赢发彩票代理

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土建施工现场管理存在的问题与对策
发布时间:2020-01-10

  摘    要: 随着建筑工程建筑规模的不断扩张和建筑数量的逐步增多, 不仅推动了建筑行业的发展步伐, 同时对建筑工程土建施工现场管理提出了更严格的要求。土建施工现场管理是促进建筑工程得以顺利进行的基础, 也是使建筑工程成本、质量、安全得到有效保障的重要举措, 因此现场管理人员要结合土建施工现场的具体情况, 切实把握现场管理要点, 创新和完善现场施工管理制度, 以先进有效的管理方法为工程的高效开展创造条件, 从而为促进建筑施工企业实现双赢而发挥作用。

  关键词:赢发彩票代理 建筑工程; 土建施工; 现场管理; 有效方法;

  引言

赢发彩票代理   JIANZHUGONGCHENGJIANSHEBIAOZHUNHEJIANSHEFUZACHENGDUDETISHENG,SHIDETUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGGUANLINANDUYESUIZHIJIADA。SHIGONGDANWEIRUOXIANGSHIXIANDUITUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGGEWUZHIYAOSUDEKEXUEDIAOPEIYUYOUXIAOGUANLI,JIUXUJIEZHUKEXUEHELIDETUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGGUANLILAISHIXIAN,SHIXIANDUIGESHIGONGHUANJIEDEYANGEBAKONG,SHITAMENZAIGEXIANGGUANLIZHIDUDEGUIFANXIAANQUANGAOXIAODEWANCHENGZHENGGESHIGONGGUOCHENG,DADAOYUQIDEJIANSHEMUBIAOHEXIAOYIMUBIAO,CONGERQUEBAOZHENGGEGONGCHENGXIANGMUBAOZHIBAOLIANGDERUQIWANCHENG。TONGGUOYOUXIAODETUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGGUANLI,BUJINKEYOUXIAOTIGAOSHENGCHANXIAOLV,TONGSHIHAINENGJIANXIAOSHIGONGQIJIANDEZIYUANLANGFEIHEANQUANSHIGU,JINERCUJINJIANZHUSHIGONGQIYECHAOZHEGENGYUANDEFANGXIANGFAZHAN。

  1、 建筑工程土建施工现场管理的重要性

  JIANZHUGONGCHENGDETUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGJIANSHEHEGUANLISHIZHENGGEJIANZHUGONGCHENGDEGUANJIANHUANJIE,YOUYUGAISHIGONGJIEDUANZHIJIEGUANXIDAOJIANZHUGONGCHENGDESHIGONGCHENGBENHEHOUQIJUNGONGYANSHOUGONGZUO,YINCISHIXIANDUITUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGGUANLIDEYOUXIAOXING、KEKAOXINGHESHIYONGXING,DUITIGAOJIANZHUGONGCHENGZHENGTISHIGONGZHILIANGJUYOUZHONGYAOZUOYONG。JIANZHUGONGCHENGTUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGGUANLIBAOHANDENEIRONGFEICHANGDUO,MIANLINZHEJIAOFUZADESHIGONGHUANJING,ZAITUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANG,TOURUDERENYUANHEJIXIESHEBEIJIAODUO,YINGXIANGSHIGONGZHILIANGHERENYUANANQUANDEYINGXIANGYINSUJIAODUO,YIDANRENHEYIGEHUANJIEFASHENGWENTI,DOUHUIJIGONGCHENGDAILAIBULIYINGXIANG,SHENZHIYINFAANQUANSHIGUHEZHONGDAJINGJISUNSHI。SUOYIZAITUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGJINXINGKEXUEYOUXIAODEGUANLISHISHIFENBIYAODE,JIEZHUJIANQUANYOUXIAODEZHILIANGGUANLITIXIHEANQUANGUANLITIXI,BUJINNENGYOUXIAOTIGAOSHIGONGJINDUHESHIGONGZHILIANG,TONGSHIHAINENGJIANGDIANQUANFENGXIAN,BAOZHANGSHIGONGQIYEZUIDAXIANDUDETIGAOGONGCHENGSHOUYI。

  2 、土建施工现场管理的要求

  2.1、 建立并完善管理体系

  建筑工程土建施工现场管理内容繁多而又复杂,为了实现对土建施工现场全方位的规范管理,确保各项管理工作实现预期效果,在实施过程中,就必须建立与项目实际情况相匹配的项目管理体系,明确管理团队中各岗位管理人员的职能职责,创建具体可行的管理目标和子系统,配合完善的工作流程,有序地将管理中的所有工作落实到位。如管理人员之间职责划分不明确,易导致因职责不清出现推诿扯皮现象,影响了管理效率和管理质量。
 

土建施工现场管理存在的问题与对策
 

  2.2 、重视安全管理工作

赢发彩票代理   JIANZHUGONGCHENGTUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGRENYUANJIAODUOQIELIUDONGXINGDA,LUTIAN、GAOKONG、JIAOCHAZUOYEJIAODUO,ZUOYEHUANJINGJIAOWEIELIE。XIANCHANGSHIGONGRENYUANZHANGSHIJIANDECONGSHIFANZHONGDELAOZUO,TILIFUHECHAOXIAN,RONGYICHUXIANBIANSHIGONGNENGQUEXIANHUOXINLIYICHANGDENGXIANXIANG,DAOZHIRENDEBUANQUANYINSU。CHUCIZHIWAI,HAIYOUWUJIHUANJINGDENGYINSUYOUFACHUDEANQUANYINHUANDEDOUJUYOUBUQUEDINGXING,YINCIZHIYOUJIEZHUKEXUE、YANJINDEXIANCHANGSHIGONGGUANLICAINENGJIANGDIHEYOUXIAOGUIBIGEZHONGANQUANYINHUANDEFASHENG。TONGGUOFENXISHIGONGXIANCHANGDEZHENGTIQINGKUANGJIGEZHONGQIANZAIYINSU、WAIZAIYINSU,GENJUBUTONGDEFENGXIANDENGJIZHIDINGXIANGYINGDEYINGJIYUANHEJIEJUEDUICE,YICILAIJIANGDIANQUANSHIGUDEFASHENGGAILV,WEIGONGCHENGDESHUNLIKAIZHANCHUANGZAOANQUANDESHIGONGHUANJING。

  3 、建筑工程土建施工现场管理的有效方法研究

  3.1 、加强对土建施工现场的质量管理

赢发彩票代理   JIANZHUGONGCHENGTUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGSHIYOUBUTONGDESHIGONGHUANJIEZUCHENG,BUTONGDESHIGONGHUANJIEJUYOUBUTONGDESHIGONGNEIRONGHEZHILIANGMUBIAO,YINCIWEIQUEBAOGONGCHENGZHENGTIZHILIANGDEDAOYOUXIAOKONGZHI,JIAQIANGDUITUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGZHILIANGGUANLIZHIGUANZHONGYAO。TUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGGUANLIDEYOUXIAOFANGFAQUBIEYUCHUANTONGGUANLIFANGFADESHIGENJUBUTONGDESHIGONGHUANJIEJINXINGZHENDUIXINGDEGUANLI,DUIZHENGGEGONGCHENGSHISHIDONGTAIHUAGUANLI。SHOUXIANJIEHEGONGCHENGZONGTIJIANSHEMUBIAO,YIJUBUTONGDESHIGONGHUANJIEZHIDINGWANSHANDEZHILIANGGUANLIZHIDUHEZHILIANGGUANLIMUBIAO,BINGJIANGGUANLIMUBIAOJINXINGXIHUAFENJIE,LUOSHIDAOJUTIDEGANGWEIHERENYUANTOUSHANG,YIDANCHUXIANWENTIKEJIKEZHAODAOXIANGGUANZERENRENZUOCHUCHULI,TIGAOLEGONGZUOXIAOLV。QICIXIANCHANGGUANLIRENYUANYAOSHENRUXIANCHANGSHISHIJIANDUHEJIANCHA,TIGAOSHIGONGGONGCHENGDEYOUXIAOXING。DUIJIANCHAGUOCHENGZHONGFAXIANDEZHILIANGWENTIYAOJISHIYUGONGZUORENYUANGOUTONG,CHAMINGYUANYINBINGJIKEZHENGGAI,QUEBAOZHILIANGDEDAOQIESHIBAOZHANG。ZUIHOUQIANGHUADUIZHILIANGJIANDURENYUANZONGHESUZHIHEZHUANYENENGLIDEPEIYANG,TONGGUODINGQIPEIXUNHEYANGEKAOHE,LAIBUDUANTISHENGZHIJIANRENYUANDEYEWUSHUIPING,CONGERWEITIGAOXIANCHANGSHIGONGGUANLIZHILIANGHESHUIPINGTIGONGQIANGDADEJISHUZHICHI。

  3.2 、加强对土建施工现场的安全控制

  ZUOHAOTUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGDEANQUANKONGZHISHIQUEBAOGONGCHENGSHUNLIKAIZHANDEJICHU。ZAITUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANG,YOUYURENDEBUANQUANXINGWEIHEWUDEBUANQUANZHUANGTAIDOURONGYIYINFAANQUANYINHUAN,RUOZHEIXIEANQUANYINHUANDEBUDAOJISHIYOUXIAODEPAICHU,JIURONGYIYINFAANQUANSHIGUWEIJIDAOSHIGONGRENYUANDERENSHENANQUAN。YINCIJIAQIANGDUITUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGDEANQUANKONGZHISHIBAOZHANGRENYUANZHENGCHANGSHENGCHANDEZHONGYAOTIAOJIAN。CONGXUANGUABIAOPAIYUANQUANBIAOZHI、ZAISHIGONGXIANCHANGSIZHOUYONGYINGZHICAILIAOJINXINGWEIDANG、DUISHIGONGXIANCHANGDEKONG、DONG、GOU、KANJIJIANZHUWULINBIANDENGWEIZHI,JINXINGBIYAODEFANGHUBINGSHEJINGSHIBIAOZHI、JINGSHIDENGLAIZUOHAOXIANCHANGDEANQUANGUIFAN;QIANGHUASHIGONGRENYUANZUOYEGUOCHENGZHONGDEANQUANCAOZUOYISHI,BINGJIEHEXIANCHANGDEFENGXIANYINHUANZHIDINGBIYAODEANQUANFANGFANCUOSHI,YICISHIXIANDUIANQUANSHIGONGDEYOUXIAOBAOZHANG。

  3.3 、加强对土建施工现场的成本与进度控制

  WEILEQUEBAOJIANZHUGONGCHENGGENGJIAGAOXIAO、JINGJIDIWANCHENGZHENGGEGONGCHENGSHIGONG,JIUXUJIEZHUKEXUEYOUXIAODETUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGGUANLILAIBAOZHENGSHIGONGCHENGBENYUJINDUDEDAOYOUXIAOKONGZHI,YIMIANCHUXIANYANWUGONGQI,CHANSHENGGENGDUODEJINGJITOURU。MANGMUDETIGAOJINDUJIUHUIFUCHUGENGDUODEJIABANFEI,JINJICAIGOUXUYAOFUCHUGENGDUODECHENGBEN,BINGQIEGANGONGRONGYIMANGZHONGCHUCUO,FANGONGJILVZENGDABUJINZENGJIACHENGBENHAIHUIYANWUGONGQI。LINGWAIYOUYUBUTONGDESHIGONGXIANGMUHESHIGONGHUANJIESHIJINMILIANXIDE,RENYISHIGONGHUANJIEFASHENGBIANHUADOUHUIYINGXIANGXIAYIGONGXUDEZHENGCHANGJINXING,JINERZAOCHENGGONGCHENGZONGTIZAOJIA、GONGQIFASHENGBIANHUA。YINCIGUANLIRENYUANYAOJIEHEXIANCHANGSHIGONGDONGTAIDUISHIGONGFANGANJINXINGWANSHAN,BUTONGXIANGMUDEFUZERENYAOYANGEANZHAOSHIGONGFANGANHEYUDINGDEJINDUJIHUAKAIZHANSHIGONG。DUIYUYINTESHUQINGKUANGZAOCHENGDEGONGQIYANWU,GUANLIRENYUANYAOXIEDIAOHAOSHIGONGFANG、JIANLIFANG、JIANSHEDANWEIZHIJIANDEGUANXI,BIMIANWEILETIGAOSHIGONGJINDUERYINGXIANGGONGCHENGZHILIANG,JINERYINGXIANGGONGCHENGCHENGBEN。

  3.4 、全面提升现场的施工材料和机械设备的管理

  TUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGDUICAILIAOHEJIXIESHEBEISHISHIGUANLISHI,YAOCAIYONGZHUANRENFUZEZHI,JIANLIJIANQUANWANSHANDECAILIAOCAIGOUZHIDU、GUANLIZHIDU、SHIYONGZHIDUDENG。RUCAILIAOCHUCUNYAOYIJUBUTONGCAILIAODEBAOGUANYAOQIUSHISHIFENLEIGUANLI,SHIYONGHOUDECAILIAOBUNENGYUWEISHIYONGCAILIAOHUNFANGZAIYIQI,YIMIANYINGXIANGWEISHIYONGCAILIAOXINGNENG,CAILIAOYAOJIEHEQISHIYONGXIANHOUSHUNXUJINXINGFANGZHI,YIMIANZENGJIABANYUN、YUNSHUJULIDENG。TONGGUOSHIGONGXIANCHANGGUANLIJINENGBAOZHENGGESHIGONGCAILIAODEDAOYOUXIAOPEIZHI,ZUIDAXIANDUDEDEDAOLIYONG,YOUNENGJIANSHAOSHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGDEZIYUANLANGFEI。DUIYUJIXIESHEBEIYAOZUOHAORICHANGDETINGFANGGUANLI,TONGSHIYAOZUOHAODINGQIDEWEIHUBAOYANG。SHEBEISHIYONGQIANYAOJINXINGDIAOSHIJIANCHA,YANJINDAIBINGZUOYE,BINGQIECAOZUORENYUANYAOJUBEIZHUANYEDECAOZUOJINENG,XUCHIZHENGSHANGGANGDENG。ZHIYOUZHEIYANGCAINENGTIGAOCAILIAOHESHEBEIDESHIYONGXIAOLV,WEIBAOZHANGGONGCHENGSHIGONGJINDUHESHIGONGZHILIANGZUIDAXIANDUDEFAHUIZUOYONG。

  TIGONGXINGDONGDEZHINAN, CAINENGQUEBAOXIANCHANGGESHIGONGYAOSUNENGGOUYOUTIAOBUWENDEKAIZHAN, JIANGDIZHILIANGQUEXIAN、ANQUANSHIGUDENGDEFASHENGJILV, CUJINSHIGONGJIXIE、CAILIAOSHIYONGXIAOLVDEBUDUANTISHENG。ZAIXINDELISHIFAZHANSHIQI, XIANGGUANGONGZUORENYUANYAOJIEHETUJIANSHIGONGXIANCHANGGUANLITEDIANHESHIJIQINGKUANG, BUDUANCHUANGXINGONGZUOFANGSHIHEGUANLIFANGFA, YIQIZUIDAXIANDUDETISHENGJIANZHUGONGCHENGZHENGTIXIAOYI。

  参考文献

  [1]任义晶.论建筑工程土建施工现场管理的优化策略[J].居舍, 2017 (36) :98.
  [2]毛龙飞.建筑工程施工技术及其现场施工管理探讨[J].居舍, 2017 (36) :105.
  [3]郭荣, 王进平, 尚鹏镖, 谢建成.施工现场收尾安全管理[J].施工技术, 2017, 46 (S2) :762-764.
  [4]陈晓明.论建关于建筑工程现场管理的有效途径探讨[J].民营科技, 2017 (3) :108.
  [5]刘洁.建筑工程土建施工现场管理的优化对策[J].居舍, 2019 (04) :125.

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