGUANLIZHEZHENXINSHIYIDIFUCHU, BINGQIEYAOSHIZHONG“JIZHUSHENTIXINGDONGDEZIYOUHEQINGGANDEZIYOUBIAODAZHISHISHOUDUAN, ERQIEZUOWEISHOUDUAN, ZHIYOUDANGBEIYONGLAIZUOWEIKAIFALIZHILILIANGDETIAOJIANSHI, TAMENCAISHIHELIDE”[7]292。

  (2)提升管理者的审美智慧。

  JIRANXIANDAIGUANLIGUIGENJIEDIZHIZAICHUANGZAOWUZHICAIFUHEJINGSHENCAIFU, YINCIGUANLIZHEJIUBIXUYONGYOUGAOCHAODESHENMEIZHIHUI。 ERGUANLIZHEYAOXIANGCHENGWEIYIGEZHIHUIDESHENMEIZHUTI, DANGRANXUYAOSHENRULIJIEMEIDEBENZHI, XUYAODONGDERICHANGSHENGHUOZHONGGEZHONGMEIDESHIWUBUZHISHIZIRANDEHEPUBIANDE, GENGSHIGUANNIANDE、 GANJUEDE、 XINGSHIHUAHEGAINIANHUADE。 YINCI, MEIYESHIKEYIGANWU、 GOUJIANHEFAMINGCHUANGZAODE。 RUCI, GEZHONGJUTIDEGUANLISHIJIAN, DOUKEYICHUANGZAOMEIDERENWENSHENGTAI、 MEIDEGONGZUOHUANJINGHEFENGFUDUOCAIDEWENHUAYISHU, LAIMEIHUARENDESHENXIN。 DUICI, ZHEXUEJIAXIELINZAOJIURENSHIDAOYISHUSHIRENLEIYONGYOUDEZUIWANMEIDEZHIHUIXINGSHI, RENWEI“YISHUSHIZHEXUEDEWANCHENG: ZAIZIRANJIE, ZAIDAODEJIE, ZAILISHIJIE, WOMENDOUHAIRENGRANZHISHICHUZAIZHEXUEZHIHUISHENGDIANDERUKOU; ZAIYISHUZHONGWOMENCAIZHENZHENGJINRULESHENGDIANBENSHEN”[8]。 SHENMEIYUGUANLIBINGBUCHONGTU, GUANLIZHUTIZHISHENMEIZHIHUIDETISHENG, BUJINBUHUIFANGAIGUANLIDEXIAONENG, ERQIEHUISHIGUANLICHONGMANSHENMEI, SHIGUANLIXIAONENGDEDAOTISHENG。

赢发彩票代理   ZHEIJIUYIWEIZHE, SHENMEIGUANLIDEMUBIAOBUNENGTUOLIGUANLIJIXIAO。 YUDACIMUDE, JIUXUZAIGUANLISHIJIANZHONGGUANSHUSHENMEIZHIHUI, YIJILIRENMENJIJIDISHENGCHANWUPIN, GOUJIANHEMEIHUASHIJIE。 YINWEIZHIHUIZAIXIANDAIHUAGUANLIZHONG, JIKEYIJIRENYIFAMINGCHUANGZAOHELILUNCHUANGXINDENENGLI, YEKEYIQUCHUNEIXIE“XINXIONGXIAAI、 QUEFAJINQUXIN、 WULINGDAOCAINENGHEDONGCHALIDESHUMUCUNGUANGDEGUANLIZHE”[9]51, ZHENZHENGSHIXIANYISHUSHENMEIYUSHENGMINGHUODONGDEXIANGHUJIEHE。 ZAIZHEIZHONGJIEHEZHONG, TONGGUOGEZHONGSHENMEIGUANNIANJIGUANLISHIJIANYIJINMIGUANZHU, JIANGGERENRONGRUHEXIEDEQUNTI, JINER“CONGSHIDUIZIWORENSHIHEZIWOCHUANGZAODEZHUIQIU, CONGSHIDUIMEIMAO、 LILIANGHEHUANLEDEZHUIQIU, CONGSHIJIANGZHIJIEJINGYANZHONGGOUWEIGAISHANSHENGMINGDEZHUIQIU”[10]。 YEZHENGJIYUCI, GUANLIZHEBUJINYAOZEWUPANGDAIDIGUANZHURENMENDESHENXINJIANKANG, ERQIE“YAONENGGOUSHIDETAMENDESHENTIHEXINLINGZHIJIANBAOCHIYIZHONGPINGDENGHEJIANKANGDEPINGHENG”; YAORANGTAMENQUEXIN“SHENTIDEJIANKANGYUJINGSHENDEANXIANGSHICHENGWEISHOUBAOHUDESHENGMINGDESHUANGZHONGZHEXUEMUBIAO”[9]31。

  (3)在管理实践中遵循审美活动的规律。

  XIANSHIZHONG, MEIDEGUANLIYISHUZAIYUNENGGOUJIRENMENDAILAIYIZHONGPUBIAN、 SHENKE、 YONGHENGDEJINGSHENXIANGSHOU, NENGGOUTISHENGHEGAIBIANRENDEMINGYUN, YINCIHAODEGUANLIBIXUYOULIYUTAOYERENDEQINGCAO, JIRENDAILAIMEIHAOYUXIWANG。 WUYONGZHIYI, CUSUJIANDANDEGUANLIXINGSHIBIAOXIANDEGEBIEMEI, YEHUISHIYIXIERENGANJITILING, DANKEXUEDEGUANLIJUEBUSHICHAOZIRANGUILVDE, ERSHIQIADAOHAOCHUDIFANYINGYUZHOUDEYUNLV、 SHEHUIDEJIEZOU、 XINLINGDEHESHENG。 YINCIRENHEGUANLI, RUGUOBUNENGZUNXUNSHENMEIHUODONGDEGUILV, JIUBUNENGJIRENMENDAILAIXINLISHUSHI、 JINGSHENQINGSONG, JIUZHINENGJIRENYIZHONGSHENGYING、 FENLUANDEGANJUE。 SUOYI, CHENGGONGDEGUANLIZHEJUEBUZAIYUKUSIMINGXIANGDIQUMOUQUBAOLI, ERZAIYURUHESHUNCONGBEIGUANLIZHEDESHENMEIYU, YIMEIDEGUANLIXINGSHISHIXIANGUANLIXIAOYI。 YINCI, YIGEYOUSIXIANGDEGUANLIZHEXUYAOMINGBAI, “MEISHIGEBUFENZHIJIANDEYIZHONGZHIXUHEJIEGOU; ZHIYOUZHEIZHONGZHIXUHEJIEGOUCAISHIYIYUSHIXINLINGGANDAOKUAILEHEMANZU”[11]; XUYAOMINGBAI, “MEIKENDINGSHIROUHEDE、 PINGHUADEHEBUSHENGYINGDEDONGXI, BINGYINCIJUYOUYIZHONGTEXING: HENRONGYILIURUHESHENTOUWOMENDELINGHUN”[12], FANFUHEZHEILEITEZHENGDEGUANLICAIKEWEISHIMEIDE。 SHISHISHANG, GUANLIZHERUONENGGOUJIANGZHEIXIESHENMEIHUODONGDEGUILVYUNYONGYUGUANLISHIJIAN, JIUNENGGOUYOUXIAODIPEIYANGMEIHECHUANGZAOMEI。

  (4)管理者需要重视被管理者的个性自由。

赢发彩票代理   SHIXIANSHENMEISUQIUXUYAOGEXINGZIYOU。 BEIGUANLIZHEZAIGUANLIHUODONGZHONG, XUYAOYOUGEXINGZIYOUDEKONGJIAN。 RUGUOGUANLIHUODONG, MEIYOUNENGJIBEIGUANLIZHEYULIUBIXUHUOZUGOUDEGEXINGZIYOUZHIKONGJIAN, RANGBEIGUANLIZHEZHISHISHENGHUOZAIYIZHONGDANDIAO、 QIYI、 KUZAODEHUANJINGZHONG, MEIYOUZHENGCHANGDEWENHUAJINGSHENSHENGHUO, SHENMEIYEBIANWUCONGTANQI。 GEXINGZIYOUBAOKUOXUDUOFANGMIAN, ZAISHENMEICENGMIAN, ZHUYAOSHEJIQINGGANQINGXIANG、 SHENMEIQINGQU、 WENHUAXIUYANG、 LIXIANGDAOYIDENGFANGMIANDEZHUIQIU。 ZAIXIANSHIZHONG, CHENGGONGDEGUANLI, YINGSHIBEIGUANLIZHEDEZIYOUGEXINGDEDAOCHONGFENFAZHAN, YINGSHIBEIGUANLIZHEDEHELIDEQINGGANQINGXIANG、 SHENMEIQINGQU、 WENHUAXIUYANG、 LIXIANGDAOYIDENGFANGMIANDEZHUIQIUDEYIMANZU, YINGSHIBEIGUANLIZHEYONGYOUXIANGSHOUSHENGHUODEZIYOUKONGJIAN, DENGDENG。 ZHIYOUZHEIYANG, CAIKENENGSHIBEIGUANLIZHEDEJINZHANGXINLIDEDAOSONGCHI, XINLINGDEDAOMANZUHEANFU, TINENGDEDAOXIUZHENG, ZHILIDEDAOZENGZHANG, CAIKENENGSHIBEIGUANLIZHESHENXINYUYUEDITOURUGONGZUO, SHIGUANLIHUODONGCHENGWEIQIYEFAZHANYURENDEFAZHANXIANGTONGYIDESHENMEISHIJIAN。

赢发彩票代理   ZONGZHI, XIANDAIHUAGUANLIZUOWEIYIZHONGSHEHUIXINGDEZUZHI、 JINGYINGHUODONG, BUYINGSHIYIZHONGQIANGZHIXINGHUODONG, ERYINGSHIYIMENYISHUHESHENMEI。 ERYUDACIMUDE, ZHONGYAODEJIUSHIJIANGXIANDAIHUAGUANLIYUSHENMEIJINMIJIEHE, SHIGUANLIZHUTISHENRULIJIEMEIDENEIHAN, DONGDERUHEJIANGMEIDEJINGSHENWAIHUAWEIMEIDEHUODONG, JIELIBASHENMEIZUOWEIRENSHENGDEZHONGYAOJIAZHIZHUIQIU, TONGGUOGUANLISHIJIAN、 SHENMEIJIAOYUHEZAIGUANLIZHONGSHIXING“YUGUANYULE”DESHENMEILINIAN, NENGDONGDIQUFAXIANMEIHECHUANGZAOMEI, YIQIJIBEIGUANLIZHEDESHENXINHEYUWANGDENGSHENGMINGYAOSUDAILAIYUYUE。 ZHIYOURUCI, CAIKENENGZHENZHENGSHIRENBIANDEJIANKANGMEILI、 CONGMINGZHIHUIHESHENGHUOMEIHAO, CAIKENENGSHIKEXUEGUANLISHENMEIHUA, YECAIKENENGSHIGUANLIGENGYOUCHENGXIAO。

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