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老年人日常生活运动轨迹管理与监护系统开发
发布时间:2020-01-10

  摘    要: 随着移到互联时代的到来,基于地理位置信息服务的手机端应用得到了广泛的应用。本文针对老年人位置轨迹监管理的巨大社会需求,提出了包括服务管理中心、老年人手机客户端、监护人手机客户端的一种解决方案,对智能电子围栏技术在老年人运动轨迹管理的应用提供了一种新的探索。

  关键词:赢发彩票代理 地理位置服务; 老年人安全; 电子围栏; 系统设计; 位置轨迹;

  Abstract: Along with the adventure of the Internet era, geographic location information services embedded in mobile phone applications have been widely applied. There has been the huge social demand for the location-tracking management to the elderly nowadays. This paper proposed a solution in which the location-tracking management included three parts of services. They were the management center, mobile phone client of the elderly and mobile phone client of the guardian. The intelligent electronic fence technology should be used to track and management the elderly location for their secure, which is a new kind of exploration in an aging society.

  Keyword: LBS; elderly safety; electronic fence; system design; location tracking;

  0、 引言

赢发彩票代理   JINNIANLAI,DILIWEIZHIFUWU(Location Based Service,LBS)YIJINGCHENGWEIYIDONGHULIANSHIDAIDEJIBENSHESHIYUFUWU,ZAISHEHUIYUJINGJIGEXINGYEYUBUTONGCHANGJINGDEDAOLEGUANGFANDEYINGYONG。QIZHONGDIANZIWEILANJIUSHILBSYUANQUANXUQIUXIANGJIEHEERYANSHENGCHULAIDEYIZHONGJIAOWEICHENGSHUDEJISHU。TAMUQIANBEIGUANGFANYINGYONGYUCANGKU、JUNSHIJIDIHEXUEXIAODENGJUNYONG、MINYONGANQUANFANGFANLINGYU,RUDIANZIWEILANJISHUBEIBEIJINGSHIYONGLAIJIEJUELVYOUJIJIEBEIJINGSHIJIAOTONGYONGDUWENTI[1]。SUIZHEZHONGGUOLAOLINGHUADEDAOLAI,ZHONGGUOMIANLINZHEJIANHURENZHENDUILAONIANRENRICHANGSHENGHUOANQUAN,TEBIESHIZHENDUIWEIZHIYUNDONGGUIJIJIANKONGDEJUDASHICHANGXUQIU。BENWENZAIYUJIANGXUNIDIANZIWEILANJISHUYINGYONGYULAONIANRENRICHANGYUNDONGGUIJIDEJIANKONGFANGMIAN,JIANGDINGWEIYUFUWUYINGYONGDAOLAONIANRENANQUANSHANG,SHEJIYIKUANJIYULBSDELAONIANRENRICHANGSHENGHUOYUNDONGGUIJIGUANLIYUJIANHUXITONG,YITIGAOQUANSHEHUIJIJIANHURENDUIYULAONIANREN,TEBIESHIJIYILIXIAJIANGDESHINENGLAONIANRENDEGUANHUAI,JIEJUEBUFENJIYISHINENGLAONIANRENDEXINGWEIGUANLIYUJIANKONG。

  1、 系统架构及功能

  根据LBS的现有技术和用户需求,本系统设计包括五个部分:中央监控管理中心(以下称服务端)、及为服务端提供数据存储的数据库、为服务端提供地图接口的电子地图模块、老年人客户端(被监护端)、监护人客户端(监护端)。系统整体开发采用B/S模式,其中监护端及被监护端采用移动互联模式开发其手机端APP。其各自功能与关系如图1所示。
 

老年人日常生活运动轨迹管理与监护系统开发
 

赢发彩票代理   FUWUDUANDEZHUYAOGONGNENGBAOKUOKEHUDUANSHOUJIXINXIDENGJI、LAONIANRENSHOUJIWEIZHIXINXIDEJIESHOUYUCUNCHU、LAONIANRENDINGWEIDESHISHIXIANSHI、DIANZIWEILANDESHEZHIJIYUJINGDEPEIZHIYUGUANLI、JIANHURENYUBEIJIANHURENGUANXIRENZHENG、JIANKONGQUANXIANGUANLI、LAONIANRENYUNDONGSILIANFENXIYUYUJING、DIANZIDITUJIEKOUJISHUJUKU。FUWUDUANJIYUDIANZIDITU,NENGGOUGENJULAONIANRENSUOXIEDAISHOUJIGPSDINGWEIHUOJIZHANDINGWEIFUWUSUOTIGONGDEWEIZHIXINXI,LIYONGBAIDUDITUDENGPINGTAIJIEKOUDUILAONIANRENDEWEIZHIXINXIJINXINGKESHIHUADEZHANSHI;TONGSHIDUIYUJIANHUDUANSUOSHEZHIDEXUNIDIANZIWEILANYEYIKESHIHUADEFANGSHIJIAYICHENGXIAN。RUGUOFASHENGLELAONIANREN“PENGZHUANG”LEDIANZIWEILANDEQINGKUANG,XITONGHUIJIANGZHEIYISHIJIANJILUXIALAI,BINGGENZONGCISHIJIANZAIHOUXUYIDINGSHIJIANJIANGENEISHIFOUDEDAOLETUOSHANDEJIEJUE,RUGUOMEIYOUJIEJUEZETIXINGZHONGXINGUANLIYUANGUANZHUCISHIJIANJINCHENG。

  图1 系统功能模块及关联
图1 系统功能模块及关联

  BEIJIANHUDUANAPPKEYIZAIHOUTAIYUNXING。GONGNENGZEZHUYAOBAOKUOZHUCEYURENZHENGGUANLIMOKUAI、JIANHUSHENQING、WEIZHIXINXIDEHUOQUJISHANGCHUAN、BAOJINGMOKUAI、BODAJIANHURENDIANHUAMOKUAI。LAONIANREN(BEIJIANHUREN)KEHUDUANZHUYAOTONGGUOYIDONGHULIANAPP,LAIWANCHENGDUIWEIZHIXINXIDEDUQU,ZAIJINXINGXIANGYINGDEJISUANYUZHUANHUANHOUTONGWANGLUOSHANGCHUANZHIFUWUDUAN。ZUOWEIYIGEAPPCHENGXUYUNXINGYUHOUTAI,SUISHIJIANGLAONIANRENSHOUJIDEWEIZHIXINXIYUFUWUGUANLIZHONGXINDUANDEXUNIDIANZIWEILANJINXINGBIJIAO,RUGUOLAONIANRENSHOUJIJINRULEBUANQUANQUYU,HUOZHELAONIANRENSHOUJIWEIZHIXINXISUOXIANSHIDEGUIJIXINXIYURICHANGGUIJIFASHENGMINGXIANDEGAIBIAN,ZEJIANGXIANGLAONIANRENDESHOUJIFACHUTIXING(JINGGAO)XINXI,TONGSHIXIANGJIANHURENSHOUJIFACHUYUJINGXINXI(XINHAO),BINGZAIFUWUDUANZUOCHUYUJINGDENGJISHIXIANG,YIZUOHOUXUFENXI,HUOZUOWEIQUNTISHUJUFENXIDEJICHU。

赢发彩票代理   JIANHUDUANAPPDEGONGNENGZHUYAOBAOKUOZHUCEYURENZHENGGUANLIMOKUAI、JIANHUSHENQINGGUANLI、XUNIDIANZIWEILANSHEZHIJIBAOJINGXINXISHEZHI。YIDONGDUANTONGGUOYIDONGTONGXINWANGLUOXIANGFUWUPINGTAIFASONGXIANGGUANQINGQIU,FUWUPINGTAIJIESHOUQINGQIU,BINGZUOPANDUAN,JINXINGXIANGGUANCHULI,FANHUIJIYIDONGZHONGDUAN。JIANHURENKEYIDENGLUJIGUANLIZIJIDEGERENXINXI;JIANHURENKENENGDENGJIBEIJIANHUREN(LAONIANREN)XINXI,BINGTIGONGXIANGYINGDESHUANGFANGGUANXIRENZHENGXINXI,JINGGUOZHONGXINGUANLIRENYUANDESHENHETONGGUOHOU,FANGKEYONGYOUDUIYUBEIJIANHURENDEWEIZHIXINXIDEJIANKONGQUANXIAN;LAONIANRENWEIZHIYIDONG(BIANHUA)DEKESHIHUAMOKUAIWEIJIANHURENTIGONGLEYIGEJISHISHISHIKESHIHUAFANKUI;LAONIANRENXUNIDIANZIWEILANDESHEZHIZEKEYIJIYUZHOUBIANANQUANXING、RICHANGSHENGHUOHUODONGFANWEIJINXINGSHEZHI;LAONIANREN(BEIJIANHUREN)YICHANGWEIZHITIXINGMOKUAIZESHIFUWUDUANGENJULAONIANRENWEIZHIYUXUNIDIANZIWEILANJINXINGBIJIAOPANDUAN,DANGFASHENGYUEJIEDENGSHIJIANSHI,ZEXIANGJIANHUKEHUDUANFASONGYIGEXIANGYINGDETIXINGDUANXIN。LAONIANRENWEIZHIYIDONGGUIJIZESHITONGGUOYUFUWUDUANDETONGXIN,JISHIHUOQUBEIJIANHUREN(LAONIANREN)WEIZHIXINXI,BINGTONGGUODIANZIDITUJIEKOUAPISHIXIANXIANSHIQIWEIZHI,FANGBIANJIANHURENDUIYUBEIJIANHUZHEDEGUANCHAYUFENXI。

  2、 系统核心功能设计

  2.1、 监护关系的认证

  JIANHUSHUANGFANGXUYAOYIGEYANJINDEJIANHURENZHENGCHENGXU。JIANHUFANGXUYAOTONGGUOSHOUJIDUANXINYANZHENGDEFANGSHIHUOQUFUWUZHONGXINDERENZHENG,BEIJIANHUFANGYEXUYAOZAIJIARENHUOLAONIANRENZIJIDECAOZUOXIA,TONGGUOSHOUJIDUANXINYANZHENGDEFANGSHIHUOQUFUWUGUANLIZHONGXINDERENZHENG。RANER,JIANHUSHUANGFANGGUANXIDEQUELICAISHIXITONGSHEJIDEHEXIN。DANGLAONIANRENTONGGUOSHOUJIKEHUDUANWANCHENGZHUCEHOUTICHUJIANHUSHENQING,ZHEIYISHENQINGJIANGDIJIAOFUWUGUANLIZHONGXIN,DENGDAIJIANHUDUANDEJIANHURENZHENGXUKE;ZHIYOUDANGJIANHUDUANTONGGUOJIANHUFANGDESHENQING,SHUANGFANGCAINENGJIANLIQIKEKAODEJIANHUYUBEIJIANHUDEGUANXI。SUIHOUFUWUZHONGXINDUIYIJINGJIANLIDERENZHENGGUANXIJINXINGJILU,BINGJIYUZHEIYIRENZHENGGUANXIGUANLIHOUXUXIANGGUANGONGNENG。

  2.2、 地理位置信息的获取

赢发彩票代理   MUQIANYOUJIYUJIZHANDINGWEIFUWUDE[2],YOUCAIYONGGPS/BEIDOUDINGWEIJISHUJINXINGDINGWEIDEFANGAN[3],YEYOUJIYUJIZHANDUANERSHEZHIXUNIDIANZIWEILANDE,SHEJICHULEWENDING、ANQUAN、KEKAOSHIYONGDEDINGWEIXITONG,WEILAONIANRENJIQIJIATINGTIGONGLEHENHAODEBANGZHU。RANER,JIANYUGUOGAODECHENGBENBULIYULAONIANRENDINGWEIYINGYONGYUFUWUDETUIGUANG,YINCIBENSHEJIZHONGCAIYONGLEJIYUJIZHANDINGWEIFUWUDESHEJIFANGAN,YIJIANGDILAONIANRENJIJIANHURENKEHUDUANYINGYONGZHEIYIFANGANDECHENGBEN。

赢发彩票代理   BENJIANHUXITONGLIYONGZHINENGSHOUJIWEIZAITI,KAIFAJIANHUXITONGSHIYIBAIDUDITUKUAPILAIGOUJIANXUNIDILIDIANZIWEILAN。WEILEZAISHOUJIJIANKONGDUANDEYINGYONGCHENGXUSHANGZHIGUANDIXIANSHIDINGWEIJIEGUO,KAIFAGUOCHENGZHONGLIYONGDITUKUDERUANJIANKAIFAGONGJUBAOZAIYINGYONGCHENGXUZHONGJIARUBAIDUDIANZIDITUAPI。ZHEIYANGXITONGKEYIDINGSHIHUOQUYONGHUWEIZHIXINXI。ZAIAndroidSHEBEISHANGTONGGUODIAOYONGBAIDUSDKJIEKOU,KEZHIJIEFANGWENBAIDUDITUDEGEZHONGFUWUHESHUJUKU。

  WEILETISHENGFUWUGUANLIZHONGXINDEXITONGDEXIAOLV,KEYICAIYONGZHUDONGHUOQULAONIANRENDILIWEIZHI。ZHEIYANGPINGSHIBUXUYAODUISUOYOULAONIANRENJINXINGDILIWEIZHIXINXIDEJIANKONGYUTIQU,ERDANGJIANHUDUANXUYAOLAONIANRENDEWEIZHIXINXISHI,TONGGUOTONGXINQIDONGLAONIANRENSHOUJIKEHUDUANDUQUSHOUJIWEIZHI,SHISHIXIANGJIANHUDUANFASONGLAONIANRENDEWEIZHIXINXI,SHIJIANHUDUANKEYIZHANGWOLAONIANRENDEWEIZHIXINXI,SHIXIANDUILAONIANRENDEYOUXIAOJIANHU。RUGUOLAONIANRENSHOUJIWEIZHIZAIYUNXU(ANQUAN)DEFANWEINEI,KEHUDUANZHISHIDUILAONIANRENSHOUJIWEIZHIXINXIJINXINGJILU(GUIJIXINXI),BINGJIANGXIANGYINGDEXINXICUNCHUQILAI,BINGYURICHANGXINGWEIGUIJIJINXINGBIJIAO,FANGBIANDISANFANGJIANHUJIGOUYUGERENDIAOYONGXIANGYINGDEKEHUDUAN(JIANHUDUAN)JINXINGFENXIYUGUANCHA。LINGWAIYIZHONGFANGANSHILAONIANRENSHOUJIKEHUDUANANYIDINGZHOUQI,RUMEIGEYIGEJIAODUANDESHIJIANZHOUQIZHUDONGDUQUDILIWEIZHIXINXIBINGSHANGBAOFUWUDUAN,FUWUDUANJIANGCIWEIZHIXINXIXIERUHOUTAISHUJUKUZHONG,YIFANGBIANHOUXUYEWULUOJIDUIYUWEIZHIXINXIDESHIYONG。

  2.3、 虚拟电子围栏的设置与应用模式

赢发彩票代理   XUNIDIANZIWEILANDESHEZHIXINXISHIFANGZHIZAIFUWUGUANLIZHONGXINDUAN,BINGYOUFUWUDUANJINXINGDIANZIWEILANXINXIDECUNCHU、DIANZIWEILAN“PENGZHUANG”SHIJIANDESHOUWEIYUPANDING。XUNIDIANZIWEILANDESHEZHIQUANXIANYOUJIANHUDUANJINXINGSHEZHI,FUWUDUANZEYONGYOUSHENCHAYUXIUDINGDEQUANXIAN。ZAIAPPZHONGJINXINGDILIWEILANDEHUAFEN,JIANHUDUANTONGGUODIANZIDITUKEYIKESHIHUASHEZHIXUNIDIANZIWEILAN、TIXINGDENGJI,JIANHURENKEYISHEZHIFENDENGJIDEDIANZIWEILANFANGSHILAIDUIYINGBUTONGTIXINGDENGJI。DANGLAONIANRENTUOLIHUAFENDEANQUANQUYUHUOZOUSHIHOU,NENGJISHITONGZHIJIANHURENBINGSHISHIFASONGWEIZHIXINXI,KEYIDUIZOUSHIDELAONIANRENJINXINGJISHIDEJIUYUAN。

赢发彩票代理   DUIYUXUNIDIANZIWEILANDESHEZHI,KEYIGENJUGONGGONGANQUANDEXUYAO,CAIYONGGONGGONGGANYUDEFANGANLAISHEZHIXUNIDIANZIWEILAN,YOUFUWUZHONGXINDUANZHENDUISUOYOURENZHENGBEIJIANHUYONGHUSHEZHITONGYIDEXUNIDIANZIWEILAN,DIEJIAYUGEXINGHUADEDIANZIWEILANZHISHANG。FUWUGUANLIZHONGXINXITONGJIANGJINGZHUNSHEDINGFUWUQUYUFANWEI、SHUJUCHUANSONGSHIXIANJIFUWUDUIXIANG。LIRU,DUIYUJIANGHEHUHAIDENGZIRANQUYUYIJIMOUXIEBULIYULAONIANRENHUODONGDETEDINGQUYU,KEYIYOUFUYOUXIANGGUANGUANLIZERENDEJIGOU,WEITUOFUWUGUANLIZHONGXINSHEZHIGONGGONGANQUANXUNIDIANZIWEILAN。ZAIYUSHESHEDINGDIANZIWEILANDEQINGKUANGXIA,ZHIYAOLAONIANRENJINRULEYUSHEWEIXIANQUYU(HUOZHECHAOCHUYUSHEANQUANQUYU),ZEJIHUODIANZIWEILANYUJINGMOKUAI,ZAITEDINGSHIJIANFANWEI、ZAITEDINGQUYULI,WEIZHIDINGSHOUJI(JIANHUREN)SHOUJIFASONGTISHIDUANXIN,GAOZHIQIDANGQIANLAONIANRENDEWEIZHIXINXI,TIXINGJIANHURENDUILAONIANRENJINXINGJINYIBUDECAIQUXIANGYINGDEXINGDONG。

  DIANZIWEILANZAISHIYONGDEYOULIANGZHONGMOSHI,QIYISHIWEILANJIANCEKEHUDUANMOSHI,LINGWAIYIZHONGSHIWEILANFUWUQIJIANCEMOSHI。QIANZHESHIMEIGEYIDUANSHIJIANJIANGDIANZIWEILANSHUJUCONGFUWUGUANLIZHONGXINDUANXIAZAIDAOJIANHUDUAN(LAONIANREN)SHOUJI,BINGYOULAONIANRENSHOUJIDUANAPPTIGONG“PENGZHUANG”JIANCE,HUOJIANCEWEIZHENZEQIDONGDANGDIJINGXINGMOKUAI,BINGBAOGAOFUWUGUANLIZHONGXIN;ERHOUZHESHIYOUFUWUGUANLIZHONGXINDUANLAIGENJULAONIANRENSHOUJIDILIWEIZHISHUJULAIYUXUNIDIANZIWEILANSHUJUBIJIAO,JIANCE“PENGZHUANG”QINGKUANG,HUOJIANCEWEIZHEN,FUWUGUANLIZHONGXINSHOUXIANXIANGJIANHUSHUANGFANGFACHUYUJINGXINXI,BINGJINXINGSHIJIANDENGJI。

  3、 结论

赢发彩票代理   KAIFAJIANSHEJIYULBSDELAONIANRENRICHANGSHENGHUOGUIJIJIANHUJIANGYOUZHEZHONGYAODEXIANSHIYIYI,QIZHONGXUNIDIANZIDILIWEILANJISHUDEYINGYONGKEYOUXIAOBAOHULAONIANREN,FANGZHILAONIANRENZOUSHIHUOBIMIANLAONIANRENKAOJINBUANQUANQUYU。XITONGDEKAIFAXUYAOJIEJUEDILIWEIZHIXINXIHUOQU、JIANHUSHOUQUAN、DIANZIDILIWEILANSHEZHIDENGHEXINGONGNENG。ERDUIYULAONIANRENRICHANGHUODONGGUIJIKENENGSHEJIGERENYINSIDEQINGKUANGHAIXUYAOSHENZHONGKAOLV。

  参考文献

  [1] 苏杭.电子围栏技术在景区交通问题中应用的SWOT分析[J].物流工程与管理,2019,41(09):124-126.
  [2] 范兵兵,艾信友,曾研,胡凯旋,任泽明.基于STM32的位置定位系统设计[J].科技创新与应用,2018(12):90-91.
  [3] 彭育强.虚拟停车电子围栏设计研究[J].计算机测量与控制,2019,27(05):141-144,149.

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