赢发彩票代理

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《鹿特丹规则》的主要内容及我国的反应
发布时间:2015-03-28
摘要

赢发彩票代理   HAIYAGUIZE(Hague Rules) QUANCHENGWEI《TONGYITIDANDERUOGANFALVGUIDINGDEGUOJIGONGYUE》,SHIGUANYUTIDANFALVGUIDINGDEDIYIBUGUOJIGONGYUE。1924 NIANGUANYUTONGYITIDANRUOGANFALVGUIDINGDEGUOJIGONGYUE(InternationalConventionfor the Unification of Certain Rules of Law Relating to Bills of Lad-ing,1924),JIANCHENG《HAIYAGUIZE》(Hague Ru1es:H.R.),WEITONGYISHIJIEGEGUOGUANYUTIDANDEBUTONGFALVGUIDING,BINGQUEDINGCHENGYUNRENYUTUOYUNRENZAIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUZHONGDEQUANLIHEYIWUERZHIDINGDEGUOJIXIEYI。ZAOQI,ZUOWEIZUIDAHUOZHUDEMEIGUOYU 1893 NIANTONGGUOLE《HATEFA》(HarterAct),ZHEIBUFALVZUIDATEDIANJIUZAIYUDUIMIANZEDEXIANZHI。HATEFAZHEIZHONGGUIDINGDUIHANGYUNJIECHANSHENGZHONGDAYINGXIANG,BINGWEI 1924 NIANHAIYAGUIZESUOJIESHOU。HAIYAGUIZEGUIDINGLECHENGYUNRENZUIDIXIANDUYIWU,MIANZESHIXIANG,SUOPEIHESUSONG,ZERENXIANZHIHESHIYONGFANWEIYIJICHENGXUXINGDENGJIGEFANGMIAN。DUIYUCHENGYUNRENMIANZESHIXIANG,HAIYAGUIZEDI 4 TIAO 2 KUANLIEJULE 11XIANGMIANZESHIXIANG。11 XIANGMIANZESHIXIANG,YOUQISHIHANGXINGHEGUANCHUANGUOSHIYIMIANZEDIANDINGLEHAIYAGUIZEGUANYUCHENGYUNRENDEBUWANQUANGUOSHIZERENZHIDEJICHU。DUIYUSUOPEIHESUSONGSHIXIAO,HAIYAGUIZEJUNGUIDINGLEJIAODUANSHIJIAN。SUOPEITONGZHIWEIJIAOHUOQIANHUODANGSHI,HUOWUMIESHI、SUNHUAIBUMINGXIANWEIYIJIAOHOU 3 RINEIBINGYISHUMIANXINGSHI。

  DANSHUANGFANGJINXINGLIANHEJIANCHAZHECHUWAI。HAIYAGUIZEGUIDINGLEYINIANDESUSONGSHIXIAO,ZIHUOWUJIAOFUHUOYINGDANGJIAOFUZHIRIQIYINIANNEI。DUIYUZERENXIANZHI,HAIYAGUIZEGUIDINGLEMEIJIANHUOMEIDANWEI 100 YINGBANGDEZUIGAOPEICHANGE。DANTUOYUNRENZHUANGHUOQIANJIUHUOWUXINGZHIHEJIAZHILINGYOUSHENGMINGBINGZAIRUTIDANDEZEBUZAICIXIAN。ZHIYUSHIYONGFANWEI,GONGYUESHIYONGYURENHEDIYUEGUONEIQIANFADETIDAN。ZHEISHIHAIYAGUIZEDESHIYONGFANWEIYOUXIAN。YINER,RENMENCHANGCHANGYONGTIDAN(B/L)ZHONGGUIDINGDESHOUYAOTIAOKUAN(Paramount clause)KUODAHAIYAGUIZEDESHIYONGFANWEI。

  ZONGTIKANLAI,《HAIYAGUIZE》WULUNSHIDUICHENGYUNRENYIWUDEGUIDING,HAISHIMIANZESHIXIANG,SUOPEISUSONG,ZERENXIANZHI,JUNSHITIXIANZHECHENGYUNFANGDELIYI。ERDUIHUOZHUDEBAOHUZEXIANGDUIJIAOSHAO。ZHEIYESHICHUANHUOSHUANGFANGLILIANGBUJUNHENGDETIXIAN。LILIANGBUJUNHENGSHILIXIANGHUTUOXIEDECHANWUBUKEBIMIANDIYOUGEZHONGQUEDIANHEBUZU。

  BIRUQIXIANGUODUAN,XIANEGUODIDENG。ERQIE,SUIZHEGUOJIJINGMAODEFAZHAN,HAIYAGUIZEDEBUFENNEIRONGYILUOHOU,BUSHIYINGXINDEXUYAO。DUIQIXIUGAIYICHENGWEIZHONGBIRANQUSHI。ZHEIYANG,CONG 60 NIANDAIKAISHI,GUOJIHAISHIWEIYUANHUIZHESHOUXIUGAIHAIYAGUIZE,YU 1968 NIAN 2 YUETONGGUOLE《GUANYUXIUDINGTONGYITIDANRUOGANFALVGUIDINGDEGUOJIGONGYUEDEXIEDINGSHU》(Protocol to Amend the International Conventionfor the Unification of Certain Rules of Law Relating to Bills of Lad-ing),JIANCHENG《HAIYA—WEISIBIGUIZE》,BINGYU 1977 NIAN 6 YUESHENGXIAO,ZHEIJIUSHIWOMENSUOSHUODE《WEISIBIGUIZE》(Visby Rules)。1978 NIAN 3 YUE 6 RIZHI 31RIZAIDEGUODEHANBAOJUXINGYOULIANHEGUOZHUCHIDEYOU 78 GUODAIBIAOCANJIADEHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUDAHUIYOUTONGGUODE《HANBAOGUIZE》,JILIANHEGUOHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUGONGYUE(United Nations Conventiononthe Carriage of GoodsbySea,1978),YU 1992 NIAN 11 YUE 1 RISHENGXIAO,JINYIBUWANSHANLEHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUGUIZE。2008 NIAN 7 YUE 3 RI,LIANHEGUOGUOJIMAOYIFAWEIYUANHUI(UNCITRAL)ZAIWEIYENADI 41 JIEDAHUISHANGZHIDINGLE《LIANHEGUOQUANCHENGHUOZHEBUFENGUOJIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUHETONGGONGYUE》(UN Convention on Contract for the InternationalCarriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea)CAOAN,BINGJING 2008 NIAN 12YUE 11 RILIANHEGUODAHUIDI 63 JIEDAHUIDI 67 CIQUANTIHUIYISHENYITONGGUO。JI《LUTEDANGUIZE》,TACHUANGXINLECHENGYUNRENZERENZHIDU,SHIHAIYUNDEZERENJIEDUANYANSHENZHIGUOJIDUOSHILIANYUNDESHIYONGFANWEI。

  YI、ZHUYAONEIRONG

  《HAIYAGUIZE》、《WEISIBIGUIZE》DESHIYONG,HENDACHENGDUSHANGJIYUHANGHAIJISHUDEJUXIAN,SHICHENGYUNRENZAIDIYUHAISHANGFENGXIANSHIBIAOXIANCHUJIDADEMAOXIANXING,GEGUOZHENGFUTEBIESHIHAIYUNDAGUOWEILECIJIHANGYUNYEFAZHANERYUNXUCHENGYUNRENXIANGSHOUHANGHAIGUOSHIMIANZESUODAILAIDEYICHU,CHENGYUNRENLIYONGHANGHAIGUOSHIMIANZEHUODEDELIYILAIFAZHANHANGHAISHIYE,GAIJINHANGHAIJISHU,TIGAOCHUANBODIYUHAISHANGFENGXIANDENENGLI,ZUIDACHENGDUDESHICHUANBODADAOWANMEIHANGXINGYAOQIU,SHICHUANBOSHIHANGSHIHUODECHENGDUDETIGAO,FANGUOLAIDUIHUOZHUYECHANSHENGLEHAOCHU,HANGHAIGUOSHIMIANZEZHEIYIDICHENGBENDEFALVZHIDUDAOZHILEGUOJIHANGYUNDEFAZHAN,MOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGYEKEYISHUOSHICHENGTUOSHUANGFANGZHIJIANLIYIDEPINGHENG,TACUNZAIGENJIZAIYUHELIFENDANFENGXIAN,ZAIDANGSHIGEFANGMIANJISHUBINGBUWANSHANDEQINGKUANGXIAYOUCUNZAIDEHELIXING。

  《HAIYAGUIZE》HE《WEISIBIGUIZE》DUICHENGYUNRENZERENJICHUCAIYONGLE“BUWANQUANGUOSHIYUANZE”。“BUWANQUANGUOSHIYUANZE”DEHANYIZHISHIYIBANQINGKUANGXIACAIQUGUOSHIYUANZE,JIYOUGUOSHIJIUYOUZEREN,DANTONGSHIYOUYOULIWAIDEQINGKUANG,ZHEILIANGGEGUIZEZHONGGUIDINGLEYIXIANGFADINGDEMIANZE,JICHUANZHANGHECHUANYUANZAIJIASHI、GUANLICHUANBOZHONGDEGUOSHI,CHENGYUNRENKEYIMIANZE,YINWEIGUANCHUANGUOSHISHIZHI,CHUANZHANGCHUANYUANDENGZAIWEIHUCHUANBODEHANGXINGXINGNENGHEYOUXIAOZHUANGTAISHANGDEGUOSHIXINGWEI,ZHEIZHONGGUOSHIKEYIMIANZE,SHIYINWEIHAISHANGYUNSHUDEFENGXIANSUOZHI,ZHEIFENGXIANBUJINTIXIANZAIHAISHANGDETESHUFENGXIANXING,HAITIXIANZAIBUNENGXIANCHANGZHIHUIDECHENGYUNRENSHENSHANG,CHUANSHANGDEMEIGEGUOSHIDOUYOUKENENGZAOCHENGZHONGDAHOUGUO,RUGUOBAZHEIXIEHOUGUOTONGTONGJIAZAICHENGYUNRENSHENSHANG,SHIHENBUGONGPINGDE,ZHEIYIGUIDINGJIUSHIGUOSHIYUANZEDELIWAI,SUOYICHENG“BUWANQUANGUOSHIYUANZE”。DANSHICHENGYUNRENYUANYINZHEILIANGTIAOGUOSHIMIANZESHIXIANGSHIBUBAOKUOKAIHANGQIANHEKAIHANGDANGSHISUOFANDEGUOSHI,YINWEIRUFANZHEIYANGDEGUOSHI,SHUOMINGCHENGYUNRENMEIYOUJINDAOSHICHUANBOSHIHANGDEYIWU。

赢发彩票代理   TIDAOCI,BIXUCHENSHUYIXIA“GUANCHUANGUOSHI”,YINWEITONGCHANG“GUANCHUANGUOSHI”HE“GUANHUOGUOSHI”ZONGSHIJIAOZHI。“GUANHUO”《HAIYAGUIZE》《WEISIBIGUIZE》SHIZHICHENGYUNRENYINGDANGJINSHENERTUOSHANDIZHUANGZAI、JIZAI、BANYI、YUNSONG、ZHAOLIAO、BAOGUANHEXIEZAISUOYUNHUOWU,ZAIZHONGDUOGUOJIAZHONG,GENJUZHEILIANGXIANGGUIZE,GUANCHUANGUOSHIKEYIMIANZE,GUANHUODEGUOSHIZEBUXING。YIBANRENWEI,CHUANZHANG、CHUANYUANZAISHISHIMOUZHONGXINGWEISHIDEDONGJISHIQUFENLIANGZHEDEBIAOZHUN,RUGUOSHIWEILEWEICHICHUANBODEXINGNENGERFASHENGDEGUOSHI,WEIGUANCHUANGUOSHI;RUGUOMOUXINGWEISHIZAIDUIHUOWUSHISHIZHAOLIAODEGUOCHENGZHONGFASHENGDE,ZESHUYU“GUANHUOGUOSHI”。CIYUANZEYOUSHIHOUHUICHANSHENGYIDINGDEBUGONGPING,YINERZAIQUEDINGDONGJIDEDETONGSHI,HAIYAOQUEDINGZAISHISHIXINGWEISHISHIFOUDUIHUOZHUDELIYIJIYULEYINGYOUDEGUANZHAO,BIRUJINRUCHUANCANGNEIXIULICHUANBOSHI,JIEQULEYONGYUZHEGAIHUOWUDEFANBUERWEICAIQURENHEBAOHUCUOSHI,ZHISHIYUSHUILINSHILEHUOWU,CIZHONGQINGKUANGZEBUMIANZE。

  GAOQINGLEGUOSHIMIANZEDENEIRONGHEQUBIEHOU,WOMENZHUYILIYINGGAIJIZHONGDAOXIANQIANSUOTIDAODE“SHIHANG”WENTI,YINWEIXIANSHISHIWUZHONG,HOUXUDEHENDUOWENTIDEJIEJUEYUANTOUZUIZHONGGOUGUIJIEYUCHUANBOZAISHIFOUCHUYUZHENZHENGYIYISHANGDESHIHANG,BIRUGONGTONGHAISUNYIJIBAOXIANDEPEIFU,QIZUIZHONGYAODEGUIDINGJIUSHICHENGYUNRENSHIFOUZUODAOLESHIHANGZHEIYIYINGXINGTIAOJIAN。CHUANBOSHIHANGSHIZHICHUANBODEYIZHONGZHUANGTAI,YIWEIZHECHUANBODIYUFENGXIANDENENGLI,XIAYIDECHUANBOSHIHANG,JICHENGYUNRENZAICHUANBOKAIHANGQIANHEKAIHANGDANGSHI,YINGDANGJINSHENCHULI,SHICHUANBOCHUYUSHIHANGZHUANGTAI,ZHEIZHEZHONGJIUCHUANBODEJISHUZHUANGTAIERYAN,SHIZHICHUANBODECHUANTI,CHUANJIZAISHEJI、JIEGOU、XINGNENGHEZHUANGTAIDENGFANGMIANNENGGOUDIYUHETONGYUEDINGDEHANGCIZHONGTONGCHANGCHUXIANDENENGHELIYUJIANDEFENGXIAN。

  GUANGYIDECHUANBOSHIHANGCHULEXIAYIDECHUANBOSHIHANGWAI,CHUANBOHAIYINGMANZUXIASHUQILIANGXIANGYAOQIU:TUOSHANPEIBEICHUANYUAN、ZHUANGPEICHUANBOHEPEIBEIGONGYINGPIN,SHIHUOCANG、LENGZANGCANG、LENGQICANGHEQITAZAISHOUCHUSUOSHIYUBINGNENGANQUANSHOUHUO、YUNZAIHEBAOGUANHUOWU。SHIHANGDECHENGDUFENWEIJUEDUISHIHANGHEXIANGDUISHIHANG,JUEDUISHIHANG:SHIZUIYANGEDESHIHANGZEREN,ZHIYAOCHUANBOZAIKAIHANGYIQIANHEKAIHANGDANGSHIBUSHIHANGDEYUANYINZAOCHENGDEHUOWUMIESHIHUOSUNHUAI,CHENGYUNRENJIUYINGDANGFUPEICHANGZEREN。ERXIANGDUISHIHANGSHIZHICHENGYUNRENZAIKAIHANGYIQIANHEKAIHANGDANGSHISHICHUANBOSHIHANGFANGMIANZUODAOLEJINSHENCHULI,RUGUOCHUANBOYINQIANZAIQUEXIANDAOZHIZAIKAIHANGYIQIANHEKAIHANGDANGSHISHISHISHANGCHUYUBUSHIHANGDEZHUANGTAI,JIUSUANHUOWUYINCISHOUSUN,CHENGYUNRENRENGRANKEYIMIANZE。《HAIYA》《WEISIBI》SUOSHUODESHIHANGJIUSHIWOMENRENWEIDEXIANGDUISHIHANG,《HANBAOGUIZE》ZESHIXINGGUOSHIZERENGUIZEYUANZE,DUICHENGYUNRENSHIHANGYIWUBINGWEIZUOZHUANMENDEGUIDING,DANSHISHISHANGYIJINGBAOKUOLEZHEIYINEIRONG,QIECHENGYUNRENJINSHENCHULISHIDECHUANBOSHIHANGBUJINJINSHIKAIHANGQIANHEKAIHANGDANGSHI,ERSHIGUANCHUANYUZHENGGEHANGCHENGZHONG,CHENGYUNRENHEQISHOUGURENHUODAILIDOUYAOCAIQUYIQIESUONENGHELIYAOQIUDECUOSHIBIMIANYINQIHUOWUSUNSHIYIJIXIANGGUANHOUGUODEFASHENG,ERDUIYU《LUTEDANLAISHUO》QUXIAOLE“HANGHAIGUOSHIMIANZE”TIAOKUAN,SHICHENGYUNRENJINRUWANQUANGUOSHIZERENJIZHI,TONGSHIHAIKUODALECHENGYUNRENSHICHUANBOSHIHANGDESHIJIAN,KUOZHANDAOLE“QUANHANGCHENG”。

赢发彩票代理   ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,YOUYU《HAIYAYIWEISIBIGUIZE》DUI《HAIYAGUIZE》DEXIUGAIQUEFASHIZHIXINGDENEIRONG,QIJINGSHENRENGPIANZHONGYUWEIHUCHENGYUNRENDELIYI,ZHEIYINQIGUANGDAYA、FEI、LADISANSHIJIEGUOJIADEBUMAN。LIANHEGUOMAOYIHEFAZHANHUIYI 1968 NIAN3 YUEDIERCIHUIYIJI 1969 NIAN 4 YUEDEJUEYI, ZAIGAIZUZHIXIASHELIYOU 33 GEGUOJIAZUCHENGDEGUOJIHANGYUNLIFAGONGZUOZUZHESHOUJINXINGCHOUCHAYANJIU。DANZI 1971NIANQI,XIUGAIGONGZUOYOUGAIYOULIANHEGUOGUOJIMAOYIFAWEIYUANHUIXIASHEDEXINDEHANGYUNLIFA_L ZUOZUJIXUFUZEJINXING。GAIGONGZUOZUZHAOKAILELIUCIHUIYI, ZHIDINGLE《LIANHEGUOHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUGONGYUECAOAN》,TIJIAOJI 1978 NIAN 3 YUE 6 RIZHI 31RIYOULIANHEGUOZHUCHIDEZAIHANBAOZHAOKAIDEHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUHUIYISHANGTAOLUNXIUGAI,BINGYI 67 PIAOZANCHENG、WUFANDUIPIAO、QIQUAN 4 PIAOERTONGGUO,CHENGWEI《1978 NIANLIANHEGUOHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUGONGYUE》(United Nations Covention of the Carriage ofGoods by Sea 1978),JIANCHENG《HANBAOGUIZE》。《GUIZE》JI 34 TIAO,TADEZHUYAOTEDIANSHIFEICHULEYUAN《HAIYAGUIZE》GUIDINGDECHUANBOHANGXINGSHANGHECHUANBOGUANLISHANGGUOSHIDEMIANZE,KUODALECHENGYUNRENDEZERENQIXIAN,YANZHANGLESUSONGQIXIAN,TIGAOLEZERENXIANE,CONGERJIAZHONGLECHENGYUNRENDEZEREN。

  《HANBAOGUIZE》SHIGUANGDAFAZHANZHONGGUOJIAWEILEBAOHUQIHUOZHUGUODELIYI,SHIXIANCHENGTUOSHUANGFANGZHIJIANBIJIAOHELIDEQUANLI、YIWUGUANXIERDUIHAIYAGUIZEJINXINGDEXIUGAI,BIQIWEISIBIGUIZE,TADUICHENGYUNRENDEZERENJINYIBUJIAZHONG,BIRUSHIJICHENGYUNRENDEZHIDU、DANWEIZERENXIANZHIDETIGAODENG,DANQIZUIZHONGYAODEJIUSHIQIFEICHULEHAIYAGUIZEDESHIQITIAOMIANZEGUOSHI,CAIYONGLE“WANQUANGUOSHIZERENZHI”。《HANBAOGUIZE》GUIDING,CHENGYUNRENDEZERENSHIDUIYOUYUHUOWUDEMIESHI,SUNHUAIYIJIYANCHIJIAOFUSUOZAOCHENGDESUNSHIFUPEICHANGZEREN,CHUFEICHENGYUNRENNENGZHENGMINGQIBENSHENHETADESHOUGURENHEDAILIRENYIJINGWEILEBIMIANSHIGUDEFASHENGHETADEHOUGUOCAIQULEYIQIESUONENGHELIYAOQIUDECUOSHI,JITUIDINGGUOSHIYUANZE,GUCHENGYUNRENWUFAZAIXIANGSHOUHANGHAIGUOSHI,GUANCHUANGUOSHIMIANZEHEHUOZAIGUOSHIMIANZE,DANRANGCHENGYUNRENZHENGMINGZIJIDUIHUOZAIDEFASHENGWUGUOSHIDETUIDINGMIESHIYUANZESIHUTAIGUOKEKE,YINERHANBAOGUIZEGUIDINGCIXIANGJUZHENGZERENZHIYUSUOPEIFANGSHENSHANG,RUGUOYUYUANYONGCITIAOGUIDINGYAOQIUCHENGYUNRENCHENGDANZEREN,XUYOUSUOPEIFANGZHENGMINGHUOZAIXIYOUCHENGYUNRENJIQIDAILIRENHESHOUGURENDEGUOSHIZAOCHENGDE。

赢发彩票代理   《HANBAOGUIZE》FEICHUDEHANGHAIGUOSHIHEGUANCHUANGUOSHIMIANZE,DUIXIANXINGHAIYUNFENGXIANFENTANJIZHICHANSHENGZHONGDAYINGXIANG,JINGUANCONGFALISHANGSHUO,CHENGYUNRENDUISHOUGURENHUODAILIRENDEGUOSHIMIANZESHIBUHELIDE,DANSHI,BENSHIJI 20 NIANDAIZHIDINGDEHAIYAGUIZEQUEDINGCHENGYUNRENDUICIZHONGGUOSHIMIANZE,ZHUYAOSHICONGHAIYUNDETESHUFENGXIANDEJIAODUKAOLUDE,SHIYOUHAIYUNDETESHUXINGJUEDINGDE,DANZAIHANBAOGUIZEXIA,CHENGYUNRENDUICIYINGDANGFUZE,ZHEIDUICHENGYUNRENLAIJIANG,SHIYIGEHENDADEYALI,ERQIE,XIANXINGDEGONGTONGHAISUN,HAISHANGBAOXIANZHIDUSHIJIANLIZAIHANGHAIGUOSHIHEGUANCHUANGUOSHIMIANZEDEJICHUSHANGDE,QUXIAOLEGUOSHIMIANZE,WUYISHIHUIDUIHAIYUNFALVZHIXUCHANSHENGLIANSUOFANYING。

  DANYEYOURENSHUO,DANGJINCHUANBOJISHUDEBUDUANFAZHAN,YIJINGDADAJIANGDILEHAISHANGFENGXIAN,ZAIYONGHAISHANGMAOXIANLAIXINGRONGHAIYUNYEWU,GUOYUKUAZHANGCISHIZAIYUNXUCHENGYUNRENDESHOUGURENHUODAILIRENDEGUOSHIXINGWEIMIANZE,SHIFOUGUOFENPIANZHONGLECHENGYUNRENDELIYI,ERQIE,YUNXUCIMIANZE,JIUSHIZONGRONGQIGUOSHIXINGWEI,DUIYUHAISHANGHAIANQUANERYANXIANGDANGBULI,QUXIAOLECIMIANZE,TAKEYIJIANDUCHENGYUNRENYANGEGUANLIQISHOUGURENHUODAILIREN,YOUQISHIJIAQIANGCHUANYUANSUZHIHEPEIYANG。GUANYUCIWENTIDEZHENGYIZONGSHICUNZAIDE,CONGXIANZAIDEQINGKUANGLAIKAN,HANGHAIGUOSHIHEGUANCHUANGUOSHIMIANZEHAIJIANGCUNZAIBIJIAOZHANGDESHIJIAN,XIANGGUANHAIYUNFALVDEDIAOZHENG,YEBUSHIYICHAOYIXIDESHIQING。

赢发彩票代理   《LUTEDANGUIZE》SHIYUSHANGSHIJI 80NIANDAIMOQIDEGUOJIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUFALVTONGYIYUNDONGDECHANWUHECHENGGUO,RUGUOGUANGFANSHISHI,BIAOZHIZHEHAISHANGYUNSHUTESHUFENGXIANLIFA《HAIYA-WEISIBIGUIZE》SHIDAIDEJIESHU。QIZHUYAOMUBIAO:SHIYINGGUOJIJIZHUANGXIANGHUOWU“MENDAOMEN”YUNSHUFANGSHIDEBIANGEHEPILIANGHETONGDEGUANGFANSHIYONG;SHIYINGDIANZISHANGWUZAIGUOJIHAISHANGMAOYIYUNSHUZHONGDEGUANGFANYINGYONGQIANJING;ZHONGXINPINGHENGHUOCHUANSHUANGFANGDEQUANLIYIWU,JIEJUESHIJIANZHONGDAIYOUPUBIANXINGDEWENTI,SHIXIANGUOJITONGYI。

  2008 NIAN 12 YUE 11 RI,LIANHEGUODI 63 JIEDAHUIDI 67 CIHUIYITONGGUOLELIANHEGUOMAOFAHUITIJIAODE《LIANHEGUOQUANCHENGHUOBUFENHAISHANGGUOJIHUOWUYUNSHUHETONGGONGYUE》(United Nations Convention on Contracts for the Interna-tional Carriage of Goods Wholly or Partly by Sea)。CICIHUIYISHOUQUAN2009 NIAN 9 YUE 23 RIZAIHELANLUTEDANJUXINGXINGONGYUEKAIFANGQIANSHUYISHI,YINCIGAIGONGYUEYOUBEIJIANCHENGWEI《LUTEDANGUIZE》(The Rotterdam Rules)。JIEZHI2009 NIAN 10 YUE 31 RI,YIYOU 20 GEGUOJIAQIANSHUGAIGONGYUE。GENJUGONGYUEDEGUIDING,《LUTEDANGUIZE》JIANGZAI 20 GEGUOJIAPIZHUNHUOZHEJIARUYINIANHOUSHENGXIAO,MUQIANSHANGMEIYOUYIGEGUOJIAPIZHUNHUOJIARU,GAIGONGYUESHANGWEISHENGXIAO。LIANHEGUOMAOFAHUIZHIDINGGAIGONGYUEDEMUDEZHUYAOSHIQUDAIXIANXINGDESANGEGUOJIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUGONGYUE——1924 NIAN《HAIYAGUIZE》、1968 NIAN《HAIYA-WEISIBIGUIZE》HE 1978 NIAN《HANBAOGUIZE》,YISHIXIANHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUHEBAOKUOHAIYUNQUDUANDEGUOJIHUOWUDUOSHILIANYUNFALVZHIDUDEGUOJITONGYI。ZUOWEIGUOJIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHULIFADEZHONGDABIANGE,《LUTEDANGUIZE》ZHENGXIYINZHEQUANQIUHAISHIJIEDEMUGUANG。WEILEJIEQIJIANGDUIHANGYUNQIYECHANSHENGDEZHONGDAYINGXIANG,XIAMIANDUIGAIGUIZEYUCHUANGONGSIMIQIEXIANGGUANDE“CHENGYUNRENZERENZHIDU”DEYOUGUANGUIDINGZUOYIJIANDANJIESHAO。

赢发彩票代理   CHENGYUNRENZERENZHIDUDEBIANHUA,《LUTEDANGUIZE》YUXIANZAIGUOJISHANGPUBIANCAIYONGDE《HAIYAGUIZE》、《HAIYA-WEISIBIGUIZE》YIJIWOGUODE《HAISHANGFA》XIANGBIJIAO,DADAJIAZHONGLECHENGYUNRENDEZEREN。

赢发彩票代理   1.CHENGYUNRENZERENQIJIANDEBIANHUA。《LUTEDANGUIZE》GUIDINGCHENGYUNRENZERENQIJIANSHI“SHOUHUO—JIAOHUO”,BINGQIEBUXIANDINGJIESHOUHUOWUHEJIAOFUHUOWUDEDIDIAN。YINCI,GAIGUIZESHIYONGYUCHENGYUNRENZAICHUANBIANJIAOJIEHUOWU、GANGKOUJIAOJIEHUOWU、GANGWAIJIAOJIEHUOWUHUOZHE“MENDAOMEN”YUNSHU。YU《HAIYAGUIZE》、《HAIYA-WEISIBIGUIZE》、WOGUO《HAISHANGFA》GUIDINGDE“ZHUANGHUO—XIEHUO”HE《HANBAOGUIZE》GUIDINGDE“ZHUANGGANG—XIEGANG”XIANGBI,《LUTEDANGUIZE》KUODALECHENGYUNRENDEZERENQIJIAN。ZHEIYICHENGYUNRENZERENQIJIANDEKUODA,YIFANGMIANJIANGYOULIYUHANGYUNYEWUYOUQISHIGUOJIHUOWUDUOSHILIANYUNYEWUDEKAIZHAN,DANTONGSHIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIANGZENGJIACHENGYUNRENDEZEREN。

  2.CHENGYUNRENZERENJICHUYUMIANZEDEBIANHUA,CHENGYUNRENZERENJICHUDEGUIDING,ZAIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUFALVZHONGSHIZHONGCHUYUHEXINDIWEI,SHICHUANHUOSHUANGFANGZUIWEIGUANZHUDETIAOKUAN。YUXIANCUNFALVZHIDUBIJIAO,《LUTEDANGUIZE》ZHUYAOYOUYIXIABIANHUA:

  (1)采用承运人完全过错责任,高于我国《海商法》和《海牙规则》、《海牙-维斯比规则》的不完全过错责任,与《汉堡规则》采用的承运人责任原则相同。(2)废除了承运人“航海过失”免责和“火灾过失”免责。而《海牙规则》、《海牙-维斯比规则》及我国《海商法》规定承运人对由于船长、船员、引航员或者承运人的其他受雇人在驾驶船舶或者管理船舶中的过失(“航海过失”)和火灾中的过失(“火灾过失”)而导致的货物灭失、损坏或迟延交付免责。(3)承运人谨慎处理使船舶适航的义务扩展至整个航次期间;而我国《海商法》和《海牙规则》、《海牙-维斯比规则》要求的承运人对船舶的适航义务仅限于在船舶开航前和开航当时。

赢发彩票代理     《鹿特丹规则》使承运人对货物的灭失、损坏可以免责的情形大大减少,甚至承运人几乎没有免责的机会,并延长了承运人对船舶适航义务的期间,从而将大大加重承运人的责任,并对航运及海上保险产生如下影响。(1)取消航海过失免责,实务中承运人由于很难证明何种货损由于航海过失造成,何种货损是由于海上意外风险造成,使承运人几乎没有免责的机会;(2)承运人责任基础的变化势必要对承运人和货物的利害关系人之间划分海运风险做出重要调整,从而将对海上保险业务产生重大影响;(3)虽然承运人对国际海上货物运输中货物灭失、损坏的赔偿责任由船东互保协会承保,但如果适用《鹿特丹规则》,由于承运人责任的加重,将导致保赔保险的保险费大幅度增加,从而增加船公司经营船舶的成本;(4)决定运费水平的关键因素是航运市场运力的供求关系,而非承运人承担的责任大小,因此《鹿特丹规则》不会对海运运费水平产生大的影响。但是,船公司因该规则生效而多付的保险费不见得能通过提高运费来获得补偿,从而会增加船公司经营船舶的成本;(5)保赔协会为了规避过大的责任风险,将不会承保船龄大、技术状况差的船舶或者由管理水平不高的公司管理的船舶,而这势必会给这些船舶及公司的生存带来重大影响。

  3.CHENGYUNRENPEICHANGZERENXIANZHITIGAO,《LUTEDANGUIZE》SHICHENGYUNRENPEICHANGZERENXIANZHIDADATIGAO。(1)《LUTEDANGUIZE》GUIDINGCHENGYUNRENDUIHUOWUDEMIESHIHUOSUNHUAIDEPEICHANGXIANEWEIMEIJIANHUOZHEMEIYIQITAHUOYUNDANWEI 875 GETEBIETIKUANQUAN,BI《HAISHANGFA》HE《HAIYA-WEISIBIGUIZE》666.67 TEBIETIKUANQUANTIGAO31%,BI《HANBAOGUIZE》835 TEBIETIKUANQUANTIGAO 5%;HUOHUOWUMAOZHONGMEIGONGJINPEICHANG 3 GETEBIETIKUANQUAN,BIWOGUO《HAISHANGFA》HE《HAIYA-WEISIBIGUIZE》GUIDINGDE 2 GETEBIETIKUANQUANTIGAOLE 50%,BI《HANBAOGUIZE》2.5 GETEBIETIKUANQUANTIGAOLE 20%。(2)YUYIWANGSANDAGONGYUEJIWOGUO《HAISHANGFA》BUTONG,《LUTEDANGUIZE》DUICHENGYUNRENPEICHANGZERENDEGUIDINGBINGBUXIANYUHUOWUMIESHIHUOZHESUNHUAIDEQINGXING,YESHIYONGYUCHUCHIYANJIAOFUZHIWAIDEQITAQINGXING。(3)《LUTEDANGUIZE》DUICHENGYUNRENSANGSHIZERENXIANZHIDEQINGXING,YUXIANXINGGONGYUEHEWOGUO《HAISHANGFA》XIANGBIMEIYOUBIANHUA。JI:JINGZHENGMING,HUOWUDEMIESHI、SUNHUAIHUOZHECHIYANJIAOFUSHIYOUYUCHENGYUNRENDEGUYIHUOZHEMINGZHIKENENGZAOCHENGSUNSHIERQINGLVDIZUOWEIHUOZHEBUZUOWEIZAOCHENGDE,CHENGYUNRENBUDEYUANYONGXIANZHIPEICHANGZERENDEGUIDING。《LUTEDANGUIZE》GUIDINGCHENGYUNRENPEICHANGZERENXIANZHISHIYONGYUWEIFANGAIGONGYUEGUIDINGDECHENGYUNRENYIWUSUOYINGFUPEICHANGZERENDESUOYOUQINGKUANG(CHIYANJIAOFUCHUWAI),SHICHENGYUNRENKEYISHIYONGZERENXIANZHIDEFANWEIYOUSUOKUODA。DAN《GUIZE》SHICHENGYUNRENDUIYUHUOWUDEMIESHIHUOZHESUNHUAINENGGOUYUANYINZERENXIANZHIDEJIHUIJIANGJISHAO,ZAIJUEDADUOSHUQINGKUANGXIAXUQUANBUPEICHANG,CONGERSHICHUANTONGDEGUOJIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUFALVFUYUCHENGYUNRENDEPEICHANGZERENXIANZHIQUANLIJIHUBUZAIFAHUIZUOYONG,HUIDADAJIAZHONGCHENGYUNRENZEREN。

  4.HUOWUSUOPEIJUZHENGZERENDEBIANHUA,HUOWUSUOPEIDEJUZHENGZEREN,SHIZHIFASHENGHUOWUMIESHI、SUNHUAIHUOZHECHIYANJIAOFUHOU,TIGONGZHENGJUZHENGMINGQIYUANYINYIJIZERENHUOMIANZEDEZEREN,《HAIYA-WEISIBIGUIZE》HEWOGUO《HAISHANGFA》DUICIGUIDINGBUGOUMINGQUE,《HANBAOGUIZE》CAIYONGLETUIDINGCHENGYUNRENYOUGUOCUODEYUANZE。《LUTEDANGUIZE》DUICHUANHUOSHUANGFANGDEJUZHENGZERENFENDANZUOLEFENCENGCIDEXIANGXIGUIDING,ZAIJUZHENGDESHUNXUHENEIRONGSHANGGOUJIANLE“SANGETUIDING”DELIFAKUANGJIA:(1)TUIDINGCHENGYUNRENYOUGUOSHI,CHENGYUNRENJUZHENGWUGUOSHI;(2)CHENGYUNRENJUZHENGMIANZESHIXIANGSUOZHI,TUIDINGQIWUGUOSHI;(3)CHUANBOBUSHIHANG,TUIDINGCHENGYUNRENYOUGUOSHI,CHENGYUNRENJUZHENGYINGUOGUANXIHUOZHEYIJINSHENCHULI。《LUTEDANGUIZE》GUIDINGDEJUZHENGZERENFENPEI,YU《HAIYAGUIZE》、《HAIYA-WEISIBIGUIZE》、《HANBAOGUIZE》HEWOGUO《HAISHANGFA》XIANGBIJIAO,YICHENGYUNRENTUIDINGGUOSHIWEIJICHU,MINGQUELECHUANHUOSHUANGFANGGEZIDEJUZHENGNEIRONGYUSHUNXU,JUZHENGZERENFENPEITIXICENGCIFENMING,JUYOUJIAOHAODEKECAOZUOXING,BI《HANBAOGUIZE》DUICHENGYUNRENYOULI。DAN《GUIZE》JIAZHONGLECHENGYUNRENDEJUZHENGZEREN,PAICHULECHENGYUNRENLIYONGJUZHENGZERENGUIDINGBUMINGQUEKENENGJUYOUDEKANGBIANLIYI。

  5.HUOWUCHIYANJIAOFUDEGUIDING ,《HAIYAGUIZE》HE《HAIYA-WEISIBIGUIZE》MEIYOUMINGQUEGUIDINGCHIYANJIAOFUYIJICHENGYUNRENDEPEICHANGZEREN。《LUTEDANGUIZE》GUIDING,“WEIZAIYUEDINGSHIJIANNEIZAIYUNSHUHETONGGUIDINGDEMUDEDIJIAOFUHUOWU,WEICHIYANJIAOFU。”ZHEIYUWOGUO《HAISHANGFA》DEXIANGGUANGUIDINGJIBENXIANGTONG,MEIYOUXIANG《HANBAOGUIZE》CAIYONGDE“HELISHIJIAN”BIAOZHUN。ER《LUTEDANGUIZE》GUIDINGDEHUOWUCHIYANJIAOFUZERENXIANEWEI 2.5 BEIYUNFEI,ZHEIYU《HANBAOGUIZE》DEGUIDINGXIANGSI。《LUTEDANGUIZE》DUIHUOWUCHIYANJIAOFUDEGUIDINGJUYOUKECAOXINGDEYOUDIAN,BI《HANBAOGUIZE》DUICHENGYUNRENYOULI。YINWEIRUGUOCAIYONG“HELISHIJIAN”BIAOZHUN,DUIYUHEWEICHENGYUNRENYINGDANGJIANGHUOWUYUNDIMUDEGANGDEHELISHIJIAN,HENRONGYICHANSHENGZHENGYI,BINGQIEBUTONGDEFAYUANKENENGDUIGAIYONGYUZUOGUANGYIJIESHI,ZAOCHENGFALVSHIYONGDEBUQUEDINGXING,CONGERYOUSUNGUOJILIFADETONGYIXINGMUBIAO。

  ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,《LUTEDANGUIZE》RUGUOQUANMIANSHIXING,JIANGCHETOUCHEWEIDEDUIXIANXINGDEHAISHIFALVFASHENGZHONGDABIANHUA,LIRUZONGLIANGHETONG(volume contract,YOUCHENGPILIANGHETONG)DESHIXING,JIYUTONGHETONGDANGSHIRENJIAOWEICHONGFENDE“HETONGZIYOU”,TUPOQIANGZHIXINGCHENGYUNRENZERENZHIDU;SHIYINGGUOJIHAISHANGJIZHUANGXIANGYUNSHUDEFAZHANBIANHUA,YOUZHUYUCUJINJIAOYI、TIGAOJIAOYIXIAOLV。SUOYI,MEIGUOTICHUHEJIANCHIZONGLIANGHETONG,DANSHIHENDUOGUOJIA(YOUQISHIFEIZHOUGUOJIA)BIAOSHIBUMAN,YINWEIYICHENGYUNRENHETUOYUNRENJUYOUTONGDENGDETANPANDIWEIHENENGLIWEIJIASHEQIANTI,ERSHISHISHANGKENENGCUNZAIBUPINGDENG:BANLUNGONGSIYUZHONGXIAOHUOZHU、YUDAHUOZHU,ZHONGXINCHANSHENGLIYONGYOUSHIDIWEILANYONG“HETONGZIYOU”;FAYUANGUANXIAQUANTIAOKUANHUOZHONGCAITIAOKUANDUIDISANFANGDEYUESHULIBUYIDISANFANGTONGYIJIESHOUWEITIAOJIAN,HUISUNHAIDISANFANG,YOUQISHISHOUHUORENDEZHENGDANGLIYI;TONGSHI,HUIDUIWOGUOZHUYAOGUOJIJIZHUANGXIANGBANLUNGONGSIHEDAHUOZHUDAILAILIYI,DANSHIYOUKENENGSUNHAIXIAODEJIZHUANGXIANGBANLUNGONGSIHEZHONGXIAOHUOZHUDELIYI。SUOYI,GAIRUHEXUANZEHAIYINGGAIZUOZHANGQIHELIDEDASUAN。

  TIDAO《LUTEDANGUIZE》,BUDEBUSHUODAOGUANYU“WUDANFANGHUO”,ZAICIZHIQIAN,SUIRANSHIWUHUODONGZHONGWEILEDANGSHIRENZHIJIANDEYEWUFANGBIANHEJIEYUENIUZHUANSHIJIAN,ZAOYISHISHILEZHEIYIZUOFA,DANSHI《LUTEDANGUIZE》QUEBA“WUDANFANGHUO”“HEFAHUA”LE,ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,“WUDANFANGHUO”ZAILILUNSHANGLAISHUOSHIBUKEXINGDEXINGWEI,SHIZHIWUZHENGBENTIDANFANGHUO,GUOJIMAOYIZHONGHUOWUYUNSHUCHENGDANZHEBAQICHENGDANYUNSHUDEHUOWUJIAOJIWEICHIYOUZHENGBENTIDANDESHOUHUOREN。CHUANDONGHUOCHENGYUNRENQIANFALEYIZHUANGCHUANTIDAN,BUJINSHISHOUDAOCHENGYUNHUOWUDEZHENGJU,ERQIETONGSHIYUTIDANCHIYOURENXINGCHENGYUNSHUHEYUE,CHENGYUNRENBIXUBAHUOWUANZHAOYUEDINGANQUANDEYUNDAOMUDEGANGBINGZHENGQUEJIAOHUO,CAISUANSHILVXINGLEYUNSHUHETONG。DANZAICHUANSUTIGAO,DUANHANGHUOTIDANZHUANRANGGUOCHENGYANCHIDEQINGKUANGXIA,HUOWUYIBANXIANYUTIDANDAODAMUDEGANG,YANGEPINGDANFANGHUODEHUAHUIDAOZHIYAHUO、YACANG、YACHUAN、YAGANG、JIANGZAOCHENGYANZHONGDEJINGJISUNSHIYIJIBEIQIANGZHIPAIMAIHUOMEISHOUDEWEIXIAN,YINCICHUANDONG/CHENGYUNRENHUOQIDAILIRENWANGWANGBEIWUZHENGBENTIDANDESHOUHUORENSHUOFUHUOTIGONGBAOHANZUOWEIDANBAOERTIQULEHUOWU。

赢发彩票代理   DUIYUWUDANFANGHUO,DUOSHUGUOJIAFALVHESIFAHUODONGBIAOMING,YUNXUDANGSHIRENXUANZEYIHEQISU,YINGGUOFAYUNXUDANGSHIRENXUANZE,SHENZHIYUNXUTONGSHIYILIANGZHONGLIYOUQISU,YIXIEDALUFAGUOJIAYIJINGYUNXUQINGQIURENZAIHETONGWEIYUEZHISUHEQINQUANZHISUZHIJIANJINXINGXUANZE,GUANYUWUDANFANGHUODEXINGZHICUNZAIHENDAZHENGYI,YOURENRENWEISHIQINQUAN,YOURENRENWEISHIWEIYUE,WORENWEIWUDANFANGHUODEXINGZHISHIQINQUANWEIYUEJINGHE,QIEZAI“HETONGKUANGJIAZHONGDEQINQUANZEREN”。YINWEI,ZHENGBENTIDANCHIYOURENYUCHENGYUNRENZHIJIANDEQUANLIYIWUSHIYIZHAOTIDANGUIDINGDE,CISHI,TIDANSHUYUYUNSHUHETONGBENSHEN,CISHI,HAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUZHONGHEFADETIDANCHIYOURENXIANGCHENGYUNRENQINGQIUWUDANFANGHUOSUNHAIPEICHANGSHIWEIWEIYUE。DUIYUWUDANTIHUODERENYUTIDANCHIYOURENZHIJIANZHIJIAN,QIANZHEQINFANLEHOUZHEDEQUANLI,DANTAMENZHIJIANBINGMEIYOUHETONGGUANXI,SHIWEIQINQUAN,ERYIWOGUOMINFALILUNHESIFASHIJIAN,WEIYUESUSONGHEQINQUANSUSONGJINGHESHI,YUNXUDANGSHIRENXUANZEQISU。

  GUOJISHEHUIDUIYU《LUTEDAN》DEZONGTIPINGJIAZHUYAOFENWEILIANGPAI,YIPAISHI“LEGUANPAI”RENWEISHUNYINGLEFAZHANFANGXIANG,QINEIRONGYUSHIJUJIN,FANGXIANGZHENGQUE,MUBIAOMINGQUE,ZHIDUJUYOUSHIDAITESEHEXIANJINXING;LINGYIPAISHI“BEIGUANPAI”RENWEISHENGXIAOHEGUANGFANSHISHICUNZAIHENDADEZHANGAI:YINWEIFUGAILEWUGEGUOJIGONGYUE,MUBIAOGUOYUHONGDA,BINGQIEZERENXIANZHIHEZONGLIANGHETONGMEIYOUQUDEGUANGFANDEGONGSHI,CHUANFANGLIYIGUOJIABURENTONGSHIYINWEIQIZERENDADADEJIAZHONG,ZONGLIANGHETONGDUIYUHUOZHULIYIGUOJIALAISHUO,NEIRONGGUOYUFUZAKENENGJIANGSUNHUAIHUOZHUDELIYI。TONGSHIDIANZIYUNSHUJILUZHIDUQUEFASHIJIANJICHUDENG。WENZHANGHAIJIUGONGYUEQIANSHU,CANJIAGONGYUEDESHIJIYIJIXIUGAI《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOHAISHANGFA》DENGWENTITICHUJIANYI。GAIGUIZEZHIDINGDEZHUYAOMUDE,SHIQUDAIXIANYOUDEGUOJIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUGONGYUE,YISHIXIANHUOWUYUNSHUGUIZEDEGUOJITONGYI。YUYIWANGDEGUOJIGONGYUEXIANGBI《,LUTEDANGUIZE》BAOHANXUDUOGEXINXINGDENEIRONG。GAIGUIZESHENGXIAOSHISHIHOU,WUYIJIANGDUIGUOJIMAOYISHIWUHEGUANLI、GUOJIHANGYUNJIQILIFADENGCHANSHENGZHONGDAYINGXIANG。

  ER、WOGUODUIYULUTEDANGUIZEDEFANYING

赢发彩票代理   (YI)《LUTEDANGUIZE》DUIWOGUOHANGYUNYEDEBULIYINGXIANGBINGBUDA

  MUQIAN,WOGUOHANGYUNYE、YOUQISHISHAOSHUGUOYOUDAXINGHANGYUNGONGSI,DUI《LUTEDANGUIZE》DEGUIDINGJIQIKENENGDAILAIDEYINGXIANGCUNZAIJIAOWEIYANZHONGDEWUDU、WUPAN。TAMENRENWEI,《GUIZE》DEGEXIANGBIANHUA,YOUQISHICHENGYUNRENZERENZHIDUFANGMIANDEBIANHUA,HUIJIWOGUODEHANGYUNYE“ZAOCHENGNANYICHENGSHOUDEFENGXIANHEFUDAN”;DANJUWOGUOYOUGUANBUMENSUOZUODEDINGLIANGPINGGU,RUYI 2009 NIANDETONGJISHUJUWEIBIAOZHUNJINXINGGUSUAN,《GUIZE》DUIWOGUOJIZHUANGXIANGBANLUNYUNSHUQIYEDEJINGYINGCHENGBENYINGXIANGFUDUYUEWEI 20 YIYUANRENMINBI,DANWEIZHONGXIANGZONGCHENGBENJIANGTIGAOYUE 4%;ERGUOWAIXIANJINHANGYUNGONGSIYUWOGUODEHANGYUNQIYEXIANGBI,YOUYUTAMENDEGUANLISHUIPINGJIAOGAO,YINCI,QIDANWEIZHONGXIANGZONGCHENGBENDEZENGJIAFUDUJINWEIWOGUOHANGYUNQIYEDEYIBAN,JI 2%ZUOYOU;RUGUOJIANGZHEIBUFENCHENGBENCHAJUZHUANHUAWEIYUNLIHESHICHANGFENE,JINXIANGDANGYUMEINIANXIANGCHAYISOU 8000TEU DEJIZHUANGXIANGCHUANDEYUNLI,ZHANDANGSHIPEIZHIZAIWOGUOGUOJIJIZHUANGXIANGHANGXIANSHANGZONGYUNLIDEBIZHONGZHIYUEWEI 0.1%。KEJIAN,《GUIZE》DUIWOGUOHANGYUNYEDESHICHANGJINGZHENGLIDEXIANGDUIYINGXIANGSHIWEIHUQIWEIDE。

  ZHIDEYITIDESHI,WOGUODEYANHAIHUOWUYUNSHUDUONIANLAIYIZHISHIXINGYANGEZERENZHI,JICHENGYUNRENBUXIANGSHOURENHEGUOSHIMIANZEDEQUANLI,BIRU,《HAISHANGFA》FUYUCHENGYUNRENDEHANGHAIGUOSHIMIANZEJIHUOZAIGUOSHIMIANZEDEQUANLI;ERQIE,YUCONGSHIYUANYANGYUNSHUDENEIXIEGONGSIXIANGBI,YOUYUYANHAIYUNSHUQIYEDUOWEIZHONGXIAOHANGYUNQIYE,TAMENSUOYONGYOUHUOJINGYINGDECHUANBODECHUANKUANGWANGWANGJIAOCHA,YINERZAITOUBAOBAOPEIXIANFANGMIANYAOBIYUANYANGYUNSHUQIYEKUNNANDEDUO,HUANYANZHI,TAMENDEKANGFENGXIANNENGLIYAOBIHOUZHECHADEDUO。RANERJIBIANRUCI,WOGUODEYANHAIYUNSHUYEBUJINMEIYOUHUIMIE,JINNIANLAIHAIDEDAOLEXUNMENGFAZHAN,ZHEIKEYICONGYIGECEMIANSHUOMINGWOGUOMOUXIEHANGYUNQIYEDUIYU《GUIZE》SHANCHUHANGHAIGUOSHIMIANZEHEHUOZAIGUOSHIMIANZEDEDANXINSHIYOUXIEGUOYUQIRENYOUTIANLE。ERQIE,BIZHEGENGJINYIBURENWEI,CONGZHANGYUANKAN,YOUYU《GUIZE》QUXIAOLEHANGHAIGUOSHIHEHUOZAIGUOSHIMIANZE,JIANGSHIHANGYIWUYANZHANGDAOLEHANGCHENGZHONG,SHIBIYAOQIUCHENGYUNRENJIAQIANGDUICHUANBO、CHUANYUANHEGONGSIDEGUANLI,JIASUTAOTAILAOJIUHEDISHUIPINGCHUANBO,YIJIANGDIGUOSHISHIGUDEFASHENGLV,ZHEIDUICUJINWOGUOHANGYUNYEXIANGGENGGAOSHUIPINGFAZHAN,GAIBIANMUQIANWOGUOHANGYUNYEDAERBUQIANG、ZHINENGCANYUGUOJIHANGYUNSHICHANGDIDUANJINGZHENGDEJUMIAN,WUYISHISHIFENYOULIDE,YEFUHEWOGUOJIANSHEHANGYUNQIANGGUOZHANLVEDEGENBENYAOQIU。ZHENGRUYOUXUEZHEZHICHUDENEIYANG:“ZUOWEIXIANDAIHUADEHAIYUNDAGUO,MEIGUO、FAGUO、XILA、DANMAIHEHELANCHUANDUINENGGOUCHENGSHOUDEJISHUBIAOZHUNHEPEICHANGE,ZHONGGUODECHUANDUIBIXUNENGGOUCHENGSHOU,FOUZEJIUSHIQULEHEZHEIXIECHUANDUIJINGZHENGDEZIGE。”

赢发彩票代理   (ER)《GUIZE》DUIWOGUOMAOYIDEBULIYINSUQUESHICUNZAI,DANBINGFEIBUKEBIMIAN

  《GUIZE》ZHONGDEYOUGUANGUIDING,RUDANZHENGTUOYUNRENZHIYOUZAITUOYUNRENTONGYISHIFANGKEHUODETIDANDENGGUIDING,QUESHIKENENGHUIJI FOB MAOYIZHONGDEMAIFANGDAILAIYIDINGDEFENGXIAN。DANBIZHERENWEI,FOB MAIFANGDEFENGXIANJILIYIBAOHUWENTI,GUIGENJIEDISHIMAIMAIHETONGZHONGDEWENTI,TONGGUOMAIMAIHETONGBENSHENDEYUEDINGYIJIMAOYIFALVDEGUIDINGJIAYIJIEJUEGENGWEIHESHI,XIANGYAOZAIYUNSHUFALVZHONGYILAOYONGYIDIJIEJUEZHEIGEWENTISHISHISHANGSHIBUKENENGDE。《GUIZE》KAOLVDAOLEWOGUODENGYOUGUANGUOJIADUIZHEIYIWENTIDEGUANQIE,YINRULEDANZHENGTUOYUNRENZHEIYIGAINIAN,ZHEIYU《HAIYA-WEISIBIGUIZE》XIANGBI,YIJINGSHIYIGEBUXIAODEJINBU。ERZAI《GUIZE》GUIDINGDEJICHUSHANG,ZHIYAOFOBMAOYIZHONGDEMAIFANGTIGAOFENGXIANYISHI,TONGGUOZAIMAIMAIHETONGZHONGZENGJIAXIANGYINGTIAOKUANYIBAOHUZIJIDELIYI,SHANGSHUWENTIXIANRANBINGFEIBUKEBIMIAN。ERQIE,YOUYU《GUIZE》JIAZHONGLECHENGYUNRENDEZEREN,BINGZAISUSONGGUANXIADIJIZHONGCAIDIDEXUANZE、PANJUEDECHENGRENHEZHIXINGYIJICHENGYUNRENSHIBIEDENGFANGMIANJIYULEHUOFANGQIANSUOWEIYOUDEHAOCHU,YINCI,《GUIZE》DAIJIWOGUOHUOZHUDEYOULIZHICHUXIANRANYAOYUANDAYUQIKENENGDAILAIDEFENGXIANHEBULIZHICHU。

  (SAN)《GUIZE》QUESHIYECUNZAIYIXIEBUZU,DANYUQIKENENGDAILAIDEJIJIZUOYONGXIANGBI,BINGFEISHIBUKERONGRENDE

  ZHENGRUHENDUORENSUOPIPINGDENEIYANG,《GUIZE》BENSHENYEQUESHICUNZAIYIXIEBUZU,RUNEIRONGGUOYUPANGDA、TIAOWENXIANGHUCANYIN,BUYIZHUNQUELIJIEHEYINGYONGDENG;CIWAI,《GUIZE》ZHONGDEMOUXIEZHIDUHUOGUIDING,RUGUANYUHUOWUJIAOFUDEGUIDING,SHIFOURU《GUIZE》ZHIDINGZHEMENSUOYUQIDENEIYANGNENGHENHAODIJIEJUEWENTI,HAIYOUDAISHIJIANDEJIANYAN。DANBIZHERENWEI,YU《GUIZE》DEJIJIZUOYONG——JIAOHAODIPINGHENGLECHUANHUOSHUANGFANGDELIYI、TONGYIGUOJIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUFALVZHIDUBINGSHIQIXIANDAIHUA、JIEJUEYOUYU《GUOJIHUOWUDUOSHILIANYUNGONGYUE》YIZHIWEINENGSHENGXIAOSUODAILAIDEFALVKONGBAI、WEIHAIYUNHEMAOYISHIJIANZHONGZHUDUOYOUDAIJIEJUEDESHIJIWENTITICHULEJIEJUEFANGANDENGDENG——XIANGBI,ZHEIXIEBUZUSHIWANQUANKEYIRONGRENHEJIESHOUDE。ERQIE,ZAIGONGYUESHENGXIAOHOU,JINGGUOSHIJIANJIANYANFAXIANQIZHONGMOUXIENEIRONGQUESHICUNZAIWENTIDE,WANQUANKEYIQIDONGXIUDINGHEXIUZHENGCHENGXUDUIQIJIAYIXIUGAI(DI95 TIAO),JIURU《WEISIBIGUIZE》DUI《HAIYAGUIZE》SUOZUODEXIUDINGNEIYANG。

赢发彩票代理   (SI)RUGUO《GUIZE》BUNENGSHENGXIAO,JIANGHUISHIWOGUODEHANGYUN

赢发彩票代理   YEHEMAOYIYEMIANLINGENGJIAFUZADEFALVHUANJING,DUIWOGUOBULIXIANZAIKEYIKENDINGDESHI,RUGUO《GUIZE》BUNENGSHENGXIAO,HUOZHESUIRANSHENGXIAOQUEWEIHUODESHIJIESHANGZHUYAOHAIYUNHEMAOYIGUOJIADEZHICHI,YINERWUFADADAOSHIXIANGUOJIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUHEDUOSHILIANYUNFALVTONGYIDEMUBIAO,JIANGYIWEIZHEGUOJISHEHUITONGYIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUJIDUOSHILIANYUNFALVZHIDUDENULIZAOYUDAOLEZHONGDACUOZHE,JIEGUOBIRANHUIDAOZHIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUJIDUOSHILIANYUNDEQUYULIFAHEGUONEILIFADEZHONGXINSHENGXING,ZUIZHONGSHIDEGUOJIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUJIDUOSHILIANYUNFALVTIXIJINYIBUZHILIPOSUI,BINGSHIBAOKUOWOGUOZAINEIDESHIJIEHANGYUNYEHEMAOYIYEMIANLINGENGJIAFUZADEFALVHUANJING,JIGUOJIMAOYIHEYUNSHUDESHUNCHANGJINXINGZENGTIANWUJINDEZHANGAI。

  RUQIANWENSUOSHU,OUZHOUTUOYUNRENXIEHUIMINGQUEBIAOSHIFANDUI《GUIZE》,TONGSHI,TAMENDUI《HAIYAGUIZE》HE《WEISIBIGUIZE》YEYITONGYANGBUMANYI,TICHULE“WEILEDUOSHUOUZHOUGUOJIATUOYUNRENDELIYI,YINGBINQI《HAIYAGUIZE》、《WEISIBIGUIZE》,PINGXING(parallel)FAZHANOUZHOUDUOSHILIANYUNGONGYUE”DEZHUZHANG。DANGRAN,XIANZAIOUMENGYIJIOUMENGNEIDEXUDUOGUOJIAYIMINGQUEBIAOSHIZHICHI《GUIZE》,OUMENGHAITONGGUOJUEYIDONGYUANGEGUOJINKUAIPIZHUN《GUIZE》;DANRUGUO《GUIZE》BUNENGZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIJINKUAISHENGXIAO,YIOUZHOUTUOYUNRENXIEHUIWEIDAIBIAODEOUMENGNEIFANDUI《GUIZE》DELILIANG,JIANGJIYOUKENENGTUIDONGOUMENGQIDONGZHIDINGOUZHOUDUOSHILIANYUNGONGYUEDEJINCHENG。CIWAI,RUQIANWENSUOSHU,OUMENGNEIZUIDADEMAOYIGUOJIADEGUO,YIJINGTUICHULEYIXIANGYUYIWANGDEHAIYUNGONGYUEJI《GUIZE》DOUBUWANQUANXIANGTONGDE《HAISHANGFAGAIGEFA》CAOAN;RUGUO《GUIZE》BUNENGJINKUAISHENGXIAO,OUMENGNEIZANCHENG《GUIZE》DENEIXIEXINGYEXIEHUIHEZUZHIXIANGYAOZUZHIDEGUOTONGGUOGAIFAAN,JIANGHUIYOUHENDAKUNNAN。ERMEIGUOZAOZAI 20 SHIJI 90 NIANDAIMOJIUQIDONGLEXINDE《HAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUFA》(COGSA)DEZHIDINGGONGZUO,ZHISHIYIN《GUIZE》DEZHIDINGERZANSHIGEZHILEXIALAI;RUGUO《GUIZE》BUNENGJINKUAISHENGXIAO,MEIGUOSHIBIJIANGZHONGQIQIZHIDING COGSA DEGONGZUO。ZONGZHI,KEYIYUJIAN,RUGUO《GUIZE》BUNENGSHENGXIAO,HUOZHEBUNENGDEDAOZHUYAOHAIYUNHEMAOYIGUOJIADEZHICHI,WEILAIYOUGUANGUOJIHAISHANGHUOWUYUNSHUHEDUOSHILIANYUNDEFALVJIANGGENGJIADUOYUANHUA,SHIDEHAIYUNYEHEMAOYIYEMIANLINGENGJIAFUZADEGUOJIFALVHUANJING,ZHEIDUIYUQUANSHIJIE,YOUQISHIDUIWOGUOZHEIYANGTONGSHIZUOWEIMAOYIDAGUOHEHAIYUNDAGUODEGUOJIA,WUYISHIFEICHANGBULIDE。CONGZHEIGEYIYISHANGSHUO,WOGUOYEYINGJIJITUIDONG《GUIZE》ZAORISHENGXIAO,BINGSHIQINENGGOUHUODEZHUYAOHAIYUNHEMAOYIGUOJIADEZHICHI。

  (WU)CONGMUQIANDEXINGSHIKAN,JISHIWOGUOBUJIARU《GUIZE》,WOGUODEGUOJIHANGYUNQIYEHEMAOYIQIYEYEJIANGZAIHENDUOQINGKUANGXIA“BEIDONGDI”SHIYONG《GUIZE》

  《GUIZE》DI 94 TIAOGUIDING:“BENGONGYUEYUDIERSHIFENPIZHUNSHU、JIESHOUSHU、HEZHUNSHUHUOZHEJIARUSHUJIAOCUNZHIRIQIMANYINIANHOUDEXIAYIGEYUEDIYIRISHENGXIAO。”JIEZHIMUQIAN,YIYOU 24 GUOQIANSHULE《GUIZE》,BUFAGUOJIHUOWUMAOYILIANGPAIMINGSHIJIEQIAN 10 WEIDEGUOJIA,RUMEIGUO(DI 1)、FAGUO(DI 5)、HELAN(DI6),YIJIKONGZHIHAIYUNYUNLIPAIMINGSHIJIEQIAN 10 WEIDEGUOJIA,RUXILA(DI 1)、NUOWEI(DI 6)、MEIGUO(DI 8)、DANMAI(DI 9)。 GENJUMUQIANYIMINGQUEBIAOSHIJIANGPIZHUNGONGYUEDEGUOJIASHULIANGJIQIYINGXIANGLIJINXINGFENXI,BIZHERENWEI,《GUIZE》JIANGHENYOUKENENGZAI 2015 NIANQIANHOUSHENGXIAO,BINGKENDINGJIANGHUODEYIXIEZHUYAODEMAOYIHEHAIYUNGUOJIADEZHICHI。DAONEISHI,JISHIWOGUOBUCANJIAGONGYUE,WOGUODEGUOJIHANGYUNQIYEHEMAOYISHANGMEN,YEJIANGHUIZAIHENDUOQINGXINGXIABEIDONGDISHIYONGGONGYUE。JIYUCI,BIZHERENWEI,YUQIBEIDONGDISHIYONGGONGYUE,BURUJIJIZHUDONGDIJIARU,BINGTUIDONGWOGUODEZHUYAOMAOYIHUOBANYEJINZAOJIARUGONGYUE,YISHIWOGUODEHANGYUNYEHEMAOYIYESUOCHUDEFALVHUANJINGJINLIANGJIANDAN、TONGYI,CONGERGENGHAODICUJINWOGUODUIWAIMAOYIHEHAIYUNYEDEFAZHAN.

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